Intuitively, a continuous function is one where small changes of input result in correspondingly small changes of output. Use this tag for questions involving this concept. As there are many mathematical formalizations of continuity, please also use an appropriate subject tag such as (real-analysis) ...

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

1
vote
1answer
42 views

Is a function with a random variable continuous?

I often like to fool around on graphing calculators when I am bored. A function that can be very amusing is $f(x) = rand \times \sin x$ Now, on my TI-84 Plus, this looks obviously discontinuous ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Given a continuous function f on $[a,b]$ such that $f([a,b])\subset [a,b]$, why does there exist an $x: g(x) \lt 0$ for $g(x)=f(x)-x$?

I'm trying to prove that for a function that is continuous on $[a,b]$, with $f([a,b] \subset [a,b]$ there exists a $c \in [a,b]: f(c)=c$. If you consider a function $g(x)=f(x)-x$ the result would ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Covering up discontinuities to create analyticity

The floor function, $\lfloor x \rfloor$ , has a "jump" at the integers where its derivative ceases to exist. Everywhere else, its derivative is zero. Now, I wish to multiply the floor function by ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Continuous function from R to a compact set

I know that a continuous function maps compact sets into compact sets. My question now is, are there continuous functions $f:{\mathbb R}\rightarrow I$, with $I=[a,b]$ ($a\neq b$)?
0
votes
1answer
99 views

Proof of the rank theorem in Rudin's PMA book

I am studying Rudin's proof of the rank theorem (theorem 9.32 in Principles of Mathematical Analysis.) We have an invertible function $H(x)$ defined on an open set. He claims we can "shrink" the open ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Prove that a function is continuous at x =0

I need to prove that $f$ continuous at $(x)=0$ using a $\epsilon$- proof $$ f(x) = \begin{cases} x/(1-x),&x\geq 0 \\ x/(1+x),&x \leq 0 \end{cases} $$ So this is what I have so far: Let ...
0
votes
1answer
19 views

Continuity along different spaces

1) Say I have a function that is continuous along $\mathbb{R}.$ Would that function be then continuous along $\mathbb{Q}$ ? How about the other way around? 2) If I have two functions that are not ...
1
vote
2answers
75 views

Examples of continuous non-transitive group actions

In studying topology, I encountered this problem: Let $S$ be a topological space and let $G$ be a topological group acting continuously on $S$ (group action as $G \times S \to S$ map is continuous). ...
1
vote
3answers
109 views

Is the function $f(x) = 1/x$ continuous?

A function f is mapped from the non-zero reals to the reals . We assume the natural topology to be induced on the domain. Then is the function f(x) = 1/x continuous ? EDIT Suppose I use this ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Proving $\cos$ is Lipschitz continuous with $L=\frac{\sqrt3}2$ on $[-\frac12,1]$, using $\frac{\sqrt3}2=\cos\frac\pi6=\sin\frac\pi3$

I'm working my way through some analysis exercises to gain a better understanding and I stumbled upon an exercise where I could really use a hint. The task is to show that the inequality $|\cos ...
2
votes
2answers
114 views

Show that the graph of $y=x^3\sin(\pi/x)$ extends to a smooth arc

Here's the problem: Let $y(x)$ be a real-valued function defined on the interval $x\in [0,1]$ by means of the equation $$y(x)= \left\{ \begin{array}{lr} x^3\sin(\frac{\pi}{x}) ...
1
vote
3answers
84 views

Proving that $\lim\limits_{ x \rightarrow 0}{f(g(x))}=f(\lim\limits_{ x \rightarrow 0}g(x))$ when $f$ is continuous.

$$\lim\limits_{ x \rightarrow 0}{f(g(x))}=f(\lim\limits_{ x \rightarrow 0}g(x))$$ I have seen this step in a derivation of a result which is not the point of interest here. The book wrote the ...
1
vote
1answer
97 views

Upper semicontinuous function and equivalent statements

Problem Let $f:\mathbb R^n \to \overline{\mathbb R}$, then the following statements are equivalent: (1) $f$ is upper semicontinuous; (2) for every $t \in \overline{\mathbb R}$, $\{x \in \mathbb ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Prove that $\mathbb{R} \times S^1$ is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R^2} \setminus \{(0,0)\}$

I need to prove that $\mathbb{R} \times S^1$ is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{R^2} \setminus \{(0,0)\}$. I define the map $h:\mathbb{R} \times S^1 \to \mathbb{R^2} \setminus \{(0,0)\}$ by ...
5
votes
3answers
97 views

Relation between continuous maps and convergence of sequences

I am studying metric spaces and I know that in a normed space $E$ a map $T:E \to E$ is contínuous if and only if $T(x_n) \to T(x)$ for every convergent sequence $x_n \to x$ in $E$. In my notes there ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

If a function is bounded and the variable is bounded, is the function continuous?

