Use this tag if your question is about a well-known conjecture or a conjecture of your own.

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175 views

Proving there exists prime numbers between the squares of prime numbers

Conjecture: $\forall $ $p_{n}$, $p_{n+1} \in \mathbb{P}$, $\:$ $p^2_{n+1} = p^2_{n} +\omega_{n} p_{n} + \phi_{n} : \phi_{n} , \omega_{n} \in \mathbb{N} $ and $ \phi_{n} < p_{n}$, $\:$ ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Does there exist a prime number within the interval?

Conjecture $\forall p_{n}\in \mathbb{P} : n\geq3, \: \exists p_{m}\in \mathbb{P} : 3p_{n} - 4 \geq p_{m} > \sqrt{2(p^2_{n+1} - 1)} $ How would you go about proving/disproving this?
5
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1answer
179 views

A conjecture about the difference between consecutive primes with respect to a prime number squared.

Conjecture If we have two consecutive prime numbers $p_{a}$ and $p_{a+1}$, and two other consecutive primes $p_n$ and $p_{n+1}$, so that $p_{a} < p_{a+1} < p^2_{n+1}$, then $p_{a+1} - ...
1
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1answer
134 views

The name and proof of a conjecture on prime intervals

Conjecture: There exists at least one prime number $p_{m}$ : $ap_{n} < p_{m} < (a+1)p_{n}$, $\forall$ $a \in \mathbb{N}$ and $\forall$ $p_{n}$ $\in \mathbb{P} $ if $(a+1)p_{n} < ...
47
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1answer
2k views

Conjecture $\int_0^1\frac{\mathrm dx}{\sqrt{1-x}\ \sqrt[4]x\ \sqrt[4]{2-x\,\sqrt3}}\stackrel?=\frac{2\,\sqrt2}{3\,\sqrt[8]3}\pi$

$$\int_0^1\frac{\mathrm dx}{\sqrt{1-x}\ \sqrt[4]x\ \sqrt[4]{2-x\,\sqrt3}}\stackrel?=\frac{2\,\sqrt2}{3\,\sqrt[8]3}\pi\tag1$$ The equality numerically holds up to at least $10^4$ decimal digits. ...
53
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2answers
2k views

Conjecture $\int_0^1\frac{dx}{\sqrt[3]x\,\sqrt[6]{1-x}\,\sqrt{1-x\left(\sqrt{6}\sqrt{12+7\sqrt3}-3\sqrt3-6\right)^2}}=\frac\pi9(3+\sqrt2\sqrt[4]{27})$

Let $$\alpha=\sqrt{6}\ \sqrt{12+7\,\sqrt3}-3\,\sqrt3-6.\tag1$$ Note that $\alpha$ is the unique positive root of the polynomial equation $$\alpha^4+24\,\alpha^3+18\,\alpha^2-27=0.\tag2$$ Now consider ...
3
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1answer
281 views

My conjecture on almost integers.

Here when I was studying almost integers , I made the following conjecture - Let $x$ be a natural number then For sufficiently large $n$ (Natural number) Let $$\Omega=(\sqrt x+\lfloor \sqrt x ...
8
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1answer
156 views
4
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1answer
86 views

What's wrong with my conjecture?

I was doing math homework, and I formulated the following conjecture from one of the questions: If $f(x)$, $g(x)$ and $h(x)$ are continuous functions and the equations $f(x) = h(x)$ and $g(x) = h(x)$ ...
4
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0answers
404 views

Totient summatory function

Let $\Phi(n) = \sum_{k=1}^n \phi(k)$ be the totient summatory function. Here is an interesting conjecture I've made: The ratio $\Phi(n^2)/\Phi(n)$ is an integer only for $n=1,2,3,5$ and $6$. I made a ...
4
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0answers
113 views

What are the recent advancements in mathematics that an undergraduate can understand?

I am an undergraduate student of mathematics. I am interested to know the conjectures that are proved in the last, say 5 or 10 years. Or any other development. Preferably in pure mathematics. One of ...
3
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0answers
74 views

A challenging non homogenous fractional inequality.

