Questions on the evaluation of integrals along a locus in the complex plane.

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1answer
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complex integration-how to solve the given problem

how do we calculate the value $\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int\frac{\sum_{n=0}^{15}z^n}{(z-i)^3}dz$ in $C$:|z-i|=2 ? the answer for this is 1+15i.. how to get it? can someone please explain?
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2answers
145 views

How to prove $\int^{\pi/2}_0 \log{\cos{x}} \, \mathrm{d}x = \pi/2 \log{1/2}$

ALREADY ANSWERED I was trying to prove the result that the OP of this question is given as a hint. That is to say: imagine that you are not given the hint and you need to evaluate: $$I = ...
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0answers
96 views

Residue with half order pole?

I'm having issues evaluating the following integral using Cauchy's residue theorem. $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{e^{ix}}{\sqrt{x^2 - 1}} dx $$ Here's what I have tried. We have to make a ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Contour integral in complex plane (tricky)

Let U be a simply connected domain with a simple closed boundary curve C oriented anticlockwise, and define for all w ∈ C \ C $$ g(w)=\oint_C \frac{e^zdz}{(z-w)^2}$$ Find a formula for g(w) which does ...
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1answer
56 views

Stokes' Theorem and Surfaces

Stokes' Theorem states the following: \begin{equation*} \oint_c \textbf{F}\centerdot d\textbf{r}= \int\int_S (\nabla \times\textbf{F})\centerdot nd \textbf{S}\end{equation*} for a given C that is the ...
2
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1answer
30 views

Showing that $\tan(\pi z) = z$ has exactly three solutions in the strip $|\Re(z)| < 1$

We can't use Rouche's theorem here directly, so we have to apply the argument principle. If $f(z) = \tan(\pi z) - z$ , then $f'(z) = \pi \sec^2(\pi z) - 1$. Choose the rectangle $\Gamma$ with ...
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0answers
59 views

What advanced methods in contour integration are there?

It is well known how to evaluate a definite integral like $$ \int_{0}^\infty dx\, R(x), $$ where $R$ is a rational function, using contour integration around a semicircle or a keyhole. Most complex ...
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1answer
37 views

$\int_{|z| = 2} \frac{1}{f(z)(1+f(z))^2} dz$ where $f(z) = z^{1/2}$ with branch such that $\Re f(z) \geq 0$

As the title states, the definite integral in question is $$\int_{|z| = 2} \frac{1}{f(z)(1+f(z))^2} dz,$$ where $f(z) = z^{1/2}$ with branch cut such that $\Re f(z) \geq 0$, i.e., the cut is the ...
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2answers
60 views

How should I calculate $\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^\infty\exp\left\{-\frac{1}{2}(x-it)^2\right\}dx$?

I've read that the residue theorem would help to calculate $$I:=\displaystyle\int_{-\infty}^\infty\underbrace{\exp\left\{-\frac{1}{2}(x-it)^2\right\}}_{=:f(x)}dx$$ Since $f$ is an entire function ...
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3answers
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Guidance or advice with $I=\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{1}{4+\cos t}dt$

Let $$ \begin{align} I=\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{1}{4+\cos t}dt \end{align} $$ I would like to evaluate this integral using cauchhy's Integral formula, I understand that I have to convert this into a form ...
2
votes
2answers
59 views

Is it possible to use complex logarithm to integrate $1/(z+i)$ along a path?

Evaluate the following on the path $\gamma_1$ with endpoints $[-1,1+i]$ $$ \begin{align} I_1=\frac{i}{2}\int_{\gamma_1} \frac{1}{z+i}dz -\frac{i}{2}\int_{\gamma_1}\frac{1}{z-i}dz \end{align} $$ Am I ...
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0answers
49 views

