# Tagged Questions

Questions on the evaluation of integrals along a locus in the complex plane.

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### Integral $\int_{-1}^1\frac1x\sqrt{\frac{1+x}{1-x}}\ln\left(\frac{2\,x^2+2\,x+1}{2\,x^2-2\,x+1}\right) \ \mathrm dx$

I need help with this integral: $$I=\int_{-1}^1\frac1x\sqrt{\frac{1+x}{1-x}}\ln\left(\frac{2\,x^2+2\,x+1}{2\,x^2-2\,x+1}\right)\ \mathrm dx.$$ The integrand graph looks like this: $\hspace{1in}$ The ...
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### The Integral that Stumped Feynman?

In "Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!," Nobel-prize winning Physicist Richard Feynman said that he challenged his colleagues to give him an integral that they could evaluate with only complex methods ...
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### Proving $\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty e^{-\pi n^2} = \frac{\sqrt[4] \pi}{\Gamma\left(\frac 3 4\right)}$

Wikipedia informs me that $$S = \vartheta(0;i)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty e^{-\pi n^2} = \frac{\sqrt[4] \pi}{\Gamma\left(\frac 3 4\right)}$$ I tried considering $f(x,n) = e^{-x n^2}$ so that its ...
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### About the integral $\int_{0}^{+\infty}\sin(x\,\log x)\,dx$

It is an interesting exercise to show that the function $f(x)=\sin(x\log x)$ is Riemann-integrable over $\mathbb{R}^+$ (as shown by robjohn in this related question, for instance). Even more ...
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### Tricky contour integral resulting from the integration of $\sin ax / (x^2+b^2)$ over the positive halfline

I am trying to evaluate the definite integral $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin ax\ dx}{x^2+b^2}$$ where $a,b>0$. This is a problem on an assignment for a class in complex variables. I understand the ...
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### When can't a real definite integral be evaluated using contour integration?

Some older complex analysis textbooks state that $\displaystyle \int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-x^{2}} \ dx$ can't be evaluated using contour integration. But that's now known not to be true, which makes me ...
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### Closed form of integral using contour integration

Here is the integral I am interested in evaluating using contour integration: Prove that: $$\int_0^\infty \frac{{\rm d}x}{(1+x^2)(1+x^r)}=\frac{\pi}{4}$$ That is that the above integral is ...
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### Closed form of $I=\int_{0}^{\pi/2} \tan^{-1} \bigg( \frac{\cos(x)}{\sin(x) - 1 - \sqrt{2}} \bigg) \tan(x)\;dx$

Does the integral below have a closed-form: $$I=\int_{0}^{\pi/2} \tan^{-1} \bigg( \frac{\cos(x)}{\sin(x) - 1 - \sqrt{2}} \bigg) \tan(x)\;dx,$$ where $\tan^{-1} (\cdot)$ is inverse tangent function. ...
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### Integral $\int_0^{\pi/2} \theta^2 \log ^4(2\cos \theta) d\theta =\frac{33\pi^7}{4480}+\frac{3\pi}{2}\zeta^2(3)$

$$I=\int_0^{\pi/2} \theta^2 \log ^4(2\cos \theta) d\theta =\frac{33\pi^7}{4480}+\frac{3\pi}{2}\zeta^2(3).$$ Note $\zeta(3)$ is given by $$\zeta(3)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^3}.$$ I have a ...
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### How to prove that $\int_0^\infty\frac{\left(x^2+x+\frac{1}{12}\right)e^{-x}}{\left(x^2+x+\frac{3}{4}\right)^3\sqrt{x}}\ dx=\frac{2\sqrt{\pi}}{9}$?

