Questions on the evaluation of integrals along a locus in the complex plane.

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5
votes
1answer
95 views

A difficult one-variable exponential integral

I am trying to work out a closed form for the integral \begin{equation} \int_{0}^{1} \frac{1}{\sqrt{s(1-s)}} \exp\left(-\left(\frac{a}{s} + \frac{b}{1-s}\right) \right) \,ds \end{equation} where ...
5
votes
2answers
200 views

Why do we need a branch cut for $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{x^{\frac{1}{2}}}{{(1 + x)^2}}dx$?

What is the significance of the $x^{\frac{1}{2}}$ in the numerator of this integral. I have read this kind of integral requires taking a branch cut. Why do we need a branch cut, what does it enable us ...
5
votes
1answer
91 views

inverse laplace transform by using complex integral

given function $$f(s)=\frac{1}{s}\frac{\sqrt{s}-1}{\sqrt{s}+1}$$ and $$\int_{0}^{\infty}{\frac{e^{-xt}}{\sqrt{x}(x+1)}dx=\pi e^t {erfc}(\sqrt{t})}$$ my steps: ...
5
votes
1answer
187 views

Evaluate: $\int_{W(-1/\gamma)}^{W(1/\gamma)}\frac{e^{-u} \,\text{d}u}{\sqrt{1-(\gamma u e^{u})^2}}$

Evaluate the integral $$ P(\gamma)=\int_{W(-1/\gamma)}^{W(1/\gamma)}\frac{e^{-u} \,\text{d}u}{\sqrt{1-(\gamma u e^{u})^2}} $$ where $\gamma$ is a real number not equal to $0$ and has whatever ...
5
votes
1answer
100 views

Real integral using complex methods

Evaluate $\displaystyle\int_0^\infty \frac {x^\frac{1}{2}}{1+x^4}dx$ using complex methods. I'm totally locked up on this one and have thrown in the towel. My strategy was to integrate around a ...
5
votes
2answers
191 views

Finding a generalization for $\int_{0}^{\infty}e^{- 3\pi x^{2} }\frac{\sinh(\pi x)}{\sinh(3\pi x)}dx$

$\;\;\;\;$I was reading the introduction of Paul J. Nain's book "Dr. Euler's fabulous formula" where he talks about the sense of beauty in mathematics and quotes the G.N.Watson as saying that a ...
5
votes
1answer
38 views

Integral principal value with $\cos$ and $x^2$

Could you tell me how to solve this integral? $$\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\cos x -1}{x^2}dx$$ I think I should focus on this integral $$\int_{\Gamma} \frac{e^{iz}-1}{z^2+ \varepsilon^2}$$ where ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

How to perform this contour integration with $\log$ in the denominator?

Let $k > 0$ and $ a>1$ be constants. As far as I can tell, the integral $$ J = \int_{-\infty}^\infty dx\frac{e^{i k x}}{1+x^2}\frac{1}{\log(a - ix)} $$ converges, since the argument of the ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

A Cosine Integral

What is the value of the Cosine integral \begin{align} \int_{0}^{\infty} \cos\left( \frac{x (x^{2}-a^{2})}{x^{2}-b^{2}} \right) \, \frac{dx}{x^{2} + p^{2}} \, \, \, ? \end{align}
5
votes
2answers
87 views

How to compute $\int_C {e^{3z}-z\over (z+1)^2z^2}$?

I am asked to compute the integral $$ \int_C {e^{3z}-z\over (z+1)^2z^2} $$ where $C$ is a circle with the center at the origin and radius ${1 \over 2}$. My approach was to separate the integral as a ...
5
votes
1answer
405 views

Residue theorem with exponential and trig functions

The following integral should be doable using the residue theorum: $$\frac1{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi}e^{\cos\theta}\cos(n\theta) \,d\theta$$
5
votes
1answer
139 views

Integrate: $\int_{a - i\infty}^{a + i\infty} \frac{e^{tz}}{z^2 + p^2}dz$

Q. Show that : $$\int_{a - i\infty}^{a + i\infty} \frac{e^{tz}}{z^2 + p^2}dz = \frac{\sin pt}{p}$$ I considered the following contour $$\int_\Gamma \frac{e^{tz}}{z^2 + p^2}dz + \int_{a - ...
5
votes
1answer
244 views

