Questions on the evaluation of integrals along a locus in the complex plane.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

20
votes
5answers
3k views

Evaluating $\int_0^{\infty}\frac{\ln(x^2+1)}{x^2+1}dx$

How would I go about evaluating this integral? $$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{\ln(x^2+1)}{x^2+1}dx.$$ What I've tried so far: I tried a semicircular integral in the positive imaginary part of the complex ...
254
votes
7answers
79k views

Integral $\int_{-1}^1\frac1x\sqrt{\frac{1+x}{1-x}}\ln\left(\frac{2\,x^2+2\,x+1}{2\,x^2-2\,x+1}\right) \ \mathrm dx$

I need help with this integral: $$I=\int_{-1}^1\frac1x\sqrt{\frac{1+x}{1-x}}\ln\left(\frac{2\,x^2+2\,x+1}{2\,x^2-2\,x+1}\right)\ \mathrm dx.$$ The integrand graph looks like this: $\hspace{1in}$ The ...
4
votes
0answers
229 views

An interesting identity involving powers of $\pi$ and alternating zeta series

It happens that, for any $m\geq 1$, $$\sum_{n=0}^{+\infty}\frac{(-1)^n}{(2n+1)^{2m+1}}=\frac{E_{2m}}{2\cdot(2m)!}\left(\frac{\pi}{2}\right)^{2m+1}\tag{1}$$ where $E_{2m}$ is an integer number. My ...
2
votes
2answers
9k views

Calculate the Fourier transform of $b(x) =\frac{1}{x^2 +a^2}$ [closed]

I need help to calculate the Fourier transform of this funcion $$b(x) =\frac{1}{x^2 +a^2}\,,\qquad a > 0$$ Thanks.
6
votes
5answers
471 views

Evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{(\log x)^2}{1+x^2} dx$ using complex analysis

How do I compute $$\int_0^\infty \frac{(\log x)^2}{1+x^2} dx$$ What I am doing is take $$f(z)=\frac{(\log z)^2}{1+z^2}$$ and calculating $\text{Res}(f,z=i) = \dfrac{d}{dz} \dfrac{(\log ...
172
votes
4answers
14k views

The Integral that Stumped Feynman?

In "Surely You're Joking, Mr. Feynman!," Nobel-prize winning Physicist Richard Feynman said that he challenged his colleagues to give him an integral that they could evaluate with only complex methods ...
10
votes
6answers
808 views

show that $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\sin^3(x)}{x^3}dx=\frac{3\pi}{8}$

show that $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\sin^3(x)}{x^3}dx=\frac{3\pi}{8}$$ using different ways thanks for all
7
votes
1answer
387 views

$\mathcal{B}^{-1}_{s\to x}\{e^{as^2+bs}\}$ and $\mathcal{L}^{-1}_{s\to x}\{e^{as^2+bs}\}$ , where $a\neq0$

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Integral_transform#Table_of_transforms claims than the integral form of inverse bilateral Laplace transform and inverse Laplace transform are both the same. But are they ...
6
votes
3answers
472 views

Improper integration involving complex analytic arguments

I am trying to evaluate the following: $\displaystyle \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{1+x^a}dx$, where $a>1$ and $a \in \mathbb{R}$ Any help will be much appreciated.
11
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating the Fourier transform of $\frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$

I'm trying to compute $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}e^{-i\omega x} \ dx$$ i.e. the Fourier transform of $x\mapsto \frac{\sinh(kx)}{\sinh(x)}$, where $0<k<1$ is fixed. But ...
15
votes
3answers
520 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{x^2}{1+\cos^2 x}dx$

Evaluate the following integral $$\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{x^2}{1+\cos^2 x}dx$$ This function does not have an elementary anti-derivative. How can we solve this?
9
votes
4answers
618 views

Differentiation wrt parameter $\int_0^\infty \sin^2(x)\cdot(x^2(x^2+1))^{-1}dx$

Use differentiation with respect to parameter obtaining a differential equation to solve $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\sin^2(x)}{x^2(x^2+1)}dx $$ No complex variables, only this approach. Interesting ...
9
votes
2answers
277 views

