Questions on the evaluation of integrals along a locus in the complex plane.

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6
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1answer
374 views

If $(f'_n)$ converges uniformly, does $(f_n)$ necessarily converge uniformly?

I've been studying complex analysis problems, and get stuck on the following: Let $D \subseteq \mathbb{C}$ be a domain (open connected set) and $z_0 \in D$. Assume that $(f_n)$ is a sequence of ...
6
votes
1answer
139 views

Method of Steepest descents integral

I am looking to evaluate the following asymptotic integral: Find the leading term of asymptotics as $\lambda\to\infty$ $I(\lambda)=\int_0^1\cos(\lambda x^3)dx$ Using method of steepest descents ...
6
votes
2answers
118 views

Complex Numbers - Finding Roots

Hi there I was wondering if someone could help me? I am struggling to find the roots of the polynomial $z^4+2z+3=0$ It is not a quadratic so can't use the quadratic formula so am not quite sure ...
6
votes
1answer
542 views

Line contour integral of complex Gaussian

Say I have the entire function $$f(z)=e^{-\frac{1}{2}z^2}.$$ I would like to consider the integral $$I=\int_\Gamma f(x)dz,$$ where $\Gamma$ is a line with negative slope $<1$ in $\mathbb{C}$ (so if ...
6
votes
2answers
316 views

Is it possible to evaluate $ \int_0^1 x^n \, dx$ by contour integration?

It's been quite a time since I had the complex analysis course. The thing is now I don't know the answer to the following simple question: Is it possible to find $$ \int_0^1 x^n \, dx$$ using the ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Use rectangular contour to integrate $\sin(ax)/(\exp(2\pi x)-1)$

I have been self-studying CA and find it very interesting. So, working through problems in a book I have, I ran across $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{\sin(ax)}{e^{2\pi ...
6
votes
0answers
95 views

On $\sum a^n \tan(n\theta)$

It is well known that $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a^n \cos(n\theta) = \frac{1-a\cos(\theta)}{1-2a\cos(\theta)+a^2}$$ $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a^n \sin(n\theta) = \frac{a\sin(\theta)}{1-2a\cos(\theta)+a^2}$$ ...
6
votes
0answers
222 views

Complex contour integral: How does the stationary point method used in this case?

I was reading a paper which has the following integral in order to do the inverse Laplace transformation: $$ I=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{-i\infty+\gamma}^{i\infty+\gamma} ...
6
votes
0answers
78 views

Integral with contours

I want to evaluate the integral $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \dfrac{\ln x}{e^x+1}\,{\rm d} x$ using contour integration. At first I though using a rectangular. Problem is that I cannot establish the ...
6
votes
1answer
78 views

using complex or real analysis solve $\int_{0}^{\pi/2}\frac{x^m}{\sin x}dx$

closed form for $$\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{x^m}{\sin x}\ dx$$ I slove it for some m but in general i failed. I tried by part , by substitution,by using $\sin x =\frac{e^{ix}-e^{-ix}}{2i}$ . I ...
6
votes
0answers
66 views

Solving an integral (using Cauchy contour integral?)

I need to solve this integral: \begin{equation} f(t)=\int_0^\infty x^2 \sqrt x \left( e^{a x} -1\right)^{-1/2} \frac{e^{i(b-x)t}-1}{b-x} dx \end{equation} where $a$ and $b$ are real, positive ...
6
votes
0answers
188 views

Integrate $\ln(x^2+1)/(x^2+1)$ [duplicate]

How to evaluate $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(x^2+1)}{x^2+1} \mathrm{d}x$$ using complex analysis? I've spent ages trying to think of some clever contour integral which will give it, but I can't seem to ...
5
votes
3answers
261 views

Show that $\int \limits_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x}{\sinh ax}dx=\left(\frac{\pi}{2a}\right)^2$

Show that $$\int \limits_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x}{\sinh ax}dx=\left(\frac{\pi}{2a}\right)^2$$ using 2 ways: the first using contour integration and the second using real analysis.
5
votes
1answer
204 views

Can $\oint_{|z|=2}z^3 \bar {z} e^\frac{1}{(z-1)} dz$ be solved?

