The study of computer algorithms which admit geometric descriptions, and geometric problems arising in association with such algorithms. The two major classes of problems are (a) efficient design of algorithms and data classes using geometric concepts and (b) representation and modelling of curves ...

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1answer
221 views

Given two sets of vectors, how do I find a change of basis that will convert one set to another?

Given two sets of dimension $n$ vectors $\lbrace v_1 , v_2 , \ldots , v_m \rbrace$, $\lbrace u_1, u_2, \ldots , u_m \rbrace$, where $m > n$, is there a computational method (in particular, using ...
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0answers
29 views

A continuous centerpoint of a convex spherical polygon

In discrete geometry, a centerpoint $c$ of a discrete set $S$ of $n$ points in the plane is such that any half plane containing $c$ contains (roughly) $n/3$ points of $S$. (Such a centerpoint always ...
0
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1answer
19 views

At what extent I can use trigonometric functions and properties with parametric curves?

I have a know-how and a library about trigonometry and trigonometric operations, I would like to know if I can possibly rely on trigonometry for parametric curves too and how the trigonometry from the ...
1
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0answers
11 views

Finding triangulations on 2D space by projecting lower hull of 3D

So we know that we can get the Delauney triangulation of a polygon if we map all points to the 3D space such that $p'=(p.x,p.y,p.x^2+p.y^2)$, compute the lower hull of that polyhedron, and then ...
3
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0answers
43 views

Understanding Newton polygons

I'm trying to understand the concept of the Newton polygon in relation to factoring polynomials over a field. I understand given a polynomial $$ 1+a_1x + a_2x^2+\cdots+ a_nx^n$$ that the Newton ...
3
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2answers
744 views

Lat/Long grid points covered by projecting rectangle onto sphere

Before my question proper, a little background: I'm wanting to optimise some computer rendering by eliminating the drawing of things that aren't visible given the current view. Suppose we have a ...
0
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1answer
15 views

What is and what are the use for an “ AINV preconditioner ” or “ SAINV ”?

In an article that I'm reading there is a mention to this "thing" and I absolutely don't know anything about it, for me it could be anything. I noticed that this thing is somehow related to the math ...
0
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0answers
48 views

How to determine if a convex polytope is contained in a union of convex polytopes?

Given that we are in a Euclidean space of dimension d, that we have a bounded convex H-defined polytope P, and N possibly unbounded convex H-defined polytopes, I am looking for an "efficient" ...
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0answers
16 views

Data structure issues with incremental Delaunay triangulation

I am implementing the incremental algorithm of Delaunay triangulation with a data structure based on Faces (triangles): 3 vertex indices and 3 Neighbor indices. The issue I have is that the structure ...
6
votes
1answer
68 views

Putting fence around sheep

Convex hull algorithms are well known. However, in my case, the goal is slightly modified: Given $N$ points in a plane, construct convex polygon with minimal area so that it contains all points, and ...
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0answers
77 views

How can I define a measure of similarity between two line segments in $\mathbb{R}^2$?

I have two segments in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and I would like to define a measure of similarity between the two segments. My idea is that I can apply: a scale transformation $s$ in order to equate the ...
0
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2answers
36 views

Where is the interior of the polygon?

There is an axis-parallel simply-connected polygon given as a list of corners. How can I know whether a certain vertical segment has the interior of the polygon on its east or on its west? For ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

filling an occluded plane with the smallest number of rectangles

I've got a specific problem which I'll try to describe as clearly as possible. I have a defined rectangular region on a cartesian plane, and within that region there are other given rectangular ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

What are algorithms or approaches to find a convex hull on higher dimensions?

