Questions on the evaluation of integrals along a locus in the complex plane.

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11
votes
4answers
988 views

Evaluating $\int_0^{\infty}\frac{\ln(x^2+1)}{x^2+1}dx$

How would I go about evaluating this integral? $$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{\ln(x^2+1)}{x^2+1}dx.$$ What I've tried so far: I tried a semicircular integral in the positive imaginary part of the complex ...
139
votes
5answers
34k views

Integral $\int_{-1}^1\frac1x\sqrt{\frac{1+x}{1-x}}\ln\left(\frac{2\,x^2+2\,x+1}{2\,x^2-2\,x+1}\right) \ \mathrm dx$

I need help with this integral: $$I=\int_{-1}^1\frac1x\sqrt{\frac{1+x}{1-x}}\ln\left(\frac{2\,x^2+2\,x+1}{2\,x^2-2\,x+1}\right)\ \mathrm dx.$$ The integrand graph looks like this: $\hspace{1in}$ The ...
141
votes
4answers
9k views

The Integral that Stumped Feynman?

In "Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!," Nobel-prize winning Physicist Richard Feynman said that he challenged his colleagues to give him an integral that they could evaluate with only complex methods ...
5
votes
1answer
294 views

$\mathcal{B}^{-1}_{s\to x}\{e^{as^2+bs}\}$ and $\mathcal{L}^{-1}_{s\to x}\{e^{as^2+bs}\}$ , where $a\neq0$

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integral_transform#Table_of_transforms claims than the integral form of inverse bilateral Laplace transform and inverse Laplace transform are both the same. But are they ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Calculating the Fourier transform of $\frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$

I'm trying to compute $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}e^{-i\omega x} \ dx$$ i.e. the Fourier transform of $x\mapsto \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$, where $0<k<1$ is fixed. But ...
17
votes
3answers
1k views

How do I evaluate this integral $\int_0^\pi{\frac{{{x^2}}}{{\sqrt 5-2\cos x}}}\operatorname d\!x$?

Show that $$\int\limits_0^\pi{\frac{{{x^2}}}{{\sqrt 5-2\cos x}}}\operatorname d\!x =\frac{{{\pi^3}}}{{15}}+2\pi \ln^2 \left({\frac{{1+\sqrt 5 }}{2}}\right).$$ I don't have any idea how to start, ...
23
votes
3answers
846 views

Evaluation of $\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\left(\frac{\sin x }{\sin (x+\pi/3)}\right)\,\mathrm{d}x$

I plan to evaluate $$\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\left(\frac{\sin x }{\sin (x+\pi/3)}\right)\, \mathrm{d}x$$ and I need a starting point for both real and complex methods. Thanks ! Sis.
5
votes
5answers
513 views

show that $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\sin^3(x)}{x^3}dx=\frac{3\pi}{8}$

show that $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\sin^3(x)}{x^3}dx=\frac{3\pi}{8}$$ using different ways thanks for all
2
votes
1answer
481 views

Contour integration using the residue at infinity

I posted a similar problem a few months ago but got no responses. So I'm going to try again with a different problem. I want to evaluate $ \displaystyle I ...
12
votes
3answers
393 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{x^2}{1+\cos^2 x}dx$

Evaluate the following integral $$\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{x^2}{1+\cos^2 x}dx$$ This function does not have an elementary anti-derivative. How can we solve this?
11
votes
2answers
401 views

Integral $\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cos\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta$.

I am trying to calculate $$ I=\frac{1}{\pi}\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cos\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta=\frac{11\pi^4}{180}=\frac{11\zeta(4)}{2}. $$ Note, we can expand the log in the integral to ...
6
votes
3answers
249 views

Differentiation wrt parameter $\int_0^\infty \sin^2(x)\cdot(x^2(x^2+1))^{-1}dx$

Use differentiation with respect to parameter obtaining a differential equation to solve $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^2(x)}{x^2(x^2+1)}dx $$ No complex variables, only this approach. Interesting ...
4
votes
2answers
141 views

Integral $ \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2} \frac{1}{2007^x+1}\cdot \frac{\sin^{2008}x}{\sin^{2008}x+\cos^{2008}x}dx $

I am trying to solve this integral $$ \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2} \frac{1}{2007^x+1}\cdot \frac{\sin^{2008}x}{\sin^{2008}x+\cos^{2008}x}dx $$ A closed form does exist despite the looks of the integrand. ...
5
votes
5answers
526 views

$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log x dx}{x^2-1}$ with a hint.

