0
votes
1answer
30 views
+150

Defining ellipse using points and normal vectors from them

There is an article on how to detect circles in images using pairs of gradient vectors (assuming the circle is dark and background is bright). The thing is that gradient of image intensity at each ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Roulette of a parabola - Delaunay-Surface

I've problems to understand an equation I've found in various books and papers. Maybe someone could help me and explain it a little bit more precisely. I colored the equation in yellow (the picture ...
0
votes
3answers
24 views

How to determine family of circles passing through two given points?

The question asks to show that the equation of any circle passing through two given points takes a certain form. I have obtained the points as being $(2,1)$ and $(2,-1)$ but I'm not sure as to how to ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Find all natural number solutions to: $20x^2 + 11y^2 = 2011$

I believe that the equation $20x^2 + 11y^2 = 2011$ describes an ellipse. I don't know how to solve for the $x,y \in \mathbb{N}$ that satisfy this equation.
6
votes
1answer
61 views

shape created by parabola

What would be the name of the shape that is the set of all points such that they are equidistant from the point $(0,1)$ and to the parabola $y=x^2$. Here is a desmos graph that generates the ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Trains describing a parabola

From the train station – the point S – originante two tracks, i.e. rays, which do not lie on a common straight line. Along these move two trains, which are line segments. On the first track a train is ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Theory of tangents and normals of an ellipse

What are the number of distinct normals that can be drawn to an ellipse from a point inside ,on and outside an ellipse?
0
votes
0answers
54 views

How to draw an ellipse, given its center, its major radius and two arbitrary points from its perimeter?

I'm trying to write as practice a program where I could visualize a circle being freely moved around in space, and long story short is that I ended up with this problem that I could not solve Besides ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How many non-collinear points determine an $n$-ellipse?

$1$-ellipse is the circle with $1$ focus point, $2$-ellipse is an ellipse with $2$ foci. $n$-ellipse is the locus of all points of the plane whose sum of distances to the $n$ foci is a constant. I ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Polar correlation and conics in $\Bbb RP^2$

I'm stuck on a small detail in Proposition 1.2.8 in Geiges' Introduction to Contact Topology. Let $C$ be a conic in $\mathbb{R}P^2$ given by $q^tAq=0$, where $A$ is a nonsingular, symmetric 3x3 ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Relation of ellipse semi-axes with rotation angle and projection length

In the following setup, assume $w$ (length of the projection of the ellipse) and $\theta$ (the rotation angle) are known. I want to know what equation(s) do I have here that helps me to derive the ...
1
vote
3answers
39 views

How to find the outermost points in an ellipse?

If an ellipse is given in the form: $$ A(x − h)^2+ B(x − h)(y − k) + C(y − k)^2 = 1 $$ (where A, B, C, h, and k are given) What would be the simplest way of finding the outermost points, by which I ...
1
vote
0answers
19 views

Catenary and parabola minimum comparison

Do the catenary and a parabola that approximates the catenary, have the same minimum (maximum sag)? IF plotted, it looks to me they do, and that they only difer somewhere on the "slope". (sorry for ...
0
votes
2answers
28 views

Ellipse as projection of a disk - function describing ellipse diameter with disk rotation?

Say I have got a disk of radius $r$ and a plane $p$ in $3D$ space. The disk is "aligned" to $p$ and lies at an arbitrary distance, so that its orthogonal projection on $p$ is an identical disk of ...
0
votes
1answer
18 views

$P$ is a point on a hyperbola whose focal points are $F_1$ and $F_2$. $Q$ on the line that bisects $\angle F_1PF_2$. Prove $|PF_1-PF_2|>|QF_1-QF_2|$.

$\require{cancel}$ Sorry for the grammatical mistake in the title; it was needed to keep the title under 150 characters. $P$ is a point on a hyperbola whose focal points are $F_1$ and $F_2$. $Q$ is ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Predicting Bending of Plywood (Conical Shapes)

I'm building a NASCAR-style banked track for 1/27 scale RC cars, and I'm trying to predict the bends I need to cut to produce the banked track I want. I've already built some simple banked pieces, ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

How to find the tangent vector for intersection of two cones?

