Questions on coordinate systems, a geometric method where a point in n-dimensions is assigned a corresponding n-tuple of numbers.

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1answer
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How do I Solve this Coordinate Geometry Word Problem? [on hold]

I need help with this question: The coordinates of the end points of a line segment $PQ$ are $P(3,7)$ and $Q(11,-6)$. Find the coordinates of point $R$ on the y-axis such that $PR = QR$.
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1answer
22 views

A basic relation in spherical coordinates

Why is it that $$x\partial_x+y\partial_y+z\partial_z=r\partial_r~?$$ I know that $$r^2=x^2+y^2+z^2,$$ but how is this relation implied?
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0answers
27 views

Why aren't polar coordinates global?

Using polar coordinates, why cant we use one coordinate neighbourhood to cover $\mathbb{R}^2$? Can't every point in $\mathbb{R}^2$ can be described by its distance from the origin and its angle from ...
0
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2answers
37 views

equation of circle tangent to line with radius

Find the equation of a circle tangent to line $3x + y - 2 = 0$ at $(-1,5)$ and with radius $\sqrt{10}$. I've no idea on how to do this.
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1answer
28 views

Transformation from cartesian to polar Coordinates of Vector Field

This is fairly low-level, still I would like to get a verification: I vector field $$\mathbf{F}=F_x \hat{e_x} + F_y \hat{e_y} = F_r \hat{e_r} + F_{\phi} \hat{e_\phi}$$ given in cartesian coordinates, ...
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1answer
35 views

How to find coordinates of 3rd vertex of a right angles triangle when everything else is known?

I want to locate precisely the 3rd coordinate of a right angled triangle. I have: the length of three sides The three angles The other two coordinates of the triangle The triangle can lie in any ...
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0answers
28 views

Co-Ordinate Geometry Doubts

Facing trouble to find a solution for my problem. I am asking here. I hope I will get at least a clue for my question. I have two points $(x_1,y_1),(x_2,y_2)$ and the distance between them is $r$. The ...
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0answers
18 views

Coordinate grid [closed]

Is coordinate grid 2D or a screenshot of a 3D sphere? If it is 3D, would the graph of y=|1/x| form a circle on the top? If so would this circle have a diameter and radius equal to infinity?
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30 views

Difference between the Jacobian matrix and the metric tensor

I am just studying curvilinear coordinates and coordinate transformations. I have recently come across the metric tensor ($g_{ij}=\dfrac{\partial x}{\partial e_i}\dfrac{\partial x}{\partial ...
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0answers
21 views

Paraboloidal Coordinates in Mathematics and Science

I encountered the paraboloidal coordinates. I would like to understand whether these coordinates are used in specific mathematical fields, or in other scientific background (such as physics). I have ...
1
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1answer
25 views

Projecting coordinates on to X,Y grid

I have some coordinates, [x,y] top left corner, and [x,y] bottom right corner, I want to calculate these in relation to a grid which is 600 * 585 So. -8200,8150 = ...
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1answer
19 views

Coordinate change

I am working on a problem that asks me to find the equation for the ellipse with foci $(1,1)$ and $(-1,-1)$ and passing the point $(2,2)$. So I went ahead and did the coordinate change, in which case ...
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1answer
26 views

What is the number of integer coordinates on a line segment?

What is the number of integer coordinates(end points included) on a line segment with integer end coordinates (x1,y1) and (x2,y2)? Integer coordinate means that both abscissa and ordinate are ...
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0answers
10 views

Intermediate vector naming convention when converting 3D Vector to Spherical Coord

Given the "Red" arrow as the vector of interest in the image below, is there a standard (or practical) name for the "Blue" vector? This is for the purpose of naming variables/methods related to the ...
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1answer
34 views

The locus of points with given sum of squares of distances to two fixed points

$A(a,b)$ and $B(b,-a)$ are two fixed points. If $P(x,y)$ is a moving point such that $$|AP|^2 + |PB|^2 = |AB|^2 \tag1$$ prove that $x^2 + y^2 =(b-a)(x+y)$. So far I tried to use distance formula ...
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1answer
35 views

Longitude and latitude problem

I find this question challenging. I am trying to solve this question for my younger brother. So here it goes: An airplane leaves an airport $X$, 20.6$^0E$ and 36.8$^0N$, and flies due south along the ...
0
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1answer
25 views

Area Of Polygon Whose Edges Are In Given Distance From A Given Polygon Edges

I'm handling a problem which I find quite difficult to solve; My input is a changing number of coordinates (real GPS coordinates), usually I get 4-8 coordinates, and another number,which indicates a ...
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2answers
14 views

How to find a vector normal to a cylinder in cylindric coordinates?

