0
votes
1answer
17 views

Equation for the length of a chord parallel to either the minor or major axis in an ellipse

I am looking for a way to compute the length of any chord parallel to the minor (or major) axis of an ellipse. In all cases I know the lengths of both axes, and the distance between the chord and axis ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

intersection of cone axis with plane

So when the plane intersect the cone, the intersection is a conic. Is (or when is) the axis (of the cone) intersection with the plane the focus of the conic?
3
votes
1answer
83 views

Why $b^2-4ac$ as determinant?

I am curious why $b^2-4ac$ is used as a determinant of a conic section? Like why this specific expression is chosen, why the value is always greater, lesser or equal to zero for hyperbola, ellipse ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Central angle of an ellipse

If I have an ellipse centered at the origin and know the length of $a$ and $b$ and was given the length of an arc, how can I find the angle that is between the two radius from the center of the ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Show that the ellipse and the hyperbola are convex

In Spivak's chapter on differentiation, he asks the reader to prove that the tangent line to an ellipse or a hyperbola intersect the figure at exactly one point. How is this done most elegantly? I ...
1
vote
2answers
27 views

Is equation for ellipse in polar coordinates correct?

Wikipedia gives the following equation for the conic sections in the polar coordinate system: $r = \frac{l}{1+e\cos\varphi}$. According to the article on conic sections, in case of an ellipse $e = ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Equation of normal to an ellipse

Show that the equation of the normal at the point $x = a\cos(t)$, $y = b\sin(t)$ of the ellipse $$\frac{x^2}{a^2} + \frac{y^2}{b^2} = 1 $$ is $$\frac{2a^2 - b^2}{a}$$ Hi, I am not sure how ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

A surprising locus of points

I was playing with the setup for Desargues Theorem in Geogebra today and got a very odd-looking (to me) result. I imagine I could grind through this analytically and get an ugly-looking parametric ...
5
votes
2answers
80 views

Hyberbolic and Circular (Trig) Functions: Why no parabolic? [duplicate]

There are circular (trig) functions which determine all the points on a unit circle: and which relate to the area swept out by an angle subtended on the circle. -- These functions can of course be ...
1
vote
2answers
29 views

Orientation of rectangle on conic section

Consider a conic section. There are 2 rectangles such that all of the 8 vertices of the 2 rectangles lie on the conic section. Further assume that the 2 rectangles have different orientation (ie. a ...
6
votes
1answer
61 views

Group of Points on an Ellipse

I did some tooling around to find an abelian group operation for the set of points on the ellipse $\left(\frac{x}{a}\right)^2+\left(\frac{y}{b}\right)^2=1$, given by ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Given a skewed ellipse, how to determine its axis lengths?

I am mentoring a student who is working on a library to import Adobe Pagemaker documents into LibreOffice. Pagemaker represents ellipses as a bounding box (of the original, untransformed ellipse) and ...
26
votes
3answers
1k views

Fascinating Lampshade Geometry

Today, I encountered a rather fascinating problem in a waiting room, which is embodied in the image below. Notice how the light is being cast on the wall? There is a curve that defines the ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

What is the approximation equation for making the day/night wave

Basically, I have a program that will graph the day/night shade similar to this page: http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/sunearth.html Could any of you give me the equation for graphing a line ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Find the equations of the circles that have centre $(0,0)$ and touch the circle $x^2 + y^2 - 8x - 6y + 24 = 0$

Find the equations of the circles that have centre $(0,0)$ and touch the circle $x^2 + y^2 - 8x - 6y + 24 = 0$ So far I have said: As the circles have centre $(0,0)$ their equations are of the form ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Calculating tangent on ellipse

I want to calculate the slope of the tangent at one point of an ellipse whose centre is shifted towards the coordinates $(x_c;y_c)$ and also rotated by an angle $\alpha$ around its centre. Now, I have ...
0
votes
2answers
13 views

HELP: find the type of a conic from the given equation

However, I am not sure what conic type it is. Should it be divided by 4 in order to get a standard form of a hypebola? Any help will be appreciated. Thank you!
7
votes
1answer
60 views

ellipse circumference

Here is a Wikipedia article about the circumference of an ellipse: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellipse#Circumference I don't know how Ramanujan developed the following approximation for the ...
2
votes
3answers
140 views

Focus of parabola with two tangents

A parabola touches x-axis at $(1,0)$ and $y=x$ at $(1,1)$. Find its focus. My attempt : All I can say is that as angle subtended by this chord at focus is $90^\circ$ as angle between tangents is ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

How to identify any point inside or outside the given cone?