Let two points $A=(x_{0},y_{0},z_{0})$ and $B=(x_{1},y_{1},z_{1})$ are given vertex of two cones and the generating angle of two cones are $m$. Intersection of two cones could be either an ellipse or ...
2
votes
3answers
119 views

What is the cone of the conic section?

Given the general (real valued) equation of a conic section: $$ A x^2 + B xy + C y^2 + D x + E y + F = 0 $$ Then what is the circular cone associated with it ? Is it unique ? And is there a way to ...
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Finding the area of an equilateral triangle on an ellipse

The question is as follows: Let $E$ be an ellipse with major axis length $4$ and minor axis length $2$. Inscribed an equilateral triangle $ABC$ in $E$ such that $A$ lies on the minor axis and $BC$ is ...
2
votes
0answers
40 views

Can one prove Brianchon's theorem using Ceva's theorem?

Can I prove Brianchon's theorem using Ceva's? I am also wondering if parabola and hyperbola can be inscribed in a hexagon?
0
votes
1answer
27 views

Why does the focus point distances of an ellipse sum up to the length of the major axis diameter

Why does the distances from the focus points of an ellipse to arbitrary point in the ellipse sum up to the length of the diameter of the ellipse in the major axis? In other words, how to prove: I ...
1
vote
4answers
70 views

Find depth of a half-filled parabolic cross-section

Given a cross-section of an object that is parabolic in shape, how do you find the depth of the object when it is "half full". A full example given in an exam: A long trough whose cross-section ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Minimal number of points to define a rotated ellipse?

What is the minimal number of points $N$ to uniquely define the semi-major axis $a$, the semi-minor axis $b$ and the rotation angle $\omega$ of an ellipse whose the center is known/fixed (this is ...
0
votes
1answer
36 views

Equation for the length of a chord parallel to either the minor or major axis in an ellipse

I am looking for a way to compute the length of any chord parallel to the minor (or major) axis of an ellipse. In all cases I know the lengths of both axes, and the distance between the chord and axis ...
1
vote
1answer
25 views

intersection of cone axis with plane

So when the plane intersect the cone, the intersection is a conic. Is (or when is) the axis (of the cone) intersection with the plane the focus of the conic?
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Why $b^2-4ac$ as determinant?

I am curious why $b^2-4ac$ is used as a determinant of a conic section? Like why this specific expression is chosen, why the value is always greater, lesser or equal to zero for hyperbola, ellipse ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Central angle of an ellipse

If I have an ellipse centered at the origin and know the length of $a$ and $b$ and was given the length of an arc, how can I find the angle that is between the two radius from the center of the ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Show that the ellipse and the hyperbola are convex

In Spivak's chapter on differentiation, he asks the reader to prove that the tangent line to an ellipse or a hyperbola intersect the figure at exactly one point. How is this done most elegantly? I ...
1
vote
2answers
36 views

Is equation for ellipse in polar coordinates correct?

Wikipedia gives the following equation for the conic sections in the polar coordinate system: $r = \frac{l}{1+e\cos\varphi}$. According to the article on conic sections, in case of an ellipse $e = ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Equation of normal to an ellipse

Show that the equation of the normal at the point $x = a\cos(t)$, $y = b\sin(t)$ of the ellipse $$\frac{x^2}{a^2} + \frac{y^2}{b^2} = 1 $$ is $$\frac{2a^2 - b^2}{a}$$ Hi, I am not sure how ...
4
votes
0answers
64 views

A surprising locus of points

I was playing with the setup for Desargues Theorem in Geogebra today and got a very odd-looking (to me) result. I imagine I could grind through this analytically and get an ugly-looking parametric ...
5
votes
2answers
92 views

Hyberbolic and Circular (Trig) Functions: Why no parabolic? [duplicate]

There are circular (trig) functions which determine all the points on a unit circle: and which relate to the area swept out by an angle subtended on the circle. -- These functions can of course be ...
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Orientation of rectangle on conic section

Consider a conic section. There are 2 rectangles such that all of the 8 vertices of the 2 rectangles lie on the conic section. Further assume that the 2 rectangles have different orientation (ie. a ...
6
votes
1answer
74 views

Group of Points on an Ellipse

I did some tooling around to find an abelian group operation for the set of points on the ellipse $\left(\frac{x}{a}\right)^2+\left(\frac{y}{b}\right)^2=1$, given by ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Given a skewed ellipse, how to determine its axis lengths?

