Questions on the evaluation of integrals along a locus in the complex plane.

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10
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794 views

Integral of rational function over $\mathbb{H}^4$

Suppose I have a rational function of $8$ coordinates $a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h$ that I want to integrate over $\mathbb{H}^4$: ...
9
votes
0answers
373 views

Contour integration with 2 branch points

I need to compute a quite complicated Fourier transform, but I'm having problems due to the facts that I have two branch points. The integral I need to solve is $$\int_\infty^{-\infty} \frac{dk}{\...
9
votes
0answers
449 views

Contour integral representation of Confluent Hypergeometric Function

My brain is spinning around in circles trying to reconcile three distinct contour-integral representation of the confluent hypergeometric function $_1F_1(a,b,z)$ for $b \in \mathbb{Z}_+$: From K.T....
6
votes
0answers
109 views

On $\sum a^n \tan(n\theta)$

It is well known that $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a^n \cos(n\theta) = \frac{1-a\cos(\theta)}{1-2a\cos(\theta)+a^2}$$ $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a^n \sin(n\theta) = \frac{a\sin(\theta)}{1-2a\cos(\theta)+a^2}$$ ...
6
votes
0answers
235 views

Complex contour integral: How does the stationary point method used in this case?

I was reading a paper which has the following integral in order to do the inverse Laplace transformation: $$ I=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{-i\infty+\gamma}^{i\infty+\gamma} e^{st}\frac{\Omega^2}{(s^2+4\...
6
votes
0answers
78 views

Integral with contours

I want to evaluate the integral $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \dfrac{\ln x}{e^x+1}\,{\rm d} x$ using contour integration. At first I though using a rectangular. Problem is that I cannot establish the ...
6
votes
0answers
67 views

Solving an integral (using Cauchy contour integral?)

I need to solve this integral: \begin{equation} f(t)=\int_0^\infty x^2 \sqrt x \left( e^{a x} -1\right)^{-1/2} \frac{e^{i(b-x)t}-1}{b-x} dx \end{equation} where $a$ and $b$ are real, positive ...
5
votes
0answers
89 views

Evaluate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\sqrt{a+ix}}{a^2+x^2}\,dx$ using residue calculus

I'm asked to evaluate $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\sqrt{a+ix}}{a^2+x^2}\,dx$$ $\mathbb{R}\ni a>0$, using residue calculus (where $\sqrt{\cdot}$ is the PV $\sqrt{}$). My approach is as follows: ...
5
votes
0answers
274 views

An interesting identity involving powers of $\pi$ and values of $\eta(s)$

It happens that, for any $m\geq 1$, $$\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}\frac{(-1)^n}{(2n+1)^{2m+1}}=\frac{E_{2m}}{2\cdot(2m)!}\left(\frac{\pi}{2}\right)^{2m+1}\tag{1}$$ where $E_{2m}$ is an integer number. My ...
5
votes
0answers
275 views

Where's my mistake applying Perron's Formula?

I applied Perron's Formula to Riemann Zeta Function and got a weird result. First, I started with a simple definition of Riemann Zeta Function, $$\zeta(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\frac{1}{n^{s}}$$ where $\...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

Complex Contour Integral Involving Arg(z)

My question is regarding the following complex integral: $$\int_\gamma\frac{\operatorname{Arg}(z)}{z} dz$$ where $\gamma$ is the curve defined by:$\quad$ $\gamma(t) = e^{it}, 0\leq t\leq \frac{\pi}{...
4
votes
0answers
88 views

Proof of Sophomore's Dream using Contour Integration

Sophomore's dream is a relatively common identity, that states $$ \int _0^1 x^{-x} dx = \sum_{n = 1}^\infty n^{-n}$$ The common proof is found using the series expansion for $ e^{- x \log x} $ and ...
4
votes
0answers
71 views

inverse Laplace transform by finding residues of essential singularities

I want to find the inverse Laplace transform of $$F(s)=\exp\Big(-\sqrt{2s}\tanh(\sqrt{2s})\Big).$$ Despite the square roots, $F$ doesn't have any branch points since $$\sqrt{2s}\tanh(\sqrt{2s})=\frac{\...
4
votes
0answers
178 views

Proof that $\oint_r d(x,N + n) < 0 $?

