Use this tag if your question is about a well-known conjecture or a conjecture of your own.

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19 views

A question and a conjecture on $USp(N)$ group

$USp(N)$ with $N$ an even integer is defined as the group of unitary matrices $M$ that satisfy $M^TJM=J$, where $M^T$ is the transpose of $M$ and $J$ is the anti-symmetric $N$-by-$N$ matrix ...
1
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0answers
80 views

Conjecture: for even n without primitive roots modulo n, the set of $m \in Max(ord_n(k))$ contains one pair of primes $p_1+p_2=n$ (Goldbach)

Conjecture: for those n even numbers that do not have primitive roots modulo n ,$Pr(n)$, the set $M(n)$ of those $k$ having a maximum multiplicative order $ord_n(k)$ contains at least a pair of primes ...
13
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2answers
336 views

Euler's Totient function $\forall n\ge3$, if $(\frac{\varphi(n)}{2}+1)\ \mid\ n\ $ then $\frac{\varphi(n)}{2}+1$ is prime

While I was studying Euler's Totient function, $\varphi(n)$, I stumbled upon the marvelous book "Index to Mathematical Problems, 1980-1984" By Stanley Rabinowitz. In this page of the book (link to ...
3
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1answer
90 views

Conjecture about the product of the primitive roots modulo a prime number ($\prod Pr_p$)

While I was learning about the primitive roots modulo $p \in \Bbb P$ (I will call $Pr_p$ to the complete list of the primitive roots module $p$) and having in mind the conjecture explained in this ...
-1
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1answer
253 views

Is this attempted proof of ABC conjecture correct [closed]

This mathematician claims that he has tackled ABC conjecture! He uses induction and simple inequalities to achieve the result. Is this some serious stuff or is there a basic flaw in the reasoning?
4
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2answers
56 views

Conjecture: only one even Fibonacci term divided by two gives a prime: $F(9) = 34 = 2 \times 17$

Every Fibonacci term $F(3n)$ is divisible by two $F(3) = 2$ $F(6) = 8$ $F(9) = 34$ $...$ After seeking Fibonacci tables factorization until $F(10000)$, for every term $\frac{F(3n)}{2}$, it ...
9
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2answers
224 views

Yet another conjecture about primes

Let $\mathcal{N}(n)$ be the next prime greater than $n$. Conjecture: $\mathcal{N}(n!)-n!\:$ is either $1$ or a prime. It holds for n=1 to 99 and the expression is 1 for 3,11,27,37,41,73,77 and ...
6
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1answer
101 views

Question regarding the status of Erdős' conjectures

Has Erdős' conjecture on arithmetic progressions or his conjecture on Sylvester's sequence been proven?
2
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3answers
54 views

Why is it that if you square two prime numbers and add them, you get a number that is even and is not a perfect square?

If you do $x^2 + y^2 = n$ where $x$ and $y$ are both prime numbers and are both greater than $3$, why is $n$ always an even number that isn't a perfect square?
6
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2answers
66 views

The conjecture that no triangle has rational sides, medians and altitudes

I have found a conjecture that there is no triangle whose sides, medians, altitudes and area are all rational. I figure that someone must have already found such a triangle if one existed and yet I ...
3
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3answers
504 views

Result of solving an unsolved problem?

I was mulling over currently unsolved problems in mathematics (as I, and many others, find them quite interesting) and began to wonder what would happen if these problems were to be solved. I know ...
2
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0answers
51 views

Euler's totient and divisors count function relationship when $[(\frac{\varphi(n)}{2}+1)\cdot(\frac{\tau(n)}{2}+1)] = n$

I am studying the Euler's totient function $\varphi(n)$ and the divisors count function, $\tau(n)$, also named $d(n)$, and recently opened a question (link here) about the following condition: ...
2
votes
2answers
24 views

Algorithmic procedure to establish the possibility of finding a proof of a conjencture

I was always puzzled by these conjectures which can be stated quite simply, yet finding a proper proof is a monumental task even for the most brilliant mathematicians . Consider the following ...
18
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1answer
282 views

Is $K\left(\frac{\sqrt{2-\sqrt3}}2\right)\stackrel?=\frac{\Gamma\left(\frac16\right)\Gamma\left(\frac13\right)}{4\ \sqrt[4]3\ \sqrt\pi}$

Working on this conjecture, I found its corollary, which is also supported by numeric caclulations up to at least $10^5$ decimal digits: ...
2
votes
2answers
438 views

Tangent at average of two roots of cubic with one real and two complex roots

I was able to easily prove that the tangent at the average of two roots of a real cubic polynomial passed through the third root of the function. But I have only done this for functions with three ...
7
votes
2answers
336 views

About the hyperplane conjecture.

I have recently heard about the hyperplane conjecture and I would like to understand better the problematic behind this conjecture. The hyperplane conjecture: There exists a universal constant ...
1
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2answers
33 views

Prove that $\det(A) \cdot v \, A^{-1} = \det(A+uv) \cdot v \, (A+uv)^{-1}$.

