Convergence of sequences and different modes of convergence.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
3answers
488 views

Boundedness and pointwise convergence imply weak convergence in $\ell^p$

Let $p\in(1,+\infty)$ and consider the space $\ell^p$ with its usual norm. The following are equivalent: (1) $x_n \rightharpoonup x$ (i.e. $x_n$ weakly converges to $x$); (2) $$\exists ...
2
votes
3answers
376 views

$L^p$-space convergence

Let $({f_n})_{n\geq 1}$ be a sequence of functions on $[0,1]$ such that $\lim _{n\rightarrow \infty}f_{n}(x)=f(x)$ almost everywhere with respect to Lebesgue measure and $$\sup_{n\geq ...
2
votes
4answers
821 views

p-series convergence

Show that if $p>1$, $\sum\frac{1}{n^{p}}$ converges and if $p<1$ it diverges for $p\in\mathbb{R}^{+}$. Is there any way to show another series converges or diverges and then use the Comparison ...
2
votes
2answers
236 views

Prove that the sequence converges

Prove that the sequence converges. For each positive integer $n$, let $$y_n = 1 + \frac12 + \frac13 + \cdots + \frac1n - \int_1^n \frac{dx}x.$$
1
vote
4answers
43 views

If $x_n \to a$ and $x'_n \to a$, then $\{x_1, x'_1, x_2, x'_2, …\} \to a$

I know that if all subsequences of $\{x_1, x'_1, x_2, x'_2, ...\}$ converge to $a$, then $\{x_1, x'_1, x_2, x'_2, ...\}$ converges to $a$, but I only know two subsequences of $\{x_1, x'_1, x_2, x'_2, ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

Error Analysis and Modes of Convergences

I have the following question regarding Modes of Convergence Recall that the Taylor series of the function $f(x) = \ln(1+x)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}(-1)^{n-1}\frac{x^n}{n}$. Let ...
1
vote
3answers
51 views

Dominated Convergence: Estimate

This is an application of: Spectral Measures: Domain Criterion I'm trying to check the estimate: $$\frac{1}{h}|e^{ixh}-1|\leq C\left(|ix|+1\right)\quad(h\in(-\varepsilon,\varepsilon))$$ for some ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Investigating the convergence of a series using the comparison limit test

Actually not sure how to approach this... but I may be missing something: Replacing the sequence: $x_{n}=1+\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}}+...+\frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}-2\sqrt{n},\,\,\,\, n=1,2,....$ By the ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Prove that $r^n/n!$ converges where $n\ge r$ [closed]

The answer is in the title of the question. I need to show it converges to 0 and $r>0$. I am sorry if this is a bad question, I'm having trouble explaining it. So essentially this Do the ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Range of convergence for Taylor's series (about 0) for e^(sin x)

Is there anything wrong with my method below? Also, is there an easier method? For $sin\,x = \sum^{\infty}_{k=0}\frac{(-1)^kx^{1+2k}}{(1+2k)!}$, $L_1 = \lim_{k\rightarrow\infty} \left| ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Not sure which test to use?

Trying to determine if the following series is convergent: $$\sum_{k = 1}^{\infty} {2^k ln(1+1/(3^k))}$$ I have no idea how to compute the integral so im not sure if I should use the integral test, ...
1
vote
2answers
59 views

Prove that $ \left(a_{n}\right)_{n=1}^{\infty} $ converges when $|a_{n+1}-a_{n}|<q|a_{n}-a_{n-1}|$ for $ 0<q<1 $

I'm stuck on a homework question, and could really use some help. Here is said question: "Assume that for every $n$ the following occurs: $|a_{n+1}-a_{n}|<q|a_{n}-a_{n-1}|$ when $ 0<q<1 $ ...
1
vote
1answer
318 views

Prove that the sequence of L-Lipschitz functions converge

$f_n(x): [a,b] \to \mathbb R$ are a sequence of functions that all are $L$-Lipschitz: means - $|f_n(x)-f_n(y)| \le L|x-y|$ , ($L$ is for all the functions) and assume $f_n \to f$ in a pointwise ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

