Questions on coordinate systems, a geometric method where a point in n-dimensions is assigned a corresponding n-tuple of numbers.

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3answers
69 views

I have discovered a way to calculate the absolute value (area,volume, etc) of a n-dimentional shape, using it's coordinates only, how do I publish it?

Firstly, I want to preface by saying that I am no experience with the maths community at all, however I did take Maths and Further Maths for my A-Levels. What I have discovered is a way of using ...
0
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0answers
24 views

How to scale x- and y- axes equally in Maple?

I have the ellipse $\frac{25}{36}x^2+\frac{5}{36}y^2=1$. Maple draws it as a circle: How can I change the coordinates, to make it look like an actual ellipse?
4
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1answer
38 views

Parametrizations and coordinates in differential geometry - what's the difference?

From what I've read one can introduce the notion of a tangent vector to a point on a manifold in terms of an equivalence class of curves passing through that point (the equivalence relation being that ...
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1answer
20 views

Find the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region [on hold]

Find the volume of the solid obtained by rotating the region in the $xy$ -plane enclosed by the parabola $y^2=x$ and the line $x=10$ around the $x$-axis.
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0answers
12 views

Representation of a cone in 3D

I need to find the representation of a cone in the 3D space with the following criteria: It's tip is located at the origin. It opens in the positive direction of the axis (it’s one-sided). The ...
3
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1answer
44 views

How to find intersection of two hypotenuses

I am a web developer who is bad with mathematics. I have never needed some math/geometry formulas before. But now I realize it is needed for more advanced design tecniques. I decided to learn math but ...
0
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3answers
17 views

Given I know the coordinates of a rectangle, how can I find the coordinates of an enlarged rectangle?

I have a rectangle, and know the dimensions, coordinates of the 4 corner points and therefore the centre point. If I scaled it up e.g. scalefactor * height, from its centre, how can I find the new ...
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0answers
23 views

Solve for 'y' for elipse rotated at an angle

How solve for y if we have set of x coordinates for elipse rotated at an angle 'A' ,has the origin at (h,k) and height as a and b
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1answer
15 views

Find coordinates of bounding box corners of rotated rectangle

I have a rotated rectangle inside a bounding box. It can be rotated to any angle. I know the coordinates of the "top left" corner of the inside rectangle (and I am able to work out the other 3 ...
2
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0answers
22 views

Local parametrizations and coordinate charts on manifolds

I have recently had discussions on related questions about coordinate charts on here which has started to clear up some issues in my understanding of manifolds. Apologies in advance for the ...
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1answer
124 views

Graham scan with collinear points

I'm having some trouble understanding the Graham scan algorithm as described in Wikipedia. Particularly, I don't understand how to handle collinear points. Consider these points as a simple example: ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Rearranging coordinate equation

I am looking to rearrange the following equation, given that I already know the distance and one set of coordinates (I need to find the coordinates of the second point basically) $$d = ...
2
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0answers
34 views

Smart coordinates for six-dimensional integral

I have a (hopefully) simple question: I am dealing with a definite (on all of $\mathbb{R}^6$) six-dimensional integral $$\int_{\mathbb{R}^6} F(\vec{x}_1,\vec{x}_2)d^3x_1d^3x_2$$ where the function ...
0
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1answer
26 views

How to find the position on a circle that satisfies two constraints?

Say I'm given an point P1 at coordinates $(x_1,y_1)$, and another point $P_2$ at coordinates $(x_2,y_2)$. Then I have a point $P_0$ that needs to be at coordinates $(x,y)$ such that it is a fixed ...
2
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3answers
34 views

2-Sphere surface coordinate dimension

Ordinary sphere in $\mathbb{R}^3$ is two-dimensional object (2-sphere), i.e. it requires at least two coordinates to define point on a surface. As I notice, however, there is a catch. If we use ...
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1answer
16 views

Other abscissa than $y = 0$?

