Intuitively, a continuous function is one where small changes of input result in correspondingly small changes of output. Use this tag for questions involving this concept. As there are many mathematical formalizations of continuity, please also use an appropriate subject tag such as (real-analysis) ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

11
votes
0answers
122 views

Prove that $f_n(x)=\frac{x}{n}$, $n=1,2,\ldots$ does not converge uniformly on $\mathbb{R}$

Prove that $f_n(x)=\frac{x}{n}$, $n=1,2,\ldots$ does not converge uniformly on $\mathbb{R}$. It's clear this function converges pointwise to $0$ function. We have to show that there is ...
9
votes
0answers
147 views

Is a pathwise-continuous function continuous?

Suppose that $X$ is a locally connected and simply connected space and $f:X\to Y$ is a function such that for every path $\phi:[a,b]\to X$ the composition $f\circ\phi$ is continuous. Does it follow ...
9
votes
0answers
224 views

If a map between separable Banach spaces has closed graph, does it have a point of continuity?

It is well known that the closed graph theorem does not directly extend to nonlinear maps: even for functions from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{R}$, having closed graph does not imply continuity. But ...
7
votes
0answers
86 views

Uniqueness of the transformation turning random variables into IID uniform

We have two random variable $X:\Omega \to \mathbb R $ and $Y: \Omega \to \mathbb R^d, d \in \mathbb N$, $F_Y$ is the density function of $Y$ and $F_{X|Y=y}$ is a regular density function of $X$ ...
7
votes
0answers
205 views

A sequence of functions that is uniformly continuous, pointwise equicontinuous, but not uniformly equicontinuous when their domain is noncompact

I'm trying to prove my sequence of functions $(f_n) = \frac{n}{n+1}\cos(x^2)$ on (0,1) is pointwise equicontinuous, uniformly continuous, but not uniformly equicontinuous. But, I'm having a lot of ...
6
votes
0answers
145 views

Proving the function $ f $ is continuous on $ [0,1] $

I'm trying to prove that the following function $ f $ is continuous on $ [0,1] $. The function $ f:[0,1]\rightarrow [0,1] $ is defined as follows. Let $ x\in [0,1] $. Then $ x= \sum\limits_{n = ...
6
votes
0answers
206 views

the continuity of argmin on convex funtion

Define $$x'=\text{argmin}_{x_1}f(x_1,\lambda),$$ where $f$ is a strictly convex function on $x_1$ and $\lambda$. I would like to ask if there is any theorem about the continuity of $x'$ w.r.t ...
6
votes
0answers
236 views

Is there a continuous nowhere Lanczos generalized differentiable function?

The Lanczos generalized derivative comes from local regression, and is described in this pdf. (You do not need to read that to understand my questions.) If you do read it, observe that I'm pulling ...
5
votes
0answers
65 views

An open ball in $C[0, + \infty)$

Consider the space $C[0, +\infty)$ of all continuous, real-valued functions on $[0, + \infty)$ with metric $$ d( \omega_1, \omega_2 ) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{2^n} \max_{t \in [0,n]} ( \min ...
5
votes
0answers
106 views

Properties of first-countable spaces

Hi I have questions regarding first-countable spaces. I just want to confirm something: The following are properties regarding limits and continuity of first countable spaces on Wikipedia: If $f$ ...
5
votes
0answers
189 views

Sufficient conditions for closed infinite pasting lemma

It's well known that the pasting lemma for infinitely many closed sets is false. It's reasonably easy to cook up examples such that for $X = \bigcup X_i$ with $X_i$ closed in $X$ such that $\left. ...
5
votes
0answers
170 views

Functions from the Cantor set

Consider the Cantor set $\Delta\subset [0,1]$. Let $f\colon \Delta\to [0,\infty)$ be a continuous injection. Must $f$ be monotone on some uncountable closed subset of $\Delta$? Note that that van der ...
5
votes
0answers
78 views

Proving continuity on spaces of distributions?

Let $\mathcal{D}'(\Omega)$ be the space of distributions on an open set $\Omega$, and $\mathcal{E}'(\Omega)$ the compactly supported ones. When you have a linear operator ...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

Periodic function with the capacity of being $g'' = \lambda g$

Related to the question : Eigenvalues of the circle over the Laplacian operator, what kind of periodic chart $c:(-\pi,\pi)\rightarrow S^1$ has the property that for a continuous function $f$, $g :=f ...
4
votes
0answers
81 views

A discontinuous function $f: X \rightarrow Y$ satisfying: for each closed ball $B$ of $Y, f^{-1}(B)$ is closed in $X$

Find a function $f: X \rightarrow Y$ between metric spaces $X$ and $Y$ that is not continuous but has the property that for each closed ball $B$ of $Y, f^{-1}(B)$ is closed in $X$ Solution Attempt: ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

$E$ compact, real-valued $f : E \to \mathbb{R}$ continuous iff graph is compact - is real valued necessary?

