# Tagged Questions

Use the convention tag for questions about standard, cultural practices in mathematics.

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### What's the name of each pseudo-rectangle in a spherical surface?

Consider the common surface of a spherical segment crossed with a spherical wedge. This produces a pseudo-rectangle in the sphere surface, and a perfect rectangle in a mercator projection. What's the ...
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### Commas separating adjectives to describe mathematical objects.

Is there a convention which rules that in mathematics an object with some properties should be referred to as a "property 1 property 2 property 3 ...object" rather than a "property 1, property 2, ...
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### Matrix with rank more than $1$

Is there a shorter way of saying that a matrix $A$ has rank more than $1$? I am looking for something like "full-rank", or "rank-deficient."
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### Given a set of rotation matrices, is it possible to determine the rotation conventions employed?

Given three rotation matrices, is it possible to determine the conventions used in defining them? These conventions include: passive or active transformation, pre- or post-multiplication, right- or ...
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### Where should the 2$\pi$ go in the Fourier Transform?

In some lecture notes on Harmonic Analysis from Terence Tao here, he defines the fourier transform by $$\hat{f}(\tau)=\int_{\mathbb{R}}e^{-2\pi i t\tau}f(t)dt$$ and then says This is really the ...
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### Canonical way of denoting the set of all (totally) ordered subsets

Given a finite set $S$, we usually denote the set of all subsets of $S$ by $\mathcal{P}(S)$, i.e. the power set of $S$. I need to denote the set of all totally ordered subsets of $S$, let us call it ...
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### Definition by Recursion and a Question about Induction

I have some questions to ask. Suppose I want to define some sequence of propositional formulas $\{\varphi_{j}\}_{j\in\mathbb{N}}$. First, I define it this way. Fix an enumeration ...
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### Why do we restrict the range of the inverse trig functions?

I understand why we restrict the domain, but why do we restrict the range? Why do we necessarily care so much for the inverse trig relations to be functions? Thanks!
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### What type of input does trigonometric functions take in

I see in my Book that 45 deg is equivalent of π/4 . Ι also do the conversion if I simply convert degrees into radians like this 45* π/180 = π/4 radians and ...
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### Why are the order-of-operations conventions good?

Children are sometimes taught silly mnemonics like "PEMDAS" to remember conventions on order of operations. (I never heard of "PEMDAS" until long after graduating from college, as far as I can ...
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### What is $2 - 1 + 1$? [duplicate]

$2-1+1$; a fairly straightforward question, but I (well, not me, but Henry Reich) found something strange. Most people would evaluate it as $2+(-1)+1 = 2$; however, this goes against the famed, and ...
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### Advocating base 12 number system

I had a calculus professor who suggested we should be using base 12 number system. What are the advantages of using such a system?
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### What could be better than base 10?

Most people use base 10; it's obviously the common notation in the modern world. However, if we could change what became the common notation, would there be a better choice? I'm aware that it very ...
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### Why is $0^0$ undefined? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Zero to zero power I'm wondering why $0^0$ is considered undefined. Why isn't 1 considered a valid solution? Considering $0^0 = 1$ seems reasonable to me for two ...
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### Complete instead of Complex, Irregular instead of Imaginary

Will the terms complex and imaginary ever be replaced? At least within beginning classes? I imagine it is more of a kind of hazing into the "mathemitician's club" to allow the terms to confuse ...
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### Square root principle value convention

Why is the principal square root of a complex number defined as $\sqrt z = \sqrt r e^{-i \varphi / 2}$ for $\varphi \in (-\pi, \pi]$ ? Wouldn't it be more natural to let $\varphi \in [0, 2\pi)$ as it ...
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### Is there a fundamental reason that $\int_b^a = -\int_a^b$

Is there a fundamental reason that switching the order of the limits in an integral results in the negative, i.e., $$\int_b^af(x)\,dx = -\int_a^bf(x)\,dx?$$ As far as I can tell, this is just chosen ...
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### Obtaining the $\frac{1}{2\pi}$ factor in the Fourier transform

This MathWorld page gives this definition of a Fourier transform: $$F(k) = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(x) e^{-2\pi i k x}dx.$$ But, I wish to speak in terms of linear frequency $\nu$ and time $t$ ...
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### How to Convert a Number to Roman Numerals

i don't How to Convert a Number to Roman Numerals Using mathematical equation. if M=1000,D=500,C=100,L=50,X=10,V=5,I=1 then how convert any decimal number to Roman Numerals? such as if 1952 then its ...
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### Name of region defined by two points in higher dimensions

Perhaps this isn't the best place to ask, but I'm trying to figure out the proper name for the region that exists in-between two points in higher dimensions. Under certain conditions, n-cube or ...
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### Zero polynomial [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Polynomial of degree $-\infty$? Today in Abstract Algebra my instructor briefly mentioned that sometimes the zero polynomial is defined to have degree $-\infty$. What ...
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### Naming conventions for super- and subscripts when naming sets and functions

Ok, so say I want to create a bunch of sets and functions for my to-be paper (that surely will get the attention of those comity members in Stockholm), and I want to identify them with the help of ...
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### Why does this text insist on changing the variable name here?

In What is mathematics? by Courant, Robbins, and Stewart, "5. An important inequality", the authors change $n$ in this example: $$(1+p)^n\geq1+np$$ to $r$ in this example: $$(1+p)^r\geq1+rp$$ In ...
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### Convention of digit grouping after decimal point

I read that different cultures have different ways of grouping digits before the decimal point for readability e.g. 1234567890 can be grouped as 1 234 567 890 (English), 12 3456 7890 (Chinese) or 1 23 ...
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### Square root of a number squared is equal to the absolute value of that number [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Significance of $\displaystyle\sqrt[n]{a^n}$? The square root of a number squared is equal to the absolute value of that number. Why is $\sqrt{x^2} = |x|$? Why not just ...
I wonder whether the following concept has a name. Suppose you are given a commutative diagram $\mathcal C$, that we think of a small category where each hom-class (i.e. hom-set) consists of at most ...