I have to calculate $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log x dx}{x^2-1},$$ and the hint is to integrate $\frac{\log z}{z^2-1}$ over the boundary of the domain $$\{z\,:\,r<|z|<R,\,\Re (z)>0,\,\Im ...
2
votes
1answer
132 views

Calculating Riemann zeta function of a complex number given the complex contour integral

Can you please demonstrate how one would calculate the Riemann Zeta function of any complex number, given that the Riemann Zeta function is equal to the following (shown in ...
1
vote
1answer
143 views

Modification of Schwarz-Christoffel integral

I found two different formulations of the Schwarz-Christoffel formula (e.g. Link1, p.20 and Link2, p. 9). The first is \begin{align*} ...
1
vote
2answers
555 views

How to prove error function $\mbox{erf}$ is entire (i.e., analytic everywhere)?

How do I prove the error function $$ \mbox{erf}(z) = \frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}} \int_{0}^{z} e^{-t^{2}} dt. $$ is entire? Could you give me some scratch proof?
0
votes
0answers
93 views

About evaluating $\mathcal{L}^{-1}_{s\to x}\left\{\dfrac{F(s)}{s}\right\}$ by considering contour integration with different entire functions $F(s)$

Detailedly compare the difficulties of different entire functions $F(s)$ where $F(0)\neq0$ when evaluating $\mathcal{L}^{-1}_{s\to x}\left\{\dfrac{F(s)}{s}\right\}$ by considering contour integration, ...
2
votes
2answers
128 views

Calculating ${\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(\omega x)}{x^{2} + 25}\,{\rm d}x}$ using contour integration

I want to calculate $\displaystyle{% \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\cos\left(\omega x\right)}{x^{2} + 25}\,{\rm d}x\,, \quad}$ for $\omega \in \mathbb{R}$ I thought of integrating along the line ...
0
votes
0answers
191 views

About the inverse laplace transform of sinc function

How to calculate $\mathcal{L}^{-1}_{s\to x}\{\text{sinc}(s)\}$ ? Note: $\text{sinc}(s)=\dfrac{\sin s}{s}$ when $s\neq0$ . Also note that $\lim\limits_{s\to\pm\infty}\dfrac{\sin s}{s}=0$ .
5
votes
3answers
299 views

Improper integration involving complex analytic arguments

I am trying to evaluate the following: $\displaystyle \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{1+x^a}dx$, where $a>1$ and $a \in \mathbb{R}$ Any help will be much appreciated.
9
votes
2answers
959 views

Showing that $\int_0^1 \log(\sin \pi x)dx=-\log2$

I need help with a textbook exercise (Stein's Complex Analysis, Chapter 3, Exercises 9). This exercise requires me to show that $$\int_0^1 \log(\sin \pi x)dx=-\log2$$ A hint is given as "Use the ...
8
votes
2answers
179 views

Ramanujan's 'well known' integral, $\int_\frac{-\pi}{2}^\frac{\pi}{2} (\cos x)^m e^{in x}dx$.

$$ \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2}\cos^m\left(x\right){\rm e}^{{\rm i}n x}\,{\rm d}x ={\pi \over 2^{m}}\, {\Gamma\left(1 + m\right) \over \Gamma\left( 1 + \left[m + n\right]/2\right)\ \Gamma\left( 1 + ...
10
votes
4answers
306 views

contour integration of logarithm

I must compute the following integral $$\displaystyle\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\log x}{1+x^3}dx$$ Can someone suggest me the right circuit in the complex plane over which to do the integration? I ...
6
votes
1answer
344 views

Inverse Laplace Transform of $\bar p_D = \frac{K_0(\sqrt[]s r_D)}{sK_0(\sqrt[]s)}$

I solved the following partial differential equation using Laplace Transform: $\LARGE \frac{1}{r_D}\frac{\partial}{\partial r_D}(r_D\frac{\partial p_D}{\partial r_D})=\frac{\partial p_D}{\partial ...
4
votes
2answers
903 views

Complex part of a contour integration not using contour integration

A propos of a user's comment on this question, quoting Feynman to the effect that some integrals are only possible using contour integration, I wonder what the simplest example of such an integral ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

How does the integral $\int_{D_C} e^{ia z}P(z)/Q/(z)\,\mathrm{d}z$ blow up.