I'm trying to solve a problem which demands to multiply a vector M and vector normal to a cylinder's surface in cylindric coordinates. Height of the cylinder is infinite and its radius is R. So how do ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Finding the leftmost, rightmost, top, and bottom, points, on a surface, of a sphere.

So I'm making a 3D game, and the player is inside a glass sphere. I'm projecting a bunch of points onto the sphere, and I need to find the leftmost, rightmost, topmost, and bottommost points, so I can ...
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0answers
9 views

Add a rotation to latitude/longitude -> screen coords?

I found an algorithm which allows to convert latitude/longitude to (x, y) of a screen. The problem is a picture on a map is rotated. If it is not rotated then I use the following calculations: ...
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1answer
32 views

Rotating a point in spherical coordinates around Cartesian axis

If I have a point in spherical coordinates, and I rotate it around one of the Cartesian axes, what will be the new spherical coordinates for the point? Both spherical and Cartesian coordinate systems ...
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2answers
39 views

What is the y-cooridinate for the point on the curve with x-cooridante 20?

What is the y-coordinate for the point on the curve with x-coordinate 20? $F. 160$ $G. 162$ $H. 164$ $J. 166$ $K. 168$ The explanation says "The correct answer is G. If the x-coordinate is 20, ...
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2answers
12 views

Spherical coordinate versor problem

I have to calculate $$ i_\rho \times i_\phi $$ it should be $$ i_\theta $$ but in my notes I have $$ - i _\theta $$ Which one is correct? How can I do this kind of operations without mistakes?
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2answers
28 views

Finding the points where a circle intersects an axis

A circle has the equation: x²+y²+4x-2y-11 = 0 What would be the coordinates of the points where the circle intersects with the y-axis and how would you calculate it?
4
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1answer
101 views

Changing local coordinates on a manifold by a diffeomorphism

This is the set up of my problem: Let $M$ be a manifold with local coordinates $x^1,\dots, x^n$. Let $x^1,\dots,x^n,\xi_1,\dots,\xi_n$ denote the induced coordinates on $T^\ast M$. Let $f:M\to M$ be ...
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0answers
28 views

Cartesian to geodetic conversion of 3D bounding box - How to calculate latitude and longitude from an axis aligned bounding box

I have a geometry with its vertices in cartesian coordinates. These cartesian coordinates are the ECEF(Earth centred earth fixed) coordinates. This geometry is actually present on an ellipsoidal model ...
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0answers
22 views

Calculate new geo coordinate from another using a distance and degrees

I'm trying to calculate a new point based on another point, distance (miles) and magnetic direction from the original point. Say I had a point ...
8
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3answers
130 views

Direct formula for area of a triangle formed by three lines, given their equations in the cartesian plane.

I read this formula in some book but it didn't provide a proof so I thought someone on this website could figure it out. What it says is: If we consider 3 non-concurrent, non parallel lines ...
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1answer
26 views

Latitude and longitude to screen coordinates using “mapping points”?

I wrote a simple application which has a static image. I have 2 types coordinates for a point (or points if it is necessary): latitude and longitude; x and y for a screen. So I can get some ...
2
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0answers
37 views

Transition Functions for Cartesian Coordinate Systems

This is my first time using Mathematics SE (I've only used Physics and Astronomy before), so I apologize if this question is awkwardly phrased or incorrectly presented. I welcome any and all edits and ...
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3answers
48 views

Manifolds, charts and coordinates

Let's consider the manifold $S^1$ It is well known that we need two charts to cover this manifold. Nonetheless, we can cover the full space using a single coordinate $\theta$ which is just the angle ...
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1answer
35 views

Counting points in/on cuboid

Given a cuboid that extend in x,y,z axis such that |x|≤N, |y|≤N, |z|≤N where N is given and can have value up to 10^9.Now a shooter is standing at origin (0,0,0).He need to shoot on any of the ...
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1answer
28 views

Changing the length scale of the system of coordinates

Change the length scale on the axes of original system of coordinates, in which the equation $$y=x^3-px\qquad\text{(1)}$$ is plotted, i.e. introduce new coordinates $x_1$ and $y_1$ instead of ...
3
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2answers
55 views

Can a straight line be drawn from origin to co-ordinate X,Y?

