Questions on the evaluation of integrals along a locus in the complex plane.

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2
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1answer
27 views

solve a complex integral

I stumbled on this integral, the problem says to solve it with contour integration. Any insights on how to solve this in function of $n$? \begin{equation} \int_{0}^{2\pi}\cos^{2n}(\theta)d\theta ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Question about integral over cos^3(theta) on complex plane

I had an integral of $$\int_{0}^{2\pi}\cos^3(\theta) d\theta$$ The answer came out to be integral over the curve $$\int_{C} \dfrac{(z^2+1)^3}{8iz^4} dz$$ $$=-i* \int_{C}\dfrac{(z^2+1)^3}{8z^4} ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Calculate $\int_0^3 \frac{x^{\frac{3}{4}} (3-x)^{\frac{1}{4}}}{5-x}\,dx$ using principal branch

I would like to calculate the following integral $$ I = \int_0^3 \frac{x^{\frac{3}{4}} (3-x)^{\frac{1}{4}}}{5-x}\,dx $$ using contour integration but using principal branch of the function, i.e. ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

Creating contour and gradient map

I have a requirement where, i have been given data set against X, Y Coordinate of a plane. This value is temperature at a point x,y. Now i am suppose to draw a graph with gradient color which displays ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Evaluaating with $\int_0^\infty \frac{x\sin x}{1+x^2}$ using contour integration?

I'd like to Evaluate $$\int_0^\infty \frac{x\sin x}{1+x^2}$$ The sine function makes the obvious choice $\dfrac{z \sin z}{1+z^2}$ useless since if we integrate over a semicircle sine can become ...
0
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0answers
48 views

How to convert $ \int_{-\pi}^\pi \frac {d\theta}{(1+\sin^2\theta)} $ to a contour integral?

I want to convert $$ \int_{-\pi}^\pi \frac {d\theta}{(1+\sin^2\theta)} $$ to a contour integral. I know that I can use the substitution $z=\cos\theta + i\sin\theta = e^{i\theta}$ to get $\sin\theta = ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Contour integration of the bessel function

The Bessel Function $J_n(x)$ is defined, for a natural number $n$ and real number x, as $J_n(x) = \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi}\cos(n\theta-x\sin\theta)d\theta.$ By using contour integration with ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

Laplace transform via complex analysis

Let $Y(s) = \frac{2e^{-s}}{s(s^2 + 3s + 2)}$. Then the inverse Laplace transform is \begin{align} y(t) &= \frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{\gamma-i\infty}^{\gamma+i\infty}\frac{2e^{s(t - 1)}}{s(s^2 + 3s + ...
3
votes
2answers
85 views

Complex integral using cauchy residue formula

I want to compute $ \displaystyle \int_{0}^{+\infty} \frac{dx}{x^n-1} $ I've proved that $ \displaystyle \int_{0}^{+\infty} \frac{dx}{x^n+1} = \frac{\pi}{n\sin\left(\frac{\pi}{n}\right)}$ in a ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Evaluation of a complex integral, $\int_{z=0}^\infty (c-iz)^{-s-1} e^{-z^{\alpha}}\,dz$

Is there anyone able to solve this integral? $$\int_{z=0}^\infty (c-iz)^{-s-1} e^{-z^{\alpha}}\,dz$$ How can I treat $c-iz$? Both $s$ and $z$ are real numbers. I'm trying to solve it but I don't ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Contour Integrals Around a Branch Cut

Suppose we have some complex-valued function, $f(z)$ with $\theta_1<\mathrm{arg}(z)\leq \theta_2$ and a branch cut required in the section $[-a,a]$ of the real axis. Now suppose we have a contour, ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

contour integration - ML inequality

I'm trying to show that $$\int_{|z|=r} \frac{\log z}{1+z^2} \ dz $$ goes to 0, as im taking $r \to 0 $ by the ML inequality $$\left| \int_{|z|=r} \frac{\log z}{1+z^2} \ dz \right| \leq \pi r \max ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Contour Integral Around a Circle of Large Radius

I'm given the function $$f(z)=\frac{(z^2-1)^{1/2}}{z^2+1}$$ where $-\pi < arg(z \pm 1) \leq \pi$ and the only branch cut required is the section $[-1,1]$ of the real axis. I'm required, using ...
2
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0answers
33 views

How is half-contour integration possible?

