Tagged Questions

Use the convention tag for questions about standard, cultural practices in mathematics.

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0answers
7 views

How to write upper and lower generic limits of a definite integral

I have an integral whose upper and lower limits depends on the probabilty distribution chosen for the variable, $x$, I am integrating on. For example, if I consider that $x$ is normally distributed ...
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1answer
18 views

Nested square brackets in tensor indices

I know that using square brackets on tensor indicies denote the anti-symmetric part $$ T_{[ab]} = \frac{1}{2} \left( T_{ab} - T_{ba} \right)$$ I now have to prove that $$ T_{a [[bc]d]} = T_{a ...
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1answer
28 views

Question about sums with a negative limit for the index

To me, it looks like we have $\;\sum_{i = 1}^{0} x_i = 0\;$ and $\;\sum_{i = 1}^{1} x_i = x_1\;$. What happens if I write the following? $$\;\sum_{i = 1}^{-123} x_i\;$$ Would this be defined?
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0answers
34 views

Mathematics and dyslexia, about left and right cosets and ideals

How often I had to run for help at Wikipedia each time I was confused about right cosets, or left ideals. So I devised a trick that would avoid to constantly being confused. In the definition of left ...
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0answers
20 views

The simply connected form of a semisimple algebraic group

Let $G$ be a semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field $k$, so that $G$ is an almost-direct product of its minimal closed connected normal subgroups of positive dimension, ...
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1answer
80 views

Quantities $g_2$, $g_3$, $\Delta$

This question is somewhat related to this one. Let $\lambda$ be the modular lambda function. Greenhill (Elliptic Functions, p. 57) states that we may put $$g_2 = \frac{1 - \lambda + \lambda^2}{12}, ...
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0answers
26 views

How to show proper set inclusion/exclusion? Please don't give me the solution.

I found this problem from an online source. I've just got two question 1) I think there is a typo in the solution, it should be $(x_n) \in \ell_1$ right? 2) I am guessing $c_0 \subsetneq ...
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11answers
7k views

What is the average of no numbers?

I have two programs that both behave nearly identically: they both take in any numbers you give them and can tell you the average and how many numbers were given. However, when you don't give them any ...
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2answers
46 views

Combinaision of two functions

Let us denote $X_0 = \{x, y\}$ and $X_1 = \{a, b\}$ two disjoint sets of variables; let us denote $V$ a set of values. I have two functions $f_0 : X_0 \rightarrow V$ and $f_1 : X_1 \rightarrow V$, ...
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0answers
93 views

In which field of science that we can prove $0! =1$ and what i can say to studentof high school if he asked about it's prove ?? [duplicate]

In mathematics there are some data , we have took them by convention and mathematics is not able to show us them proves , now want just to know if the "convention" term enough mathematics ...
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0answers
10 views

Symbol or name for Basismatrix of Linear Programming

This question is about the Basismatrix in the context of Linear Programming. Basically (haha!) we have the Matrix of the standard (or normal) form, which consists of (A|E) with the coefficient matrix ...
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2answers
45 views

Beginner questions about Sets.

I have a quick question in regard to sets. I am a little confused when I see the notation $A\subseteq B$. How is this different than the sets $A$ and $B$ being identical? I guess some of the confusion ...
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2answers
287 views

Euler-Angle convention

I'm studying the course on edx and can't answer this question: How many different Euler angle conventions are there?
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0answers
36 views

problems on define set with polynomials

I'm trying to say set A is the set of nonnegative integers that not of this two forms $3x^2 + (6y-4)x - y\ $ and $\ 3x^2 + (6y-2)x + (y - 1)$, for example: $4=3 \cdot1^2+(6 \cdot1-4) \cdot 1-1\ $ is ...
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1answer
109 views

Which is the best notation for a sequence?

In a set, the order of its elements is (as far as I know) not important; in a sequence, the order of its elements is important. Which is the notation I should use in order to define a sequence? I ...
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0answers
37 views

Are there official names for these functions?

$\newcommand{\sgn}{\operatorname{sgn}}$ Does anyone know if the simple function $$ y(x)=x^2\sgn(x)$$ or alternately $$ y(x)=x|x|$$ has any (official) name in mathematics or engineering? or ...
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1answer
49 views

Is there a convention for power of a half being the positive square root?

I know the $\surd$ sign refers to the positive square root. Does the exponent 1/2 mean the positive square root too by convention? I ask because I'm converting from parametric to cartesian here... ...
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1answer
41 views

Does an integral without an integrand imply the integrand is $1$?

