1
vote
1answer
22 views

Showing that $\tan(\pi z) = z$ has exactly three solutions in the strip $|\Re(z)| < 1$

We can't use Rouche's theorem here directly, so we have to apply the argument principle. If $f(z) = \tan(\pi z) - z$ , then $f'(z) = \pi \sec^2(\pi z) - 1$. Choose the rectangle $\Gamma$ with ...
0
votes
0answers
25 views

What advanced methods in contour integration are there?

It is well known how to evaluate a definite integral like $$ \int_{0}^\infty dx\, R(x), $$ where $R$ is a rational function, using contour integration around a semicircle or a keyhole. Most complex ...
1
vote
3answers
78 views

Guidance or advice with $I=\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{1}{4+\cos t}dt$

Let $$ \begin{align} I=\int_0^{2\pi}\frac{1}{4+\cos t}dt \end{align} $$ I would like to evaluate this integral using cauchhy's Integral formula, I understand that I have to convert this into a form ...
10
votes
3answers
160 views

Scary contour integral, but is also an integral representation for $\Gamma$-function

This problem is supposed to be from an old Acta Mathematica volume I circa 1880's, and is attributed to Bourguet. By using a parabola with its focus on the origin as a contour, show that: ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Integrating $\int_0^1 dx\,\ln(x-a)/(x-b)$ paying attention to cuts.

I am trying to compute the following integral, for complex $a$ and $b$ $$\int ^1 _0 dx \frac{\ln(x-a)}{x-b}$$ by turning it into something in terms of dilogarithms. But for certain values of $a$ ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

Choose appropriate contour for a complex integral

I have a problem to solve integral $$ I = \int^{\infty}_0 \frac{\mathrm{d}x}{(x-z)(1+x^2)^{\kappa+2}} $$ I can solve the same integral with borders $-\infty$ to $\infty$ using residue theorem but ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Conditions for changing the order of integration for contour integral.

I assume an integral $$I=\int_0^\infty f(x)g(x)\mathrm dx \tag{1}$$ where the function $f(x)$ can be represented as a contour integral in complex plane: $$f(x)=\oint_\Delta ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Definite integrals with complex analysis

Can anyone explain me why: $$\int_{C_r}\frac{1}{z} \mathrm{d}z+\int_{C_r}\frac{e^{iz}-1}{z}\mathrm{d}z\stackrel{r \to 0^+}{=}\pi i$$ $C_r$ is half circle from $r$ to $-r$
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Contour integral $\int^\pi_{-\pi}(a-\cos\theta)^b\exp(c\cos\theta)d\theta$ assuming $a>1$, $b>0$, $c>0$

Under the condition $a>1$, $b>0$, $c>0$, is there any good function to express the following integral? $$ \int^\pi_{-\pi}\left(a-\cos\theta\right)^b\exp\left(c\cos\theta\right)d\theta $$ I ...
5
votes
1answer
172 views

Evaluate: $\int_{W(-1/\gamma)}^{W(1/\gamma)}\frac{e^{-u} \,\text{d}u}{\sqrt{1-(\gamma u e^{u})^2}}$

Evaluate the integral $$ P(\gamma)=\int_{W(-1/\gamma)}^{W(1/\gamma)}\frac{e^{-u} \,\text{d}u}{\sqrt{1-(\gamma u e^{u})^2}} $$ where $\gamma$ is a real number not equal to $0$ and has whatever ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Complex Integral - exponential divided by a monomial

How does one solve integrals like this- $$I=\int^\beta_0 dx \frac{\exp(i\omega_nx)}{x-a}$$ where $\omega_n=\frac{\pi n}{\beta} $. EDIT: $\beta$ is a finite, real ...
8
votes
3answers
197 views

Generalised Integral $I_n=\displaystyle \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{x^n}{\sin ^n x} \ \mathrm{d}x, \quad n\in \mathbb{Z}^+.$

I have this integral, $$I_n=\displaystyle \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{x^n}{\sin ^n x} \ \mathrm{d}x, \qquad n\in \mathbb{Z}^+.$$ We have the results $$ \begin{align} I_1 & = 2C, \\ I_2 &= \pi\log 2, ...
12
votes
3answers
321 views

Integral $\displaystyle \int_0^{\infty} \frac{\log x}{\cosh^2x} \ \mathrm{d}x = \log\frac {\pi}4- \gamma$

Inspired by the user @Integrals, I thought I'd find some nice integrals! Especially interesting are those involving $\log \pi$. From Borwein and Devlin's "The Computer as Crucible", pg. 58 - show that ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

integrate a difficult function

I can't solve it. please help! I tried everything. Integration by parts - doesn't work. but maybe I didnt do it right. I tried to substitute , but I'm stuck. $$\int \frac{x}{\cos x}\sin(\tan ...
6
votes
0answers
214 views

