Questions on coordinate systems, a geometric method where a point in n-dimensions is assigned a corresponding n-tuple of numbers.

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Ellipse representation when Directrix and focus given [on hold]

Ellipse has a focus (0;1), a directrix x+y=0 and an eccentricity of 1/2. Find its equation and also draw it.
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1answer
23 views

Longitude and latitude problem

I find this question challenging. I am trying to solve this question for my younger brother. So here it goes: An airplane leaves an airport $X$, 20.6$^0E$ and 36.8$^0N$, and flies due south along the ...
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1answer
25 views

Area Of Polygon Whose Edges Are In Given Distance From A Given Polygon Edges

I'm handling a problem which I find quite difficult to solve; My input is a changing number of coordinates (real GPS coordinates), usually I get 4-8 coordinates, and another number,which indicates a ...
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2answers
12 views

How to find a vector normal to a cylinder in cylindric coordinates?

I'm trying to solve a problem which demands to multiply a vector M and vector normal to a cylinder's surface in cylindric coordinates. Height of the cylinder is infinite and its radius is R. So how do ...
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0answers
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Finding the leftmost, rightmost, top, and bottom, points, on a surface, of a sphere.

So I'm making a 3D game, and the player is inside a glass sphere. I'm projecting a bunch of points onto the sphere, and I need to find the leftmost, rightmost, topmost, and bottommost points, so I can ...
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Add a rotation to latitude/longitude -> screen coords?

I found an algorithm which allows to convert latitude/longitude to (x, y) of a screen. The problem is a picture on a map is rotated. If it is not rotated then I use the following calculations: ...
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1answer
24 views

Rotating a point in spherical coordinates around Cartesian axis

If I have a point in spherical coordinates, and I rotate it around one of the Cartesian axes, what will be the new spherical coordinates for the point? Both spherical and Cartesian coordinate systems ...
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2answers
38 views

What is the y-cooridinate for the point on the curve with x-cooridante 20?

What is the y-coordinate for the point on the curve with x-coordinate 20? $F. 160$ $G. 162$ $H. 164$ $J. 166$ $K. 168$ The explanation says "The correct answer is G. If the x-coordinate is 20, ...
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2answers
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Spherical coordinate versor problem

I have to calculate $$ i_\rho \times i_\phi $$ it should be $$ i_\theta $$ but in my notes I have $$ - i _\theta $$ Which one is correct? How can I do this kind of operations without mistakes?
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2answers
23 views

Finding the points where a circle intersects an axis

A circle has the equation: x²+y²+4x-2y-11 = 0 What would be the coordinates of the points where the circle intersects with the y-axis and how would you calculate it?
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1answer
98 views

Changing local coordinates on a manifold by a diffeomorphism

This is the set up of my problem: Let $M$ be a manifold with local coordinates $x^1,\dots, x^n$. Let $x^1,\dots,x^n,\xi_1,\dots,\xi_n$ denote the induced coordinates on $T^\ast M$. Let $f:M\to M$ be ...
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Cartesian to geodetic conversion of 3D bounding box - How to calculate latitude and longitude from an axis aligned bounding box

I have a geometry with its vertices in cartesian coordinates. These cartesian coordinates are the ECEF(Earth centred earth fixed) coordinates. This geometry is actually present on an ellipsoidal model ...
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14 views

Calculate new geo coordinate from another using a distance and degrees

I'm trying to calculate a new point based on another point, distance (miles) and magnetic direction from the original point. Say I had a point ...
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3answers
118 views

Direct formula for area of a triangle formed by three lines, given their equations in the cartesian plane.

I read this formula in some book but it didn't provide a proof so I thought someone on this website could figure it out. What it says is: If we consider 3 non-concurrent, non parallel lines ...
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1answer
24 views

Latitude and longitude to screen coordinates using “mapping points”?

I wrote a simple application which has a static image. I have 2 types coordinates for a point (or points if it is necessary): latitude and longitude; x and y for a screen. So I can get some ...
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0answers
31 views

Transition Functions for Cartesian Coordinate Systems

This is my first time using Mathematics SE (I've only used Physics and Astronomy before), so I apologize if this question is awkwardly phrased or incorrectly presented. I welcome any and all edits and ...
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3answers
45 views

Manifolds, charts and coordinates

Let's consider the manifold $S^1$ It is well known that we need two charts to cover this manifold. Nonetheless, we can cover the full space using a single coordinate $\theta$ which is just the angle ...
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1answer
33 views

Counting points in/on cuboid

Given a cuboid that extend in x,y,z axis such that |x|≤N, |y|≤N, |z|≤N where N is given and can have value up to 10^9.Now a shooter is standing at origin (0,0,0).He need to shoot on any of the ...
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1answer
22 views

Changing the length scale of the system of coordinates

Change the length scale on the axes of original system of coordinates, in which the equation $$y=x^3-px\qquad\text{(1)}$$ is plotted, i.e. introduce new coordinates $x_1$ and $y_1$ instead of ...
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2answers
55 views

Can a straight line be drawn from origin to co-ordinate X,Y?