Problem The graph $G$ of $f$ is defined as the points $(x, f(x))$ for $x \in E$. Suppose $E \subset \mathbb{R}$ is compact, then $f : E \to \mathbb{R}$ is continuous iff its graph is compact. ...
4
votes
0answers
195 views

Differentiability-Related Condition that Implies Continuity

I previously asked a related question here that I did not phrase as I intended. This is a revision of that question: It is a well-known fact that differentiability implies continuity. And, for ...
4
votes
0answers
113 views

Why is this Takagi's function continuous?

1903 Takagi constructed the function $f: [0,1] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with $f(x) := \sum_{k=0}^\infty 2^{-k} \mathrm{dist}(2^k x, \mathbb{Z})$ where $\mathrm{dist}(x,A) := \inf\{|x-y| : y \in A\}$ ...
4
votes
0answers
2k views

Continuity on open and closed intervals

I will be taking Calculus I soon, and I just want to make sure I understand some concepts correctly. So far, reading my book for Calculus I, I've encountered the definition of continuity as being ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

Intuition on continuty in probability/mean square of a process

How to explain that a process is continuous in probability? I know the definition, but what does it mean? The same with continuity in mean square.
4
votes
0answers
95 views

Prove the intergral form of Lipschitz continuous

I just want to prove that a function from $\mathbb{R}$ to $\mathbb{R}$ is Lipschitz continuous, if and only if $\exists\, g\in L^p(\mathbb{R}) $ such that $\forall\, x, \, y $, $$f(y)-f(x)\le ...
4
votes
0answers
689 views

The Lebesgue Criterion for Riemann Integrability ā€” a proof without using the concept of oscillation.

I am trying to prove the Lebesgue Criterion for Riemann Integrability without using the concept of oscillation. The Lebesgue Criterion for Riemann Integrability states that if $ f: [a,b] \to ...
3
votes
0answers
26 views

Does a analytic joint distribution necessarily have continuous marginals?

Although the question actually popped up in a course about evolution equations, it seemed most natural to ask this in the context of joint distributions. Namely: Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are two ...
3
votes
0answers
46 views

Why is continuity permissible at endpoints but not differentiability?

Differentiable at endpoints? cause of differentiation only on an open set. Admittedly, there are some questions and answers as to why a function defined on a closed interval is not differentiable on ...
3
votes
0answers
117 views

Is this an equivalent definition of uniform continuity?

The motivation for this definition is that a main characteristic of functions defined on an interval which are continuous but not uniformly continuous is that the largest possible $\delta$ required ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

Is it okay if I considered $f$ as uniformly continuous and bounded on specific interval if $f$ is continuous?

Problem Suppose $f$ is continuous and $\phi$ is of bounded variation on $[a, b]$. Show that the function $\psi(x)=\int_a^xfd\phi$ is of bounded variation on $[a, b]$. If $g$ is continous on $[a, ...
3
votes
0answers
59 views

Bijective continuous map between $\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{R}^2$

I am currently attending a course on point-set topology and fundamental group. Today we proved in class that $\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{R}^2$ are not homeomorphic with their normal Hausdorff ...
3
votes
0answers
21 views

Convergence in the product of spaces of iteratively composed functions.

My question is a bit odd, in fact conceptually it is not difficult, only that it operates on objects that are complex (to me). I would like to check two types of convergence in the product of the ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

Continuity of maps between metric spaces

I want to determine for the following maps $A\rightarrow B$, for which points of $A$ the map is continuous: $(\mathbb{C},d_E)\rightarrow(\mathbb{C},d_E)$, $z\mapsto \left\{ ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

Composition of $C^ i$ functions

It is clear that the composition of two $C^i$ function is still a $C^i$. But my question is more about a kind of its reciprocal. Let's consider two open interval $I_1$ and $I_2$ in $\mathbb{R}$. ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Is it known whether the boundary of the Mandelbrot set is not continuous?

I might be missing something obvious here, but my understanding is that nobody currently knows whether the boundary of the Mandelbrot set is a Jordan curve because otherwise we would know that the ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Convergence for a improper integral $\int^b_a fg$

Let $f$ be continuous on [a,b) such that $\int^b_a f$ converges. If $g'$ is locally integrable and has a constant sign on [a,b), prove that $\int^b_a fg$ converges. Edit: We can assume that the limit ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Study $ h(x)= \sqrt{x^2-1}-x-3$

Let $g$ be the function defined by $$\begin{array}{lrcl} h : & [1;+\infty[ & \longrightarrow & \mathbb{R} \\ & x & \longmapsto & h(x)= \sqrt{x^2-1}-x-3 ...
3
votes
0answers
85 views

If $f$ is continuous on $[a,b]$ then $f$ is uniformly continuous on $[a,b]$.