In my book I have a theorem that goes something like the following Let $P(x)$ be $Q(x)$ polynomials such that $\deg(Q) \geq \deg(P) + 2$. Then \begin{align*} \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} ...
5
votes
3answers
181 views

Applications of the Residue Theorem to the Evaluation of Integrals and Sums

Evaluate the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(1 + x^2)^{n+1}} dx. $$ I know that it equals $2\pi i$(the sum of the residues; at $z_k$) where $z_k$ are the poles of the function. I ...
3
votes
4answers
142 views

Contour integration of $\int \frac{dx} {(1+x^2)^{n+1}}$

I want to compute $$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac 1{ (1+x^2)^{n+1}} dx $$ for $n \in \mathbb N_{\geq 1}$. If I let $$ f(z) := \frac 1 {(z+i)^{n+1}(z-i)^{n+1}} $$ then I see that $f$ has poles of ...
2
votes
2answers
399 views

Summation of series using residues

Let $P(n)$ and $Q(n)$ be polynomials such that $\displaystyle \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} (-1)^{n} \frac{P(n)}{Q(n)}$ converges conditionally, that is, the degree of $Q(n)$ is exactly 1 degree more than ...
0
votes
1answer
111 views

Find the residue(s) of this function at each pole that lies in the contour?

Going through past papers and found this residue question I can't do. The question asks you to find the residue at each pole that lies in the contour shown. I've got as my answer for the poles ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Fourier transform of $\exp(-t^2)$ using contour integration.

I am calculating the Fourier transform of $\exp(-t^2)$ using contour integration. I am left with the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \exp(i\omega t)\exp(-t^2)$. Usually I would now use the residue ...
19
votes
3answers
679 views

Evaluating the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac {dx}{\cos x + \cosh x}$

Many recent questions have been asked here similar to this integral $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac {dx}{\cos x + \cosh x} = 2.39587\dots$$ whose "closed form" I cannot seem to figure out. I have ...
24
votes
1answer
562 views

Proving $\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty e^{-\pi n^2} = \frac{\sqrt[4] \pi}{\Gamma\left(\frac 3 4\right)}$

Wikipedia informs me that $$S = \vartheta(0;i)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^\infty e^{-\pi n^2} = \frac{\sqrt[4] \pi}{\Gamma\left(\frac 3 4\right)}$$ I tried considering $f(x,n) = e^{-x n^2}$ so that its ...
14
votes
1answer
311 views

Further our knowledge of a certain class of integral involving logarithms.

$\newcommand{\limitp}{\alpha}\newcommand{\innerp}{\beta}$I am fascinated by definite integrals. Exploring math.stackexchange, I have found many interesting integrals of the form $$ ...
17
votes
4answers
329 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{x^{3}- \sin^{3}(x)}{x^{5}} \ dx $ using contour integration

EDIT: Instead of expressing the integral as the imaginary part of another integral, I instead expanded $\sin^{3}(x)$ in terms of complex exponentials and I don't run into problems anymore. ...
11
votes
2answers
268 views

Integration method for $\int_0^\infty\frac{x}{(e^x-1)(x^2+(2\pi)^2)^2}dx=\frac{1}{96} - \frac{3}{32\pi^2}.$