You integrate in a loop around a singularity $z$ and get $2\pi i \text{Res}(z)$. Is there a path of integration such that the result is $\gamma 2\pi i \text{Res}(z)$ with $\gamma\in (0,1)$? If it ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

How to compute contour integral?

Use Residue theorem to compute contour integral $$\int_C \frac{4e^z}{\sin z} dz$$ I need help figuring out singularities that are within the circle $|z|= 4$. I am stuck at that part. Thanks in ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

Rotation of the integration contour through an angle

$\int_{i=0}^\infty ({ue^\frac{ir\pi}{2\alpha})}^{-s}*e^{({{-u^\alpha}e^\frac{-ir\pi}{2})}}\frac{du}{u} $ From this integral, i have to rotate the integration contour through $\frac{-r\pi}{2\alpha}$ ...
1
vote
3answers
18 views

Not sure how this inequality is formed - $\bigg|\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{e^{p(R+iy)}}{1+e^{R+iy}}idy\bigg| \le \frac{e^{pR}}{e^R - 1}2\pi$

I have the following inequality in my notes - $$\bigg|\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{e^{p(R+iy)}}{1+e^{R+iy}}idy\bigg| \le \frac{e^{pR}}{e^R - 1}2\pi$$ We can start as follows ...
3
votes
2answers
79 views

Find the Fourier transform of $u(x) = \frac{x \cos(2x)}{(1+x^2)^2}$

Find the Fourier transform of $$u(x) = \frac{x \cos(2x)}{(1+x^2)^2}$$ My work Okay so we want $$\int_\mathbb R \frac{e^{-ixt}x\cos(2x)}{(1+x^2)^2}dx$$ Of course we want to apply the residue ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Intuition/Understanding of “Infinite” Countour Integrals

I'm trying to clarify some thoughts on contour integration. If I have an integral $\int_{c-i\infty}^{c+i\infty} f(z) dz$, where $f(z)$ has finitely many poles in the complex plane...is this ...
3
votes
1answer
94 views

Evaluating $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x^2+b^2)^2}dx$

Find $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x^2+b^2)^2}dx$$ We see that the only poles are at $x=\pm bi$. Integrating over the semicircular contour implies that it is equal to $2\pi i*Res_{(+bi)}$ ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

Integral of $((x^2+1)((x-1)^2+1))^{-1}$

Find $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(x^2+1)(2-2x+x^2)}dx$$ So I am going to integrate this using a semicircular contour. Is it safe to say that on the curved part, the integral vanishes? because ...
3
votes
1answer
48 views

Contour Integral of $\sin(z)/(z^2-z)$

Find the integral $\int_{\lambda}\frac{\sin(z)}{z(z-1)}$ where $\lambda(t) = 10e^{it},t\in[0,2\pi]$ We notice that there are poles at $z = 0$ and $z=1$. So we can use residue theorem but I am ...
3
votes
2answers
142 views

Geometric interpretation of Cauchy-Goursat Theorem?

This theorem seems almost magical. The algebraic derivation doesn't really provide any insight into why it works. So could someone give me a geometric interpretation of it? This: Geometrical ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Path integral in the complex plane

Evaluate $\int_Tz\,\mathrm dz$ and $\int_T\overline z\,\mathrm dz$ where $T$ is the triangle with vertices $0,1,-i$ oriented clockwise. I am trying to solve this question, but I'm unsure how to ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

How to integrate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}dp \ p e^{ipx}e^{-it\sqrt{p^2+m^2}}$?