Integral $ \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2} \frac{1}{2007^x+1}\cdot \frac{\sin^{2008}x}{\sin^{2008}x+\cos^{2008}x}dx $

I am trying to solve this integral $$ \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2} \frac{1}{2007^x+1}\cdot \frac{\sin^{2008}x}{\sin^{2008}x+\cos^{2008}x}dx $$ A closed form does exist despite the looks of the integrand. ...
3
votes
3answers
356 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{2\pi} \frac{\sin^2\theta}{5+4\cos\theta}\,\mathrm d\theta$

Evaluate $$\int_0^{2\pi} \frac{\sin^2\theta}{5+4\cos(\theta)}\mathrm d\theta$$ This is the final question on my review for my final exam tomorrow, and I will be honest and say that I have no clue ...
17
votes
2answers
688 views

Integral $\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cos\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta$.

I am trying to calculate $$ I=\frac{1}{\pi}\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cos\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta=\frac{11\pi^4}{180}=\frac{11\zeta(4)}{2}. $$ Note, we can expand the log in the integral to ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Fourier transform of $\text{sinc}^3 {\pi t}$

$$f(t)=\frac{\sin^3(\pi t)}{(\pi t)^3}$$ I want to calculate the Fourier transform. I can't calculate this integral: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\sin^3(\pi t)}{(\pi t)^3}\cos(ut)\,\mathrm{d}t$$
11
votes
2answers
369 views

Sum $\sum^\infty_{n=1}\frac{(-1)^nH_n}{(2n+1)^2}$

I would like to seek your assistance in computing the sum $$\sum^\infty_{n=1}\frac{(-1)^nH_n}{(2n+1)^2}$$ I am stumped by this sum. I have tried summing the residues of $\displaystyle ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

Showing that $\int_0^1 \log(\sin \pi x)dx=-\log2$

I need help with a textbook exercise (Stein's Complex Analysis, Chapter 3, Exercises 9). This exercise requires me to show that $$\int_0^1 \log(\sin \pi x)dx=-\log2$$ A hint is given as "Use the ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log x dx}{x^2-1}$ with a hint.

I have to calculate $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\log x dx}{x^2-1},$$ and the hint is to integrate $\frac{\log z}{z^2-1}$ over the boundary of the domain $$\{z\,:\,r<|z|<R,\,\Re (z)>0,\,\Im ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

erf(a+ib) error function separate into real and imaginary part

Is there an easy way to separate erf(a+ib) into real and imaginary part?
4
votes
3answers
692 views

Improper Integral of $x^2/\cosh(x)$

I need to compute the improper integral $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}{\frac{x^{2}}{\cosh\left(x\right)}\,{\rm d}x} $$ using contour integration and possibly principal values. Trying to approach this as ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

Calculating ${\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(\omega x)}{x^{2} + 25}\,{\rm d}x}$ using contour integration

I want to calculate $\displaystyle{ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\cos\left(\omega x\right)}{x^{2} + 25}\,{\rm d}x\,, \quad}$ for $\omega \in \mathbb{R}$ I thought of integrating along the line ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Contour integration using the residue at infinity

I posted a similar problem a few months ago but got no responses. So I'm going to try again with a different problem. I want to evaluate $ \displaystyle I ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Help with integrating $\displaystyle \int_0^{\infty} \dfrac{(\log x)^2}{x^2 + 1} \operatorname d\!x$ - contour integration?

George Arfken's book: Mathematical Methods for Physicists has the following problem in a chapter on contour integration: $\displaystyle \int_0^{\infty} \dfrac{(\log x)^2}{x^2 + 1} \operatorname ...
1
vote
1answer
199 views

Circular contour integration.

solving one of the 5 options would be much appreciated as this will give me an idea on how to solve the rest. Let $\gamma(w,R)$ denote the circular contour $t\mapsto w+Re^{it}$ where $0\lt ...
19
votes
3answers
1k views

How do I evaluate this integral $\int_0^\pi{\frac{{{x^2}}}{{\sqrt 5-2\cos x}}}\operatorname d\!x$?