How we can calculate the result of following Integral? $$\oint_{|z|=2}z^3 \bar {z} e^\frac{1}{z-1} \mathrm{d}z$$
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Complex Integration poles real axis

In class my professor said that $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{iax}}{x^2 - b^2}dx = -\frac{2\pi}{b}\sin(ab) $$ where $a,b > 0$. However, since the poles are on the real axis, isn't the integral ...
5
votes
3answers
308 views

How to compute $I_n=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\mathrm{d}x\frac{x^{2n}}{\cosh^2 x}$?

I'd like to compute: $$ I_n = \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\mathrm{d}x\frac{x^{2n}}{\cosh^2 x}. $$ We have, quite easily: $$ I_0 = \int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\mathrm{d}x\frac{1}{\cosh^2 x}=\left[\tanh ...
5
votes
2answers
484 views

Improper integrals with singularities on the REAL AXIS (Complex Variable)

I'm having some troubles when I try to solve improper integrals exercises that have singularities on the real axis. I have made a lot of exercises where singularities are inside a semicircle in the ...
5
votes
3answers
184 views

Evaluation of $\int_{0}^{\infty} \cos(x)/(x^2+1)$ using complex analysis.

Evaluate: $$\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(x)}{x^2 + 1} dx$$ Using only complex analysis. $$I = \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(x)}{x^2 + 1} dx = (\frac{1}{2})\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\cos(x)}{x^2 ...
5
votes
1answer
562 views

Evaluating $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+2x+5} dx$ using complex analysis

how do I compute $$\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+2x+5} dx$$ with complex analysis? I feel like im calculating the residue wrong and I cant get to the answer correctly. I tried to branch cut ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

erf(a+ib) error function separate into real and imaginary part

Is there an easy way to separate erf(a+ib) into real and imaginary part?
5
votes
3answers
710 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{\pi} \frac{\sin^2 \theta}{(1-2a\cos\theta+a^2)(1-2b\cos\theta+b^2)}\mathrm{d\theta}, \space 0<a<b<1$

Evaluate by complex methods $$\int_0^{\pi} \frac{\sin^2 \theta}{(1-2a\cos\theta+a^2)(1-2b\cos\theta+b^2)}\mathrm{d\theta}, \space 0<a<b<1$$ Sis.
5
votes
4answers
307 views

How to prove $\int^{\pi/2}_0 \log{\cos{x}} \, \mathrm{d}x = \pi/2 \log{1/2}$

ALREADY ANSWERED I was trying to prove the result that the OP of this question is given as a hint. That is to say: imagine that you are not given the hint and you need to evaluate: $$I = ...
5
votes
3answers
315 views

Applications of the Residue Theorem to the Evaluation of Integrals and Sums

Evaluate the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(1 + x^2)^{n+1}} dx. $$ I know that it equals $2\pi i$(the sum of the residues; at $z_k$) where $z_k$ are the poles of the function. I ...
5
votes
1answer
173 views

A little rusty on my contour integration..

I've been asked to compute $\displaystyle\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x^2}{(x^2+1)^2(x^2+2x+2)}dx$ via finding the poles of the integrand and then construncting a contour to take advantage of cauchy's ...
5
votes
2answers
232 views

Where have I gone wrong? Contour integration $\int_{-a}^a {u\over 1+u+u^2} du$ as $a\to \infty$

I would like to integrate $\int_{-a}^a {u\over 1+u+u^2} du$ as $a\to \infty$. So I thought I might use the residue theorem. In the complex plane, the singularities occur at $z=e^{\pm i2\pi\over 3}$. ...
5
votes
2answers
114 views

What is the Fourier transform of $\exp(2 \pi i / x)$?