I am mentoring a student who is working on a library to import Adobe Pagemaker documents into LibreOffice. Pagemaker represents ellipses as a bounding box (of the original, untransformed ellipse) and ...
26
votes
3answers
1k views

Fascinating Lampshade Geometry

Today, I encountered a rather fascinating problem in a waiting room, which is embodied in the image below. Notice how the light is being cast on the wall? There is a curve that defines the ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

What is the approximation equation for making the day/night wave

Basically, I have a program that will graph the day/night shade similar to this page: http://www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/sunearth.html Could any of you give me the equation for graphing a line ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Find the equations of the circles that have centre $(0,0)$ and touch the circle $x^2 + y^2 - 8x - 6y + 24 = 0$

Find the equations of the circles that have centre $(0,0)$ and touch the circle $x^2 + y^2 - 8x - 6y + 24 = 0$ So far I have said: As the circles have centre $(0,0)$ their equations are of the form ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Calculating tangent on ellipse

I want to calculate the slope of the tangent at one point of an ellipse whose centre is shifted towards the coordinates $(x_c;y_c)$ and also rotated by an angle $\alpha$ around its centre. Now, I have ...
0
votes
2answers
13 views

HELP: find the type of a conic from the given equation

However, I am not sure what conic type it is. Should it be divided by 4 in order to get a standard form of a hypebola? Any help will be appreciated. Thank you!
7
votes
1answer
70 views

ellipse circumference

Here is a Wikipedia article about the circumference of an ellipse: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ellipse#Circumference I don't know how Ramanujan developed the following approximation for the ...
2
votes
3answers
172 views

Focus of parabola with two tangents

A parabola touches x-axis at $(1,0)$ and $y=x$ at $(1,1)$. Find its focus. My attempt : All I can say is that as angle subtended by this chord at focus is $90^\circ$ as angle between tangents is ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How to identify any point inside or outside the given cone?

The equation of a double circular cone with a vertex $p=(a,b,c)$ with the generating angle $t$ is given by $(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2= \frac{(z-c)^2}{t^2}$ How do I identify the point ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

need explanation of what exactly is a directrix & focus?

((I'm not asking why do we need to know conic sections etc.) Like other similar questions.) I actually love math & currently learning conic sections in class, neither my textbook or teacher ...
2
votes
2answers
76 views

Orthogonal tangents to an ellipse [duplicate]

This is the problem I found back in the first year in the university. Suppose we have a non-degenerate (i.e. not a point and not an empty set) ellipse $E\subset \Bbb R^2$. Now define a set $D$ by a ...
3
votes
1answer
76 views

Locate a point a given distance from another point on an ellipse

Similar to Point on circumference a given distance from another point, but for an ellipse. Unfortunately, the difference is non-trivial. I have an ellipse and a point (C) that is somewhere on the ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Identify the locus.

Let $A,B,C$ lie on a straight line. $B$ is lying between $A$ and $C$. Consider all circles passing through $B$ and $C$. The point of contact of the tangents from $A$ to these circles lies on ..... We ...
3
votes
0answers
177 views

Equation of intersection of two cones

The equations of two cones are given; $(x-x_{0})^2+(y-y_{0})^2=\frac {(z-z_{0})^2}{m^2}$ and $(x-x_{1})^2+(y-y_{1})^2=\frac {(z-z_{1})^2}{m^2}$ How to find the equations of intersections 1) ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

Why does the “T=0” method to calculate tangent work?

Given a random equation of a curve: $ax^2 + 2hxy + by^2 + 2gx + 2fy + c = 0$. Suppose we need to find the tangent to this curve at any point $A(x_1, y_1)$. A method given to me by my professor was the ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

How do I find the width of a given section of an ellipse?

How would I be able to find the width of a horizontal ellipse (with a major axis of 120 and a minor axis of 5) at any given point along the major axis?