Questions on conic sections and their properties; the curves formed by the intersection of a plane and a cone. Circles, ellipses, hyperbolas, and parabolas are examples of conic sections.

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19
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527 views

How many points of intersection between an ellipse and an $L_p$-circle?

Consider an ellipse $E$ in the plane, centered at the origin. (In my case, the minor axis points into the nonnegative quadrant.) Let S be an "$L_p$-circle": $S = \{(x,y) : |x|^p + |y|^p = 1\}$, ...
9
votes
0answers
487 views

Definition of an ellipsoid based on its focal points

I have a question concerning the formulation of an (3D) ellipsoid. The most common definition for an ellipsoid seems to be: $E = \{ x=\left( x_1, \dots x_n \right)^T \in R^n: \sum_{i=1}^n \left( ...
6
votes
0answers
84 views

What property does this equation calculate?

It's pretty difficult to Google for the meaning of a formula. This is the equation, it has to do with ellipses and GIS coordinates. $$\nu =\frac{ a} {\sqrt{(1 - (e^2 \cdot \sin(\varphi))^2)}}$$ $a$ ...
5
votes
0answers
482 views

To construct an ellipse, being a projection of a great circle, given two points on it

I'm looking for a geometric construction which would allow me to draw an ellipse, which is supposed to be an orthographic projection of a great circle of a sphere, given two points on it. The ...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

A surprising locus of points

I was playing with the setup for Desargues Theorem in Geogebra today and got a very odd-looking (to me) result. I imagine I could grind through this analytically and get an ugly-looking parametric ...
4
votes
0answers
399 views

Calculating equidistant points around an ellipse arc

As an extension to this question on equiangular fisheye distortion, how can I calculate equidistant points around an ellipse (or 1/4 segment of) given it's aspect ratio? When it's circular, I can use ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Find the minimum radius of the circle which is orthogonal to two given circles

Problem : Find the minimum radius of the circle which is orthogonal to both the circles $x^2+y^2-12x+35=0$ and $x^2+y^2+4x+3=0$ . Solution : Let the equations : $x^2+y^2-12x+35=0.....(i)$ and ...
3
votes
0answers
215 views

Equation of intersection of two cones

The equations of two cones are given; $(x-x_{0})^2+(y-y_{0})^2=\frac {(z-z_{0})^2}{m^2}$ and $(x-x_{1})^2+(y-y_{1})^2=\frac {(z-z_{1})^2}{m^2}$ How to find the equations of intersections 1) ...
3
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0answers
63 views

Quadric question

I'm trying to prove that given 3 disjoint lines in $\mathbb{P}^{3}$ there exists a non-singular quadric containing them. The exercise is from the following link: ...
3
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0answers
114 views

History behind the choice of letters $h$ and $k$ for the vertex of a parabola?

After failing to find a historical explanation for usage of letters $h$ and $k$ for the vertex of a parabola in most relatively recent textbooks in anglosphere, I turn to math.SE. Is there any ...
3
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0answers
64 views

Biggest ellipse included in a convex polygon

Considering a N edges convex 2D polygon called P. Let's name its vertices $\{p_1, p_2, ..., p_N\}$ described in a counter-clockwise order, with $p_i = (x_i, y_i)$ What would be, and how would one ...
3
votes
0answers
312 views

Volume of the intersection of two solid cones

I want to calculate the volume of the intersection (overlap) of two solid cones, as shown below. I imagine this must be a known problem but I'm having a hard time finding anything online, so any ...
3
votes
0answers
26 views

Do both these ellipses satisfy the same conditions?

I was solving a problem that asked for the equation of the ellipse with the following properties: vertex at $(-10,5)$, focus at $(-2,5)$, eccentricity $\frac{1}{2}$. I think I found two such ellipses, ...
3
votes
0answers
200 views

Ellipse and circles

Playing with an ellipse I discovered the following properties and am now looking for a nice proof or references. Let's consider an ellipse with foci $A$ and $B$ and let $C$ be a point on it. Let $l$ ...
2
votes
0answers
12 views

Probability Density Function for Randomly Oriented Ellipse

I have an ellipse with a long aspect of a and a short aspect of b. The equation for this ellipse is found on this post: What is the general equation of the ellipse that is not in the origin and ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Find the number of points on ellipse $\frac{x^2}{50}+\frac{y^2}{20}=1$ from which pair of perpendicular…

Find the number of points on ellipse $\frac{x^2}{50}+\frac{y^2}{20}=1$ from which pair of perpendicular tangents are drawn to ellipse $\frac{x^2}{16}+\frac{y^2}{9}=1$ Normal from a point ...
2
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0answers
66 views

Can one prove Brianchon's theorem using Ceva's theorem?