The Fourier transform of $e^{2 \pi i / x}$ makes sense as a distribution, I believe. Does it have a nice expression in terms of functions and well-known distributions (e.g. Dirac delta)?
5
votes
2answers
191 views

Evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+1}\log\left(\frac{x+1}{2\sqrt{x}}\right)\;dx$

Prove that $$\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+1}\log\left(\frac{x+1}{2\sqrt{x}}\right)\;dx=\frac{\pi\sqrt{2}}{2}\log\left(1+\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}\right).$$ I managed to prove this result with some ...
5
votes
1answer
379 views

Evaluating trigonometric integral using residues

I am trying to evaluate for real positive $\alpha,\beta$ $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\arctan\left(\frac{\alpha}{x}\right)\sin(\beta x)dx$$ using a hint to consider $$\int \log\left(\frac{z+ia}{z}\right) ...
5
votes
4answers
375 views

Complex integral - winding number

i want to find $$\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int _\gamma \frac{1}{z}dz$$ well $0$'s winding number is $2$, so $\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int _\gamma \frac{1}{z}dz=2$ but when I explicity calculate the integral I get ...
5
votes
2answers
267 views

Evaluation of the integral $\int_0^\infty \left(\frac{\pi^2}{4}-x^2\right)^{-2}\cdot\frac{\pi^2}{4}\cos^2 x\,dx$

What are the steps to evaluate the following definite integral? (Answer provided) $$\int_0^\infty {{\pi^2\over 4}\cos^2x\over\left({\pi^2\over4}-x^2 \right)^2} dx={\pi\over 4}$$?
5
votes
2answers
353 views

A (basic?) contour integration problem

I am trying to prove the following using complex analysis: $$\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{(-1)^{n}}{a^{2}+n^{2}}=\frac{\pi}{a\sinh(a\pi)}$$ I am told to use the following function: ...
5
votes
2answers
329 views

Using complex analysis to evaluate $\int_0^\infty\frac{(\ln x)^3}{1+x^2}d x$

Here is my attempt: Let $R>1>r$ and $C$ be the closed curve in $\mathbb{C}$ consists of the following pieces: $$C_1=\{Re^{it}: t\in(0,\pi)\},\quad C_2=[r,R],\quad C_3=\{re^{it}: ...
5
votes
2answers
773 views

Evaluating a real definite integral using the residue at infinity

I'm interested in evaluating $\displaystyle \int_{0}^{1} \frac{1}{(x^2-x^3)^{1/3}} \ dx $ using contour integration and the residue at infinity. But I'm not sure how to define $\displaystyle f(z) = ...
5
votes
1answer
130 views

Help to solve $\displaystyle \frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{c-i\infty}^{c+i\infty} \frac{\zeta(2s)\zeta(s-1)}{\zeta(2s-2)} \frac{x^{s}}{s} dz $

I need help in evaluating the following contour integral: $$\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{c-i\infty}^{c+i\infty} \frac{\zeta(2s)\zeta(s-1)}{\zeta(2s-2)} \frac{x^{s}}{s} ds $$ It looks like a complicated ...
5
votes
2answers
143 views

How to choose a contour in order to use the residue theorem to sum up a series from Ryzhik?

I would like to know how to sum up to following series (from the Gradshteyn-Ryzhik tables): ...
5
votes
1answer
273 views

A bessel function integral

$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} dy \frac{J_1 \left ( \pi\sqrt{x^2+y^2} \right )}{\sqrt{x^2+y^2}} = \frac{2 \sin{\pi x}}{\pi x} $$ How do I show this?
5
votes
1answer
159 views

A difficult one-variable exponential integral

I am trying to work out a closed form for the integral \begin{equation} \int_{0}^{1} \frac{1}{\sqrt{s(1-s)}} \exp\left(-\left(\frac{a}{s} + \frac{b}{1-s}\right) \right) \,ds \end{equation} where ...
5
votes
4answers
173 views

Integrating $ \int \limits_{-\infty}^{\infty} \dfrac{\sin^2(x)}{x^2} \operatorname d\!x $