Show that $$\int\limits_0^\pi{\frac{{{x^2}}}{{\sqrt 5-2\cos x}}}\operatorname d\!x =\frac{{{\pi^3}}}{{15}}+2\pi \ln^2 \left({\frac{{1+\sqrt 5 }}{2}}\right).$$ I don't have any idea how to start, ...
21
votes
3answers
1k views

Evaluating the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac {dx}{\cos x + \cosh x}$

Many recent questions have been asked here similar to this integral $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac {dx}{\cos x + \cosh x} = 2.39587\dots$$ whose "closed form" I cannot seem to figure out. I have ...
12
votes
6answers
1k views

Evaluating $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log (1+x)}{1+x^2}dx$

Can this integral be solved with contour integral or by some application of residue theorem? $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\log (1+x)}{1+x^2}dx = \frac{\pi}{4}\log 2 + \text{Catalan constant}$$ It has two ...
4
votes
1answer
230 views

Evaluate Complex Integral with $\frac{\Gamma(\frac{s}{2})} {\Gamma\big({\beta +1\over 2} - {s\over 2}\big)}$

I am proving this integral: $$ \int_{c\ -\ j\infty}^{c\ +\ j\infty} \left(\,x^{-1}\sigma\beta^{1 \over 2}\,\right)^{s}\ \Gamma\left(\,s \over 2\,\right) \Gamma\left(\,{\beta +1 \over 2} - {s \over ...
3
votes
1answer
440 views

Modification of Schwarz-Christoffel integral

I found two different formulations of the Schwarz-Christoffel formula (e.g. Link1, p.20 and Link2, p. 9). The first is \begin{align*} ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Gaussian Integral using contour integration with a parallelogram contour

I'm having trouble figuring out how to use contour integration to compute the Gaussian integral. The contour I'm using is a parallelogram with function, $f(z) = \Large \frac{ e^{i \pi z^2}}{sin(\pi ...
12
votes
3answers
712 views

What contour should be used to evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{t}}{1+t^2} dt$

Could anyone help me decide what contour to use to evaluate this integral? $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{t}}{1+t^2} dt$$ So we have simple poles at $i$,$-i$. Why does using a quarter of a circle in ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

Laplace transform of the Bessel function of the first kind

I can't figure out why my evaluation of $\displaystyle \int_{0}^{\infty} J_{n}(bx) e^{-ax} \ dx \ (a,b >0, \ n=0,1,2, \ldots)$ is off by a factor of $ \displaystyle \frac{1}{b}$. $$ \begin{align} ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Complex Integration poles real axis

In class my professor said that $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{iax}}{x^2 - b^2}dx = -\frac{2\pi}{b}\sin(ab) $$ where $a,b > 0$. However, since the poles are on the real axis, isn't the integral ...
1
vote
3answers
414 views

Integral of $\log(\sin(x))$ using contour integrals

I know the integral is possible with a simple fourier series expansion of $-\log(\sin(x))$ But I am interested in complex analysis, so I want to try this. $$I = \int_{0}^{\pi} \log(\sin(x)) dx$$ ...
7
votes
1answer
212 views

Evaluate Integral with $e^{ut}\ \Gamma (u)^{2}$

I am trying to integrate this integral: $$f(x)=\frac{1}{2\pi j}\int_{c-j\infty}^{c+j\infty}x^{-s}\sigma ^{ms-m}\left [ \frac{\Gamma \left ( \frac{s}{\beta} \right )}{\Gamma \left ( \frac{1}{\beta} ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

show that $\int_{0}^{\infty } \frac {\cos (ax) -\cos (bx)} {x^2}dx=\pi \frac {b-a} {2}$

show that $$\int_{0}^{\infty } \frac {\cos (ax) -\cos (bx)} {x^2}dx=\pi \frac {b-a} {2}$$ for $a,b\geq 0$ I would like someone solve it using contour integrals, also I would like to see different ...
4
votes
2answers
136 views

Inverse Laplace Transform of e$^{-c \sqrt{s}}/(\sqrt{s}(a - s))$

I am trying to find the Inverse Laplace of the following function: $$ F(s) = \frac{\mathrm{e}^{-x b \sqrt{s}}}{ b (a - s)\sqrt{s}} $$ I really don't know where to start on this one as I have only ...
2
votes
1answer
491 views