This is a question concerning mathematical convention. If we see something like $$ \int_a^b dx $$ Does this imply that $$ \int_a^b dx = \int_a^b 1\ dx\text{?} $$
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1answer
66 views

Prove thoroughly: If the degree of all vertices is greater or equal to $\frac{|V| - 1}{2}$, then the simple graph is connected.

I am struggling to write a good, thorough proof. The proof is supposed to be logically rigorous, correct and complete (e.g. no hidden assumption). Moreover, style is important - the proof should be ...
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2answers
65 views

Should “together with” be taken as slang for an n-tuple?

When an algebraic structure is defined, it is often defined as a set $S$ "along with"/"together with"/"having" operations $\circ_1, \circ_2, \ldots, \circ_n$, and "denoted" by $(S, \circ_1, \circ_2, ...
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2answers
139 views

Usage of $\cdot$ in calculus

I often find myself caught in the dilemma of whether or not to use the symbol $\cdot$ in calculus. Take for example, the chain rule: $$\frac{dy}{dx} = \frac{dy}{du}\cdot\frac{du}{dx}$$ Is the ...
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3answers
693 views

Starting sentences with mathematical symbols.

I apologise if this is a duplicate in any way or is too opinion-based. To what extent is it best not to start a sentence with a mathematical symbol? I find that when trying to solve a problem or ...
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0answers
38 views

Graph diameter of a single vertex?

Convention-wise, given the simple graph with a single vertex, what is the graph diameter? I can see three options, zero, since there is a trivial path from the vertex to itself. infinity, since ...
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1answer
114 views

Is there a symbol/ way to mathematically indicate an answer?

I know this is going to sound rather contrived, but I was wondering if there was a symbol to indicate a solution to a problem. I'm a student studying engineering and constantly shift between notations ...
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3answers
271 views

Rationale for a convention: Why use the semiperimeter in Heron's formula?

Heron's formula says that the area of a triangle whose sides have lengths $a, b, c$ is $\sqrt{s(s-a)(s-b)(s-c)}$ where $s=(a+b+c)/2$ is the semiperimeter. It can also be stated by saying that the ...
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2answers
91 views

Game Theory: players' gender convention?

What is the Game Theory convention of using gender terms (male/female) for the players? I found only one reference suggesting that odd-numbered players are male and even-numbered players are female. ...
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2answers
182 views

Combine a rotation matrix with transformation matrix in 3D (column-major style)

I'm trying to concatenate a rotation matrix with a 4x4 homogeneous transformation matrix with column-major convention. I want this rotation matrix to perform a rotation about the X axis (or YZ plane) ...
3
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1answer
62 views

Commas between adjectives [duplicate]

Is it correct to use these expressions without commas (as written below)? A finite simple group. A finitely generated abelian group. A finitely generated torsion-free abelian group. A ...
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1answer
51 views

Name and notation convention for “unnormalized probability”

Given a finite set of non-negative numbers $S={s_1,...,s_n}$, we can divide them by a normalization constant $Z$ (i.e. their sum) to get a probability distribution. Then we typically say (and write) ...
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0answers
41 views

shouldn't we specify the topology when we talk about Borel $\sigma$-algebras?

Maybe this is me being pedantic, but this thought has just occurred to me. The Borel $\sigma$-algebra on X is the smallest $\sigma$-algebra containing all open sets. When we talk about Borel ...
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2answers
82 views

Question about secant and cosecant.

Ok so if we take a right triangle and consider an angle $\alpha$ we get the following: From here we can define the fundamental trigonometric functions sine and cosine where ...
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1answer
51 views

Semidirect product notation convention

I was taught that if $G \simeq H \ltimes K$, then (by convention) $H$ is the subgroup that is normal, but I see on Wikipedia and elsewhere that other people use the convention that the above indicates ...
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5answers
561 views

What are reasons why some symbols in mathematical logic are not standardized?

Why is so hard to find a standardisation regarding symbolism and/or terminology in Mathematical Logic ? We see again and again students asking if e.g. $\rightarrow$ and $\implies$ means the same ...
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1answer
50 views

Notation in functions spaces

I'm wondering if there is a convention for the following. Let $g:\mathbb{R}^2\to \mathbb{R}$ be given and u in $C^1(\mathbb{R})$. I'm looking for a notation for $g(x,u(x))$ is in the space of ...
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2answers
94 views

why function argument is on right side $f(x)$ rather than on left side as $xf$

Is there an advantage for writing function arguments on the right side as $f(x)$ rather than on the left side as $xf$? The latter looks more natural if we think about it in diagram as $domain ...
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1answer
112 views

Wikipedia claims that number theorists tend to prefer $0 \notin \mathbb{N}$. Is this actually true?

