Convergence of sequences and different modes of convergence.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
3answers
19 views

A different notion of convergence for this sequence?

I was thinking about sequences, and my mind came to one defined like this: -1, 1, -1, 1, 1, -1, 1, 1, 1, -1, 1, 1, 1, 1, ... Where the first term is -1, and after the nth occurrence of -1 in the ...
-1
votes
2answers
27 views

Let $f_n(x)=x-x^n$ for $x \in [0,1]$ Does the sequence ${f_n}$ converge pointwise on the set $[0, 1]$? [duplicate]

Let $f_n(x)=x-x^n$ for $x \in [0,1]$ Does the sequence ${f_n}$ converge pointwise on the set $[0, 1]$? This is what I have done, since $0\le x\le 1$ $ x=0$$$f_n(0)=0-0^n=0$$ $x\to \infty$ ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Convergence of $\sum \frac{a_n}{1+a_n}$ implies convergence of $\sum a_n$ for positive $a_n$. [duplicate]

I need to prove or disprove the statement. I think the statement is true. My attempt at a proof: From the definition of convergence: $$\forall \epsilon > 0 \quad \exists N \in \mathbb{N} \quad ...
0
votes
0answers
9 views

Show that the absolute infinite series $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \lvert x_k \cdot y_k \rvert$

Show that the absolute infinite series $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \lvert x_k \cdot y_k \rvert$ converges if the absolute infinite series $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \lvert x_k \rvert$ converges too and the ...
0
votes
3answers
49 views

Does the infinite series $\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(4+(-1)^k)^k}$ converge?

I have been wondering if this infinite series converges $$\sum_{k=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(4+(-1)^k)^k}$$ I tried to put it in wolfram alpha but it says that the ratio test is incoclusive, but when I do ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Should monotone convergence theorem say uniformly bounded?

saz pointed out to me the difference between bounded and uniformly bounded: $Y$ is uniformly bounded: there exists $C>0$ such that $|Y_n| \leq C$ for all $n \in \mathbb{N}$, i.e. $$|Y_n| ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

sum converge, matrix, norm

Let $A_j$ be a sequence in $\mathbb{C}^{n\times n}$. Show that $ \sum_{j=0}^\infty A_j$ converges if $ \sum_{j=0}^\infty ||A_j||$ does.($||A||= sup_{|x|=1} |Ax|$ with euclid norm) Hello, Be ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Question Concerning Fourier Series

I was following the derivation of the basic Fourier series using orthogonal function. For the set of orthogonal functions $\{\phi_n\}$, say the function $f$ can be defined as: $$f(x) = c_0 \phi_0(x) ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Convergent subsequence in a bounded sequence of a complete metric space

Consider a complete metric space E with the following property: If $x_n$ is a bounded sequence, then $\forall \epsilon > 0$, $\exists i,j , i \neq j$ such that $d(x_i,x_j) < \epsilon$. ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Sum of reciprocals of prime-index-primes

Let $p_1=2$, $p_2=3$, $p_3=5$, $\ldots$ be an enumeration the prime numbers. If $q$ is a prime number, we call $p_q$ a prime-index-prime. A list of prime-index-primes can be found here. My question ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

If $\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{a_{n}}{b_{n}} = 0$ and $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} b_{n}$ converges, then $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_{n}$ converges.

Let $a_{n} \geq 0$ and $b_{n}>0$ for each $n$ in $\mathbb{N}$ and suppose that $\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{a_{n}}{b_{n}} = 0$ and $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} b_{n}$ converges, then $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Convergence of a function of two variables

The following question has been posed to me by a student in an analysis class. For which real numbers $\alpha \gt 0$ is the function $f : \Bbb R^2 \to \Bbb R$ given by $f(x, y) = (x^2 + y^2)^\alpha$ ...
4
votes
2answers
57 views