Calculating Riemann zeta function of a complex number given the complex contour integral

Can you please demonstrate how one would calculate the Riemann Zeta function of any complex number, given that the Riemann Zeta function is equal to the following (shown in ...
5
votes
3answers
315 views

Applications of the Residue Theorem to the Evaluation of Integrals and Sums

Evaluate the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(1 + x^2)^{n+1}} dx. $$ I know that it equals $2\pi i$(the sum of the residues; at $z_k$) where $z_k$ are the poles of the function. I ...
2
votes
1answer
593 views

Integration of $\ln $ around a keyhole contour

I want to evaluate the following integral: $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\ln^2 x}{x^2-x+1}{\rm d}x$$ I use the following contour in order to integrate. I considered the function $\displaystyle ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Contour Integral: $\int^{\infty}_{0}(1+z^n)^{-1}dz$

I'm working through Priestley's Complex Analysis (really good book by the way) and this Ex 20.2: Evaluate $\int^{\infty}_{0}(1+z^n)^{-1}dz$ round a suitable sector of angle $\frac{2\pi}{n}$ for ...
1
vote
2answers
820 views

How to prove error function $\mbox{erf}$ is entire (i.e., analytic everywhere)?

How do I prove the error function $$ \mbox{erf}(z) = \frac{2}{\sqrt{\pi}} \int_{0}^{z} e^{-t^{2}} dt. $$ is entire? Could you give me some scratch proof?
0
votes
0answers
115 views

About evaluating $\mathcal{L}^{-1}_{s\to x}\bigl\{\frac{F(s)}{s}\bigr\}$ by considering contour integration with different entire functions $F(s)$

Detailedly compare the difficulties of different entire functions $F(s)$ where $F(0)\neq0$ when evaluating $\mathcal{L}^{-1}_{s\to x}\bigl\{\frac{F(s)}{s}\bigr\}$ by considering contour integration, ...
1
vote
0answers
430 views

About the inverse laplace transform of sinc function

How to calculate $\mathcal{L}^{-1}_{s\to x}\{\text{sinc}(s)\}$ ? Note: $\text{sinc}(s)=\dfrac{\sin s}{s}$ when $s\neq0$ . Also note that $\lim\limits_{s\to\pm\infty}\dfrac{\sin s}{s}=0$ .
0
votes
1answer
208 views

Fourier transform of $\exp(-t^2)$ using contour integration.

I am calculating the Fourier transform of $\exp(-t^2)$ using contour integration. I am left with the integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \exp(i\omega t)\exp(-t^2)$. Usually I would now use the residue ...
11
votes
2answers
654 views

closed form of $\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{dx}{(a^2\cos^2x+b^2\sin^2x)^n}$

closed form of $$\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{dx}{(a^2\cos^2x+b^2\sin^2x)^n}$$ for $a,b>0$ n=1 we get $$\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{dx}{(a^2\cos^2x+b^2\sin^2x)^1}=\frac{2\pi}{ab}$$ n=2 we get ...
8
votes
4answers
699 views

Integrate: $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\sin (ax)}{e^{\pi x} \sinh(\pi x)}dx$

How to evaluate the following $$\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\sin (ax)}{e^{\pi x} \sinh(\pi x)} dx $$ Given hints says to construct a rectangle $0\to R\to R+i\to i \to 0$ and consider $\displaystyle ...
3
votes
1answer
412 views

Calculating Inverse Laplace Transform of stretched exponential

I am trying to solve a Laplace transform problem that has gotten way over my head in terms of complex analysis knowledge. I would like to solve the Inverse Laplace Transform $(s\rightarrow t)$ of ...
11
votes
3answers
288 views

Prove that $\int_0^\infty \frac{\ln x}{x^n-1}\,dx = \Bigl(\frac{\pi}{n\sin(\frac{\pi}{n})}\Bigr)^2$

This question inspired me to ask the following. Prove that $$I_n = \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln x}{x^n-1}\,dx = \left(\frac{\pi}{n\sin\left(\frac{\pi}{n}\right)}\right)^2,$$ for $\Re(n)>1$. For some ...