Given a co-ordinate P(X,Y), can a straight line be drawn from origin to P, if there is wall existing with end points A(X1,Y1) and B(X2,Y2)? My Approach: I first of all wrote the equations from origin ...
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0answers
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Solid angle subtended in latitude-longitude maps

I need to scale a latitude-longitude map with the solid-angle each "pixel" subtend. How can I obtain the said solid angle starting from the $\phi$ and $\theta$ angles? Thank you very much
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1answer
30 views

How to find the angle between two vectors?

Here, I would like to describe my requirements .. Let's say we have two vectors named $\bf A$ and $\bf B$. Two vectors are in different magnitude and opposite directions and lay on different planes. ...
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1answer
42 views

True or False. Non parallel lines in 3-space.

Two non parallel lines in 3 space must intersect in at least one point. True or False? I say false because you can have two perpendicular lines on x and y, but on a different "level" of the z-axis. ...
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For which real numbers $c$ is there a straight line that intersects the curve $y = x^4 + 9x^3 + c x^2 + 9x + 4$ in four distinct points?

For which real numbers $c$ is there a straight line that intersects the curve $y = x^4 + 9x^3 + c x^2 + 9x + 4$ in four distinct points? I don't quite the understand the solution which is in ...
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0answers
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Radians : negative and positive values

Recently I have been reading books on DSP where I came across Polar co-ordinates. I understand that on Polar graph (4 quadrants) we have 0,pi/2,pi,3/2pi and 2pi radians as we move from one quadrant to ...
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1answer
47 views

Get position of a point with known distance between other points

If there are $(n+1)$ points in $m$ dimensional space, and we have known the Euclidean distances from one point "$B$" to the other $n$ points "$A_1,\ldots,A_n$", and known the positions of these $n$ ...
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1answer
30 views

How to find the surface element for the cylinder $x^2 + y^2 = r^2$?

So if given a surface (cylindrical) which has radius r and equation $x^2 + y^2 = r^2$, I want to work out the line element for it. How do I get it? I know the final answer has to be $dS^2 = r^2dϕ^2 ...
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1answer
20 views

How can I refer a 3D pose (position + orientation) to a different coordinate system?

I'm working on a robotics project where all poses and marker positions/orientations are stored as a matrix: $$ \mathbf{P} =\begin{bmatrix} \mathbf{R} & \mathbf{t}\\ ...
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2answers
45 views

Find X location using 3 known (X,Y) location using trilateration

I post this question in stackoverflow here and was advised it was best suited for here. I am trying to understand the maths behind trilateration, we have 3 access points (AP 1,2,3) and we know the ...
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0answers
13 views

What order should I evaluate divergence and coordinate transformation if I want to use a different coordinate system?

I have a vector field in Cartesian coordinates. I need to find its divergence, but I need the divergence to be in spherical coordinates. However, the divergence of this field is far easier to ...
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22 views

How to calculate the coordinate of a point which depends on other points on a plane with specific distances

I have $8$ points on a plane $(x_1,y_1)....(x_8,y_8)$ among these $8$ points I know the coordinates for $7$ points and I have to find the $8^{th}$ point. Each points has the difference between all ...
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0answers
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Coordinate geometry of circles; Circles through the points of intersection of 2 other circles

Here is my question. Let S=0 be the equation of circle 1 and T=0 be the equation of circle 2. There is a standard expression that, if you want the equation of a circle passing through the points of ...
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3answers
68 views

Dividing line segments with ratios vs. fractions [closed]

I know that $2:3$ is actually $\frac {2}{3}$. So when you split a line segment by a ratio, you would add $2$ and $3$ to get a fraction of $\frac {2}{5}$ that will be used to solve the problem. I ...
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1answer
23 views

What is the basic idea of homogenisation of an equation?