The equation of a double circular cone with a vertex $p=(a,b,c)$ with the generating angle $t$ is given by $(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2= \frac{(z-c)^2}{t^2}$ How do I identify the point ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

need explanation of what exactly is a directrix & focus?

((I'm not asking why do we need to know conic sections etc.) Like other similar questions.) I actually love math & currently learning conic sections in class, neither my textbook or teacher ...
2
votes
2answers
61 views

Orthogonal tangents to an ellipse [duplicate]

This is the problem I found back in the first year in the university. Suppose we have a non-degenerate (i.e. not a point and not an empty set) ellipse $E\subset \Bbb R^2$. Now define a set $D$ by a ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Locate a point a given distance from another point on an ellipse

Similar to Point on circumference a given distance from another point, but for an ellipse. Unfortunately, the difference is non-trivial. I have an ellipse and a point (C) that is somewhere on the ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Identify the locus.

Let $A,B,C$ lie on a straight line. $B$ is lying between $A$ and $C$. Consider all circles passing through $B$ and $C$. The point of contact of the tangents from $A$ to these circles lies on ..... We ...
1
vote
0answers
99 views

Equation of intersection of two cones

The equations of two cones are given; $(x-x_{0})^2+(y-y_{0})^2=\frac {(z-z_{0})^2}{m^2}$ and $(x-x_{1})^2+(y-y_{1})^2=\frac {(z-z_{1})^2}{m^2}$ How to find the equations of intersections 1) ...
2
votes
2answers
71 views

Why does the “T=0” method to calculate tangent work?

Given a random equation of a curve: $ax^2 + 2hxy + by^2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0$. Suppose we need to find the tangent to this curve at any point $A(x_1, y_1)$. A method given to me by my professor was the ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

How do I find the width of a given section of an ellipse?

How would I be able to find the width of a horizontal ellipse (with a major axis of 120 and a minor axis of 5) at any given point along the major axis?
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Conic equation from cone/plane intersection

In an orthonormal cartesian frame $(O; \vec{x}, \vec{y}, \vec{z})$ consider: an infinite plane $P$ defined by: a point $p = (p_x, p_y, pz)$ an normal vector $\vec{n} = (n_x, n_y, n_z)$ a cone $C$ ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Minimum eccentricity of ellipses around another ellipse

Six circles can surround another circle of equal size, with each circle touching both the central circle and its two neighbouring outer circles. For sufficiently eccentric ellipses, it is possible to ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Problem in conics question

A vertical line passing through the point ($h$,0) intersects the ellipse $$\frac{x^2}{4}+\frac{y^2}{3}=1$$ at the points P & Q.Let the tangents to ellipse at P & Q meet at the point R.If ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Is this a correct way to derive the equation of an ellipse/hyperbola?

I was just testing to see if I could derive the equation of an ellipse (and consequently a hyperbola) with the least amount of information to remember. The small amount of information I chose to use ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

Ellipse Tangents in 3D

I know that we can find the tangent of the ellipse in 2D by taking the derivative of the equation defining the ellipse. But I'm little bit confused about finding the ellipse tangent in 3D. Where the ...
0
votes
1answer
58 views

Homography between ellipses

This is a spin-off from a comment on Stack Overflow. How can I find a homography between two ellipses in the plane?
0
votes
0answers
25 views

How are the sine functions along with the hyperbolic functions visualized with imaginary rotations?