Can I prove Brianchon's theorem using Ceva's? I am also wondering if parabola and hyperbola can be inscribed in a hexagon?
2
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0answers
44 views

Locus of centre of circle in Lambert theorem

A beautiful theorem, when three tangents to a parabola form a triangle,the focus of the parabola lies on the circumcircle of the triangle. But what is the locus of the centre of the circumcircle of ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Is there a Focal Point/Area/Line of a Parabola for not perpendicular Lines

I'm not sure if this is mathematical enough for this forum, since it's my first post, but please don't be too harsh! So my question is: If the incoming lines of a Parabola come in perpendicular to ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

any conic in $\mathbb{A}^2$

Exercise 3.1 in Hartshorne's Algebraic Geometry: Show that any conic in $\mathbb{A}^2$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb{A}^1$ or $\mathbb{A}^1-\{0\}$. when the conic given by $x^{2}+y^{2}-1$, what the ...
2
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0answers
55 views

An Easier way to solve simple equations of this type

Im currently working with ellipses and I've been given two points on a ellipse whose major axis is along the x-axis, $(4,3)$ and $(-1,4)$. The question asks me to find the length of the major and ...
2
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0answers
70 views

Best fit circle to “planetary” elliptical orbit?

I considered posting this to astronomy.stackexchange.com, but I've bugged them enough for today... Let $p(t)$ be a parametric function that traverses an ellipse such that it sweeps out equal ...
2
votes
0answers
349 views

Relation between ellipse general and parametric equation

I am familiar with the fact that one can relate the eigenvectors and corresponding eigenvalues of an ellipse's quadratic equation matrix, to the pose of a circle in 3-space. When say quadratic ...
2
votes
0answers
30 views

find inscribed ellipses in quads

I know in an convex quads,there are a family of inscribed ellipses. what I want to konw is when the semi-axis 'a' and four vertexs are given,how to determine the rotation angle.there may be three ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

What are defintions of ellipticity?

Ellipticity seems to have many definitions. So far, I'm aware of three. Are there other definitions of ellipticity that you know of, and if so, where did you encounter them? The three definitions ...
2
votes
0answers
232 views

Dome with a parabolic shape?

Here is the question: The dome over a town hall has a parabolic shape. The dome measures 48 m across and rises 12 m at its centre. a) Determine the quadratic equation that models the shape of the ...
2
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0answers
231 views

How to calculate a PHI-ellipse defined by 3 points and its width/length ratio

in the field of technical analysis for stock markets, the usage of so-called Phi-Ellipses is getting popular. One important property of this ellipses is its constant length/width ratio (e.g. 1.618). ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

Equation of an intersection of two cones when the intersection is an ellipse

The two cones with vertex $A=(x_{0},y_{0},z_{0})$ and $B=(x_{1},y_{1},z_{1})$ and generating angle of two cones is $\alpha$ given. I need to write the equation of the intersection of two cones ...
2
votes
0answers
141 views

How to find a point in an ellipse given the angle

I found a couple of formulas but I can't transform them in code. From the answer in Calculating a Point that lies on an Ellipse given an Angle , for instance, I get to: ...
2
votes
0answers
501 views

Decomposition of a degenerate conic

As it has been done for the Intersection of conics using matrix representation the aim of this page is providing an exaustive and clear numerical example that describe the math behind the ...
2
votes
0answers
161 views

My solution is right and the book is wrong (parabolas) or did I misunderstand it?

Find the equation of the parabola with the vertex at the origin; directrix 2x = 3 So what I did is, find the equation of the directrix $$x = \frac{3}{2}$$ and then because its the directrix, the ...
2
votes
0answers
368 views

How to find the center of an (scaled) ellipse?

This question is an extension of How to find the center of an ellipse?. The solution there works well, but in Javascript the floating point calculations are not that accurate. The workaround is to ...
2
votes
0answers
387 views

Best fit hyperbola with specific constraint

Given a set of points $(x_i, y_i)$ in $\mathbb{R}^2$, I can find the best fit hyperbola in the least squares sense by using the method given here. But, is there a way to constrict the hyperbola to ...
1
vote
0answers
10 views

Non-standard 3D rotation of a set of points

I want to create a 3D surface as shown in the figure below. Toward this, I thought if I rotate a set of points in $xy$-plane on a elliptical arc I may be able to get such a surface. I was thinking of ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Why is this conic dual problem infeasible?

