Questions involving complex numbers, that is numbers of the form $a+bi$ where $i^2=-1$ and $a,b\in\mathbb{R}$.

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0
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0answers
16 views

Are there any solution for a,b,c,d such that $(a+bi)^{n}+(c+di)^{n}=2i$

Are there any solution for a,b,c,d such that $(a+bi)^{n}+(c+di)^{n}=2i$. With a,b,c,d,n are positive integer numbers and $a+bi, c+di$ are complex numbers . I just have started learning about comlex ...
0
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1answer
15 views

Show that a set of polynomials are linearly independent in the complex space

I have been trying the solve the following question without any success: Let $\lambda_1, \lambda_2, \lambda_3$ be three distinct complex numbers and define the polynomials $m(\lambda), m_1(\lambda), ...
0
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1answer
19 views

How do you show that f(z)=z conjugate isn't linear?

let $x_1= a+ib,x_2= c+id,k=$scalar $f(x_1,x_2)=f(x_1) + f(x_2)$ $f(a+ib + c + id)=(a+c)-i(b+d)$ $f(a+ib)+f(c+id)=(a+c) - i(b+d)$ $f(kx_1)=kf(x_1)$ $f(k(a+ib))= k(a-ib)$ $kf(x_1)=k(a-ib)$ Looks ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Powers of complex numbers

Prove that $\left(\sqrt{3}-i\right)^n = 2^n \left(\cos(n\pi/6)-\sin(n\pi/6)\right)$ $(1+\cos\alpha+i\sin\alpha)^n = 2^n\cos^n(\alpha/2)(\cos(n\alpha/2)+i\sin(n\alpha/2))$ I am completely lost with ...
-2
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2answers
37 views

(complex analysis) Prove that: $\arg ((z_3-z_2)/(z_3-z_1)) = 1/2 \arg z_2/z_1$

if $|z_1|=|z_2|=|z_3|$ Urgent help needed. I have used: $z_1=x_1+iy_1,z_2=x_2+iy_2,z_3=x_3+iy_3$ and obtained $$\arg(\frac{(z_3-z_2}{(z_3-z_1)} = \arctan ...
0
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0answers
9 views

What are the loci of points z which satisfy the following relations?

a) |Z-Z1|=|Z-Z2| b) 0< Re(iZ)<1 c) |z|=ReZ+1 d) Im((Z-Z1)/(Z-Z2))=0 The professor did not explain loci in class and the text does not have any examples, so I am completely lost.
0
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1answer
23 views

Complex conjugate of $z$ as a different variable

Can a complex conjugate be represented by a different letter than $z$? As in: Let $y$ be a complex number satisfying $|y|<1$. Find the set of all complex numbers $z$ satisfying ...
3
votes
1answer
73 views
+200

Find a convergent solution for $a$

Find a value for $a$ in which the following sum converges. $$a+a!+(a!)!+((a!)!)!+\cdots$$ I know that there are no solutions if you only look at $a\in \Bbb{R}$, but are there any solutions if you ...
1
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1answer
19 views

Rewriting a trig function into a sum of exponential functions

Rewrite the function $2 + 4\sin(\pi t + \frac{\pi}{6})$ into a sum of exponential functions. By that I mean using Euler's formula $\sin(x) = \dfrac{e^{i\pi x} - e^{-i\pi x}}{2i}$. If it wasn't for ...
1
vote
2answers
32 views

Find the argument of $\dfrac{(3-2i)(1-i)}{(2+i)^2}$

As the header suggests, I am supposed to find the argument for the complex number $\dfrac{(3-2i)(1-i)}{(2+i)^2}$ This is how I've tried: Approach 1: Calculate the arguments by factoring out the ...
1
vote
1answer
28 views

Find the analytic function

$f(z)=1 $ satisfies the condition Using Identity Theorem $f(z)=1$ can be only function that satisfies this. so option (b) is NOT true. Am I on correct path?
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0answers
10 views

On charge conjugation of Dirac spinor

Suppose we have Weyl spinor $\psi_{a}$, which transforms under irreducible representation $\left( \frac{1}{2}, 0\right)$ of the Lorentz group, $$ \psi_{a} \to (T(g))_{a}^{\ b}\psi_{b}, $$and complex ...
1
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1answer
34 views

There exists a $M$ such that $\mid f^k (0)\mid \leq k^4 M^k$. Show that $f$ can be extended analytic on $\Bbb C$.