I'm trying to evaluate $\displaystyle \int \limits_{-\infty}^{\infty} \dfrac{\sin^2(x)}{x^2} \operatorname d\!x $. My first though was to use residue calculus, since we've got the pole of order 2 ...
5
votes
1answer
635 views

Understanding Dogbone contour example

I am trying to understand example VI on the wikipedia page http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methods_of_contour_integration, but one particular point has mystified me for hours. After it is shown that ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Contour integral with branch cut

This is a question based on the method here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methods_of_contour_integration#Example_.28V.29_.E2.80.93_the_square_of_the_logarithm The author chose a contour which ...
5
votes
2answers
733 views

Calculating the residues of $f(z)=\frac{e^{az}}{1+e^z}$

Let $$f(z)=\frac{e^{az}}{1+e^z}$$ where $0<a<1$ Can anyone help me find the residues of this function? So $$e^z+1=0 \Rightarrow z=i\pi(1+2k)$$ where $k\in \mathbb{Z}$, so these are simple ...
5
votes
2answers
231 views

Why do we need a branch cut for $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{x^{\frac{1}{2}}}{{(1 + x)^2}}dx$?

What is the significance of the $x^{\frac{1}{2}}$ in the numerator of this integral. I have read this kind of integral requires taking a branch cut. Why do we need a branch cut, what does it enable us ...
5
votes
1answer
120 views

Integrating $e^{a/x^2-x^2}/(1-e^{b/x^2})$

I want to solve the following two integrals analytically \begin{aligned} I_1 = & \int\limits_0^{\infty}\frac{e^{a/x^2}}{1-e^{b/x^2}}e^{-x^2}dx \\ I_2 = & ...
5
votes
2answers
303 views

Riemann Zeta function Analytic continuation integral

Following Riemann paper about analytic continuation of Zeta Function: http://www.maths.tcd.ie/pub/HistMath/People/Riemann/Zeta/EZeta.pdf I can't understand the contour integral step: "If one now ...
5
votes
1answer
425 views

Residue of $p.v.\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{2x}}{\cosh(\pi x)}dx=\text{sec}1$

Show that $$p.v.\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{e^{2x}}{\cosh(\pi x)}dx=\text{sec}1$$ by integrating $\frac{e^{2z}}{\cosh(\pi z)}$ around rectangles with vertices at $z=\pm p,p+i,-p+i.$ I asked ...
5
votes
2answers
88 views

Computing alternating sum using contour integration

By considering the integral of: $$\left(\frac{\sin\alpha z}{\alpha z}\right)^2 \frac{\pi}{\sin \pi z},\quad \alpha<\frac{\pi}{2}$$ around a circle of large radius, prove that: ...
5
votes
1answer
101 views

How to perform this contour integration with $\log$ in the denominator?

Let $k > 0$ and $ a>1$ be constants. As far as I can tell, the integral $$ J = \int_{-\infty}^\infty dx\frac{e^{i k x}}{1+x^2}\frac{1}{\log(a - ix)} $$ converges, since the argument of the ...
5
votes
1answer
191 views

Evaluate: $\int_{W(-1/\gamma)}^{W(1/\gamma)}\frac{e^{-u} \,\text{d}u}{\sqrt{1-(\gamma u e^{u})^2}}$

Evaluate the integral $$ P(\gamma)=\int_{W(-1/\gamma)}^{W(1/\gamma)}\frac{e^{-u} \,\text{d}u}{\sqrt{1-(\gamma u e^{u})^2}} $$ where $\gamma$ is a real number not equal to $0$ and has whatever ...
5
votes
1answer
154 views

Real integral using complex methods

Evaluate $\displaystyle\int_0^\infty \frac {x^\frac{1}{2}}{1+x^4}dx$ using complex methods. I'm totally locked up on this one and have thrown in the towel. My strategy was to integrate around a ...
5
votes
1answer
917 views

what is the best book to study contour integration?

what is the best book or website to study contour integration ? I find in some question answer using contour integration but I can't understand how they do that so is there any help ?