Let $f(x)$ be a real-entire function such that for all $x>0$ we have $f(x) > 0$, $f'(x) > 0$ , $f '' (x) > 0$. And also $0 < D^M f(0) < D^{M-1} f(0)$. Let $0<T<1$ and $n$ a ...
4
votes
0answers
127 views

Asymptotic form of an integral to an power law decaying function

$$ f(x)=\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1-x^2}{4x}\ln\left|\frac{1+x}{1-x}\right| $$ This function is not analytic at $x=1$. The plot is shown: The integral is: $$ I=\int_0^\infty g(x) \sin(2b rx) dx $$ where ...
4
votes
0answers
121 views

Integration Around Part of a Branch Cut

I am studying the integral, given by a Laplace transform, $$\int_0^\infty\!e^{-\alpha x}\sinh^{-2/3}x\left(1+\frac 12\sinh^2x\right)^{-1/6}\left(1-\beta\sinh^{4/3}x\right)^{1/2}\,\mathrm dx$$ From ...
4
votes
0answers
87 views

Integral representation of Bessel function K

Does someone have an idea how to connect the following function (appearing in the quantization of a real scalar field in a uniformely accelerated frame) : $$ K(x,y) = \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{dt}{t} t^...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

Evaluating $\int_0 ^\infty \frac{\sqrt{x}}{e^x-1}dx$

I was trying to compute: $$ I_{1/2}=\int_0 ^\infty \frac{\sqrt{x}}{e^x-1}dx. $$ I know it can be recast as follows $$ I_{\alpha}=\int_0^\infty \frac{x^\alpha}{e^x-1}\ dx= \int_0^\infty \frac{x^\...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

$ \int_\gamma e^{\frac{1}{z^2-1}}\sin{(\pi z)}dz $ on a closed curve of index $N$ with respect to the point $1$.

Let $\gamma$ be a closed curve in the right half plane that has index $N$ with respect to the point $1$. Find $$ \int_\gamma e^{\frac{1}{z^2-1}}\sin{(\pi z)}dz $$ This is a problem from an old ...
4
votes
0answers
69 views

Does anyone have a good reference on calculating contour integrals around the unit circle (numerically or otherwise)?

I am looking for a reference that will help me calculate contour integrals around the unit circle or other curve. I have a particularly ugly function which isn't likely to have a nice closed form so I ...
4
votes
0answers
207 views

Integral $ \int_0^\infty \frac{x^n\ln x}{(x^2+\alpha^2)^2(e^x-1)}dx$

Hey I am trying to integrate $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{x^n\ln x}{(x^2+\alpha^2)^2(e^x-1)}dx,\quad \alpha,n \in \mathbb{R}^{0+}. $$ This integral is old. I am also looking for literature on these ...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

Ugly-nice double series

I'm trying to evaluate the following ugly double sum (presented in raw notation as used in my calculations): $\sum _{m=1}^{\infty } \sum _{n=1}^{\infty } \frac{4 m \cos \left(\frac{2 \pi m x}{T_x}\...
4
votes
0answers
195 views

Integral $=\int_0^\infty x^{\alpha -1}Li_n (-\sigma x) Li_m(-\omega x^r)dx$.

I am trying to calculate an integral that can be expressed in terms of infinite hypergeometric series by using transforms and Residue method, the integral is $$ I_{n,m}(\alpha,\sigma,\omega,r)=\int_0^...
4
votes
0answers
126 views

Showing that $\lim_{N \to \infty} \int_{C_{N}} \frac{ \sinh az}{\sinh \pi z} \mathrm{e}^{ibz} \, dz =0$

One of several ways to evaluate $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sinh ax}{\sinh \pi x} \cos (bx) \, dx \ , \, |a|< \pi$$ is to sum the residues of $ f(z) = \frac{\sinh az}{\sinh \pi z} \mathrm{e}^{ibz}$ ...
4
votes
0answers
343 views