(a) Suppose that $f$ is analytic on the open unit disk $\{z: |z|<1 \}$ and there exists a $M$ such that $\mid f^k (0)\mid \leq k^4 M^k$ for all $k \geq 0$. Show that $f$ can be extended analytic on ...
0
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1answer
21 views

why $f(z) = z^{(3/2)}$ does not have derivative at z = 0 in complex plane.

it seems that the $f'(z) = z^{(1/2)}$ means that this function has derivative for every complex value. But why $f(z) = z^{(3/2)}$ does not have derivative at z = 0
0
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0answers
33 views

about the complex conjugation of a complex vector space $V\left(\mathfrak{\mathcal{C}}\right)$

I am a little confused about the complex conjugation of a complex vector space $V\left(\mathfrak{\mathcal{C}}\right)$. From other answers (Is a complex vector space closed under complex ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Prove that $\tan5 \theta = \frac {5\tan \theta -10 \tan ^3 \theta +\tan ^5 \theta} {1-10\tan ^2 \theta +5\tan ^4 \theta}$

As the title suggests, what is required to prove is that $$\tan5 \theta = \frac {5\tan \theta -10 \tan ^3 \theta +\tan ^5 \theta} {1-10\tan ^2 \theta +5\tan ^4 \theta}$$ I was looking back through my ...
0
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2answers
63 views

Periodic function without trigonometry and complex numbers [on hold]

Can I get a periodic function without using trigonometric functions or complex numbers? UPDATE: The question has been superseded by Single-statement Continuous Periodic function without trigonometry ...
0
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0answers
12 views

Single-statement Continuous Periodic function without trigonometry and complex numbers

Superseding the question Periodic function without trigonometry and complex numbers , I am now asking: Can I get a single-statement continuous periodic function without using trigonometric functions ...
0
votes
3answers
30 views

Let $A$ be a complex number and $B$ be a real number. Prove that $\mid z^2\mid+Re(Az)+B=0$ can only have a solution iff $\mid A^2 \mid \ge 4B$.

Been stumped on this question for a while. I tried letting $z=\mid z \mid \cdot e^{i \alpha}$ and $A=\mid A \mid \cdot e^{i\beta}$ -- assuming that $\alpha$ and $\beta$ were the arguments of $z$ and ...
1
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3answers
194 views

Every imaginary number is also a complex number?

How is it possible that every imaginary number (multiple of i ) is also a complex number?
0
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1answer
25 views

Find the location of the center and the radius of the following circle: [on hold]

Find the location of the center and the radius of the following circle: $$ \left| \ \frac{z-1}{z+1} \ \right| \ = \ 3 \ \ . $$ $ \ z \ $ is a complex number. Thanks in advance!
0
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2answers
65 views

Why is Euler's formula a definition?

Even though there are proofs for Euler's formula for complex exponentials (see wikipedia for instance), it is mentioned as a "definition" in most textbooks. Why is that? My understanding is that a ...
3
votes
2answers
42 views

Does the identity ${|\cosh z|}^2={\cos}^2x+{\sinh}^2y$ given in my text hold?

In my text book I saw that ${|\cosh z|}^2={\cos}^2x+{\sinh}^2y$ But when I tried deriving it myself I got this: $${|\cosh z|}^2={\cos}^2y+{\sinh}^2x$$ See my working below: $$\cosh ...
31
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10answers
31k views

What is $\sqrt{i}$?