The following problem is a challenging generalization of several difficult inequalities, where none of the usual methods used in inequalities seems to work. I would like to know if someone has a ...
12
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2answers
331 views

Conjecture $\int_0^1\frac{\ln\left(\ln^2x+\arccos^2x\right)}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}dx\stackrel?=\pi\,\ln\ln2$

$$\int_0^1\frac{\ln\left(\ln^2x+\arccos^2x\right)}{\sqrt{1-x^2}}dx\stackrel?=\pi\,\ln\ln2$$ Is it possible to prove this?
23
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1answer
444 views

Simplify $\frac{_3F_2\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{3}{4},\frac{5}{4};1,\frac{3}{2};\frac{3}{4}\right)}{\Pi\left(\frac{1}{4}\big|\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\right)}$

Is it possible to simplify the ratio $$\mathcal{E}=\frac{_3F_2\left(\frac{1}{2},\frac{3}{4},\frac{5}{4};\ 1,\frac{3}{2};\ \frac{3}{4}\right)}{\Pi\left(\frac{1}{4}\Big|\frac{1}{\sqrt{3}}\right)},$$ ...
56
votes
2answers
2k views

Integral $\int_1^\infty\frac{\operatorname{arccot}\left(1+\frac{2\pi}{\operatorname{arcoth}x-\operatorname{arccsc}x}\right)}{\sqrt{x^2-1}}\mathrm dx$

Consider the following integral: $$\mathcal{I}=\int_1^\infty\frac{\operatorname{arccot}\left(1+\frac{2\,\pi}{\operatorname{arcoth}x\,-\,\operatorname{arccsc}x}\right)}{\sqrt{x^2-1}}\mathrm dx,$$ where ...
8
votes
1answer
235 views

Integral $\int_0^\infty\frac{dx}{\frac{x^4-1}{x\cos(\pi\ln x)+1}+2x^2+2}$

I need your help with this integral: $$\int_0^\infty\frac{dx}{\frac{x^4-1}{x\cos(\pi\ln x)+1}+2\,x^2+2}.$$ I wasn't able to evaluate it in a closed form, although an approximate numerical evaluation ...
7
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1answer
217 views

A conjecture $\int_{-\infty}^\infty\frac{\arctan e^x}{\cosh x}\cdot\frac{\tanh\frac{x}2}{x}dx\stackrel?=\frac\pi2\ln2$

I need to find a closed form for this integral: $$\mathcal{I}=\int_{-\infty}^\infty\frac{\arctan e^x}{\cosh x}\cdot\frac{\tanh\frac{x}2}{x}dx.$$ A numerical integration results in an approximation ...
31
votes
2answers
923 views

A conjectural closed form for $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty\frac{n!\,(2n)!}{(3n+2)!}$

Let $$S=\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty\frac{n!\,(2n)!}{(3n+2)!},\tag1$$ its numeric value is approximately $S \approx 0.517977853388534047...$${}^{[more\ digits]}$ $S$ can be represented in terms of the ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Checking the Harald Helfgott proof of the little Goldbach conjecture without a public release of numerical checks?

A few month ago, a proof of the little/ternary Goldbach conjecture has been claimed by Harald Helfgott with three articles: Major arcs for Goldbach's theorem Minor arcs for Goldbach's theorem ...
3
votes
1answer
314 views

Weaker Version of “Goldbach's Other Conjecture”

Taken from problem 46 on Project Euler: It was proposed by Christian Goldbach that every odd composite number can be written as the sum of a prime and twice a square. $9 = 7 + 2 \times 1^2$ ...
2
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0answers
162 views

Approximation to $\pi(x)$ conjecture.