Contour Integration - Quantum field theory

I am a physics student. In calculating transition amplitude for Klein-Gordon real-scalar field, I encountered the integral, $$ \frac{-i}{2(2\pi)^2\Delta x} \int^{\infty}_{-\infty} \,dk \frac{ke^{ik\...
4
votes
0answers
245 views

difficult integral involving arcsin(x)

I have a difficult integral to compute. I know the result by guessing the answer, but need to know the method of calculation. The integral is $$ \int_{a}^{b}{\rm d}p\,{p \over p^{2} - 2\mu}\, \...
4
votes
0answers
155 views

Satisfying a Differential Equation and complex Laguerre

I have the following problem Show that $$L_n(x)=\frac{e^x}{2 \pi i}\oint \frac{t^n e^{-t}}{(t-x)^{n+1}}dt$$ satisfies $$x\, L_n^{\prime\prime}+(1-x)L_n^\prime+n\, L_n=0$$ where the contour is ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

How to solve a contour integral?

I am trying to solve the contour integral $$\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_C\frac{e^{t}}{t(2at+x^2)}{\rm{exp}}\left(\frac{ax^2}{2(2at+x^2)}\right)\,{\rm d}t $$ where the path of integration $C$ starts at $-\...
3
votes
0answers
107 views

Contour Integral of Square root Function. Branch Cuts

I am doing a physics problem and have come across a contour integral that I just don't know how to solve. I do not have the complex analysis background and I am wondering if anyone can explain how to ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Can I split this integral to a sum over three contours?

I have the following integral $$ Z = \frac{1}{2\pi i} \int dx \, \frac{1}{(x-a_1)(x-a_2)(x-a_3)}\times \frac{1}{(x+\epsilon - a_1)(x + \epsilon - a_2)(x+ \epsilon - a_3)} $$ and this integral has ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

Integral Representation for the Fox-H function on several variables

I have a problem that involves the H-function of several variables, and I have noticed that the implementation of such function when the number of variables are relatively high (greater than 5) must ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

How to evaluate integral $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} dx x e^{iax}e^{-ic\sqrt{(x^2 + b^2)}}$?

Like the title says, I am trying to evaluate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} dx \cdot x e^{iax}e^{-ic\sqrt{(x^2 + b^2)}}$ I'm not a mathematician by trade, but I ran across this integral in my research and ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

How to calculate this Ei(x)-involved definite integral?

I want to solve the integral attached below by means of residue theorem. I tried the common integration ways and seeked references(e.g, Rjadov, et. al). Finally, I decided to solve this integral by ...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Do we have a inverse Laplace transform of $\frac{1}{\arctan s}$

Do we have a closed form of this seemingly very simple inverse transformation? If no closed form, what about its asymptotic form? Does this satisfies the criterion to have its inverse transformation?...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

How to Solve this Improper Integral with six poles?

I'm trying to solve the following integral, where $a>0$, $b>0$, $y\in\mathbb{R}$ and $z\in\mathbb{R}$ are given constants: $$ \int_{-\infty}^{0} \left[ \frac{1}{(x+ia)(x-y+ib)(x-z+ib)}-\frac{1}{(...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Computing an integral using residues

I am trying to find an integral: $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\frac{e^{-\sqrt{(x^2 + 1)}}}{(x^2 + 1)^2}\,\mathrm dx$$ I went about applying contour integral over a semicircle with diameter along $ x = +...
3
votes
0answers
61 views

Integration over a variety

If $ M $ is a differentiable manifold equipped with an Atlas $ \mathcal{A} = ( U_i , \varphi_i )_{ i \in I} $, we can then calculate the integral of a differential form $ \omega $ over $ M $ with the ...
3
votes
0answers
97 views

Invert a somewhat tricky characteristic function to find density function

I am interested in find the probability density function corresponding to the characteristic function $\phi(t) = \left(\frac{1 - i b t}{1 - i t}\right)^c$ where $c > 1$ and and $0< b < 1$. ...
3
votes
0answers
96 views

How to integrate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}dp \ p e^{ipx}e^{-it\sqrt{p^2+m^2}}$?

