2
votes
1answer
72 views

Integration in PID controller

I am trying to understand how come there is a phase difference is from the error signal and the output of my PID controller which consisting of I = 1. As far i've understood should the integration ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

How to find discrete integral given different time intervals.

I want to implement a PID controller and I'm unsure of how to find the integration part. Normally the integral is calculated as $\sum_{n=1}^{t} e_{n}$, where $e_n$ is the sample error at time n. ...
0
votes
1answer
310 views

Numerically calculating inverse Laplace via the inverse Laplace transformation formula

I'm trying to simulate a control system whose transfer function is $H(s)$. I'm comparing different numerical methods for this. I have already used these two methods: - Converting the transfer function ...
1
vote
2answers
229 views

Is the integral in a PID controller definite or indefinite?

Would the integral calculated by the PID controller be considered definite or indefinite?