According to wikipedia here: $\mathbb{N}$ means either $\{ 0, 1, 2, 3, ...\}$ or $\{ 1, 2, 3, ...\}.$ The choice depends on the area of mathematics being studied; e.g. number theorists ...
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0answers
80 views

Convention on the order of scalar multiplication (Multiplier vs multiplicand)

Is there a convention on the order of scalar multiplication? I know there were questions before mine, but I would like to know if such distinction is culturally dependent. This came from a news in ...
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2answers
197 views

Fourier transform convention: $\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(x)e^{\pm ikx}dx $?

I've come across the Fourier transform being defined as: $$\tilde{f}(k)=\frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} f(x)e^{ikx}dx$$ But this convention is not present in the Wikipedia article. The ...
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1answer
116 views

Category of topological pairs

Is there a standard abbreviation for the category of topological pairs? I have searched for it in vain.
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1answer
122 views

Normalization of Orthogonal Polynomials?

The generalized Rodrigues formula (Hassani, Mathematical Physics, p. 174) is of the form $$p_n=K_n\frac{1}{w}\left(\frac{d}{dx}\right)^n(wp^n)$$ The constant $K_n$ is seemingly chosen completely ...
2
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1answer
97 views

Why is $m$ used as the variable for slope in slope-intercept form?

I was wondering if you could answer a question I have on slope intercept form of a linear equation. I know its $y=mx+b$, but why is it $mx+b$? Don't get me wrong. I know that $m$ is the slope and $b$ ...
2
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2answers
140 views

What is a vector with a single non-zero component called?

What do you call a vector with a single component, e.g. $[a, 0, ..., 0]$ or $[0, b, 0, ..., 0]$, where $a, b$ are any non-zero number? I'd like the language to differentiate from a vector with ...
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1answer
33 views

Value expressions

What is the value of the expression: $\sum_{k=0}^{d}b^{k}\left[\begin{array}{c} d\\ k \end{array}\right]\prod_{i=0}^{k-1}\left(c-b^{i}\right) $ for $ k = 0 $? In particular, what is then the value ...
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3answers
174 views

$x^{y^z}$: is it $x^{(y^z)}$ or $(x^y)^z$?

Of the following, why is a usually considered true, and for what reason other than "tradition" and "more convenient"? a: ${x}^{y^z} = x^{(y^z)} \neq {(x^y)}^z$ b: ${x}^{y^z} = {(x^y)}^z \neq ...
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1answer
63 views

Order of operations: Matrix product and hadamard product

Is there any convention of the order of operations in a term with both ordinary matrix multiplication and hadamard (elementwise) multiplication? Obviously, $$ A ( b \circ c ) \ne (A b) \circ c $$ ...
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1answer
357 views

The Degree of Zero Polynomial

I wonder why the degree of the zero polynomial is $-\infty$ ? I heard that, it is $-\infty$ to make the formula $\deg(fg)=\deg(f)+\deg(g)$ hold when one of these polynomials is zero. However, if that ...
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2answers
85 views

A question on notation: $u(x,y)$ vs. $u(x+iy)$.

In Tao's complex analysis notes, he uses the convention that $$f(z)=u(z)+iv(z)= u(x+iy)+iv(x+iy)$$ implying that the functions are $$u,v:\mathbb{C} \to \mathbb{R}.$$ But in other places I see the ...
5
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5answers
254 views

No difference between $0/0$ and $0^0$?

I have seen discussions about both $0/0$ and $0^0$ and they differ a bit in the way that most seem ok with calling $0/0$ "undefined", while the $0^0$ discussion still seems like a dispute. If this is ...
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4answers
133 views

Are there two conventional definitions of “holomorphic”?

In Walter Rudin's Real and Complex Analysis, second edition, on page 213, two definitions are stated. One of them says the derivative of $f$ at $z_0$ is $$f'(z_0)=\lim_{z\to ...
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2answers
107 views

Is “iff” the same as equality if each member is a predicate?

"Iff" - if and only if ($\Leftrightarrow$ or $\leftrightarrow$, although the first usually carries a "meta" meaning, something that is not evaluated) - is used in $2x=3\Leftrightarrow x=\frac32$, ...