Areas under the graphs of $\frac{1}{x}$ and $\frac{1}{x^2}$ from $1$ to $\infty$

A simple evaluation of the definite integral tells us that the area under the graph of $[\frac{1}{x}]^2$ from $1$ to $\infty$ is finite whereas that of $\frac{1}{x}$ for the same limits is infinite. ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

Convergence from another series

Suppose that both $$\sum_{j=0}^n a_j^2$$ and $$\sum_{j=0}^n b_j^2$$ are convergent. Show that $$\sum_{j=0}^n a_jb_j$$ converges absolutely. Ok, so my final exam is tomorrow and I have been working on ...
1
vote
3answers
41 views

Where does the following series converge? [on hold]

Using integrals or by any other method find: $\lim_{n \rightarrow\infty} \sum_{i=1}^{n}\frac{1}{n+i}$
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Convergence of $f_n (x)=\sqrt[3]{\rvert{x}\rvert ^3+\frac{1}{n}} \qquad x \in [-1,1]$

$(f_n)$ is a succession of functions $$ f_n : [-1,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R} \\ \\ f_n (x)=\sqrt[3]{\rvert{x}\rvert ^3+\frac{1}{n}} \qquad x \in [-1,1] $$ Punctual convergence $\forall x \in ...
7
votes
0answers
71 views

Which functions are irrelevant?

Call a bijection $f : \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ irrelevant over $\mathbb{R}$ iff for all sequences $a : \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, if $$\sum_{i=0}^\infty a_n$$ exists, call its value ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Limit laws for power of convergent sequence

Let $ \{ a_n \}_{n=m}^{\infty}$ be convergent sequence of real numbers such that $\lim _{n \rightarrow \infty}a_{n}=x$. Can we say that $\lim _{n \rightarrow \infty}a_{n}^q=(\lim _{n \rightarrow ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Newton Method Variant with convergence of order 3

Let $f:\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ be twice continuously differentiable for all $x$ in the neighborhood $U(\xi)=\{x\in\mathbb{R}:|x-\xi|<r\}$ of a simple zero $\xi$ of $f$ such that ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

For what values of $k$ to both of the following series converge?

I'm taking the AP Calculus BC Exam next week and ran into this problem with no idea how to solve it. Unfortunately, the answer key didn't provide explanations, and I'd really, really appreciate it if ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

For which $s$ is defined $\frac{1}{\zeta(s)}\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{n}{ \left( \zeta(s) \right) ^n}$, where $\zeta(s)$ is the Riemann Zeta function?

If there are no mistakes in my words, if one of the factors $\sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n$ of a convolution product or Cauchy product converges, and the other $\sum_{n=1}^\infty b_n$ corverges absolutely ...
-1
votes
1answer
21 views

Sequence converging to a closed set

How can I prove that A sequence generated by a particular algorithm converges to a set? i.e irrespective of the starting point the sequence converges to any of the points in a set, or oscillates ...
1
vote
5answers
53 views

How to prove that $\lim\limits_{n\to\infty}\sqrt[n]{p}=1$? [on hold]

Could you tell me how to show if $p>0$ then$\lim\limits_{n\to\infty}\sqrt[n]{p}=1$? (+clues) 1.put $\sqrt[n]{p}=1+h_{n}$ 2.Bernoulli's inequality If you don't mind, use the clues to prove it.
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Determine whether the following sequences (fn) converge uniformly, pointwise, or neither:

Determine whether the following sequences $(f_n) \in F(E, \mathbb{R})$ - where E is a set - converge uniformly, pointwise, or neither: a) $f_n(x) = \frac{n^2x} { 1 + n^2x^2}$ on set $E = \mathbb{R}$ ...
-1
votes
0answers
11 views

Uniformly convergent Laurent Series [on hold]

Why does a Laurent Series with positive and negative parts converge uniformly only on compact sets?
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Radius of Convergence of $\sum_{n = 0}^{\infty} \frac{(-1)^nn!x^n}{n^n}$