The following definite integral is obtained directly from Hermite's integral representation of the Hurwitz zeta function. But is it possible to obtain the same result via the residue calculus or ...
11
votes
2answers
415 views

closed form of $\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{dx}{(a^2\cos^2x+b^2\sin^2x)^n}$

closed form of $$\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{dx}{(a^2\cos^2x+b^2\sin^2x)^n}$$ for $a,b>0$ n=1 we get $$\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{dx}{(a^2\cos^2x+b^2\sin^2x)^1}=\frac{2\pi}{ab}$$ n=2 we get ...
10
votes
3answers
159 views

Scary contour integral, but is also an integral representation for $\Gamma$-function

This problem is supposed to be from an old Acta Mathematica volume I circa 1880's, and is attributed to Bourguet. By using a parabola with its focus on the origin as a contour, show that: ...
10
votes
4answers
293 views

Integrate $ \int_0^\infty \frac{ \ln^2(1+x)}{x^{3/2}} dx=8\pi \ln 2$

I am trying to evaluate this integral. $$ I=\int_0^\infty \frac{ \ln^2(1+x)}{x^{3/2}} dx=8\pi \ln 2 $$ Note $$ \ln(1+x)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{n+1}x^n}{n}, \ |x| < 1. $$ I was trying to do ...
25
votes
2answers
1k views

Tricky contour integral resulting from the integration of $\sin ax / (x^2+b^2)$ over the positive halfline

I am trying to evaluate the definite integral $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin ax\ dx}{x^2+b^2}$$ where $a,b>0$. This is a problem on an assignment for a class in complex variables. I understand the ...
11
votes
3answers
541 views

What contour should be used to evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{t}}{1+t^2} dt$

Could anyone help me decide what contour to use to evaluate this integral? $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{t}}{1+t^2} dt$$ So we have simple poles at $i$,$-i$. Why does using a quarter of a circle in ...
4
votes
0answers
557 views

contour integration of a function with two branch points .

Many of us have seen the evaluation of the integral $$\int^{\infty}_0 \frac{dx}{x^p(1+x)}\, dx \,\,\, 0<\Re(p)<1$$ It can be solved using contour integration or beta function . I thought of ...
4
votes
3answers
304 views

show that $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x\cos ax}{\sinh x}dx=\frac{\pi^2}{4} \operatorname{sech}^2 \left(\frac{a\pi}{2}\right) $

show that $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x\cos ax}{\sinh x}dx=\frac{\pi^2}{4} \operatorname{sech}^2\left(\frac{a\pi}{2}\right) $$ also I think we can solve it by contour integration but how and its better ...
2
votes
1answer
161 views

Integrate $\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cosh\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta$

Hello I am trying to integrate $$ I=\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cosh\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta $$ which is similar to Integral...$\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cos\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d ...
7
votes
2answers
261 views

Integral $ \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+\sigma x)\ln(1+\omega x^2)}{x^3}dx$

Hello there I am trying to calculate $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+\sigma x)\ln(1+\omega x^2)}{x^3}dx $$ NOT using mathematica, matlab, etc. We are given that $\sigma, \omega$ are complex. Note, the ...
4
votes
5answers
264 views

Integral, definite integral

How can we prove $$ \int_0^1 \frac{\ln x \cdot \ln(1+x)}{1+x}dx=-\frac{\zeta(3)}{8}? $$ This has been one of the integrals that came out of an integral from another post on here, but no solution to ...
4
votes
0answers
479 views

contour integral with singularity on the contour

I want to compute the following integral $$\oint_{|z|=1}\frac{\exp \left (\frac{1}{z} \right)}{z^2-1}\,dz$$ The integrand has essential singularity at the origin, and $2$-poles at $\pm 1$,which lie ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n}{(x^2+\alpha^2)^2(e^x-1)^2}dx$

Hey I am trying to integrate $$ I_n:=\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n}{(x^2+\alpha^2)^2(e^x-1)^2}dx,\quad \alpha,n \geq 1. $$ Thanks. This integral is old. I am also looking for literature on these integrals ...
20
votes
1answer
662 views

When can't a real definite integral be evaluated using contour integration?

Some older complex analysis textbooks state that $ \displaystyle \int_{0}^{\infty}e^{-x^{2}} \ dx$ can't be evaluated using contour integration. But that's now known not to be true, which makes me ...