‎sequential ‎space

A‎‎ ‎sequential ‎space ‎has ‎unique ‎sequential ‎limits ‎iff ‎each ‎countably ‎compact ‎subset ‎is ‎closed. ‎Proof: ‎If‎ ‎$ \{ x_n \} $ ‎is a‎ ‎sequence ‎converging ‎to ‎two ‎distinc ‎‎$‎x‎$ ‎and ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

A hereditarily Lindelöf $KC$-space $( X,τ )$ is Katětov-$KC$ if and only if there is a weaker sequential $US$ topology $σ⊂τ

A space $( X,τ )$ is said to be Katětov $ KC $ if there is a topology $ σ⊂τ$ such that $( X,σ )$ is minimal $ KC $. The notion of strongly KC-spaces, that is, those spaces in which every ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Must the sequence $X_n$ converge to $0$ in probability?

Let $X_1, X_2,\dots$ be a sequence of random variables with $\lim_{n\to +\infty} E[|X_n|] = 0$. Is it correct or wrong that the sequence $X_n$ must converge to $0$ in probability?
1
vote
1answer
609 views

Proof of convergence in distribution of a discrete random variable

I'm working on a question on "convergence in distribution" and I appreciate if you could guide me on how to approach this question: Here is the question: Let $X_n$ be integer-valued random ...
0
votes
0answers
69 views

Semigroups: Entire Elements (II)

Problem Given a Banach space $E$. Consider a contraction C0-group: $$T:\mathbb{R}\to\mathcal{B}(E):\quad\|T(t)x\|\leq\|x\|$$ Define its generator by: $$Ax:=\lim_{h\to0}\frac{1}{h}(T(h)x-x)\in E$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

If a sequence of continuous functions converges pointwise to a continuous function on $ [a,b] $, it converges uniformly

If a sequence of continuous functions converges pointwise to a continuous function on $ [a,b] $, it converges uniformly. Looking at other theorems on the relationship between continuity and uniform ...
0
votes
2answers
80 views

Taylor series expansion and the radius of convergence

Hello I have some problems concerning Taylor series. Given the function $$f(x)=e^{\sin{x}} $$ I concluded that the Taylor series expansion would be $$f(x) = ...
0
votes
3answers
87 views

How to show that $\sum {2^j + j \over 3^j - j}$ converges

I'm not quite sure how to go about growing the numerator or shrinking the denominator to perform a tricky comparison test, or hashing out the ratio test, so any help would be much appreciated!
0
votes
1answer
289 views

Convergence of sequence in uniform and box topologies

I am trying the following problem: $w_1=(1,1,1,1,\ldots)$ $w_2=(0,2,2,\ldots)$ $w_3=(0,0,3,3,\ldots)$ $\cdots$ $x_1=(1,1,1,1,\ldots)$ $x_2=(0,\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2}\ldots)$ ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

$ KC $ spaces imply $ US $ spaces , but vise versa is false.

In the $ US $ space , each convergent sequence has unique limit. In the $ KC $ space , every compact subset is closed. It easy to show that $ KC $ spaces imply $ US $ spaces. The ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

real analysis:convergence

Let $\{x_m\}$ be a sequence in $E_1$ that converges to $L \in E_1$. a. prove that if $L>0$ and there exists $n \in N$ such that for all $m >n$ holds that $x_m > 0$ b. True or false? If for ...
-1
votes
1answer
40 views

Series Summation,Convergence

I am stuck on the 4 th one.I have done the rest.I have found out the value of a_n.But not getting how to proceed for the 4 th one.
-1
votes
1answer
72 views

Alternating functional Series Convergence SOS…

Does the following series converge? $\sum_{k=0}^\infty \frac{(-1)^k x^k \sqrt{k}}{k!}$ what is the radius of convergence?!!
-2
votes
0answers
189 views

Fibonacci Numbers - Complex Analysis [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Complex Analysis - Integral over a circle of radius R Hey guys~ Does anyone know where to find the solutions to this problem set on page 106 involving the fibonacci ...
23
votes
2answers
749 views

How to prove that $\sum\limits_{n=1}^\infty\frac{(n-1)!}{n\prod\limits_{i=1}^n(a+i)}=\sum\limits_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{(a+k)^2}$ for $a>-1$?