Integral $\int_0^{\pi/2} \theta^2 \log ^4(2\cos \theta) d\theta =\frac{33\pi^7}{4480}+\frac{3\pi}{2}\zeta^2(3)$

$$ I=\int_0^{\pi/2} \theta^2 \log ^4(2\cos \theta) d\theta =\frac{33\pi^7}{4480}+\frac{3\pi}{2}\zeta^2(3). $$ Note $\zeta(3)$ is given by $$ \zeta(3)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^3}. $$ I have a ...
7
votes
4answers
233 views

Integral $I=\int_0^1\frac{\ln x}{x^n-1}dx$

Hi I am trying to obtain a closed form for$$ I_n=\int_0^1\frac{\ln x}{x^n-1}dx, \quad n\geq 1. $$ This integral is quite nice and generates many other known closed form results such as $$ ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Integral $I=\int_0^1 \frac{\arctan\big(\sqrt{x^2 + 2}\big)}{\sqrt{x^2 + 2}(x^2 + 1)}dx$ [duplicate]

Hi I'm trying to show that $$ I=\int_0^1 \frac{\arctan\big(\sqrt{x^2 + 2}\big)}{\sqrt{x^2 + 2}(x^2 + 1)}dx=\frac{5\pi^2}{96}. $$ We can try the substitution $u=(x^2+2)^{1/2}, du=x(2+x^2)^{-1/2}dx$ ...
14
votes
1answer
398 views

Integral $\frac{1}{\pi}\int_0^{\pi/3}\log\big( \mu(\theta)+\sqrt{\mu^2(\theta)-1} \big)\ d\theta, \quad \mu(\theta)=\frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2}.$

Hi I am trying to calculate this integral: $$ I=\frac{1}{\pi}\int_0^{\pi/3}\log\left( \frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2}+\sqrt{\bigg( \frac{1+2\cos\theta}{2} \bigg)^2-1} \right)\ d\theta. $$ The ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Complex contour integral with sign function:$-i \int \limits_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{{\rm sgn}(x)^2 ~x~ e^{i x}}{1+ax^2} dp$

I am trying to evaluate the integral: $-i \int \limits_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{{\rm sgn}(x)^2 ~x~ e^{i x}}{1+ax^2} dx$ with sgn$(x)$ the sign function and $a$ positive real. Naively applying the ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

LogSine Integrals $\int_0^{\pi/3}\theta \ln^2\big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d\theta$.

Hi this will soon end my posts on Log Sine integrals, and we can progress into other classes of integrals. The log sine integral I am trying to calculate is given by $$ ...
3
votes
1answer
93 views

$\frac{5\pi^3}{154}=\int_{\pi/6}^{\pi/2}\bigg[\Re\big(\text{Li}_2(4\sin^2\theta)\big) +\text{Li}_2\bigg(\frac{1}{4\sin^2\theta}\bigg) \bigg]d\theta$

I am trying to prove $$ \int_{\pi/6}^{\pi/2}\bigg[\Re\big(\text{Li}_2(4\sin^2\theta)\big) +\text{Li}_2\bigg(\frac{1}{4\sin^2\theta}\bigg) \bigg]d\theta=\frac{5\pi^3}{54}. $$ Clearly, this closed form ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

LogSine Integral $\int_0^{\pi/3}\ln^n\big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d\theta$

I am trying to integrate the Log Sine Integral: $$ Ls_{n+1}=-\int_0^{\pi/3}\bigg[\ln\big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)\bigg]^nd\theta $$ where $n$ is a non-negative integer. This problem is strongly ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

LogSine Moments $\int_0^\sigma \theta^k \ln^{n-1-k}\big| 2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big|d\theta$

This integral is known as the moments for the generalized log-sine integrals. The notation I am using is similar to Lewin and what he used in the 1950's-1980's. $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

LogSine Generating Fn $ \int_0^\pi \big(2\sin\frac{\theta}{2}\big)^x e^{\theta y} d\theta$

This is related to generating functions for Ls (Log Sine Integrals.) I am trying to calculate $$ \int_{0}^{\pi}\left[2\sin\left(\theta \over 2\right)\right]^{x} {\rm e}^{\theta y}\,{\rm d}\theta. $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

LogSine Integral $I=-\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\big(2\cos \frac{\theta}{2}\big) d\theta$

These are known as LogSine integrals at $2\pi/3$, so I will call the integral Ls as this is common in the literature. I am trying to prove $$ Ls=-\int_0^{\pi/3} \ln^2\big(2\cos \frac{\theta}{2}\big) ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Integrate $I=\int_0^{\pi/2}x^2\ln(\sinh x)\ln(\cosh x)dx$