If $i=\sqrt{-1}$, is $\large\sqrt{i}$ imaginary? Is it used or considered often in mathematics? How is it notated?
0
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0answers
29 views

How can we represent complex numbers in 2-d plane(i.e. complex plane) if there is no ordinal relationship between them? [on hold]

If there is no ordinal relationship(2i is not greater or equal or lesser than i i.e there is no order relation between i and 2i) in complex numbers then why are they represented in ordinal manner in ...
2
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1answer
21 views

A set $I$ of isolated complex numbers such that $[0,1]\subset\{Re(z):z\in I\}$

Is there a set $I$ of isolated complex numbers, such that $$[0,1]\subset\{Re(z):z\in I\},$$ where $Re(z)$ is the real part of the complex number $z$.
1
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1answer
1k views

Straight Line Equation in Complex Plane

Hi there, I'm confused about the straight line equation in complex plane: how does "0 = Re((m+i)z + b)" come from "y = mx + b" ? I mean when I see "y = mx + b", I can draw a graph in my mind, but ...
1
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2answers
19 views

complex no. $z$ such that $ |z|<\frac{1}{3}$ and $ \sum^{n}_{r=1}a_{r}z^{r} = 1\;,$ Where $|a_{r}|<2$

Prove that there exists no complex no. $z$ such that $\displaystyle |z|<\frac{1}{3}$ and $\displaystyle \sum^{n}_{r=1}a_{r}z^{r} = 1\;,$ Where $|a_{r}|<2$ $\bf{My\; Try::}$ We can write ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Doubt in raising a power to a complex number

What's the value of $$i^{i^{i^{...}}}$$? I tried to take log on both sides. $x=i^x$ $\implies \log x=x \log i$ After this how can I solve this... I am sorry, that I don't know the methods you ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Having trouble solving a problem involving hyperbolic trignometric functions

We have to find the value of $$ \tanh^{2}a * \cosh^{2} b - \cos^ {2} c \, $$ if $$\sin(a+ib) * \sin(c+id) = 1.$$ Can anyone solve this? Pls share the solution
-2
votes
0answers
30 views

Exercise about factorization

I've just started a new year at school, and I learned these formulas: $\sin x = \frac{e^{ix} - e^{-ix}}{2i}$ and $\cos x = \frac{e^{ix} + e^{-ix}}{2}$ We used them in class to do some factorization ...
8
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3answers
765 views

How to raise a complex number to the power of another complex number?

How do I calculate the outcome of taking one complex number to the power of another, ie $\displaystyle {(a + bi)}^{(c + di)}$?
5
votes
2answers
113 views

Intuition behind $i^{i}$.

My query is about the $i^{i}$ , where $i$ is defined to be the imaginary unit, and $i \in C$. I know the proof of this value, we just have to substitute $i$ as ...
2
votes
2answers
24 views

If complex no. ($z$) satisfying $\frac{1}{2}\leq |z|\leq 4\;,$ Then Max. and Min. of $\left|z+\frac{1}{z}\right|$

Let $z$ be a complex no. satisfying $\displaystyle \frac{1}{2}\leq |z|\leq 4\;,$ then the Sum of greatest and least value of $\displaystyle \left|z+\frac{1}{z}\right|$ is $\bf{My\; Try::}$ ...
1
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1answer
30 views

Inequality for the gradient of a power of absolute value

Let $U \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ be open, and let $f : U \to \mathbb{C}$ be a smooth complex-valued function which does not vanish anywhere on $U$. Let $r > 0$ be a real constant. Does the ...
1
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2answers
110 views

Proving that a complex number lies on the imaginary axis.

Given that there are two complex numbers - $z, w$ - such that $w\overline{w} = 1$ and $z = \frac{1+w}{1-w}$, how do I deduce that $z$ lies on the imaginary axis?
0
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1answer
50 views

Resolve $A=\cos{(\pi/7)}+\cos{(3\pi/7)}+\cos{(5\pi/7)}$ using $u=A+iB$

With these two sums: $$A=\cos(\pi/7)+\cos(3\pi/7)+\cos(5\pi/7)$$ $$B=\sin(\pi/7)+\sin(3\pi/7)+\sin(5\pi/7)$$ How to find the explicit value of $A$ using: $u=A+iB$ the sum of $n$ terms in a ...
0
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1answer
13 views

Show that a line is tangent to a circle in the extended complex plane.