A friend conjectured that $\left[\prod_{k=1}^{a_j <\sqrt{x}} \left(1-\frac{1}{a_k}\right)\right] x$ is usually closer to $\pi(x)$ than $\operatorname{Li}(x)$ is for some (fixed) sequence of ...
5
votes
3answers
808 views

Erdös-Straus conjecture

I'm reading a lot about the Erdös-Straus Conjecture (ESC), a conjecture that states that for every natural number $p \geq 2$, there exists a set of natural numbers $a, b, c$ , such that the following ...
2
votes
4answers
52 views

Conjuncting two independent statements

Suppose there are two statements, $A$ and $B$ that are independent. As far as I know one needn't to prove $A$ or $B$ either, it is enough to generate $C = A \land B$, and then proving $C$ shows $A$ ...
1
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1answer
104 views

Solving a conjecture by bruteforcing

Say we wanted to check the Beal conjecture ["If $A^x+B^y=C^z$, where $[A, B, C, x, y, z \in N] \wedge [x, y, z \gt 2] \to $ A, B and C must have a common prime factor", from the official site]. What ...
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3answers
380 views

“Goldbach's other conjecture” and Project Euler - writing 1 as a sum of a prime and twice a square

From Problem 46 of Project Euler : It was proposed by Christian Goldbach that every odd composite number can be written as the sum of a prime and twice a square. $$9 = 7 + 2 \cdot ...
18
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1answer
258 views

Is $K\left(\frac{\sqrt{2-\sqrt3}}2\right)\stackrel?=\frac{\Gamma\left(\frac16\right)\Gamma\left(\frac13\right)}{4\ \sqrt[4]3\ \sqrt\pi}$

Working on this conjecture, I found its corollary, which is also supported by numeric caclulations up to at least $10^5$ decimal digits: ...
19
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2answers
501 views

How to prove $\int_0^\infty J_\nu(x)^3dx\stackrel?=\frac{\Gamma(1/6)\ \Gamma(1/6+\nu/2)}{2^{5/3}\ 3^{1/2}\ \pi^{3/2}\ \Gamma(5/6+\nu/2)}$?

I am interested in finding a general formula for the following integral: $$\int_0^\infty J_\nu(x)^3dx,\tag1$$ where $J_\nu(x)$ is the Bessel function of the first kind: $$J_\nu(x)=\sum ...
18
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2answers
315 views

How to prove $4\times{_2F_1}(-1/4,3/4;7/4;(2-\sqrt3)/4)-{_2F_1}(3/4,3/4;7/4;(2-\sqrt3)/4)\stackrel?=\frac{3\sqrt[4]{2+\sqrt3}}{\sqrt2}$

I have the following conjecture, which is supported by numerical calculations up to at least $10^5$ decimal digits: ...
3
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1answer
74 views

$\int_0^1 \Bigl(\mathrm{Li}_2\bigl(\frac{x-1}{x}\bigr)\Bigr)^2 \mathrm{d}x$

This question has some relationship to this integral: Let $\mathrm{Li}_2$ be the dilogarithm. Then, numerically, $$ \int_0^1 \Bigl(\mathrm{Li}_2\bigl(\frac{x-1}{x}\bigr)\Bigr)^2 \mathrm{d}x = ...
4
votes
1answer
375 views

Conjecture regarding trapping rational numbers in some special intervals

Conjecture: Let $b\in\mathbb{N}_{\geq3}$ and $\{x_i\}$ be a collection of $b−2$ rational numbers greater than $1$. Does there always exist a natural number $a$ such that for all $i$ there exists some ...
5
votes
1answer
347 views

Is this number theory conjecture known to be true?

I've been working on proving that there is always a prime between $n$ and $2n$, and also that there is always a prime between $n^2$ and $(n+1)^2$ (Legendre's conjecture). I believe I've proven those ...
3
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0answers
81 views

irreducibility conjecture

I tried to prove that every polynomial of the form $f(m,n) := m\cdot x^{n-m}+(m+1)\cdot x^{n-m-1}+\cdots+(n-1)\cdot x+n \quad \text{with} \quad 0 < m < n$ is irreducible over the rationals for ...
18
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1answer
729 views

Examples of falsified (or currently open) longstanding conjectures leading to large bodies of incorrect results.