Hi I am trying to evaluate the integral $$I=\int_0^{\pi/2}x^2\ln(\sinh x)\ln(\cosh x)dx.$$ Note we can write the integrand as $$ x^2 \ln\big(\frac{e^x-e^{-x}}{2}\big) ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Integrate $\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cosh\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta$

Hello I am trying to integrate $$ I=\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cosh\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta $$ which is similar to Integral...$\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cos\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d ...
2
votes
2answers
188 views

Integral $\int_0^{\pi/2}dx\ln \sinh x$

$$ I_1=\int_0^{\pi/2}dx\ln \sinh x,\quad I_2=\int_0^{\pi/2}dx\ln \cosh x, \quad I_1\neq I_2. $$ I am trying to calculate these integrals. We know the similar looking integrals $$ \int_0^{\pi/2}dx\ln ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n}{(x^2+\alpha^2)^2(e^x-1)^2}dx$

Hey I am trying to integrate $$ I_n:=\int_0^\infty \frac{x^n}{(x^2+\alpha^2)^2(e^x-1)^2}dx,\quad \alpha,n \geq 1. $$ Thanks. This integral is old. I am also looking for literature on these integrals ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Integration of trigonometric functions times a simple rational function using residues

In the course of my research I have found a few integrals that I would like to have closed-form answers to: $$\int_{c- i \infty}^{c+ i \infty} \frac{1}{z-1} \frac{8 \pi^4 \cot{ \big( \frac{\pi}{6} z ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

Integral$\int_{-\infty}^\infty x^{2n} e^{-\beta (x^2+\cos x+\alpha x)}dx$

Hi I am trying to integrate $$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty\int_{-\infty}^\infty (xy)^{2n}\exp\left({-\beta(x^2+y^2+\cos x+\alpha x+iy)}\right)dxdy \quad \alpha,\beta,n >0. $$ These integrals can be ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Integral $\int_{-\infty}^\infty dx e^{-nx^2/2}(z-ix)^n$

$$ I\equiv\mathcal{F}_n(z)=\int_{-\infty}^\infty dx e^{-nx^2/2}(z-ix)^n. $$ Evaluate I for $n \to \infty$ and z real. We can consider $z\geq 0$ due to the symmetry of $\mathcal{F}$ given by $$ ...
3
votes
0answers
108 views

Integral $ \int_0^\infty \frac{x^n\ln x}{(x^2+\alpha^2)^2(e^x-1)}dx$

Hey I am trying to integrate $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{x^n\ln x}{(x^2+\alpha^2)^2(e^x-1)}dx,\quad \alpha,n \in \mathbb{R}^{0+}. $$ This integral is old. I am also looking for literature on these ...
4
votes
1answer
316 views

Integrate $ \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{x^{2p}}{1+\cos^2x}dx $

Hi I am trying to come up with a closed form expression for $$ \int_0^{\pi/2} \frac{x^{2p}}{1+\cos^2x}dx,\quad p\geq 0. $$ I am interested in this general case in terms of p. For small p, we can ...
1
vote
0answers
79 views

Integrate $ \int_0^{\phi_0} \arctan \sqrt{\frac{\cos \phi+1}{\alpha \cos \phi +\beta}}d\phi$

EDIT/UPDATE: I DO NOT NEED A SOLUTION. SEE SOS440 COMMENT FOR A FULL DETAILED SOLUTION. Hi I am trying to integrate $$ \int_0^{\phi_0} \arctan \sqrt{\frac{\cos \phi+1}{\alpha \cos \phi +\beta}}d\phi, ...
4
votes
2answers
141 views

Integral $ \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2} \frac{1}{2007^x+1}\cdot \frac{\sin^{2008}x}{\sin^{2008}x+\cos^{2008}x}dx $

I am trying to solve this integral $$ \int_{-\pi/2}^{\pi/2} \frac{1}{2007^x+1}\cdot \frac{\sin^{2008}x}{\sin^{2008}x+\cos^{2008}x}dx $$ A closed form does exist despite the looks of the integrand. ...
2
votes
3answers
118 views

Integrate $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{x}}{e^{(x-\alpha)\beta}+1}dx$

I need to solve for the parameter $\alpha$ after I calculate the integral.$$ \mathcal{R}(\alpha,\beta)=\int_0^\infty \frac{\sqrt{x}}{e^{(x-\alpha)\beta}+1}dx, \ \ \beta >0 $$ The result of this ...
6
votes
1answer
99 views

Integral $I=\int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+x) Li_2 (-x)}{x^{3/2}} dx$

Hello can you please help me solve this integral $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+x) Li_2 (-x)}{x^{3/2}} dx=-\frac{2\pi}{3}(\pi^2+24\ln 2). $$ I am trying to work through all logarithmic integrals. Note, ...
10
votes
4answers
293 views