Suppose you have a function $f:C\to \mathbb R$ where $C$ is closed and bounded interval and $f$ is bounded. Does that mean $f$ is continuous? I know the other way around (if $f$ is continuous, $f$ ...
4
votes
3answers
70 views

Does continuity of $f$ imply $f^{-1}(\bar A)\subset\overline{f^{-1}(A)}$?

I'm struggling to prove or disprove that the continuity of $f$ implies $f^{-1}(\bar A)\subset\overline{f^{-1}(A)}$. $f:X\to Y$ is a map between metric spaces $(X,d),(Y,d')$ while $\bar M$ denotes the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Proving Continuity and equivalence

I have posted ths on the Quant Finance page as it is part of a QF problem but realised I may get a swifter response here! Iam working on a problem where I have successfully reduced a version of Black ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

If a function is both upper and lower semicontinuous, does it have to be continuous?

I am looking for an example of a function which is both upper and lower semi continuous but is not continuous. I have an example: $$f(x):=\begin{cases} 1 & \mathrm{if}\; x < 1,\\[7pt] ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Question on continuity with [x]

given the function $f(x)=\frac{2[x]}{3x-[x]}$ the question is to find continuity of the function at $x=1$ and $x=\frac{-1}{2}$ note: [x] denotes the largest integer which is less than or equal to x. ...
5
votes
0answers
66 views

Properties of first-countable spaces

Hi I have questions regarding first-countable spaces. I just want to confirm something: The following are properties regarding limits and continuity of first countable spaces on Wikipedia: If $f$ ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Measure derivatives and the chain rule

Let $\mu$ and $\lambda$ be Radon measures on $\mathbb{R^n}$ such that $\mu << \lambda$. Prove that $\displaystyle \int D(\mu,\lambda,x)^2 d\lambda x= \int D(\mu,\lambda,x)d\mu x$. Is it ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

how to find uniform continuity

I have some questions on continuity. What is the difference between continuous and uniformly continuous function? Please explain with this question. Find $f(x)=x^2$ is uniformly continous on ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

How many continuous functions are differentiable? [duplicate]

Consider the set of continuous functions $\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$. I assume that the subset that are not everywhere differentiable accounts for almost all of them. Is this true? What is the precise ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Question about writing a proof with continuous functions [duplicate]

How would I write a proof for this example? We know that all polynomial functions on the reals are continuous by using the sequential definition of continuity. In particular, we know that the ...
2
votes
1answer
77 views

Does differentiability imply absolute continuity? [duplicate]

Suppose $f:[a,b] \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is a function which is (i) differentiable at all $x \in (a,b)$ (ii) the right-derivative at $x=a$ exists and the left-derivative at $x=b$ exists. Does it ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Direct proof of uniform continuity on compact set

I've looked in several books for a direct proof of the theorem that says if a function is continuous on a compact set, then it is uniformly continuous. I've only found proofs that argue by ...
8
votes
1answer
556 views

Where is the error in my proof that all derivatives are continuous?

I know that this can not be true due to counter-examples but I don't know where the error in my reasoning is. Assumption: If $f(x)$ is differentiable in $\mathbb{R}$ then the derivative $f'(x)$ is ...
1
vote
2answers
205 views

Epsilon-Delta continuity definition for straight lines parallel to axes

I am taking a course on real analysis online and I encountered the $\epsilon-\delta$ definition for a function to be continuous. But I wonder if I can apply it to functions which are straight lines ...
2
votes
1answer
115 views

A continuous function that attains neither its minimum nor its maximum at any open interval is monotone

Let $f: \mathbb R\to \mathbb R$ be a continuous function such that $f$ attains neither its minimum nor its maximum at any open interval $I \subseteq \mathbb R$ , then how to prove that $f$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
82 views

Are the family of given nice functions $f\subset C^0(I,[0,1])$ equicontinuous?

The family of continuous, bounded (in $[0,1]$) functions $f\in\mathcal{F}$ are defined on a closed subset of real numbers $I\subset\mathbb{R}$ as follows: \begin{equation} f(y) = \begin{cases} 0, ...
0
votes
1answer
65 views

Are the family of functions $C^0(I,[0,1])$ equicontinuous?

I searched but couldn't find. Are the family of continuous functions $C^0(I,[0,1])$ equicontinuous for the finite interval $I\subset\mathbb{R}$? To claim this, I guess for every $\epsilon>0$ ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

What is the difference between the terms smooth, analytical e continuous?