In general, the way that modern mathematical research is conducted isn't the way that many would assume is the ideal method of research. That is, mathematics is not the linear progression of ...
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4answers
112 views

Conjecture to start a proof

In an inductive proof example, my book starts with the identity stating $$\sum\limits_{i=1}^n \sum\limits_{j=1}^i j = \frac{n(n+1)(n+2)}{6}\;.$$ As a sidenote, it says they reached this identity by ...
2
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2answers
224 views

Finding a counterexample to a Prime Factorization Conjecture

Let $\mathbb{Z}_{\geq 2}$ be the set of natural numbers starting at 2: $$\mathbb{Z}_{\geq 2}= \{2, 3, 4, 5,\ldots\}.$$ An natural number's prime factorization is odd if the total number of primes in ...
2
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2answers
165 views

Number of subsets of $U$ whose arithmetic mean is integral

Question is :- $n$ is a positive integer. Call a non-empty subset $S$ of $\{1,2,\dots,n\}$ "good" if the arithmetic mean of elements of $S$ is also an integer. Further Let $t_n$ denote the ...
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1answer
307 views

Converse of Collatz Conjecture

How to write a pseudocode program that halts only if the Collatz Conjecture is false. Thanks much in advance!!!
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0answers
91 views

Question regarding the status of Erdős' conjectures

Has Erdős' conjecture on arithmetic progressions or his conjecture on Sylvester's sequence been proven?
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2answers
2k views

Which notable mathematicans have tried solving the Riemann hypothesis?

I have read that the Riemann hypothesis is the most important open question in mathematics and has been open since 1859. I am wondering which famous mathematicians have actually tried to solve it and ...
1
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1answer
176 views

On expressing a square as a sum of two cubes

Given $a,b,c \in \mathbb{N}$ which satisfy the following conditions: $a^3 + b^3 = c^2$ $ a \neq b$ =-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-=-= EDIT, Will Jagy: The conjecture is that, for a given $c,$ there are ...
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2answers
1k views

Why is Goldbach's conjecture not included in the millenium prize problems

As we all know, the Goldbach's Conjecture is one one of the oldest and best-known unsolved problems in mathematics. I was going through some of the attempts made to solve it and got fascinated as to ...
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84 views

Prime clasfication by some constructive function

How to prove or justify the following: $$ f(g)= \frac1{1-g^2} \prod_{k=1}^{\infty} \left(\frac{\sin(\pi \frac gk)}{\pi \frac gk} \cdot \frac 1{1-\frac{g^2}{k^2}}\right), $$ The above statment can ...
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1answer
175 views

Goldbach conjecture and primes

I need some clarification on (1) Is there any proof to say Mersenne primes $M_p$ are finite or infinite? if there, could you share here.. (2) If Goldbach is conjecture is true, how you can justify the ...
2
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2answers
390 views

Fibonacci conjecture: $(F_{n+5})^2 - (F_n)^2 = 3((F_{n+3})^2 - (F_{n+2})^2) + 8 F_{n+2} F_{n+3} $.

So this is the question I have The Fibonacci sequence is a recurrence system given by $$F_1 = 1, \ F_2 = 1, \ F_{n+2} = F_{n+1} + F_n \qquad (n = 1, 2, 3, \ldots).$$ This question concerns the ...
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3answers
131 views

Primes + Inetvel + conjecture on primes

a) Can we establish a proof, there exists infinitely many primes of the form $n^2$ + 1. Why is the unit digit of such a prime p always 1 or 7? Is there any reasonable procedure or concept for the fact ...
8
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0answers
287 views

Asymptotic FLT $\implies$FLT using ABC Conjecture

Edit: I'm beginning to suspect I either misread the sources or perhaps something wasn't stated, but it's my guess now that there is no nontrivial way of showing the ABC conjecture implies Fermat's ...
5
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1answer
186 views

How to prove the equivalence between the two statements of ABC conjecture?

The ABC conjecture stated by wikipedia says the following statements are equivalent: I. For $\epsilon>0$, there are finite coprime triple $(a,b,c)$ satisfying $a+b=c$ such that ...
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1answer
59 views

Integer solutions to $2^x+3^y=9^z+8^w+8^t$

currently in number theory is there a method to solve for integer solutions to equations like $2^x+3^y=9^z+8^w+8^t$? For example, $2^{13}+3^6=9^3+8^4+8^4$. (obtained using computer brute force) In ...
1
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1answer
162 views

Integer Partition by Counting Repetition : Conjecture ??

I would like to find informations regarding this way of doing Integer Partitions or this conjecture, Suppose you have all the ordered partitions of 5: 5 4 1 3 2 2 2 1 3 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Then ...