Evaluating $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{2 \cos (x) \ln x + \pi \sin x}{x^2+4} \ dx$

I want to show that $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{2 \cos (x) \log x + \pi \sin x}{x^2+4} \ dx = \frac{\pi \log 2}{2e^{2}}.$$ The recommendation in the textbook is to let $$f(z) = \frac{e^{iz} ...
5
votes
2answers
177 views

Evaluating the integral $\int_{-1}^1 \frac{\ln|z-x|}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}\mathrm dx$

I don't know how to deal with this integral: $$\int_{-1}^{1}{\ln\left(\,\left\vert\,z - x\,\right\vert\,\right)\over \,\sqrt{\vphantom{\large A}\,1 - x^{2}\,}\,}\,{\rm d}x\,,$$ where ...
5
votes
1answer
64 views

Complex analysis $\int^{2\pi}_0 \frac{d \theta}{(2-\sin \theta)^2}$

how do I compute $$\int^{2\pi}_0 \frac{d \theta}{(2-\sin \theta)^2}$$ I tried substituting $z=e^{i\theta}$ but it just got very messy..
5
votes
1answer
55 views

Are these the correct residues?

$$\int_C \frac{z+1}{z^2-2z} dz$$ for the circle of $\lvert z \rvert = 3 $. Poles are obviously at $ z = {0,2}$. Can I calculate the residues by viewing the fraction in the integral as either $$\int_C ...
5
votes
2answers
128 views

Convergence of a line integral along semi-circular arc

There is a line integral in a form, $$\int_\mathrm{arc} \frac{\exp(iz)}{z^2+1} \, dz$$ "arc" is a semi-circular line with radius $R$ on the upper half complex plane. and i know that the integral ...
5
votes
1answer
160 views

Help with identity in complex contour

I am dealing with an integral in the complex plane, in particular I want to transform $$ \int_{0}^{2\pi} \frac{d\phi}{\sqrt{1+b^2 -2b \cos \phi}} $$ into another integral near the branch cuts for the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Use rectangular contour to integrate $\sin(ax)/(\exp(2\pi x)-1)$

I have been self-studying CA and find it very interesting. So, working through problems in a book I have, I ran across $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\sin(ax)}{e^{2\pi ...
5
votes
0answers
71 views

Evaluate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\sqrt{a+ix}}{a^2+x^2}\,dx$ using residue calculus

I'm asked to evaluate $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\sqrt{a+ix}}{a^2+x^2}\,dx$$ $\mathbb{R}\ni a>0$, using residue calculus (where $\sqrt{\cdot}$ is the PV $\sqrt{}$). My approach is as follows: ...
5
votes
0answers
62 views

Integral with contours

I want to evaluate the integral $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \dfrac{\ln x}{e^x+1}\,{\rm d} x$ using contour integration. At first I though using a rectangular. Problem is that I cannot establish the ...
5
votes
0answers
57 views

Solving an integral (using Cauchy contour integral?)

I need to solve this integral: \begin{equation} f(t)=\int_0^\infty x^2 \sqrt x \left( e^{a x} -1\right)^{-1/2} \frac{e^{i(b-x)t}-1}{b-x} dx \end{equation} where $a$ and $b$ are real, positive ...
5
votes
2answers
103 views

Complex Numbers - Finding Roots

Hi there I was wondering if someone could help me? I am struggling to find the roots of the polynomial $z^4+2z+3=0$ It is not a quadratic so can't use the quadratic formula so am not quite sure ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Clarification of Contour Integration [duplicate]

I apologise if this seems like an elementary and silly question, but I am confused about the integral $$I=\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac{\cos{x}}{1+x^2}dx=\frac{\pi}{e}$$ If I consider a semicircular ...
5
votes
0answers
732 views

contour integration of a function with two branch points .