In Lancaster & Blundell's QFT book they show that \begin{equation}A:= \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}dp \ p e^{ipx}e^{-it\sqrt{p^2+m^2}}\end{equation} returns a nonzero value for $x$, $t$ and $m$ ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Integral of Bessel function with Gaussian over a quadratic

I need help with the following integral: $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{J_0(ax)xe^{-bx^2}}{1-cx^2}dx $$ Where $ J_0(x) $ is a Bessel function of the first kind (of zero order). I've looked up a few ...
3
votes
0answers
167 views

Confused about Pochhammer contour?

I know some theorems about complex analysis such as the argument principle. But I do not get the Pochhammer contour. I read about it on the wiki page of the beta function , but I do not understand a ...
3
votes
0answers
92 views

Integrating $xe^{a/x^2 - x^2}\text{Erfi}(x/\sqrt{2})$?

I want to solve any of the two integrals for the complex number $a$ \begin{aligned} I_1 & = \int\limits_{0}^{\infty} xe^{a/x^2 - x^2}\text{Erfi}(x/\sqrt{2}) dx\\ I_2 & = \int\limits_{0}^{\...
3
votes
0answers
71 views

Typical Contour Inegral Proof

I'm trying to prove that the following contour integral approaches 0 as R -> $\infty$. How exactly would we go about doing this? $$ \int{\log\left(z^{2} + 1\right) \over 1 + z^{2}}\,{\rm d}z\quad \...
3
votes
0answers
115 views

Branch-point order and Cauchy representation

This question is about the nature of branch points which arise in certain Cauchy-integral representations of functions of a single complex argument, $z$. Suppose we have the following representation: ...
3
votes
0answers
122 views

Integral $\int_{0}^\infty\frac {(1-{{e}^{-i (q-p)t}})ln(|p^2-p_0^2|)}{(q-p)({{ p}}^{2}-{{p_1}}^{2})({{p}}^{2}-{{p_2} }^{2})}dp$

I am trying to get a closed form analytic result for the integral $$\int _{0}^{\infty }\!{\frac {\left(1-{{\rm e}^{-i \left( {q}-{p} \right) t}}\right){\rm ln}(|p^2-p_0^2|)}{ ( {q}-{p} ) \left( {{ p}...
3
votes
0answers
58 views

Real integrals using Complex integration

What is the criterion for choosing a contour in the complex plane for the evaluation of real integrals of the form $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}f(x)dx$? For example $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\sin{x^2}dx$.
3
votes
0answers
85 views

Show that $\int_{\alpha}\frac{1}{z}\, dz=\int_{\beta}\frac{1}{z}\, dz$.

Let $a$ and $b$ be positive real numbers. Define ways $\alpha,\beta\colon [0,1]\to\mathbb{C}$ via $$ \alpha(t):=a\cos(2\pi t)+ia\sin(2\pi t),~~~~~\beta(t):=a\cos(2\pi t)+ib\sin(2\pi t). $$ Show ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

Definite integral of absolute values over a simplex

I'm attempting to evaluate the following integral (note that $v_n=1-v_1-v_2-\dots -v_{n-1}$, and assume $n$ is even): $$ I_n=(n-1)! \int_{v_1=0}^1 \int_{v_2=0}^{1-v_1} \cdots \int_{v_{n-1}=0}^{1-v_1-\...
2
votes
0answers
17 views

Choice of branch cut

I'm trying to rewrite an integral of the form $$\int_{-∞}^∞ (x^2+k^2)^{-s/2}e^{i(xc_1+kc_2)}dx$$ ($s>0,c_1,c_2,k\in\mathbb R$) in such a way that it is positive (for some $s$). To do so I'd like ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

$ f(z) = \int _{0} ^\infty e^{-z t^2} dt $ is holomorphic in $Re(z) > 0$

I've been trying to find a reasonable way to approach this but nothing leads to a reasonable result. With $z = a + ib$ the last thing I tried looking at was $$| \frac{f(z) - f(z-h)}{h}| = |\frac{1}{...