In Lancaster & Blundell's QFT book they show that \begin{equation}A:= \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}dp \ p e^{ipx}e^{-it\sqrt{p^2+m^2}}\end{equation} returns a nonzero value for $x$, $t$ and $m$ ...
1
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1answer
53 views

using contour integrals

Let $ \gamma (t)= e^{it} $ where $0 \leq t \leq 2 \pi.$ Evaluate $\int_{\gamma}$ $e^{z}$ $dz$ . Use the result to show that $\int_{0}^{2\pi} e^{\cos(t)}\cos(t+ \sin(t)) dt = 0$. I have worked out ...
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0answers
19 views

integration, anti- derivative, complex [duplicate]

Let $\gamma(w,R)$ denote the circular contour $t\mapsto w+Re^{it}$ where $0\lt t\lt2\pi$. Evaluate $$\int_\gamma\dfrac1{1+z^2}dz$$ when $\gamma$ is: ...
1
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0answers
33 views

Complex integration, limits, arctan

$\left.\frac12i\;\text{Log}\frac{1-(-i+e^{it})}{1+(-1+e^{it})}\right|_0^{2\pi}=\frac12i\left(\log\left|\frac{i}{i}\right|+i\arg 1-\log|1|-i\arg1+2\pi ik\right)$ could someone explain how this is ...
5
votes
4answers
146 views

Evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{(\log x)^2}{1+x^2} dx$ using complex analysis

How do I compute $$\int_0^\infty \frac{(\log x)^2}{1+x^2} dx$$ What I am doing is take $$f(z)=\frac{(\log z)^2}{1+z^2}$$ and calculating $\text{Res}(f,z=i) = \dfrac{d}{dz} \dfrac{(\log ...
9
votes
6answers
204 views

Evaluate $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\log x }{(x-1)\sqrt{x}}dx$ (solution verification)

I tried to find the integral $$I=\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\log x }{(x-1)\sqrt{x}}dx \tag1$$ I substituted $x=t^2, 2tdt=dx$ and chose $\log x$ and $\sqrt{x}$ to be principal values. We have ...
3
votes
0answers
23 views

Integral of Bessel function with Gaussian over a quadratic

I need help with the following integral: $$ \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{J_0(ax)xe^{-bx^2}}{1-cx^2}dx $$ Where $ J_0(x) $ is a Bessel function of the first kind (of zero order). I've looked up a few ...
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Evaluating $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+2x+5} dx$ using complex analysis

how do I compute $$\int_0^{\infty} \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+2x+5} dx$$ with complex analysis? I feel like im calculating the residue wrong and I cant get to the answer correctly. I tried to branch cut ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Circular contour integration.

solving one of the 5 options would be much appreciated as this will give me an idea on how to solve the rest. Let $\gamma(w,R)$ denote the circular contour $t\mapsto w+Re^{it}$ where $0\lt ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Contour integration and the square root branch cut

Consider the following equation $$ \int_0^\infty f(\sqrt{x(x-a)}) dx $$ For $a>0$ real and some analytic function $f(z)$ which dies off sufficiently fast for $\Re[z]>0$ and $\Im[z]>0$ so ...
3
votes
2answers
107 views

Integral $\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{dx}{2+\cos{x}}$

How do I integrate this? $$\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{dx}{2+\cos{x}}, x\in\mathbb{R}$$ I know the substitution method from real analysis, $t=\tan{\frac{x}{2}}$, but since this problem is in a set of ...
2
votes
3answers
109 views

Integral with branch cut ( Problem while calculating residue)

While calculating this integral $\int_{-1}^{1}\frac{dx}{\sqrt{1-x^2}(1+x^2)}$ , I am really struggling to calculate the residue at (-i), I am getting the value of residue as $\frac{-1}{2\sqrt{2}i}$, ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Complex analysis $\int^{2\pi}_0 \frac{d \theta}{(2-\sin \theta)^2}$

how do I compute $$\int^{2\pi}_0 \frac{d \theta}{(2-\sin \theta)^2}$$ I tried substituting $z=e^{i\theta}$ but it just got very messy..
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Using Cauchy Integral Formula (Excersice from BCA-Marsden)

I'm trying to evaluate the following integral: $ \int_{\gamma} \frac{z^2 -1}{z^2 +1}dz$ where $\gamma$ is the radius 2 circle centered at $(0,0)$. This function is holomorphic in $\mathbb{C}$\ ...
0
votes
3answers
114 views

Geometrical Interpretation of the Cauchy-Goursat Theorem?