Let $A$ be a $n \times n$ matrix, $u$ a $n \times 1$ matrix and $v$ a $1 \times n$ matrix. If $A$ and $(A+uv)$ are invertible, prove that $$ \det(A) \cdot v \, A^{-1} = \det(A+uv) \cdot v \, ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Euler's Totient function $\forall n\ge3$, if $(n-\phi(n)) = \sqrt{n}\ $,$\ $then $(n-\phi(n)) \in \Bbb P$

Recently I opened a question about what it might be a new property of Euler's Totient function. I am still studying the Totient function and I found another interesting relationship, it is very ...
4
votes
3answers
83 views

Given an odd $x$ there is an $m,n$ such that $2^n + 1 = 3^m x$?

I'm curious about this question: Is it true that for any odd number $x\in 2\mathbb N + 1$ there exists numbers $m,n\in \mathbb N \cup \{0\}$ such that $$2^n+1 = 3^mx$$ Edit: I'm not trying to make ...
3
votes
1answer
42 views

Conjectured diagonal Ramsey numbers

While doing some reading on the Wikipedia page for Ramsey numbers, I stumbled upon OEIS sequence A120414, which lists the allegedly conjectured values of the diagonal Ramsey numbers $R(n,n)$. I ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Binary Representation of the Collatz Conjecture

What is the benefit of looking at the binary representation of the collatz conjecture. I know that it makes the computation easier because there is really one operation involved which is multiplying ...
21
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3answers
450 views

An integral $\int_0^\infty P_s(x-1)\,e^{-x}\,dx$ involving Legendre functions

Let $P_s(x)$ denote the Legendre functions of the $1^{st}$ kind, i.e. the Legendre polynomial generalized to an arbitrary (not necessarily integer) order $s$. It can be expressed using the ...
7
votes
2answers
269 views

Trying mathematical induction with $3n+1$ conjecture

Collatz's Conjecture is also known as the $3n+1$ conjecture. Well I thought since the conjecture is dealing with natural numbers so we might as well try mathematical induction and see why it doesn't ...
0
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1answer
71 views

A question about the $3n+1$ conjecture

So I know that if you take any even number $n$ that is a power of $2$ like $32 = 2^5,16=2^4$ or $64=2^6$ we will keep dividing by 2 until we reach 1. and so all the steps will be $\frac{n}{2}$ and we ...
2
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2answers
62 views

Can I demonstrate a proposition without a rigorous proof?

Writing a paper, I want to declare a certain proposition, but is only supported by other research's empirical result. In this sort of case, what can I name to my argument in my paper? CONJECTURE is so ...
1
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1answer
44 views

Asymptotic behavior of the zeros of the digamma function

The gamma function has just one extremum on each interval $(k,k+1)$, where $k$ is a negative integer. These extrema occur at the zeros of the derivative of the gamma function. Let $z_n$ denote the ...
6
votes
1answer
127 views

Power towers of $2$ and $3$ - looking for a proof

Let $\uparrow$ denote the right-associative exponentiation operator: $a\uparrow b\uparrow c=a\uparrow(b\uparrow c)=a^{b^c}$ There is a sequence $A248907$ recently submitted to OEIS (see also ...
0
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1answer
21 views

Prove conjecture using premises

I have three premises with me defined: $(B \land L) \implies A$ $(A \land D) \implies \lnot H$ $\lnot J \implies (D \land \lnot H)$ I need to prove the following conjecture with the help ...
0
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1answer
92 views

Legendre's Conjecture!

This is my last attempt to the Legendre's Conjecture: based on my first one, it's not that difficult to follow, I'm not using logical manipulation or something like this, it's all about inequalities ...
0
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0answers
29 views

Addressing a conjecture with different “strengths”

I plan on writing a conjecture in a publication I am developing. However, the conjecture has different "strengths" to it, take this example: Conjecture 1.1. $\exists a$, such that $a$ is a solution ...
4
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3answers
91 views

Generalizing conjecture of Bertrand

Joseph Bertrand's conjecture for primes from 1845, $\;p_{n+1} < 2p_n$, proved by Chebyshev 1852, can be generalized as follows: $$\forall a\in\Bbb Z_+\exists N\in\Bbb Z_+:(n\ge N\implies\exists ...
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1answer
442 views

$k$-tuple conjecture.

Time is running out Suggest notation for Steps 1 and 2. Earn the bonus. For each $k\in\mathbb{Z^{+}}$. Step 1: Create a list $(1,1,1,1...,1)$ of length $k^2+2k$. Step 2: For all n: $1< n \leq ...
0
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4answers
65 views

In the Collatz function, why does $2^k-1$ reach $3^k-1$ after $2k$ steps, and could it be used to find divergent trajectories?