Many of us have seen the evaluation of the integral $$\int^{\infty}_0 \frac{dx}{x^p(1+x)}\, dx \,\,\, 0<\Re(p)<1$$ It can be solved using contour integration or beta function . I thought of ...
4
votes
7answers
179 views

show that $\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\ln(\tan x)dx=0$

show that $$\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\ln(\tan x)dx=0$$ using two ways The first with real analysis and the second with contour integration
4
votes
3answers
439 views

show that $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x\cos ax}{\sinh x}dx=\frac{\pi^2}{4} \operatorname{sech}^2 \left(\frac{a\pi}{2}\right) $

show that $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x\cos ax}{\sinh x}dx=\frac{\pi^2}{4} \operatorname{sech}^2\left(\frac{a\pi}{2}\right) $$ also I think we can solve it by contour integration but how and its better ...
4
votes
3answers
146 views

Compute $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x \log(x)}{(1+x^2)^2}dx$

Given $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x \log(x)}{(1+x^2)^2}dx$$ I couldn't evaluate this integral. My only idea here was evaluating this as integration by parts. \begin{align} \int\frac{x ...
4
votes
3answers
114 views

Evaluating $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\cos x}{e^x + e^{-x}}$ using the Residue Theorem

I consider the complexification $$f(z)=\frac{e^{iz}}{e^z+e^{-z}}$$ Poles of $f$: $\text{Denominator}=e^{-z}(e^{2z}+1)=0\Rightarrow e^{2z}=-1=e^{i(\pi + 2\pi k)}\Rightarrow z=\frac{i\pi(1+ 2k)}{2}$, ...
4
votes
3answers
271 views

when integrating a Laurent series $f(z)=\sum\limits_{j=-\infty}^{\infty}a_j(z-z_0)^j$, why do all terms for $j\neq-1$ dissappear?

In my complex analysis book we are looking at a Laurent series expression for $f(z)$ around a singularity $z_0$ that converges to $f(z)$ for all $z\in C, z\neq z_0$. The Laurent series looks like ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Complex Integration poles real axis

In class my professor said that $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{iax}}{x^2 - b^2}dx = -\frac{2\pi}{b}\sin(ab) $$ where $a,b > 0$. However, since the poles are on the real axis, isn't the integral ...
4
votes
2answers
368 views

Contour integration for functions with residues that form an infinite oscillating sequence

I would like to evaluate some complicated integrals involving the hyperbolic secant, but the extension of the usual contour integration evaluation using the residue theorem isn't clear to me. I've ...
4
votes
3answers
154 views

Evaluation of integral $\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\sin x}{x\left ( 1+x^2 \right )^2}\,{\rm d}x$

I'm trying to evaluate the following integral: $$\mathcal{J}=\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\sin x}{x\left ( 1+x^2 \right )^2}\,{\rm d}x$$ Well there are $3$ poles , one lying on the real line the other on ...
4
votes
2answers
170 views

Why is the pole generally outside the contour loop when its outside the contour loop in 2D?

The following contour integral is path dependent with the following results \begin{align} \oint_C\dfrac{dz}{z} = \begin{Bmatrix} 2\pi i && \text{when $z=0$ is inside C} \\ 0 && ...
4
votes
1answer
368 views

Integrate $ \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{x^{2p}}{1+\cos^2x}dx $

Hi I am trying to come up with a closed form expression for $$ \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{x^{2p}}{1+\cos^2x}dx,\quad p\geq 0. $$ I am interested in this general case in terms of p. For small p, we can ...
4
votes
3answers
126 views

$\int_0^\infty \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{x^2} dx $ using contour integration

I am trying to evaluate $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\log(1+x^2)}{x^2} dx $$ by using contour integration. It is possible to compute this integral using real techniques; integration by parts yields the ...
4
votes
2answers
89 views

On the value of $e^{ix}$ at $\pm \infty$

Consider the integral $$ \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty} e^{ix} \, dx.$$ Integrating, we have $$\left[-ie^{ix}\vphantom{\frac11}\right]_{-\infty}^{+\infty},$$ and we need to evaluate the limits of $e^{ix}$ ...
4
votes
2answers
165 views

$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(x)}{1+x^2} dx$ and $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac {\ln(x)}{x^2+b^2} dx$