The Cauchy-Goursat theorem is really non-intuitive and is very astounding. Can someone geometrically explain to me why its true? I'm specifically talking about this version of the theorem: For ...
1
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0answers
22 views

Winding numbers are continuous: The proof was too easy

There's a question in my complex analysis book: Let $G$ be a region and let $\gamma_0$ and $\gamma_1$ be two closed smooth curves in $G$. Suppose $\gamma_0\sim\gamma_1$ and $\Gamma$ is a homotopy ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

How to justify this complex substitution using contour integration

I tried to solve the laplace transform of $\cos(at)$ and $\sin(at)$ using Euler's formula. That is, $$\int^\infty_0e^{-(s-ia)t}dt\color{red}{=}\frac{1}{s-ia}\int^\infty_0e^{-t}dt=\frac{1}{s-ia}$$ ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Evaluating $I_{\alpha}=\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\ln(1+x^2)}{x^\alpha}dx$ using complex analysis

Again, improper integrals involving $\ln(1+x^2)$ I am trying to get a result for the integral $I_{\alpha}=\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\ln(1+x^2)}{x^\alpha}dx$ - asked above link- using some complex ...
4
votes
2answers
132 views

Why is the pole generally outside the contour loop when its outside the contour loop in 2D?

The following contour integral is path dependent with the following results \begin{align} \oint_C\dfrac{dz}{z} = \begin{Bmatrix} 2\pi i && \text{when $z=0$ is inside C} \\ 0 && ...
3
votes
1answer
40 views

Determining the value of an integral using complex methods

I need to find the value of the following integral using complex analysis: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\sin(k_1\ x)+\sin(k_2\ x)}{x^2-a^2}\ dx$$ where $k_1, k_2, a$ are real coefficients. The ...
1
vote
0answers
71 views

Saddle Points in Complex Plane of trig function

I am trying to analytically Fourier transform a set of functions that have the form $f(k) e^{-\rho~\psi(k)}$ where the general $f(k)$ is some linear combination of trig functions without poles, ...
5
votes
2answers
159 views

Why do we need a branch cut for $\int_0^{\infty} \frac{x^{\frac{1}{2}}}{{(1 + x)^2}}dx$?

What is the significance of the $x^{\frac{1}{2}}$ in the numerator of this integral. I have read this kind of integral requires taking a branch cut. Why do we need a branch cut, what does it enable us ...
11
votes
1answer
156 views

An integral $\int^\infty_0\frac{\tanh{x}}{x(1-2\cosh{2x})^2}{\rm d}x$

I would like to enquire about the possible methods of computing the following integral $$ \color{blue}{% \int^{\infty}_{0}\frac{\tanh\left(\, x\,\right)} {x\left[\, 1 - 2\cosh\left(\, ...
4
votes
1answer
80 views

Contour integral using residue

Assume that $f(z) \in \{\sqrt{2z^2 + 1}\}$ $,f(0) = 1$ We have a cut: $\gamma = \{|z| = \frac{1}{\sqrt2}, Re(z) \geqslant 0 \}$ $\oint\limits_{|z|=1} \frac{z dz}{(z+2)(f(z) + 3)}$ I found ...
3
votes
3answers
31 views

Finding the $n$th Taylor coefficient of $g(z)=\frac{z}{(z-b)^2}$ centered at $a$ (where $a=2-\sqrt{3}$ and $b=2+\sqrt{3}$?

I've introduced $a$ and $b$ in order to simplify the notation : $a=2-\sqrt{3}$ and $b=2+\sqrt{3}$. I'm trying to compute the Taylor Series for $g(z)=\frac{z}{(z-b)^2}$ centered at $a$. I denote the ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

Integral $\int_{\pi/2+\delta}^{3\pi/2-\delta} x^{R \cos \varphi} d \varphi$ bounded

This is probably a silly question, or maybe I am missing a very simple slick trick, but I am trying to see how the following integral is bounded in terms of $\delta$: \begin{equation} ...