A problem on my (last week's) real analysis homework boiled down to proving that, for $a>-1$, $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{(n-1)!}{n\prod\limits_{i=1}^n(a+i)}=\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{(a+k)^2}.$$ ...
5
votes
2answers
250 views

Limit of $\int_0^1\frac{B_{2n+1}\left(\left\{\frac1x\right\}\right)}{x}dx$

Set $$u_n= \int_0^1 \frac{B_{2n+1}\left(\left\{\frac1x\right\}\right)}{x}dx\tag1$$ where $\left\{t\right\}=t-\lfloor t \rfloor$ denotes the fractional part of $t$ and where $B_n(\cdot)$ are the ...
15
votes
1answer
268 views

Does $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^{-1-|\sin n|^a}$ converge for some $a\in(0,1)$?

The divergence of the series $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^{-1-|\sin n|}$ is proved here. An inmediate consequence is that if $a\ge1$ then $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n^{-1-|\sin n|^a}$ also diverges. My question is: ...
16
votes
3answers
945 views

Convergence\Divergence of $\sum\limits_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac {1\cdot 3\cdots (2n-1)} {2\cdot 4\cdots (2n)}$

Prove convergence\divergence of the series: $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\dfrac {1\cdot 3\cdots (2n-1)} {2\cdot 4\cdots (2n)}$$ Here is what I have at the moment: Method I My first way uses a result that ...
10
votes
1answer
218 views

Convergence of Euler-transformed zeta series

I am trying to prove that the expression $$(1-2^{1-s})\zeta(s)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty\sum_{m=0}^n\frac{(-1)^m}{2^{n+1}}{n\choose m}(m+1)^{-s}$$ converges to an analytic continuation of the alternating ...
12
votes
2answers
545 views

Prove $\sum^{\infty}_{n=1} \frac{a_{n+1}-a_{n}}{a_{n}}=\infty$ for an increasing sequence $a_n$ of positive integers

The $a_n$'s are integers, positive, and increasing: $0< a_1 < a_2 < \cdots$, the problem asks us to prove that: $$ \sum^{\infty}_{n=1} \frac{a_{n+1}-a_{n}}{a_{n}}=\infty $$ While I have ...
10
votes
2answers
214 views

Does there exist a sequence of real numbers $\{a_n\}$ such that $\sum_na_n^k$ converges for $k=1$ but diverges for every other odd positive integer?

Does there exist a sequence of real numbers $\{a_n\}$ such that $\sum_na_n^k$ converges for $k=1$ but diverges for every other odd positive integer?
9
votes
1answer
225 views

Prove the divergence of a particular series, given that another series diverges

Suppose $\{a_i\}_{i\in\mathbb N}$ is an increasing sequence of positive real numbers such that $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{1}{a_n}=+\infty.\tag{1}$$ Then I have to show that also ...
3
votes
2answers
615 views

Does the sum $\sum^{\infty}_{k=1} \frac{\sin(kx)}{k^{\alpha}}$ converge for $\alpha > \frac{1}{2}$ and $x \in [0,2 \pi]$?

Does the series $$ \sum^{\infty}_{k=1} \frac{\sin(kx)}{k^{\alpha}}, $$ converge for all $\alpha > \frac{1}{2}$ and for all $x \in [0,2 \pi]$? It is obvious that it does when $\alpha > 1$, ...
28
votes
0answers
1k views

Limit of sequence of growing matrices

Let $$ H=\left(\begin{array}{cccc} 0 & 1/2 & 0 & 1/2 \\ 1/2 & 0 & 1/2 & 0 \\ 1/2 & 0 & 0 & 1/2\\ 0 & 1/2 & 1/2 & 0 \end{array}\right), $$ ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Common Problems while showing Uniform Convergence of functions

All, I am having some trouble in checking whether a sequence of functions converges pointwise or uniformly. The problem is, sometimes, my intuition is right and sometimes its wrong. Finding the limit ...
17
votes
1answer
739 views