Since we know that: cos(t)=cosh(it) and isin(t)=sinh(it) I've been thinking about this, and obviously this is referring to how if you move at a right angle from a circle on a conic section, you end ...
5
votes
2answers
148 views

Area under parabola using geometry

We have to find the area of the pink region. As we all know this can be evaluated using limiting its Riemann sum, of which its a standard example. However I want to know if this can be done without ...
1
vote
3answers
89 views

General form of a circle

My math teacher taught me that the general form (equation) of a circle is: $$ ax^2+by^2+cx+dy+e=0 $$ He also asked us this: If the product of $c$ and $d$ is negative, then what 2 quadrants can the ...
4
votes
5answers
102 views

The equation of parabolas.

I have trouble grasping some basic things about parabolas. (This should be easily found on Google, but for some reason I couldn't find an answer that helped me). I know one simple standard equation ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

Calculate Ellipse From Points?

How can I calculate an ellipse from a group of points ? Result: center point, x-radius, y-radius ? I'm not mathematician so I don't really know the best parameter style for ellipses. This ellipse ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Intersection of conics

By conic we understand a conic on the projective plane $\mathbb{P}_2=\mathbb{P}(V)$, where $V$ is $3$-dimensional. I'd like to ask how to find the number of points in the intersection of two given ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

Proving properties of an ellipse

I'm studying about ellipse and its properties. My reference is the following pdf: http://nebula.deanza.edu/~bloom/math43/ellipse-derivation.pdf My questions are from the very first page of the ...
0
votes
2answers
258 views

Length of chord on ellipse

Suppose I have an ellipse centered at the origin, preferably expressed in its matrix form, and I want to know the chord length of a segment that passes through the origin with the endpoints at the ...
0
votes
2answers
478 views

Find angle at given points in Ellipse

I have Ellipse's center-points, minor-radius and major-radius. I can find, how to check if given point(x, y) exists in Ellipse or not. Now, I want to find given point(x,y) exists at which angle in ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Foci Concentric Circles

My approach: Using the foci formula $$c=\sqrt{a^2-b^2}$$. By plugging in $a=3$ and $b=2$ I obtain plus and minus $\sqrt{5}$. But there's 2 choices with a root 5 result. How do i know which one is ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Reflection inside an ellipse

From a typical point $P$ inside an ellipse, how many points $Q_i$ on the ellipse have $PQ_i$ normal to the ellipse? Someone asked me at school many years ago but I don't think I worked it out.
4
votes
0answers
130 views

Focus-Focus Definition for a Parabola

I am looking at the focus-focus definitions of the conics, i.e. defining them as the locus of points with the property that some function of the distance from the point to two foci is a constant. ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Question about finding a third point on an ellipse given angle

If I have a known point $Y$ on an ellipse in the first quadrant, and known point $X$ on the $x$-axis, and some angle $\theta$ between $XY$ and $YZ$ with $Z$ being some mystery third point on the ...
1
vote
0answers
89 views

How to see and proof that the hyperbola as a constant difference of distances holds for $\frac{1}{x}$?

I understand that a hyperbola can be defined as the locus of all points on a plane such that the absolute value of the difference between the distance to the foci is $2a$, which is the distance ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

can an ellipse be described by two circles?

I was intrigued by the fourier visualization and the simpsons face fourier and wanted to know the answer to the question can an ellipse be described by two circles ? and will the fourier analysis ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Creating an ellipse passing through a rectangle's vertices coordinates

Given a rectangle with vertices $A(x_1, y_1), B(x_2, y_2), C(x_3, y_3)$ and $D(x_4, y_4)$, how to create an ellipse with this vertices coordinates?
0
votes
2answers
301 views

Find equation of the circular cross section of a unit sphere

I have a unit sphere in Cartesian coordinates: $x^2 + y^2 + z^2 = 1$ or in spherical coordinates: $x = \rho \sin(\phi) \cos(\theta)\\ y = \rho \sin(\phi) \sin(\theta)\\ z = \rho \cos(\phi)$ I ...