Problem with calculating winding number in sum of curves

Let $$ \begin{align} \gamma= \gamma_1 +\gamma_2+\gamma_3,\\ \gamma_1(t)=e^{it}, t\in[0,2\pi] \\ \gamma_2(t)=-1+2e^{-2it}, t\in [0,2\pi]\\ \gamma_3(t)=1-i+e^{it},t\in [\frac{\pi}{2},\frac{9\pi}{2}] ...
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1answer
32 views

winding number of $\gamma$ and point exterior to $\gamma$

$$ \begin{align} n(\gamma,z_0)=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_\gamma\frac{1}{z-z_0}dz . \end{align} $$ Is it safe to say that $n(\gamma,z)=0,\forall z \in \mathbb{C}\backslash \gamma^*$
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1answer
33 views

Contour Integrals evaluation verification

$$ \begin{align} \gamma(t)=2cost + isint, t\in[0,2\pi] \end{align} $$ Could someone verify my thinking and my results for the following Integrals and if I have properly justified my thoughts: $$ ...
4
votes
3answers
67 views

Can $\frac1{z^2}$ be integrated on $|z+i|=\frac32$ using Cauchy's theorem?

$$ \begin{align} \int_{|z+i|=\frac{3}{2}}\frac{1}{z^2}dz=0 \end{align} $$ Is it safe to say the Integral is $0$ due to cauchy's Theorem? Does this apply for any $z_0$ that lies inside the circle ...
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1answer
47 views

Is this Integral Calculation correct? $\int_{|z|=1}(z^2+2z)^{-1}dz=\pi i$

$$ \begin{align} \int_{|z|=1}(z^2+2z)^{-1}dz=\int_{|z|=1}\frac{1}{z(z+2)}dz= \\ =\int_{|z|=1}\frac{1}{2z}dz+\int_{|z|=1}\frac{1}{2(z+2)}dz= \\ =\int_{|z|=1}\frac{1}{2z}dz+ 0= \\ ...
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1answer
25 views

Problem in showing that contours $\gamma_2$ is equivalent to $ \gamma $

Let $\gamma_2(t)= e^{-it^2}, t\in[0,\sqrt{2\pi}]$ and $\gamma(t)=e^{2\pi it}, t\in[0,1]$ Show that $\gamma_2 \sim \gamma $. I think that for the latter to be true $\gamma_2$ should be ...
3
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1answer
48 views

Calculation of a Contour Integral

$$ \begin{align} \int_{|z|=1}(4-z^2)^{-1/2}dz \end{align} $$ The exercise hints at the usage of $e^{2Logz}$ , although any solution or methodology for such integrals would be welcome.
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1answer
33 views

Geometric explanation of a contour's image

$$\gamma(t)= t^2 + i\, t^4 , \quad t\in [ -1, 1]$$ What is the geometric explanation of the image of the above contour? Intuitively , I think it's ellipsoid-like, but I don't know how to put it in a ...
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1answer
36 views

Prove that $ \frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{C_r}\frac{e^{\lambda t}}{\lambda^{k+1}}d\lambda =\frac{t^k}{k!}$

Let $C_r$ be the circle centered on $0$ with radius $r$ and $t\in \mathbb{R}$. How to show that $$ \frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{C_r}\frac{e^{\lambda t}}{\lambda^{k+1}}d\lambda =\frac{t^k}{k!}$$
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1answer
38 views

Contour Integration Confusion

I am trying to find the value of $\displaystyle\int_0^\infty\frac{(\log x)^2}{1 + x^2}\,dx$ using contour integration. My approach: I have calculated the residue at z = $i$ and have shown that ...
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2answers
45 views

Contour expression explanation

$$ \begin{align} & \int_\gamma zdz \end{align} $$ $$\\ \gamma = [e,1]+[1,-1+\sqrt3] $$ contour $\gamma$ is defined as above and I can't understand it. Could someone please explain it to me and ...
3
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1answer
103 views

Integrating $e^{a/x^2-x^2}/(1-e^{b/x^2})$

I want to solve the following two integrals analytically \begin{aligned} I_1 = & \int\limits_0^{\infty}\frac{e^{a/x^2}}{1-e^{b/x^2}}e^{-x^2}dx \\ I_2 = & ...
5
votes
2answers
82 views

Complex Numbers - Finding Roots

Hi there I was wondering if someone could help me? I am struggling to find the roots of the polynomial $z^4+2z+3=0$ It is not a quadratic so can't use the quadratic formula so am not quite sure ...
2
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1answer
21 views