A friend gave me this integral as a challenge $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\left(x^2+x+\frac{1}{12}\right)e^{-x}}{\left(x^2+x+\frac{3}{4}\right)^3\sqrt{x}}\ dx=\frac{2\sqrt{\pi}}{9}.$$ This integral can be ...
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### Evaluate $\int_1^\infty \frac {dx}{x^3+1}$

I would like some help with the following integral. I would like to find a contour line to evaluate $$\int_1^\infty \frac {dx}{x^3+1}$$ So one can see that on any circumference it goes to $0$, but ...
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### Evaluate $\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{x^2}{1+\cos^2 x}dx$

Evaluate the following integral $$\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{x^2}{1+\cos^2 x}dx$$ This function does not have an elementary anti-derivative. How can we solve this?
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### How to solve $\displaystyle\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \ln{(x^2 + \ln^2{(\cos{x})})} \mathrm{d}x$ [duplicate]

$\displaystyle\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \ln{(x^2 + \ln^2{(\cos{x})})} \mathrm{d}x$ I was given this integral yesterday by someone on a forum and after a few hours of having a go at it I didn't really ...
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### Integral $\frac{1}{\pi}\int_0^{\pi/3}\log\big( \mu(\theta)+\sqrt{\mu^2(\theta)-1} \big)\ d\theta, \quad \mu(\theta)=\frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2}.$

Hi I am trying to calculate this integral: $$I=\frac{1}{\pi}\int_0^{\pi/3}\log\left( \frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2}+\sqrt{\bigg( \frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2} \bigg)^2-1} \right)\ d\theta.$$ The ...
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### Integral $I=\int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+x)\ln(1+x^{-2})}{x} dx$

Hi I am stuck on showing that $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+x)\ln(1+x^{-2})}{x} dx=\pi G-\frac{3\zeta(3)}{8}$$ where G is the Catalan constant and $\zeta(3)$ is the Riemann zeta function. Explictly ...
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### Integrating $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log x}{(1+x)^3}\,\operatorname d\!x$ using residues

I am trying to use residues to compute $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log x}{(1+x)^3}\,\operatorname d\!x.$$My first attempt involved trying to take a circular contour with the branch cut being the positive ...
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### Physical interpretation of residues

What is physical interpretation of residues of poles (of any order) of a complex function? Poles represents the points where a complex function cease to be analytic and residues are calculated to ...
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### What contour should be used to evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{t}}{1+t^2} dt$

Could anyone help me decide what contour to use to evaluate this integral? $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{t}}{1+t^2} dt$$ So we have simple poles at $i$,$-i$. Why does using a quarter of a circle in ...
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### Evaluating $\int_0^\infty \frac{\cos(ax)-e^{-ax}}{x \left(x^4+b^4 \right)}dx$

How can we evaluate $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\cos(ax)-e^{-ax}}{x \left(x^4+b^4\right)}dx \quad a,b>0$$ using Complex Analysis? This problem was given in a Complex Analysis book which I was reading. ...
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### Prove that $\int_0^\infty \frac{\ln x}{x^n-1}\,dx = \Bigl(\frac{\pi}{n\sin(\frac{\pi}{n})}\Bigr)^2$

This question inspired me to ask the following. Prove that $$I_n = \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln x}{x^n-1}\,dx = \left(\frac{\pi}{n\sin\left(\frac{\pi}{n}\right)}\right)^2,$$ for $\Re(n)>1$. For some ...
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### Integration method for $\int_0^\infty\frac{x}{(e^x-1)(x^2+(2\pi)^2)^2}dx=\frac{1}{96} - \frac{3}{32\pi^2}.$

The following definite integral is obtained directly from Hermite's integral representation of the Hurwitz zeta function. But is it possible to obtain the same result via the residue calculus or ...
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### Integrate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\cosh(\beta x)}{1+\cosh( \beta x )} e^{-x^2} x^2 \rm{d}x$
Integrate $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\cosh(\beta x)}{1+\cosh( \beta x )} e^{-x^2} x^2 \rm{d}x,$$ with $\beta \in \mathbb{R}$ and $\beta > 0$. Numerical integration shows that this ...
### show that $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\sin^3(x)}{x^3}dx=\frac{3\pi}{8}$
show that $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\sin^3(x)}{x^3}dx=\frac{3\pi}{8}$$ using different ways thanks for all