I saw the following (“roughly speaking”, like the author says) definition of a Lie group in ‘Group theory in Physics’, by Wu-Ki Tung: “Roughly speaking, a Lie group is an infinite group whose ...
1
vote
1answer
170 views

$C^0$ is a closed subspace of $L^{\infty}$

Let $\Omega\subset\mathbb{R}^n$ be an open bounded set. Let $f\in C^0(\bar\Omega)$. I have to prove that $\|f\|_{\infty}=\|f\|_{L^{\infty}}$. One implication is trivial. Let's consider the other one. ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Is $f(x) = \left(x^2 + \lfloor x^2\rfloor\right) \sin (2 \pi x)$ continuous?

Let $f \colon [0, \infty) \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ is given as $f(x) = \left(x^2 + \lfloor x^2\rfloor\right) \sin (2 \pi x)$. Then can we comment on the continuity of $f$? Here $\lfloor x\rfloor$ is ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

(Dis)continuity of function in $R^2$

$$f(x,y) = \begin{cases} a+2x^{2}-b(y-c), & x^{2}>2+x\wedge y<6\\ 3+cx-y, & else \end{cases}$$ $f(x,y)$ is continuous on $R^2$ if $a=-3, b=1, c=2$ I think it's true: insert ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

What is the definition of this set of absolutely continuous function

I know that $$AC(a,b):=\left\{f \in C(a,b)|f(x) = f(c)+\int_c^x g(t) d \lambda(t),c \in (a,b), g \in L^1_{\text{loc}}(a,b)\right\}$$ $$AC[a,b]:=\left\{f \in C[a,b]|f(x) = f(c)+\int_a^x g(t) d ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Solutions depending on something continuously

Let $V$ be a a real Banach space, $K \subset V$ a closed convex set, $A: K \rightarrow V^{*}$ a (nonlinear) operator and $F \in V^{*}$. Then the variational inequality is the following problem: find ...
4
votes
4answers
134 views

If $f(x)$ is discontinuous at $x=0$, can $\int_{-1}^1 f(x)dx$ exist.

I am interested in the reasoning. All help is appreciated
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Are there standard parameters for the Weierstrass nowhere differentiable function?

On Wikipedia, the Weierstass non-differentiable function is defined as: $$f(x)=\sum^{\infty}_{n=0}a^n\cos(b^n\pi x)$$ where $0<a<1$, $0<b$, and $ab>1+\frac 32 \pi$ Since it seems like, ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

In the semi linear uniform space

In the semi linear uniform space, If $f$ is a function from $(X ,Γ_X)$ to ($Y,Γ_Y)$ where $f(x_n)$ converges to $f(x)$ whenever $x_n$ converges to $x$,show that $f$ is continuous at $x$.
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Well-Posedness PDE of the Form $\partial_t u = P(\partial_x) u$ for a Polynomial $P$

My question is to determine whether the PDE $\partial_t u = P(\partial_x) u$, with $2\pi$-periodic boundary conditions, for a polynomial $P$, is well-posed; this depends on the polynomial, and my ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Problem related to Mean Value Theorem

I found out a question that I can't figure out a way to solve it. Plz can anyone help me. Question is, Prove that $\exists\,C\in(0,\pi/4)\,\mathrm{s.t.}\,\tan(\pi/4+C)=3/C$ I know this should be ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Parameter-dependent integral: Is the following statement true?

Is the following statement true? If so, could anyone provide a reference? Suppose $f(x, \alpha)$ is continuous on $(a, b) \times \{\alpha_0\}$. If there exists $g(x)$ which is continuous on $(a, b)$, ...
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Is my proof correct? Finite-dimensional normed vector spaces

I'm trying to prove that every finite-dimensional normed space is topological isomorphic to $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $(E,\|\cdot\|_E)$ such that $dimE=n$ and let $$ T:\mathbb{R}^n\to E\\ x\mapsto ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Continuity of a map to a Frechet space

Let $(A,\| \cdot \|)$ be a normed space and $B$ be a Frechet space equipped with a family $\{ p_k \}_{k \in \mathbb{N}}$ of seminorms. Let $\phi: A \to B$ be a linear transformation satisfying the ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Requirements for integration by parts/ Divergence theorem

In order to use the integration by parts formula(or more generally the divergence theorem) for functions of several variables $$\int_{\Omega} \nabla u\cdot v d \Omega = \int_{\partial \Omega}(u(v ...
2
votes
2answers
53 views

Requirement for continuity of unit normal vector

When considering a subset $\Omega \subset \mathbb{R}^{n}$. If we consider $\nu$, the outward unit surface normal to $\partial \Omega$, what are the requirements of $\partial \Omega$ which will ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Sequence problem dealing with continuity and convergence.

I need help in this question. I figured out a way to solve the question but not sure the proof is valid. This is the question, Given $a \in\mathbb{R}$, and a function ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Continuity basic understanding

I have been asked to figure out if they are continuos or discontinues or left or right con/discon for the point -2. -1. 0. 1. 2. , where the function g(x) has domian[-2,2]. I just do not get it. As ...