Estimate of line integral of O(x^n) function

Let $f$ be an analytic function in some sector in the complex plane behaving as $$f(z)=\mathcal O(z^n)$$ for some $n$ as $z\to\infty$. Can one prove in general that line integrals of $f$ (in this ...
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3answers
240 views

Scary contour integral, but is also an integral representation for $\Gamma$-function

This problem is supposed to be from an old Acta Mathematica volume I circa 1880's, and is attributed to Bourguet. By using a parabola with its focus on the origin as a contour, show that: ...
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0answers
43 views

integration with 4 branch point

I come across a problem of contour integration with 4 branch point. The problem came down to be equivalent to integrate $\sqrt{(x^2-1)^n(x^2-2)^m}$ over the imaginary axis. So, there are two branch ...
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0answers
30 views

$ \int_\gamma e^{\frac{1}{z^2-1}}\sin{(\pi z)}dz $ on a closed curve of index $N$ with respect to the point $1$.

Let $\gamma$ be a closed curve in the right half plane that has index $N$ with respect to the point $1$. Find $$ \int_\gamma e^{\frac{1}{z^2-1}}\sin{(\pi z)}dz $$ This is a problem from an old ...
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1answer
42 views

Writing the floor function as a contour integral

The function $f(z)=\frac{\pi}{\sin \pi z}$ has simple poles of residue 1 at the integers. Hence, by the residue theorem, I consider the interesting idea of drawing a (perhaps rectangular, for example) ...
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1answer
224 views

How do you integrate Gaussian integral with contour integration method?

How do you integrate $$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty} e^{-x^2} dx$$ with contour integration method? I do not even know how to setup the problem.
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94 views

Proper way to set up “Pac-Man” contour integral

I'm trying to evaluate $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{x^a}{1+x} \: dx, \: -1<a<0 $$ using contour integrals. Actually, I have found the correct answer using a "Pac-Man" contour and residues. My only ...
10
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5answers
330 views

Contour Integral: $\int^{1}_{0}\frac{1}{\sqrt[n]{1-x^n}}dx$

I want to compute: $\int^{1}_{0}\frac{1}{\sqrt[n]{1-x^n}}dx$ for natural $n>1$ using Residue Calculus. I am thinking of using some kind of a keyhole or bone contour that could go around the ...
2
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1answer
192 views

Calculating Riemann zeta function of a complex number given the complex contour integral

Can you please demonstrate how one would calculate the Riemann Zeta function of any complex number, given that the Riemann Zeta function is equal to the following (shown in ...
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0answers
96 views

What does this complex contour integral represent?

How would one evaluate the following complex contour integral in "Integral and Series Representations of Riemann’s Zeta function, Dirichelet’s Eta Function and a Medley of Related Results." The ...
2
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1answer
64 views

Calculating $\int_0^\pi \sin^2t\;dt$ using the residue theorem

I want to use the residue theorem to calculate $$I:=\int_0^\pi \sin^2t\;dt$$ Since $\sin^2$ is an even function, we've got $$I=\frac{1}{2}\int_0^{2\pi}\sin^2t\;dt$$ The solution of this exercise ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Integrating $\int_0^1 dx\,\ln(x-a)/(x-b)$ paying attention to cuts.

I am trying to compute the following integral, for complex $a$ and $b$ $$ \int^1_0 dx \frac{\ln(x-a)}{x-b} $$ by turning it into something in terms of dilogarithms. But for certain values of $a$ and ...
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2answers
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Show elementarily that $\lim_{R\to\infty}\int_{\Gamma_1} \frac{e^{iz}}{z} = 0$

Context: I am trying to show that $\int_0^\infty x^{-1}\sin x dx = \frac{\pi}{2}$ using complex analysis, by first integrating $\oint_{\Gamma} z^{-1}e^{iz}$, where $\Gamma$ is a closed contour ...
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1answer
76 views

