# Tagged Questions

Questions on the (continuous or discrete) convolution of two functions. It can also be used for questions about convolution of distributions (in the Schartz's sense) or measures.

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### Meaning of convolution?

I am currently learning about the concept of convolution between two functions in my university course. The course notes are vague about what convolution is, so I was wondering if anyone could give ...
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### Why convolution regularize functions?

There is a tool in mathematics that I have used a lot of times and I'm still not confortable with. In fact I can't figure out (by this I mean that I cannot understand it geometrically) why does ...
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### Definition of convolution?

Why do we use $x - y$ rather than $x + y$ in the definition of the convolution? Is it just convention? (If we are thinking of convolutions as weighted averages, for instance against "good kernels," it ...
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### How this operation is called?

This operation is similar to discrete convolution and cross-correlation, but has binomial coefficients: $$f(n)\star g(n)=\sum_{k=0}^n \binom{n}{k}f(n-k)g(k)$$ Particularly, $$a^n\star b^n=(a+b)^n$$...
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### Convolution intuition: clarifying Terence Tao's “blurring”/“fuzz” interpretation

On this math.MO post, "What is convolution intuitively?", Terence Tao's answer (in the case where one function is a bump function) involves "blurring" and "fuzz." Could someone clarify his ...
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### How to show convolution of an $L^p$ function and a Schwartz function is a Schwartz function

We have the Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}$ of $C^\infty(\mathbb{R^n})$ functions $h$ such that $(1+|x|^m)|\partial^\alpha h(x)|$ is bounded for all $m \in \mathbb{N_0}$ and all multi-indices $\alpha$. ...
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### Can someone intuitively explain what the convolution integral is?

I'm having a hard time understanding how the convolution integral works (for Laplace transforms of two functions multiplied together) and was hoping someone could clear the topic up or link to sources ...
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### Proving the sum of two independent Cauchy Random Variables is Cauchy

Is there any method to show that the sum of two independent Cauchy random variables is Cauchy? I know that it can be derived using Characteristic Functions, but the point is, I have not yet learnt ...
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### On the closedness of $L^2$ under convolution

It is a direct consequence of Fubini's theorem that if $f,g \in L^1(\mathbb{R})$, then the convolution $f *g$ is well defined almost everywhere and $f*g \in L^1(\mathbb{R})$. Thus, $L^1(\mathbb{R})$ ...
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### Convolution doubt

Can someone explain why the general formula of the convolution is this one: $$(f*g)(t)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(t-\tau)g(\tau)d\tau$$ But when both $f(\tau)$ and $g(\tau)$ are equal to zero for ...
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### Convolution between two distributions

I want to define the convolution $*$ between two distributions $S$ and $T$. For a test function $\varphi$, can I say: $$\langle S * T, \varphi \rangle \doteqdot \langle S, T*\varphi \rangle$$ where ...
238 views

### Convolution with a polynomial is a polynomial. Why?

Let $P:\mathbb{R}\to\mathbb{R}$ such that $\deg P=N$. Let $f$, an integrable-$2\pi$-periodic function. Show that $f\star P$ is also a polynomial. So we can prove it for an arbitrary $x^n$ (Since a ...
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### Laplace transforms: Convolution

Find $$1*1*1*\cdots*1\quad n\,\,\text{ factors}$$ that is, a function $f(t)=1$ convolution with itself for a total of $n$ factors. Would anyone mind helping me? I have no idea what I should do. ...
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### Limits and convolution

Let $f,g \in L^2(\mathbb{R^n})$, $\{ f_n \}, \{ g_m \} \subset C^\infty_0(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (infinitely differentiable functions with compact support) where $f_n \to f$ in $L^2$, and $g_n \to g$ in $L^2$....
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### Convolution of compactly supported function with a locally integrable function is continuous?

Can someone show me the proof that the convolution of a compactly supported real valued function on $\mathbb{R}$ with a locally integrable function is also continuous? I feel that this is a standard ...
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### partially reconstruct information of function convoluted with boxcar kernel

the function (f) I want to reconstruct partially could look like this: The following properties are known: It consists only of alternating plateau (high/low). So the first derivation is zero ...
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### if convolution of $f$ with itself remains same, then $f=0$ a.e?

I'm trying to answer the question above.. But I'm not certain in either way. I tried to prove it by giving counter examples.. But it always failed.. Then i also tried to draw contradictions But that'...
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### $n$ fold convolution tends to zero a.e. if $\|f\|_{L^1}<\infty$.

Let $f\geq 0$ satisfy $\int_\mathbb{R} f < 1$. Let $f_n$ be the $n$ time convolution of $f$ by itself. Then I want to show $f_n \rightarrow 0$ a.e. as $n\rightarrow \infty$. We can clearly ...
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### Number Theoretic Transform (NTT) example not working out

I'm reading up on the NTT, which is a generalisation of the DFT. I'm working in $\mathbb{F}_5$ with primitive root $w=2 \mod 5$. Suppose I want to compute the NTT of $x=(1,4)$. So far I have obtained: ...
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### Density of sum of two uniform random variables

I have two uniform random varibles. $X$ is uniform over $[\frac{1}{2},1]$ and $Y$ is uniform over $[0,1]$. I want to find the density funciton for $Z=X+Y$. There are many solutions to this on this ...
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### Easy way to compute $Pr[\sum_{i=1}^t X_i \geq z]$

We have a set of $t$ independent random variables $X_i \sim \mathrm{Bin}(n_i, p_i)$. We know that $$\mathrm{Pr}[X_i \geq z] = \sum_{j=z}^{\infty} { n_i \choose j } p_i^j (1-p_i)^{n_i -j}.$$ But is ...
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### The condition for $Y$ to make $\mathbb{E}[\max\{X_1+Y,X_2\}] > \mathbb{E}[\max\{X_1, X_2\}]$
I would like to know the condition for a random variable $Y$ in order to make $\mathbb{E}[\max\{X_1+Y,X_2\}] > \mathbb{E}[\max\{X_1, X_2\}]$, where $X_1$ and $X_2$ are iid. Any help would be ...