# Tagged Questions

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### On a differential equation problem of international mathematical competition for university students

I am trying to solve problem 2 of this competition: http://www.imc-math.org.uk/imc2009/imc2009-day2-solutions.pdf I have other thought but i couldn't fill in the detail. Consider the initial value ...
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### determing constant in inequality with nonnegative numbers

Let $r \geq 1$ be an integer. Prove that there exists a constant $C_r = C(r)>0$ such that for any non-negative real numbers $a_1, a_2, \cdots, a_n \in [0, \infty)$ the following inequality ...
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### Find all differentiable functions $f:[0;2] \to \Bbb{R}$ such that $\int_{0}^{2}xf(x)dx=f(0)+f(2)$

Find all differentiable functions $f:[0;2] \to \Bbb{R}$, with $f'$ continuous, such that the function $e^{-x}f(x)$ is decreasing on $[0;1]$ and increasing on $[1;2]$, and ...
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### Let $f: \Bbb{R} \to [0; \infty)$ .Prove that $\forall n \in \Bbb{N}$ $\forall y \in \Bbb{R}$ $\exists t=t(n;y)$ such that $\int_{y}^{t}f(x)dx=n$

The problem goes like this: Let $f: \Bbb{R} \to [0; \infty)$ be a continuous function such that $\lim_{x \to \infty}f(x)=\infty$. Prove that $\forall n \in \Bbb{N^{*}}$ and $\forall y \in \Bbb{R}$ ...
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### $f:\mathbb{R}\to \mathbb{R}$ continuous and $\lim_{h \to 0^{+}} \frac{f(x+2h)-f(x+h)}{h}=0$ $\implies f=$ constant.

Let $f:\mathbb{R} \to \mathbb{R}$ be a continuous function with the property that $$\lim_{h \to 0^{+}} \dfrac{f(x+2h)-f(x+h)}{h}=0$$ for all $x \in \mathbb{R}$. Prove that $f$ is constant.
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### Product identities

I need to use the following identities for poisson integral but i can't guz i don't know how to prove them. $$\alpha^{2n}-1=\prod_{k=0}^{k=2n-1}(\alpha-e^{i\frac{2k\pi}{2n}})$$ ...
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### Find functions such that under the Cartesian coordinate system $F(x, y) = f(x) g(y)$ but under the polar coordinate system $F(x, y) = h(r)$.

Find all non-constant function $F(x, y)\in C^2(\mathbb{R}^2)$ such that under the Cartesian coordinate system $F(x, y) = f(x)  g(y)$ but under the polar coordinate system $F(x, y) = h(r)$. My ...
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### Suppose for all $n$, $a_{n+1}\le a_n + \frac1{n^p}$. Find all positive $p$ such that we can guarantee $\{a_n\}$ always converge.

Let $\{a_n\}$ be any sequence of positive real numbers. Suppose for all $n$, $a_{n+1}\le a_n + \frac1{n^p}$. Find all positive $p$ such that we can guarantee $\{a_n\}$ always converge. For example, ...
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### Minimum difference of roots of a polynomial and its derivative

Let $P(x) = (x-x_1)(x-x_2)...(x-x_n)$ where all the n roots are real and distinct. Let $y_1,y_2,...,y_{n-1}$ be the roots of $P'$. Show that $\min_{i\neq j}|x_i-x_j|<\min_{i\neq j}|y_i-y_j|$. My ...