Computing a very messy contour integral

I'm hoping that someone might be able to help me with the following problem. I'll walk through my current work and indicate where I'm stuck. Compute the contour integral: $$ \oint_{|z-1-i| = ...
2
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1answer
75 views

Contour integral method

Let $f(z)=z^5-3iz^2+2z-1+i$. Evaluate the integral of $\frac{f'(z)}{f(z)}$ around a contour $C$ where $C$ encloses all the zeroes of $f$. I'm not sure what to do here. It seems unlikely I should be ...
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0answers
47 views

Complex contour integral properties

Do I understand correctly, that for complex line integrals the properties of common integrals (e.g. Riemann-integrals) cannot be applied? Neither linearity: $$\int_\gamma \beta \;f(z)dz \not = ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Computing a contour integral over curve not centered at origin

Consider the integral $$ \int_C \frac{1}{z} \, dz $$ where $C$ is the circle of radius $R$ centered at the point $z_0 \in \mathbb{C}$. We parametrize the curve by $z(\theta) = z_0 + Re^{i\theta}$ ...
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0answers
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Clarification of Contour Integration [duplicate]

I apologise if this seems like an elementary and silly question, but I am confused about the integral $$I=\int^{\infty}_{-\infty}\frac{\cos{x}}{1+x^2}dx=\frac{\pi}{e}$$ If I consider a semicircular ...
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1answer
150 views

Proving that a function is analytic

I'm struggling with the following problem: Problem: Suppose that $h$ is a continuous function on a simple closed curve $\gamma$. Define $$ H(w) = \oint_{\gamma} \frac{h(z)}{z - w} \, dz. $$ Show ...
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2answers
38 views

Contour intergals of rational fuction

Consider $$F=\frac {x}{x^3+y^3}dx+\frac{y}{x^3+y^3}dy$$ 1) Show that $\int_GF=0$, where $G$ is the arc of a circle or radius $r$ in the first quadrant. 2) Compute the integral of $F$ along the ...
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1answer
33 views

Contour integrals and Cauchy's theorem

1) Let $C$ be a contour beginning and ending at 1. Suppose that $f(z)$ is analytic on $C$. Then is it true that the contour integral of $f$ around $C$ is 0? This looks to be true by Cauchy's theorem ...
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1answer
58 views

Theoretical question regarding Cauchy integral theorem

As we know, according to the Cauchy integral theorem we can easily evaluate an integral of an analytic complex function along the curve connecting two points in a complex plane. Thus for a curve ...
3
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1answer
74 views

If $f$ has pole of order $m$, then $\text{res}\left(f,z_0\right)=\lim_{z\to z_0}\frac{1}{(m-1)!}\left\{(z-z_0)^mf(z)\right\}^{(m-1)}$

Statement: Let $$f(z):=\sum_{k=-\infty}^\infty a_kz^k$$ have a pole of order $m$ at $z_0$. Then $$\text{res}\left(f,z_0\right)=\lim_{z\to z_0}\frac{1}{(m-1)!}\left\{(z-z_0)^mf(z)\right\}^{(m-1)}$$ ...
0
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3answers
72 views

Show that the complex closed line integral $\oint\frac{\mathrm{d}z}{p(z)}$ is $0$ ($p$ is polynomial)

Let $p$ be a polynomial of degree $n\geq2$ and has $n$ different roots $z_1,\dots,z_n$. Prove that $\oint\frac{\mathrm{d}z}{p(z)}=0$ where the closed path is large enough so that all roots are in the ...
0
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0answers
78 views

Contour integration on a rectangle

Another qualifier problem: Suppose $f(z): \mathbb{C} \mapsto \mathbb{C}$ is entire and $\exists M,A>0$ such that $$ |f(x+iy)| \leq \frac{A}{1+x^2} e^{2 \pi M |y|} \: \forall x,y \in \mathbb{R}. ...
2
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0answers
63 views

Choose appropriate contour for a complex integral

I have a problem to solve integral $$ I = \int^{\infty}_0 \frac{\mathrm{d}x}{(x-z)(1+x^2)^{\kappa+2}} $$ I can solve the same integral with borders $-\infty$ to $\infty$ using residue theorem but ...