I'm taking the AP Calculus BC Exam next week and ran into this problem with no idea how to solve it. Unfortunately, the answer key didn't provide explanations, and I'd really, really appreciate it if ...
0
votes
2answers
45 views

Investigate convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\ln(n)}{n}$

Investigate convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{\ln(n)}{n}$ I applied nth term test and was inconclusive. I tried ratio test but I don't know how to evaluate the limit. I think it is 1 therefore ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Prove point-wise convergence for the sequence $\{f_k\}$ of functions

Consider the sequence $\{ f_k\}$ of functions in $C[0,1]$ defined by $$ f_k(x) = \begin{cases} 0, & 0 \leq x \leq \frac{1}{k} \\ 2(k^{3/2} x - k^{1/2}), & \frac{1}{k} \leq x \leq ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Investigate convergence of $\sum_{n=2}^\infty \frac{1}{n(n-1)}$

Investigate convergence of: $\sum_{n=2}^\infty \frac{1}{n(n-1)}$ Now I know by $p$-series test this summation converges however, is there a way to prove that this series converges by some ...
2
votes
0answers
8 views

When does the cohomological Atiyah–Hirzebruch–Leray–Serre spectral sequence converge?

Given a Serre fibration $F \to E \to B$ of spaces homotopy equivalent to CW complexes, with $B$ simply-connected, and a generalized homology theory $h_*$ with respect to which the fibration is ...
5
votes
0answers
56 views

Can the boy escape the teacher for a regular $n$-gon?

This is related to Prove that the boy cannot escape the teacher Suppose there is a boy in the center of a regular $n$-gon. The teacher is on the edge of the $n$-gon (but cannot leave the edge) and ...
3
votes
2answers
45 views

Determine wether $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{3n-1}{(n+1)^3}$ converges or diverges.

Determine wether the following function converges or diverges by comparison test: $\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{3n-1}{(n+1)^3}$ Upon inspection I can clearly see that the series converges. However I am ...
-1
votes
0answers
25 views

A non unconditionally convergent series? [on hold]

A series $\sum_{n\ge 1}a_n$ in a Banach Space $X$ is said to be unconditionally convergent if it converges for any rearrangement of its terms. Denote by $(e_n)$ the canonical basis of $\ell_2$, ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Proof of a theorem regarding subsequences and convergence

I am attempting to understand the following theorem and it's proof as outlined in my textbook for Real Analysis. Theorem: Let $(s_n)$ be a sequence. If t is in $\mathbb{R}$, then there is a ...
6
votes
1answer
39 views

$\mu(X) \lt \infty$. Then $f_k \to f$ in measure iff for any subsequence $k_l$, there is a subsequence $k_{l_n}$ such that $f_{k_{l_n}}\to f$ a.e.

Let $\mu(X) \lt \infty$. Then $f_k \to f$ in measure iff for any subsequence $k_l$, there is a subsequence $k_{l_n}$ such that $f_{k_{l_n}}\to f$ a.e. I can show the only if part by using the theorem ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

Let $f_k \to f$ in $L^{\infty}$, then $f_k \to f$ in measure.

Let $f_k \to f$ in $L^{\infty}$, then $f_k \to f$ in measure. I looked at the proof of this statement and it says that it follows from the fact that if $f_k \to f$ in $L^{\infty}$, then $f_k \to f$ ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Give necessary and sufficient conditions so the sum of random variables converges almost surely

$\{X_k\}_{k}$ are independent random variables on the probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal F, P)$ and $X_k$ has gamma density $f_k(x)$ where $f_k(x)=\dfrac{x^{a_x-1}e^{-x}}{\Gamma(a_k)}$ where $x,a_k ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Find the radius of convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n!(2x-1)^n$

Find the radius of convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^\infty n!(2x-1)^n$ Now, by D'Alemberts Ratio test that implies (for convergence): $\lim_{n\to\infty} \lvert \frac{(n+1)!(2x-1)(2x-1)^n}{n!(2x-1)^n} ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Find convergence domain of the integral