I do get that when you are homogenising it makes it in an equation of pair of straight lines passing through origin but what is its actual point and its applications?
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1answer
25 views

Find the Equation of BC

$\Delta ABC$ with vertex $A(1,2)$ has equations of internal angle bisectors of $\angle B$ and $\angle C$ as $x-y-1=0$ and $2x+y-9=0$ Respectively. Find the Equation of $BC$ My approach: Solving for ...
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1answer
23 views

Coordinate Geometry of circles; Radical Axis question

If one of the diameters of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x-6y+6=0$ is a chord to the circle with center at $(2, 1)$, then the radius of the second circle is? Apparently the solution is $3$, with the ...
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2answers
28 views

Finding the vertices of a square - straight lines

Question: Each side of a square is of length $6$ units and the center of the square is $(-1, 2)$. One of its diagonals is parallel to $x + y = 0$. Find the co-ordinates of the vertices of the square. ...
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1answer
18 views

Coordinates rotation and function change

In the Cartesian coordinates $(x,y)$, I have a vector function $\bar{f}(x)=\hat{x}A\cos(yk)$, where $A$ and $k$ are constants. I make now a 45 degrees rotation (in the same plane) to the new set of ...
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1answer
25 views

How to find an equation of a plane perpendicular to two other planes and passing through a point

Please, could anybody help me with the next problem. I have two planes: $$ 2x-y+5z+3=0 \ (\text{red plane})\\ x+3y-z-7=0 \ (\text{green plane}) $$ And I need to find a plane which is perpendicular ...
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3answers
28 views

The sum of the squares of the length of the chord intercepted by the line x+y=n $n$…

Problem : The sum of the squares of the length of the chord intercepted by the line x+y=n $n \in N$ on the circle $x^2+y^2=4$ is (a) 11 (b) 22 (c) 33 (d) 13 I am unable to understand this ...
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1answer
57 views

Check if point lies on a line segment

I know there are shorter solutions that use dot product, but I don't know what the logic behind doing so involves so I came up with something that I understand myself (i will research the dot product ...
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2answers
38 views

Splitting a segment with a ratio

I came across the homework question that I attempted to do. After looking at the answers, and getting it wrong I didn't understand why. I'm specifically lost at why we would get a fraction of 2/5 ...
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1answer
22 views

A point P is selected inside an equilateral triangle. If sum of lengths of perpendicular dropped on to sides from P

Problem : A point P is selected inside an equilateral triangle. If sum of lengths of perpendicular dropped on to sides from P is 2014, then $\frac{\mathrm{length\; of \; altitude \; of \; ...
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1answer
27 views

What basis and coordinate system is used in this quadratic Bézier triangle equation? $[x,y,z] = A*s^2 + B*t^2 + C*u^2 + D*2st + E*2tu + F*2su$

I have the following equation for a quadratic Bézier triangle, but I'm having a lot of trouble understanding how to describe it: $[x,y,z] = A*s^2 + B*t^2 + C*u^2 + D*2st + E*2tu + F*2su$ ...
4
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1answer
30 views

Family of lines $\sin\alpha x +\sin\beta y +\sin\gamma =0$

Problem : If $\sin(\alpha + \beta)\sin(\alpha -\beta) =\sin\gamma (2\sin\beta +\sin\gamma), 0 < \alpha , \beta ,\gamma <\pi$ then the family of lines $\sin\alpha x +\sin\beta y +\sin\gamma =0$ ...
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2answers
32 views

Number of non zero integer values of $k$ for which the points ($k,k^2)$ lies inside the triangle formed by the given three lines

Problem : Number of non zero integer values of $k$ for which the points ($k,k^2)$ lies inside the triangle formed by the lines $11x+6y+14=0$, $9x+y-12=0$, $2x+5y-17=0$ (a) $0$ (b) $2$ (c) $3$ ...
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2answers
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If the circle $x^2+y^2+4x+22y+c=0$ bisects the circmuference of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x+8y-d=0$ the…

Problem : If the circle $x^2+y^2+4x+22y+c=0$ bisects the circmuference of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x+8y-d=0$ then c +d equals (a) 60 (b) 50 (c) 40 (d) 30 Solution : Equation of common chord ...
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1answer
29 views

Find if a rectangle passes through another in cartesian plane

I want to know how to prove or find out if the red big rectangle passes through one of these small rectangles i have the coordinates of the big rectangle (the top left) and i have it's width and ...
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1answer
72 views

What percentage of rooms would be trapped in the cube?

In the movie Cube the design is based heavily in math. I'm trying to figure out the approximate percentage of rooms that would be trapped. His knowledge of the outer shell's size allows Leaven to ...
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0answers
37 views

What distinguishes elliptical coordinates from polar coordinates?

I am trying to identify what characteristic distinguishes elliptical coordinates from polar coordinates. For concreteness, let's write down the expressions. Polar: $$ x=r \cos(t) \\ y=r \sin(t) $$ ...