The problem is: $$\min \ x_2 : Ax -b = [x_1 \ 2x_2 \ x_1]^T \ge_{L^3} 0$$ where $L^m$ is the Lorentz cone. Which I found to have an optimal solution when $x_2 = 0$. I have shown that the conic ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Find equidistant points along a mathematically known path/trajectory

Is there anyway to find the positions of points with equal distance from each other along a known shape? For example, I'd like to find equidistant points on an ellipse or a 2D eight curve the way ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Real world application of slanted conics (parabolae especially)

I am writing a report on slanted conics of the form $$(x-h)^2+(y-k)^2= \dfrac{d}{\sqrt h}$$ Where $(h, k)$ is the focus, and $d$ is the directrix. Are there any real world applications for slanted ...
1
vote
0answers
17 views

Triangles with vertices on conics and their foci

Let $A$, $B$, and $C$ be the lengths of the three sides of a triangle. Let $α$, $β$, and $γ$ be the measures of the angles opposite those three sides respectively. Mollweide's formula tells us that ...
1
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0answers
59 views

Maximum product of lengths involving secant drawn to a parabola.

A chord is drawn from a point $P(1,t)$ to the parabola $y^2=4x$, which cuts the parabola at $A$ and $B$. If $PA\cdot PB=3|t|$, what is the maximum possible value of $|t|$? All I can infer is that the ...
1
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0answers
19 views

Find Tilted Parabola Equation given vertex and angle

How to find the parabola equation like the picture below, given the vertex $(x$$_o,y_o)$ and theta orientation? please help. thankyou.
1
vote
0answers
15 views

Dandelin spheres and the asymptotes of a hyperbola

The other day, I was reading up on the synthetic geometry of conic sections a bit, and I wondered: is it possible to construct the hyperbola's asymptotes given just the intersecting plane and the ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Area swept out by non-solar focus not same over equal time?

Per Kepler's laws, the area swept out by a line between the sun and a planet is equal for a given period of time. The sun is also one focus of the planet's elliptical orbit. What about the area swept ...
1
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0answers
16 views

Hyperbola problem : From a point P(1,2) pair of tangents are drawn to a hyperbola H in which one tangent to each arm of hyperbola…

Problem : From a point P(1,2) pair of tangents are drawn to a hyperbola H in which one tangent to each arm of hyperbola. Equation of asymptotes of hyperbola H are $\sqrt{3}x -y+5=0$ and ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Trying to show that conic section $ax^2 + 2bxy + cy^2 = d$ takes on different shapes.

Note: This is a homework problem. I'm trying to show that conic section $ax^2 + 2bxy + cy^2 = d$ is an ellipse or the empty set if $ac-b^2\gt 0$. There are others to show but if I can understand this ...
1
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0answers
15 views

P is a point t on the parabola $y^2=4ax$ and PQ is a focal chord. PT is a tangent at P and QN is a

Question : P is a point t on the parabola $y^2=4ax$ and PQ is a focal chord. PT is a tangent at P and QN is a normal at Q. Find the minimum distance between PT and QN. Solution : Since the ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Catenary and parabola minimum comparison

Do the catenary and a parabola that approximates the catenary, have the same minimum (maximum sag)? IF plotted, it looks to me they do, and that they only difer somewhere on the "slope". (sorry for ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Non linear least square ellipse fitting

I am trying to find a Non linear leasts squares ellipse fit for a set of 100 data points data points $(x,y)$. Now i have found the values of $A,B,C,D,E,F$ according to the conical equation of the ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Axis aligned and non aligned ellipses and semi definite programming

Let's say I have a equation $$X_1^T \Omega X_1 =1 $$ $X_1$ is a $2\times 1$ matrix. $\Omega$ is a $2\times 2$ matrix. This defines an ellipse. $\Omega$ is a positive, semi definite, symmetric ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

find an ellipsoid given its intersection with axes and knowing the lengths of its principal axes

My question is about ellipsoids. I have an ellipsoid in 3D centered at zero so it has an equation: $x^T U \Sigma^2 U^T x = 1$ I know the lengths of it's principal axes (therefore the $\Sigma$ ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Given a pair of conics, construct (synthetically) their shared tangent lines

There are various well-known ways to construct the common tangents to a pair of circles; this is an easy one. I also just learned that we can use Pascal's Theorem to construct a tangent to a conic at ...