I have some background in 2D computational geometry and understand how to find a convex hull in 2D. Now I'm looking at a set of vectors with 20-some components and want to find the convex hull on ...
0
votes
1answer
952 views

How to find rotation angles along X,Y,Z axes with a known vector to bring the axes to correct situation

I am working with 3d point data. When I checked the data I realized that there is some error on my data and need to do some kind of rotational rectification because the points which should be ...
0
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1answer
38 views

Formula of signed distance from hyperplane to point

Let $H$ be a hyperplane defined by the points $p_1, p_2, ..., p_n$ and single point $x$ generally out of the hyperplane. Is there any formula to calculate the signed distance between $x$ and $H$? I ...
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0answers
19 views

Traveling Salesperson tour monotonicity

Prove that the travelling salesperson tour TSP of a set S of points is monotone, that is, if S ⊆ S′, then the length of TSP(S) is less than or equal to the length of TSP(S′).
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1answer
40 views

Avoiding gimbal lock

I am not really sure if I understand the phenomenon of gimbal lock correctly. Say I have a vector $\begin{pmatrix} x\\ y\\ z \end{pmatrix}$. And I want to keep the vector's length fixed but move it ...
0
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1answer
341 views

Radius of circle coverage of n circles in square packing configuration

Is there a reference about determining the minimum radius of a circle that would cover n circles of radius 1 that are in a square packing configuration ( see Wolfram's MathWorld packing packing ...
1
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2answers
34 views

Determining points on a circle in a particular plane

This is more of a computer graphics question really, but I was just wondering the efficient way to determine n equally spaced points on a circle, given a normal vector to the circle and the radius of ...
0
votes
1answer
14 views

Applications of logarithmic functions in shapes and geometries

As I understand this logarithmic functions are a family of functions where the equation for $f(x)$ is written like so $$\begin{align} f(x) = & \log_{a} x \\ & \mathtt{where\ }a\mathtt{\ is\ ...
2
votes
2answers
51 views

Given four points, verify if they form a Tetrahedron

As per the title, I've been requested to build a program that -given 4 points in space- determine if they form a 3D shape and if this is case to present it's volume. For the volume part of the ...
8
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2answers
191 views

Visual illustrations of circle packing theorem?

Circle packing theorem states: For every connected simple planar graph G there is a circle packing in the plane whose intersection graph is (isomorphic to) G. Paper Collins, Stephenson: A circle ...
0
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1answer
29 views

How to test for a polygon witn n vertices if it's nonintersecting polygon or not?

How can you design an algorithm to know if an n-vertex polygon nonintersecting ? On what criteria is the test going to be
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Packingof Spheres in 3D

I am looking to find out the size of the largest sphere , that can fit in the voids created by packing spheres ( hcp) of radius R.
2
votes
1answer
50 views

What does $E^d$ mean?

I was reading the paper "Cutting Hyperplanes for Divide-and-Conquer" by B. Chazelle and in the introduction I came across the following: "Let $H$ be a set of $n$ hyperplanes in $E^d$." What does $E^d$ ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

What is inside and outside of complex polygon?

I am reading this paper http://arxiv.org/pdf/1207.3502.pdf Given a complex polygon. Its edges may intersect. The algorithm finds out if given point is inside of polygon or not. It draws a line from ...
2
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0answers
55 views

How do I most efficiently find the perpendicular distance from a point to the convex hull of a collection of circles?

I have a collection of one or more line segments for which I know the (x,y) coordinates of the endpoints. The segments may or may not be parallel and may or may not intersect. Each segment endpoint ...
0
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2answers
44 views

Why are rectangular cartograms hard to generate?

I was reading this paper on rectangular cartograms - ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Prove that volume of a ball in a polytope is very small

An exercise in a book asks to prove that for a bounded convex polytope $P\subseteq\mathbb{R}^n$ defined as an intersection of $k$ closed halfspaces and for a unit ball $B^n$ contained in $P$ the ...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

How to determine surface from given normal vectors and their distance on that surface

Situation: We have a bendable, non-stretchable surface, like a piece of cloth, with a regular grid on it. Unknown manipulation of the surface is done while preserving it's structure We recieve 3 ...
0
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0answers
21 views

Schwarz–Christoffel-like mapping on differentiable simple cubic spline boundary

For a concept of a computer game I have in mind I came to need that. I have a 2D pond, which has a boundary that is a simple differentiable cubic spline. There are ducks floating around, looking at ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Altitudes of Triangle