Prove that sum is finite

Let $j \in \mathbb{N}$. Set $$ a_j^{(1)}=a_j:=\sum_{i=0}^j\frac{(-1)^{j-i}}{i!6^i(2(j-i)+1)!} $$ and $a_j^{(l+1)}=\sum_{i=0}^ja_ia_{j-i}^{(l)}$. Please help me to prove that the following sum is ...
13
votes
3answers
261 views

Find the limit of $(\sin \frac{1}{n} \cdot \sin \frac{2}{n} \cdot … \cdot \sin 1)^{\frac{1}{n}}$

Could you tell me how to find $\lim_{n \rightarrow \infty} (\sin \frac{1}{n} \cdot \sin \frac{2}{n} \cdot ... \cdot \sin 1)^{\frac{1}{n}}$ ?
10
votes
0answers
178 views

Continued fraction with prime reciprocal entries

We know that the reciprocals of the primes form a divergent series. We also know that a necessary and sufficient condition for a continued fraction to converge is that its entries diverge as a series. ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Lebesgue Dominated Convergence example

How do I use Lebesgue Dominated Convergence Theorem to evaluate $$\lim_{n \to \infty}\int_{[0,1]}\frac{n\sin(x)}{1+n^2\sqrt x}dx$$ What dominating function to use here?
20
votes
3answers
638 views

Why can't $\sqrt{2}^{\sqrt{2}{^\sqrt{2}{^\cdots}}}>2$?

So we have$$\sqrt{2}^{\sqrt{2}{^\sqrt{2}{^\cdots}}}=x\\\sqrt{2}^x=x$$where $x=2$ heuristically seems like a good solution. However, $x=4$ seems like an equally good solution. I was told in passing ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

“Pseudo-Cauchy” sequences: are they also Cauchy?

I tried to prove something but I could not, I don't know if it's true or not, but I did not found a counterexample. Let $(a_n)$ be a sequence in a general metric space such that for any fixed $k ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

Does convergence in distribution implies convergence of expectation?

If we have a sequence of random variables $X_1,X_2,\ldots,X_n$ converges in distribution to $X$, i.e. $X_n \rightarrow_d X$, then is $$ \lim_{n \to \infty} E(X_n) = E(X) $$ correct? I know that ...
9
votes
1answer
325 views

Sum of cosines of primes

Let $p_n$ be the nth prime number, $p_1=2,p_2=3,p_3=5,\ldots$ How to prove this series converges/diverges? $$\sum_{n=1}^\infty \cos{p_n}$$
8
votes
2answers
461 views

convergence of $\sum \limits_{n=1}^{\infty }\bigl\{ \frac {1\cdot3 \cdots (2n-1)} {2\cdot 4\cdots (2n)}\cdot \frac {4n+3} {2n+2}\bigr\} ^{2}$

I am investigating the convergence of $$\begin{split}\sum _{n=1}^{\infty }\left\{ \dfrac {1\cdot 3\cdots (2n-1)} {2\cdot 4\cdots (2n)}\cdot \dfrac {4n+3} {2n+2}\right\} ^{2} &= \sum _{n=1}^{\infty ...
7
votes
3answers
286 views

How can I prove the convergence of a power-tower? [duplicate]

In here, I saw that $$x^{x^{x^{x^{x^{x^{x^{.{^{.^{.}}}}}}}}}}$$ exists as a real number (convergent) if and only if $$x\in[e^{-e}, e^\frac{1}{e}].$$ How can I prove this??
6
votes
2answers
510 views

Convergence/Divergence of a particular infinite nested radical

Is it known if the following infinite nested radical converges or diverges (for $n \in \mathbb N$)?: $$R(n) = \sqrt{n+\sqrt{(n+1)+\sqrt{(n+2)+ \cdots}}}$$ I recently became interested in these ...
4
votes
1answer
431 views

Dominated convergence and $\sigma$-finiteness

I am curious about the Dominated Convergence Theorem for a sequence of functions that converges in measure. Theorem: Let $(X,\mathcal{S},\mu)$ be a measure space. If $\{f_n\}, f$ are measurable, ...