So I want to prove that continuity on $[a,b]$ implies uniform continuity with only using the least upper bound property of the reals. I know the basic idea of this, but am getting confused with ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Why is $F$ continuous?

Why is the function: $F: P(\mathbb R) \to \mathbb R$, $F(X) = \int_X e^{-x} dx$ a continuous function? How to prove such a thing? Does it even make sense to talk about the continuity of such a ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Show that $\varphi : L \to \Bbb{R}$ is continuous.

Let $L,K$ be to compact metric spaces, let $f:K\times L \to \Bbb{R}$ be a continuous function. Define $\varphi : L \to \Bbb{R}$ as $\varphi(y)=\sup_{x\in K} f(x,y)$. Show that $\varphi$ is ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Prove that $f_n(x)$ is discontinuous at $x = 0$.

I am having problems with the following exercise, I am not sure if my procedure is correct. Exercise: Let $ \large f_n(x)=\left\{ \begin{array}{ll} 0 ~~~if~~x = 0 ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

When does the quotient metric is equivalent to the quotient topology?

Suppose that we have an equivalence relation $\sim$ in a topological metrizable space $(X,d).$ Then we can endow $X/\sim$ with the quotient topolgy. Also, under certains circunstances, there exists a ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Continuity of a function in a locally convex topological space

I endow the space of bounded sequences with a locally convex topology $\tau$ such that $\tau$ is strictly finer than the product topology (the topology of pointwise convergence), $\tau_p$, and ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Proof of Lipschitz continuous

Wikipedia says that an everywhere differentiable function g : R ā†’ R is Lipschitz continuous (with K = sup |gā€²(x)|) if it has bounded first derivative. How to prove that?
3
votes
0answers
26 views

Does having a real valued cauchy sequence on a function in a compact space imply the function is continous on that space?

I had to prove for a homework assignment this function $$ s_n(x) = \sum_{i=0}^n (-1)^i \frac{ x^{2i+1}}{(2i+1)!} $$ is a Cauchy sequence with respect to the sup norm for $$ s_n : [-M,M] ...
3
votes
0answers
2k views

The definition of continuously differentiable functions

When we say $f \in C^1$, we mean that f is continuously differentiable. Isn't the continuity a redundant word? I mean, we have a theorem that says if $f$ is differentiable then it is continuous. So ...
3
votes
0answers
40 views

What is the topological interpretation of continuity of distributions?

I was given this definition of continuity in the distributional sense. A distribution $T$ over the space of test functions $\mathcal{D}$ is continuous if for every sequence of test functions $\{ ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

For every $x \in [a,b] , \exists n_x\in \mathbb Z^+$ such that $f^{(n_x) }(x)=0$ ; then to prove $f$ is a polynomial in $[a,b]$

Let $f:[a,b] \to \mathbb R$ be a continuous function having derivatives of all order such that for every $x \in [a,b] , \exists n_x\in \mathbb Z^+$ such that $f^{(n_x) }(x)=0$ ; then how do I show ...
3
votes
0answers
454 views

Is the inverse function continuous at a fixed point?

Show that $f:I=(-1,1) \rightarrow \mathbb{R},$ it follows that $$ f(x)=\begin{cases} \quad1-x & \text{ as } -1<x\leq 0, \\ \frac{{x}^{-1}+ \lfloor {x}^{-1}\rfloor}{1+{x}^{-1}+\lfloor ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Showing points of continuity of a function f(x) that takes the value 1/n whenever x belongs to a sequence {An} and is zero elsewhere.

I am given a sequence $(An), n=1,2,3,...$ which consists of distinct numbers, which converges to $3$ as $n$ tends to infinity, but none of its terms are equal to $3$. Then I am given a function $f(x) ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Proposed proof of continuous operator on Sobolev space

Hi I am interested in a question about continuity: Assume that $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$ is bounded and consider operator $$f:W^{1,p}(\Omega) \times L^{p}(\Omega;\mathbb{R}^{n}) \rightarrow ...
3
votes
0answers
127 views

Proving continuity on Sobolev space with weak topology

Hi I am interested in proving that an operator $$\eta : W^{1,p}(\Omega) \times L^{p}(\Omega) \rightarrow L^{p'}(\Omega)$$ is (weak $\times$ norm, norm) continuous. I want to know if it is viable to ...
3
votes
0answers
62 views

Brownian motion, modifications vs indistinguishablity

In Protters book Stochastic Integration and Differential Equations And in uncountable other sources, they mention the continuous sample paths of the brownian motion. That is: It holds that ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Is there a continuous version of the Borel-Cantelli lemma?

Given a sequence of events $A_n$ for $n\in \mathbb N$, the first Borel Cantelli lemma states that, if the sum over all probabilities $\sum_{i=1}^n P(A_n)$ is finite, then the probability of the limes ...