Prove that $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(x)}{1+x^2} dx = \frac {\pi}{2e}$$ My approach would be $$\lim_{n \to \infty} \int_{0}^{n} \frac{\cos(x)}{1+x^2} dx$$ and evaluate the limits of the sine and ...
4
votes
3answers
160 views

Contour integration problem

I am to evaluate $\displaystyle\int_0^{\infty} \dfrac{\sin x}{x(x^2+1)}dx$ via contour integration. Now I used an indented semicircular contour, and the parts lying on the real line and the big arc ...
4
votes
5answers
340 views

Integral, definite integral

How can we prove $$ \int_0^1 \frac{\ln x \cdot \ln(1+x)}{1+x}dx=-\frac{\zeta(3)}{8}? $$ This has been one of the integrals that came out of an integral from another post on here, but no solution to ...
4
votes
2answers
493 views

Integrating $\int_0^\infty \sin(1/x^2) \, \operatorname{d}\!x$

How would one compute the following improper integral: $$\int_0^\infty \sin\left(\frac{1}{x^2}\right) \, \operatorname{d}\!x$$ without any knowledge of Fresnel equations? I was thinking of using ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Complex part of a contour integration not using contour integration

A propos of a user's comment on this question, quoting Feynman to the effect that some integrals are only possible using contour integration, I wonder what the simplest example of such an integral ...
4
votes
2answers
29 views

The meaning of the Imaginary value of the Residue while Evaluating a Real Improper Integral

When evaluating the improper integral $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x^{3}\sin\left(2x\right)}{\left(x^{2}+1\right)^{2}}\,dx$$ (which is an even function, so half of the $(-\infty,\infty)$ integral), I used ...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

Evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+1}\log\left(\frac{x+1}{2\sqrt{x}}\right)\;dx$

Prove that $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+1}\log\left(\frac{x+1}{2\sqrt{x}}\right)\;dx=\frac{\pi\sqrt{2}}{2}\log\left(1+\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\right).$$ I managed to prove this result with some ...
4
votes
2answers
111 views

Methods of evaluating $\int_0^{\infty}\frac{{\rm d}x}{x^2+1}$

Methods of evaluating $$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{{\rm d}x}{x^2+1}$$ Firstly i know that directly: $$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{{\rm d}x}{x^2+1}=\arctan x\Bigg|_{0}^{\infty}=\frac{\pi}2$$ Also we can use the ...
4
votes
2answers
156 views

Evaluating $I_{\alpha}=\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\ln(1+x^2)}{x^\alpha}dx$ using complex analysis

Again, improper integrals involving $\ln(1+x^2)$ I am trying to get a result for the integral $I_{\alpha}=\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\ln(1+x^2)}{x^\alpha}dx$ - asked above link- using some complex ...
4
votes
3answers
466 views

erf(a+ib) error function separate into real and imaginary part

Is there an easy way to separate erf(a+ib) into real and imaginary part?
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Using Cauchy integral formula to calculate $\int_\gamma \frac{\cos{z}}{z^n}$

Let $\gamma(\vartheta)=\mathrm{e}^{i\vartheta},\,\vartheta\in[0,2\pi]$, and consider the integral $$I(n)=\int_\gamma \frac{\cos{z}}{z^n},$$ where $n\in \{0,2,4,6,...\}$. Is there any way to prove ...
4
votes
2answers
224 views

How to compute the integral $\int_0^\infty\frac{x}{e^x+1}dx$ using the Residue theorem.

How to compute the integral $\int_0^\infty\frac{x}{e^x+1}dx$ using the Residue theorem, just as the title says. I have used rectangles, circles to do, but without any progress. By changing variable ...
4
votes
4answers
160 views

Contour integration of $\int \frac{dx} {(1+x^2)^{n+1}}$

I want to compute $$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac 1{ (1+x^2)^{n+1}} dx $$ for $n \in \mathbb N_{\geq 1}$. If I let $$ f(z) := \frac 1 {(z+i)^{n+1}(z-i)^{n+1}} $$ then I see that $f$ has poles of ...