The straight line $l$ in the extended-complex plane pasess through $2+i,2+2i$.The circle $C$ centered at $-1-2i$ with radius $3$. First, I find the parametrization of the straight line which is $$z = ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Has anyone ever explored $(\sin{x})^x$ , $(\cos{x})^x$, etc?

I've come across a problem that involves something very close to: $$\int(\cos{x})^xdx$$ and I have no clue as to how to proceed with any kind of analysis for this type of equation. It occurred to me ...
40
votes
7answers
3k views

Why $\sqrt{-1 \times {-1}} \neq \sqrt{-1}^2$?

I know there must be something unmathematical in the following but I don't know where it is: \begin{align} \sqrt{-1} &= i \\ \\ \frac1{\sqrt{-1}} &= \frac1i \\ \\ \frac{\sqrt1}{\sqrt{-1}} ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Is the square root of -1 really “i” [duplicate]

I know that the imaginary unit i is a number with the following property: i^2 = -1 But I often see people turn that into this ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Expression of reflection isometry in the complex plane

Using the fact that an anti-displacement in the plan has the form $$f(z) = a \overline{z} + b$$ I have done some computation to find the reflection about the line passing through two points $P$ and ...
1
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1answer
34 views

Find the number of elements of a complex subset

How many elements does the set $\{z\in \mathbb C:z^{60}=-1,z^k\not=-1\text{ for } 0<k<60\}$ have ? $z^{60}=-1=\cos(2k\pi+\pi)+i\sin(2k\pi+\pi)$. Then , ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

An alternative method to find $\sum_{k=1}^{2n-1} | \beta ^k - 1|$

Let $\beta \in \mathbb{C}$ such that $\beta ^n = 1$ but $ \beta ^k \neq 1$, $\forall k=1,2,\cdots, n-1$. Find the value of $$ \sum_{k=1}^{2n-1} | \beta ^k - 1|.$$ I came across such a question ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

Let $z,w\in \mathbb{C}$ where $|w|<1$ (modulus). What is the set of all $z\in \mathbb{C}$ that satisfies $|z-w|\leq|1-\bar{w}z|$.

Let $z,w\in \mathbb{C}$ where $|w|<1$ (modulus). What is the set of all $z\in \mathbb{C}$ that satisfies $|z-w|\leq|1-\bar{w}z|$. I've tried a few things with no luck. I wrote $z,w$ are complex ...
6
votes
2answers
95 views

Minimum of $f(z) = \left|z^2+z+1\right|+\left|z^2-z+1\right|$

For $z\in\mathbb{C}$, calculate the minimum value of $$ f(z) = \left|z^2+z+1\right|+\left|z^2-z+1\right| $$ My Attempt: Let $z= x+iy$. Then $$ \begin{align} z^2+z+1 &= ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Is it necessary for the Imaginary-axis to be perpendicular to the Real-axis?

The Real number line is in one dimension. If you want to map a complex number, you would have to add a second dimension to that number line- the Imaginary-axis. The Imaginary-axis is always ...
0
votes
2answers
25 views

calculating complex numbers - help needed [closed]

Probably it is simple, but I am blind right now and I do not see how to solve this task: $e^{i \frac{2\pi}{3}}+e^{i\frac{4\pi}{3}}+1$
3
votes
2answers
61 views

a matrix of rank $r$ satisfies a polynomial of degree $r+1$.

Let $M$ be an $n\times n$ matrix with coefficients in $\mathbb C$. Suppose $M$ has rank $r$ with $r<n$. Prove there is a polynomial $P(x)$ with degree $r+1$ and coefficients in $\mathbb C$ such ...
0
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1answer
72 views

complex number passing from $|z|^{2}$ to $|z|$

I really couldn't understand last part when they pass from $|z|^{2}$ to $|z|$ so any more explanation please?