Circle contains three vertices whose coordinates are (0,6) , (0,10) and (8,0). Abscissa of second vertex in which given circle passes through x-axis, is equal to? I do not even understand the text of ...
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0answers
36 views

Finding coordinates of position given three coordinates and distances: 3D

I'm hoping to determine the x, y, z coordinates of a 4th position (D) given the coordinates of three other positions and their distances: $A(0.25, 0.25, 0.25), B(0.4663, 0, 0.25)$, and $C (0.3912, ...
5
votes
1answer
121 views

Definition of a Cartesian coordinate system

Apologies if this is a basic question, but I'd really like to clarify the exact meaning of what a Cartesian coordinate system is. Heuristically, is it correct to say that a Cartesian coordinate system ...
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1answer
63 views

Meaning of “locally homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^{n}$”

I am fairly new to differential geometry and approaching it with a physics background (in the study of general relativity), as a result I'm having a few struggles with terminology etc, so please bear ...
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0answers
44 views

Constructing coordinate maps on manifolds

I've been studying differential geometry for a little while now, but I've never properly justified to myself rigorously the need to consider other more general coordinate maps, other than Cartesian on ...
1
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3answers
63 views

How to “rotate” points through 90 degree?

I am trying to do some intersection tests and so the math gets weird if two certain points have the same $x$ coordinate and so infinite slope. The points can be anywhere in any quadrant. I want to ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

calculate the volume

There is a triangular prism with infinite height. It has three edges parallel to z-axis, each passing through points $(0, 0, 0)$, $(3, 0, 0)$ and $(2, 1, 0)$ respectively. Calculate the volume within ...
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0answers
18 views

Converting vector in cartesian to cylindrical coordinates

This seems like a trivial question, and I'm just not sure if I'm doing it right. I have vector in cartesian coordinate system: a⃗ =xi⃗ −2xj⃗ + yk⃗ And I need to represent it in cylindrical coord. ...
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0answers
23 views

Looking for a formula to map a 2d pixel coordinate to a region within a grid.

I am given a pixel bounding box of the form: (x1, y1), (x2, y2) Where (x1, y1) is the bottom left coordinate and (x2, y2) is the top right coordinate of the ...
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2answers
32 views

How do I calculate the angles between a point on a sphere and each unit vector in $\Bbb R ^3$?

Given the Cartesian coordinates of any point $p$ on the surface of a sphere in $\Bbb R ^3$, how do I calculate the angles between each axis $(x, y, z)$ and the vector $n$ defined by origin $o$ and ...
3
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1answer
59 views

Coordinate systems on manifolds

I am fairly new to differential geometry and something I can't get my head around is, if an $n$-dimensional manifold is locally homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^{n}$, i.e. Euclidean space, then isn't it ...
4
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2answers
107 views

Geometry: What is being calculated here?

Context: I am a computer graphics programmer looking at a code-implementation. I need help understanding a function that has neither been documented properly nor commented. Given a circle with ...
2
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0answers
14 views

Bipolar toroidal coordinates - position vector, velocity and acceleration

Bipolar toroidal coordinates: $x = a \frac{\sinh\tau \cos\phi}{\cosh\tau-\cos\sigma}$ $y = a \frac{\sinh\tau \sin\phi}{\cosh\tau-\cos\sigma}$ $z=a \frac{\sin\sigma}{\cosh\tau-\cos\sigma}$ Would ...
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0answers
22 views

Faster Alternative than Calculating Euclidian Distance to determine which Coordinate has Max Distance from a fixed coordinate (eg (0,0))

I am developing a program that needs me to determine which coordinate in a 2-d figure has maximum distance from a fixed coordinate. Let me demonstrate: 3 points: (1,3), (2,2), (5,0) ; Fixed point: ...
0
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2answers
19 views

Getting the coordinates of a point on section [duplicate]

What is the endpoint $P(x,y)$ of a line segment , if I know its starting point: $C(x(1), y(1))$, the gradient $G$, and its length $L$?
2
votes
4answers
101 views

Notation of a function in coordinates

I have a question about some notation which puzzles me a lot. Consider a function $f:\mathbb{R}^n\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^m$. Then people often write or say that if we choose coordinates $x=(x^1,…,x^n)$ ...
4
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1answer
46 views

Coordinates on the sphere not global?

I'm reading a book on differential geometry and some part of the introduction I do not understand but I'm curious to understand it. Maybe someone can try to explain those parts to me. "Each point on ...
2
votes
2answers
21 views

unique number from 3D coordinates

Is it possible to get a unique real number from $(x,y,z)$ coordinates? I need to sort a list of coordinates so i am looking for a simple function that generates one unique number with which to sort. ...
1
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0answers
19 views

How can we express $(\hat{r}, \hat{\phi})$ in respect of $(\hat{i}, \hat{j})$ ? [closed]

We have the following: How can we express $(\hat{r}, \hat{\phi})$ in respect of $(\hat{i}, \hat{j})$ ??
0
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1answer
36 views

Formal name for the coordinate values of the pushforward of the inverse metric on an embedded manifold?