I have a triangle defined as 3 lines, each defined by two coordinate points A and B. I have the area of the triangle but need to calculate the 3 altitudes and their respective sides A and B points. ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

how many unit balls are needed to cover a unit sphere (1-dense set on a unit sphere)

There is an exercise in a geometry textbook to prove that "any $1$-dense set in the unit sphere $S^{n-1}$ has at least $\frac{1}{2}e^{n/8}$ points". It is supposed to be easy. A set $T$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

Equation of hyperplane in Matlab

Given $n$ points in $n$-dimensions, using MatLab, how should we find the equation of the $(n-1)$-dimensional hyperplane passing through these $n$ points.
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Collinear points in 3dimension

Given three $3D$ points: $A,B$ and $C$, what is the procedure to check if they are collinear? In general, given $n$ points in $m$-dimension, how should one find out, if these $n$-points defines a ...
11
votes
3answers
157 views

is there an efficient algorithm for comparing collections of points?

Let's say you have two sets of M points $p_1...p_M$, and $q_1...q_M$, which reside in $\mathbb{R}^N$. Is there an efficient (e.g. polynomial in M and N) algorithm to determine if the point-sets are ...
0
votes
2answers
62 views

How to compute surface normal pointing out of the object

An object has been approximated by a lot of triangles. Given the vertex positions of these triangles, how can I compute the normal of these vertices which pointing outside of the object. I know the ...
0
votes
2answers
598 views

Is this a wrong solution to the smallest enclosing circle problem?

I have a set of points in $\mathbb{R}^2$ and I need to find the smallest enclosing circle, i.e. the circle with the smallest radius that contains all of the points belonging to the set. I have the ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to calculate volume of 3d convex hull?

Convex hull is defined by a set of planes (point on plane, plane normal). I also know the plane intersections points which form polygons on each face. How to calculate volume of convex hull?
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Find equation of line without using division

I need an algorithm to find equation of a line without using division. Given a line by two points on it, with coordinates: $(x_1, y_1),\ (x_2, y_2)$. We can simply get the line equation by the ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Using cartesian coordinates how to get the segment overlapping two lines/segments?

There must be an algorithm to find the coordinates of the segment overlapping (fully or partially) two lines/segments but my googling does not produce any significant result. Maybe I don't use the ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Is there a way to compute the empty area between a group of touching polygons?

Given a bunch of convex polygons layed out like a house truss, is there a way to compute the empty area, or get a polygon for each of those "holes" between the polygons? I tried starting from any ...
2
votes
0answers
101 views

Best closed convex surface fitting N points in 3D

First. It's easier to understand the problem by describing the application where it arises from. We have a convex body $B$ in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ and measure points on its surface. The measurements are ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

T-shaped polygons

Is there any coefficient that can indicate T-shaped polygons ? Examples of T-shaped polygons:
0
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2answers
187 views

distance between a polytope point and a polytope vertex

How to find distance in between any polytope point to the closest vertex of the polytope (the verteces of the polytope are known)? How to find a distance from the farest polytope point to the closest ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Poisson point process (PPP) and Voronoi cells

Say we have a homogeneous PPP with rate $\lambda$ in the 2-D plane $\mathbb R^2$. In one realization of the PPP we get the points $\phi=\{x_1,x_2,...,x_i,...\}$. Now we generate the Voronoi cells ...
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2answers
40 views

Point as an element of an affine space vs point as an element of a topological space?

I am searching for the "most natural" definition of a (geometrical/space) point as an element of "something" in mathematics (I am trying to design a small computational geometry library on strong ...
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0answers
46 views

Computationnal geometry: vector, basis, point and coordinate system?

I am trying to build a small geometrical library in C++, that is mathematically consistent (not so false). The goal here is to construct two concepts: vectors and points. I am not sure that the ...
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0answers
42 views

How many edges is sufficient to check to prove polyhedron convexity?

Consider the set $\{u_{1}, u_{2}, \ldots, u_{n}\}$ of points on the spere in $\mathbb{R}^{3}$ (i. e. $||u_{i}|| = 1$) and their convex hull C = $Hull(u_{1}, \ldots, u_{n})$. It's obvious that each ...