Given a co-ordinate P(X,Y), can a straight line be drawn from origin to P, if there is wall existing with end points A(X1,Y1) and B(X2,Y2)? My Approach: I first of all wrote the equations from origin ...
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0answers
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Solid angle subtended in latitude-longitude maps

I need to scale a latitude-longitude map with the solid-angle each "pixel" subtend. How can I obtain the said solid angle starting from the $\phi$ and $\theta$ angles? Thank you very much
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1answer
31 views

How to find the angle between two vectors?

Here, I would like to describe my requirements .. Let's say we have two vectors named $\bf A$ and $\bf B$. Two vectors are in different magnitude and opposite directions and lay on different planes. ...
2
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1answer
44 views

True or False. Non parallel lines in 3-space.

Two non parallel lines in 3 space must intersect in at least one point. True or False? I say false because you can have two perpendicular lines on x and y, but on a different "level" of the z-axis. ...
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0answers
77 views

For which real numbers $c$ is there a straight line that intersects the curve $y = x^4 + 9x^3 + c x^2 + 9x + 4$ in four distinct points?

For which real numbers $c$ is there a straight line that intersects the curve $y = x^4 + 9x^3 + c x^2 + 9x + 4$ in four distinct points? I don't quite the understand the solution which is in ...
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0answers
16 views

Radians : negative and positive values

Recently I have been reading books on DSP where I came across Polar co-ordinates. I understand that on Polar graph (4 quadrants) we have 0,pi/2,pi,3/2pi and 2pi radians as we move from one quadrant to ...
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1answer
49 views

Get position of a point with known distance between other points

If there are $(n+1)$ points in $m$ dimensional space, and we have known the Euclidean distances from one point "$B$" to the other $n$ points "$A_1,\ldots,A_n$", and known the positions of these $n$ ...
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1answer
31 views

How to find the surface element for the cylinder $x^2 + y^2 = r^2$?

So if given a surface (cylindrical) which has radius r and equation $x^2 + y^2 = r^2$, I want to work out the line element for it. How do I get it? I know the final answer has to be $dS^2 = r^2dϕ^2 ...
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1answer
21 views

How can I refer a 3D pose (position + orientation) to a different coordinate system?

I'm working on a robotics project where all poses and marker positions/orientations are stored as a matrix: $$ \mathbf{P} =\begin{bmatrix} \mathbf{R} & \mathbf{t}\\ ...
2
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2answers
58 views

Find X location using 3 known (X,Y) location using trilateration

I post this question in stackoverflow here and was advised it was best suited for here. I am trying to understand the maths behind trilateration, we have 3 access points (AP 1,2,3) and we know the ...
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0answers
14 views

What order should I evaluate divergence and coordinate transformation if I want to use a different coordinate system?

I have a vector field in Cartesian coordinates. I need to find its divergence, but I need the divergence to be in spherical coordinates. However, the divergence of this field is far easier to ...
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0answers
25 views

How to calculate the coordinate of a point which depends on other points on a plane with specific distances

I have $8$ points on a plane $(x_1,y_1)....(x_8,y_8)$ among these $8$ points I know the coordinates for $7$ points and I have to find the $8^{th}$ point. Each points has the difference between all ...
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0answers
17 views

Coordinate geometry of circles; Circles through the points of intersection of 2 other circles

Here is my question. Let S=0 be the equation of circle 1 and T=0 be the equation of circle 2. There is a standard expression that, if you want the equation of a circle passing through the points of ...
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3answers
89 views

Dividing line segments with ratios vs. fractions [closed]

I know that $2:3$ is actually $\frac {2}{3}$. So when you split a line segment by a ratio, you would add $2$ and $3$ to get a fraction of $\frac {2}{5}$ that will be used to solve the problem. I ...
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1answer
25 views

What is the basic idea of homogenisation of an equation?

I do get that when you are homogenising it makes it in an equation of pair of straight lines passing through origin but what is its actual point and its applications?
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1answer
26 views

Find the Equation of BC

$\Delta ABC$ with vertex $A(1,2)$ has equations of internal angle bisectors of $\angle B$ and $\angle C$ as $x-y-1=0$ and $2x+y-9=0$ Respectively. Find the Equation of $BC$ My approach: Solving for ...
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1answer
33 views

Coordinate Geometry of circles; Radical Axis question

If one of the diameters of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x-6y+6=0$ is a chord to the circle with center at $(2, 1)$, then the radius of the second circle is? Apparently the solution is $3$, with the ...