Integrate $ \int_0^\infty \frac{ \ln^2(1+x)}{x^{3/2}} dx=8\pi \ln 2$

I am trying to evaluate this integral. $$ I=\int_0^\infty \frac{ \ln^2(1+x)}{x^{3/2}} dx=8\pi \ln 2 $$ Note $$ \ln(1+x)=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(-1)^{n+1}x^n}{n}, \ |x| < 1. $$ I was trying to do ...
10
votes
3answers
356 views

Integral $I=\int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+x)\ln(1+x^{-2})}{x} dx$

Hi I am stuck on showing that $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+x)\ln(1+x^{-2})}{x} dx=\pi G-\frac{3\zeta(3)}{8} $$ where G is the Catalan constant and $\zeta(3)$ is the Riemann zeta function. Explictly ...
7
votes
2answers
130 views

Integral $I=\int_0^\infty \frac{e^{\alpha x}-e^{\beta x}}{x(e^{\alpha x}+1)(e^{\beta x}+1)}dx, \ \ \alpha>\beta>0. $

$$ I(\alpha,\beta)=\int_0^\infty \frac{e^{\alpha x}-e^{\beta x}}{x(e^{\alpha x}+1)(e^{\beta x}+1)}dx, \ \ \alpha>\beta>0. $$ I am trying to solve this integral. This is from the old high school ...
6
votes
2answers
132 views

Integrating $ \int_2^4 \frac{ \sqrt{\ln(9-x)} }{ \sqrt{\ln(9-x)}+\sqrt{\ln(x+3)} } dx. $

Compute $$ \int_2^4 \frac{ \sqrt{\ln(9-x)} }{ \sqrt{\ln(9-x)}+\sqrt{\ln(x+3)} } dx. $$ I am not sure how to start this one...I am thinking of a substitution to get started.
7
votes
2answers
261 views

Integral $ \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+\sigma x)\ln(1+\omega x^2)}{x^3}dx$

Hello there I am trying to calculate $$ \int_0^\infty \frac{\ln(1+\sigma x)\ln(1+\omega x^2)}{x^3}dx $$ NOT using mathematica, matlab, etc. We are given that $\sigma, \omega$ are complex. Note, the ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

Integral $ \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{ikx}}{x^{3/2}}dx$

Hi I'm trying to solve this integral Fourier Transform $$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{ikx}}{x^{3/2}}dx=\sqrt{2\pi|k|}(1+i) (-1+\text{sgn}(k)) $$ where sgn(k)$=1$ for k>1 and $-1$ for k<1. I am ...
3
votes
2answers
153 views

Integral $\int_0^a \ln \left( \frac{b-\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}{b+\sqrt{a^2-x^2}} \right)dx$

Hi I am trying to calculate, $$ \int_0^a \ln \left( \frac{b-\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}{b+\sqrt{a^2-x^2}} \right)dx $$ where $a,b$ are positive real constants. I Know $\ln(xy)=\ln x +\ln y$, but I do not ...
5
votes
2answers
170 views

Integral $ \int_0^1 \frac{\ln \ln (1/x)}{1+x^{2p}} dx$…Definite Integral

Calculate $$ I_1:=\int_0^1 \frac{\ln \ln (1/x)}{1+x^{2p}} dx, \ p \geq 1. $$ I am trying to solve this integral $I_1$. I know how to solve a related integral $I_2$ $$ I_2:=\int_0^1 \frac{\ln \ln ...
4
votes
0answers
168 views

Integral $=\int_0^\infty x^{\alpha -1}Li_n (-\sigma x) Li_m(-\omega x^r)dx$.

I am trying to calculate an integral that can be expressed in terms of infinite hypergeometric series by using transforms and Residue method, the integral is $$ ...
6
votes
4answers
119 views

Computing $\int_0^\infty\mathrm{d} x\frac{x}{e^x+1}$ with contour integration

Let's set: $$ \int_0^\infty\mathrm{d}x\frac{x}{e^x+1}=I. $$ I would like to compute it using, presumably, the methods of complex analysis and contour integration.
11
votes
2answers
403 views

Integral $\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cos\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta$.

I am trying to calculate $$ I=\frac{1}{\pi}\int_0^\pi \theta^2 \ln^2\big(2\cos\frac{\theta}{2}\big)d \theta=\frac{11\pi^4}{180}=\frac{11\zeta(4)}{2}. $$ Note, we can expand the log in the integral to ...
2
votes
1answer
33 views

Is there no analytic form of $\int_b^c\frac{\sqrt{x}e^x\text{erfc}(\sqrt{x})}{\sqrt{a-x}}dx$ ?

I am trying to find an analytic answer for $\int_b^c\frac{\sqrt{x}e^x\text{erfc}(\sqrt{x})}{\sqrt{a-x}}dx$ but it doesn't seem to be in any of the integral tables that I've looked in. I don't think ...