What is the formal name of the following object: \begin{align}\tag{4} \Delta^{\alpha \beta} = \dfrac{\partial y^\alpha}{\partial x^m} g^{mn} \dfrac{\partial y^\beta}{\partial x^n} \end{align} where ...
0
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0answers
15 views

How to find the location of a point in a global coordinate system from a local coordinate system

I was wondering if you would be able to help guide me on a solution involving rotation matrices. In-terms of data, I have the global coordinate system a $3\times 3$ matrix, the local coordinate ...
3
votes
1answer
53 views

Is there an equation to describe translation and rotation?

Suppose a free rod, $l=2r$, is hit on a tip T and translates with $v= 1r/s$ and at the same time rotates with angular velocity $\omega= 1rad/s$. Is there an equation that can determine the position of ...
3
votes
3answers
100 views

Why do we assume the complex plane is curvey at infinity?

In at least a few areas (i.e., those that I have happened across) when we have a need to capture a half-plane we do so by taking a semi-circle of radius $r$ in that half, and taking the limit as ...
1
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1answer
25 views

rectangular coordinate system vs Cartesian coordinate system?

Is there any difference between a rectangular coordinate system and a Cartesian coordinate system? Is one of them a subtype of the other? My book mentions a rectangular Cartesian coordinate system. ...
2
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0answers
30 views

Parametrization of surfaces for vector integration

I'm having some trouble calculating vector fields through surfaces. After attempting a few and being dissapointed with a wrong answer multiple times I figured I must be doing something wrong in the ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Euler Angle Transformation from righthanded to lefthanded cartesian coordinate system

I have a righthanded and a lefthanded cartesian coordinate system defined as follows: I have Euler angles (x, y, z) defined in the righthanded system and want to transform them to the lefthanded ...
0
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2answers
54 views

Fix the radius when drawing a circle.

I found this function and it draws an oval rather than a circle. What do I need to do to fix the calculations to make a circle? Thanks. ...
1
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0answers
54 views

Change of basis formula proof

So I know that this involves using the chain rule, but is the following attempt at a proof correct. Let $M$ be an $n$-dimensional manifold and let $(U,\phi)$ and $(V,\psi)$ be two overlapping ...
6
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the name of this paradox?

What is the name of the mathematical paradox which is arises from the following? If we imagine a point on a two-dimensional coordinate system (line graph), which moves from the positive part of the ...
9
votes
4answers
502 views

Check if a point is inside a rectangle (not knowing the coordinates, but knowing distances to vertices)

I have to solve the following problem: I have 4 points (A, B, C, D) which form a rectangle, but I do not know their coordinates. I have another point (X), I do not know its coordinates either, but I ...
3
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2answers
30 views

Find the number of possible points $R$.

$P(3,1),Q(6,5)$ and $R(x,y)$ are three points such that the angle $\angle PRQ=90^{\circ}$ and the area of the triangle $\triangle PRQ=7$.The number of such points $R$ that are possible is . $a.)\ ...
5
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1answer
62 views

Real Manifold … Complex Coordinates?

I'm working in an earlier edition of John Lee's book on smooth manifolds, and he has a number of problems where he represents a real manifold using complex variables. For instance in chapter 3 ...
2
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2answers
37 views

Find the equation of line in new co-ordinate system.

A line is represented by equation $4x+5y=6$ in the co-ordinate system with the origin $(0,0)$.You are required to find the equation of the straight line perpendicular to this line that passes ...
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0answers
18 views

Find the length of the intercept cut by the side $BC$ on the y-axis .

The equation of two equal sides $AB$ and $AC$ of isosceles triangle $\triangle ABC$ are $x+y=5$ and $7x-y=3$ respectively.What will be the length of the intercept cut by side $BC$ on the y-axis? ...
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2answers
31 views

Find the area of $\triangle POQ$ .

If $P$ and $Q$ are two points on the line $3x+4y=-15$ such that $OP=OQ=9$, then the area of $\triangle POQ$ will be ? $\color{green}{a.)18\sqrt2}\\ b.)3\sqrt2\\ c.)6\sqrt2\\ d.)15\sqrt2$ The ...