Find convergence domain of $$\int_0^\infty \! \frac{\cos^2{x}}{x^p} \, \mathrm{d}x$$ I've tried to use $\frac{\cos^2{x}}{x^p} < \frac{1}{x^p}$, but $\int_0^\infty \! \frac{1}{x^p} \, \mathrm{d}x$ ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Find convergence domain of integral

I need to find convergence domain of $$\int_1^2 \! \frac{\ln(x-1)}{(4-x^2)^p} \, \mathrm{d}x$$ I've tried to use estimates like $\frac{\ln(x-1)}{(4-x^2)^p} < \frac{1}{(4-x^2)^p}$ and change of ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Show that $C^1([a,b])$ is a complete space w.r.t. some special metric [duplicate]

Let $C^1([a,b])$ denote the space of all continously differentiable functions on $[a,b], a,b\in\mathbb{R}$. On this space, define the following metric: $$ d(f,g)=d_{\infty}(f,g)+d_{\infty}(f',g'), $$ ...
1
vote
3answers
36 views

Prove that functional series $\sum_{n=1}|sinx|^{\sqrt{n}}$ is convergent when $x \in (-1,1)$

Prove that functional series $\sum_{n=1}|sinx|^{\sqrt{n}}$ is convergent when $x \in (-1,1)$. I do not know if that's so easy that I'm simply missing something, but I can't find any criterion which ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Solving equations like $xe^x = c$ via functional iteration

Yesterday I randomly thought of solving $xe^x = c$ via functional iteration (FI) after manipulating the equation into a form "$x = \cdots$" that gives the 'fastest' convergence rate regardless of the ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

find $\text{limsup} \dfrac{X_n}{\ln{n}}$? how can i apply Borel-Cantelli here?

let $(X_n)_{n\geq1}$ be a sequence of independent random variables. Suppose that the density function of $X_n$ is: $$ f(x)=\dfrac{1}{2}.e^{-|x|} \quad x \in \mathbb{R} \quad \forall n \quad ...
2
votes
3answers
45 views

Rigorous Definition of One-Sided Limits

In a typical first-year Calculus course professors typically tend to put a lot of emphasis on making visual connections when working with "one-sided" limits or derivatives. This is something I find ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Integrating variation of error function: $\int_1^2e^{-nx^2} dx$

Show that $$\lim_{n\to\infty} \int_1^2e^{-nx^2} dx = 0.$$ After much googling, I learned that I am working with a variation of the error function! Yay. I've never heard of it in my life and I ...
0
votes
0answers
7 views

Understanding the uniform convergence of $\sum_{m\geq 1}\frac{z(z-1)}{2m^2}$

Define $a_m(z)=\frac{z(z-1)}{m^2}$, for all $z\in \mathbb{C}\setminus \{-1,-2,\dots\}$. The sum $\sum_{m\geq 1}a_m(z)$ clearly converges absolutely. Is there a fair approach to prove that it ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Shouldn't all alternating series diverge by the diverge test?

An Alternating Series, as defined in my textbook, is of the form $\sum (-1)^n b_n$. If we look at the nth term, the series doesn't appear to converge. If n is odd, the nth term is negative; if it's ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

Prove $\sum_{k=1}^\infty k^{-p}f(kx)$ converges absolutely almost everywhere, where $p>0, f \in \mathcal{L}^1(\mathbb{R})$.

What I've done: $$ \int_\mathbb{R} \sum_{k=1}^\infty k^{-p}|f(kx)| = \sum_{k=1}^\infty \int_\mathbb{R} k^{-p}|f(kx)|dx = \sum_{k=1}^\infty k^{-p}\int_\mathbb{R} k^{-1}|f(y)|dy = ...
-7
votes
0answers
24 views

series convergence help using tests [closed]

Use any theorems or properties of series. This was a question on my homework and I received 0 points. I need help with the entire question. I originally tried to compare part (a) to the ...