If you start calculating the Collatz function from an integer of the form $2^k-1$, you will reach $3^k-1$ after $2k$ steps. So, it is possible to pick a starting value that continuously zig-zags ...
2
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0answers
89 views

Inequality with Euler's totient function

In A conjecture concerning primes and algebra on MSE, I defined a multiplicative function $\omega:\mathbb Z_+\!\!\to\mathbb Z_+$ with $\omega(p_n)=n$, for the $n$-th prime $p_n$. It was conjectured ...
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2answers
34 views

In the Collatz function, why $3^{2k}-1$ and $3^{2k-1}-1$ always share the same trailing trajectory?

Why are the trajectories always the same for numbers of the form $3^{2k}-1$ and $3^{2k-1}-1$ for the Collatz function? For example, let $k = 3$. So, $3^6-1 = 728$ and $3^5-1 = 242$. The trajectories ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Has this partial result about Legendre's Conjecture been proved?

I'd like to know if it has been proved this "partial result" about the Legendre's Conjecture: (1) There are infinitely many $n$ such that there's a prime in $(n^2, (n+1)^2)$ Thanks!
5
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3answers
837 views

Erdös-Straus conjecture

I'm reading a lot about the Erdös-Straus Conjecture (ESC), a conjecture that states that for every natural number $p \geq 2$, there exists a set of natural numbers $a, b, c$ , such that the following ...
5
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0answers
73 views

Possibly New Prime Conjecture

I was in the midst of proving a conjecture when I came across an observation that led me to forming a potentially new conjecture. The conjecture goes as follows: Any given sum of twin primes ...
2
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1answer
32 views

Explanation for relationship between hypotenuse segments and leg lengths?

|` | ` x | ` | ` c a | z /` | / ` y |_/ ` |/|_____` b I'm new to this SE, but I have an SO account, so hello! Can ...
3
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0answers
82 views

How to prove this??

Does the following inequality hold? $p(n)\leq 2^n,$ where $p(n)$ is the $n$th prime. If this is true then it follows that: If $p(n)=p(m)^x+p(o)^y$, then $\max[x,y] \le n$.
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392 views

“Goldbach's other conjecture” and Project Euler - writing 1 as a sum of a prime and twice a square

From Problem 46 of Project Euler : It was proposed by Christian Goldbach that every odd composite number can be written as the sum of a prime and twice a square. $$9 = 7 + 2 \cdot ...
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0answers
123 views

Arithmetic progression and average of two prime numbers

Let $A=(a_n : n \in \mathbb{N})$ be the sequence given by: $$ \ a_n = a_1 + (n - 1)d,\quad a_1,\ d,\ n \in \mathbb N,\quad d\gt a_1,\quad \gcd(a_1,\ d)=1. $$ For all terms of $A$ greater than $\ ...
74
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22answers
2k views

Open mathematical questions for which we really, really have no idea what the answer is

There is no shortage of open problems in mathematics. While a formal proof for any of them remains elusive, with the "yes/no" questions among them mathematicians are typically not working in both ...
0
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0answers
46 views

How to convert an object into a sphere?

I'm not sure if I understand it enough, but doesn't the Poincare conjecture prove any shape can be turned into a sphere? How would I go about transforming such an object? Like let's say I have a ...
2
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1answer
383 views

Proof of Andrica when Assuming Oppermann

Proof of Andrica's conjecture by assuming Oppermann's conjecture. Oppermann's conjecture: $$n\geq2\wedge\pi\left(n^{2}-n\right) < \pi\left(n^{2}\right) < \pi\left(n^{2}+n\right).$$ ...
3
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1answer
198 views

Prove or disprove this upper bound on chromatic number.

Let $G$ be a simple connected finite graph and let $v \ge 4$ be the number of vertices, $E$ the number of edges, $\chi(G)$ the chromatic number , $\omega(G)$ the clique number and $\Delta$ the ...
4
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1answer
95 views

Measure Theory Conjecture

While I was doing some math here, I made this conjecture. Let $f_n:X\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a sequence of measurable functions from the measure space $(X,\mathcal{A},\mu)$ to the measurable space ...
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1answer
114 views

Proved conjectures (now theorems) in algebra/algebraic number theory/algebraic geometry

I would like to collect some proved conjectures (not so non trivial) in algebra/algebriac number theory/algebraic geometry. For example, I consider Serre's conjecture on projective modules over ...
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3answers
370 views

On progress in mathematics: some long-open problems and long-standing conjectures

I would like to ask a question here on Math Stack Exchange taking inspiration (and therefore combining) from two well-known threads on MathOverflow: (1) Not especially famous, long-open problems which ...
18
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1answer
871 views

List of generally believed conjectures which cannot all be true

There are some conjectures which most leading experts believe in albeit no one can prove it yet. For example: $\mathcal{P} \neq \mathcal{NP}$, the Riemann hypothesis or the Collatz conjecture. My ...