0
votes
1answer
26 views

the absolute value of $\frac{1}{e^{i\omega t}-1}$

I am told to get the absolute value of $$\frac{1}{e^{i\omega t}-1}$$ I sense that there's something ridiculously simple about this, but I tried working from the fact that if I square it, the absolute ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

Can I conjugate a complex number: $\sqrt{a+ib}$?

Can I find the conjugate of the complex number: $\sqrt{a+ib}$? Actually my maths school teacher says and argues with each and every student that we can't conjugate "square root of $a+ib$" to "square ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Weird conformal map problem

Construct a conformal map from the region $\omega$ = open disk of radius 1 centered at 0 minus the closed disk of radius 0.5 centered at 0.5 to $\mathbb{D}$ = disk radius 1 centered at 0. I really ...
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Let $f(z) = z + z^2$ and let $V = \displaystyle \{z \in \mathbb{C} : |z| < \frac{1}{2}, \frac{3\pi}{4} < arg\{z\} < \frac{5\pi}{4}\}$.

Let $f(z) = z + z^2$ and let $V = \displaystyle \{z \in \mathbb{C} : |z| < \frac{1}{2}, \frac{3\pi}{4} < arg\{z\} < \frac{5\pi}{4}\}$. $(a)$ Show that $f(V) \subset V.$ $(b)$ Let $f_n$ be ...
2
votes
4answers
52 views

Writing the complex number $z = 1 - \sin{\alpha} + i\cos{\alpha}$ in trigonometric form

Now I can't finish this problem: Express the complex number $z = 1 - \sin{\alpha} + i\cos{\alpha}$ in trigonometric form, where $0 < \alpha < \frac{\pi}{2}$. So the goal is to determine both ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

rationalize the complex number multiplication rule

For a middle school student without previous knowledge of complex number, how do one introduce the multiplication rules of complex number? i.e., if we have two real number pairs of $(a,b)$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Factoring a complex polynomial

Factorize the polynomial : $$ p(x) = x^{5} - x^{4}+ 4x - 4 $$ In real factors in the lowest degree possible. So in previous questions I have been given at least one rot so that I can factorize it ...
1
vote
3answers
66 views

Complex Equations

The Equation: $$ z^{4} -2 z^{3} + 12z^{2} -14z + 35 = 0 $$ has a root with a real part 1, solve the equation. When it says a real part of 1, does this mean that we could use (z-1) and use ...
5
votes
1answer
75 views

If $e^{i\theta}=e^{i\varphi}$, then $\theta-\varphi=2k\pi$

This is pretty easy I think but I am having a tough time trying to prove this in a satisfying way to me. I am trying to show that $$e^{i\theta}=e^{i\varphi} \Rightarrow \theta-\varphi=2k\pi,\, \text{ ...
3
votes
3answers
282 views

The limit of complex sequence

$$\lim\limits_{n \rightarrow \infty} \left(\frac{i}{1+i}\right)^n$$ I think the limit is $0$; is it true that $\forall a,b\in \Bbb C$, if $|a|<|b|$ then $\lim\limits_{n\rightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Cauchy-Riemann Equations - why $f'(z_o) = \frac{\partial f}{\partial x}(z_o)$ implies that f is differentiable at $z_o$

I'm trying to understand part b of this proof. The only line I don't understand is the sentence starting with "To prove the statement in (b)..." If someone could clarify why that line is true I ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Find sup$\{|f′(3)| : f$ maps $Ω$ analytically into the unit disk $\}.$

Let $Ω=\{z=x+iy∈C : |y|<x\}.$ Find sup$\{|f′(3)| : f$ maps $Ω$ analytically into the unit disk $\}.$ Okay. So I can find a conformal map from $Ω\rightarrow \mathbb{D}$. I used the map $f(z) = ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

When $f=u+iv$ is a holomorphic function, the real part of $f'(z)$ is equal to $u_x(z)$

Suppose $f$ is holomorphic, and is written as $f=u+iv$ with $u,v$ real-valued. Why is the partial derivative $u_x(z)$ equal to $\operatorname{Re}(f'(z))$? Source This fact is used in the proof ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

complex functions inequalities plane

Given $w(z)=\frac{i-z}{i+z}$. Find the map w=f(z) of the part of the plane defined by inequalities: $|z|>1$ and $Im(z)>Re(z)$ so far: $|z|>1$ is this area from $Im(z)>Re(z)$ => ...
6
votes
3answers
124 views

Towards a formula for the Euler $\phi$ function?

$\Phi_n(1)$ and $\Phi_n(-1)$ for the cyclotomic polynomials are well-known. I am now looking for $$\Phi_n(i)$$ and/or $$\Phi_n(-i)$$ with $i$ the complex unit. The reason is : I suppose it is ...
0
votes
2answers
37 views

How to solve equation in complex numbers?

For $n$ odd ( e.g. with $n\equiv 1\mod 4 )$ I seek a solution $f(n)$ for this simple equation in the complex numbers $$(-1)^{f(n)}2^{\frac{n-1}{2}}=-\frac i2(1+i)^{n+1}$$ $f(n)$ is probably an integer ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

On the criterion of convergence of infinite products of complex numbers

I have troubles in understanding the proof of the criterion which states that an infinite product exists iff the series of the complex logarithms of the terms of the product converges. In particular, ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

Consider the general equation of a circle in $(x,y)$-plane and use the transformation $w = \frac{1}{z}$

Consider the general equation of a circle in $(x,y)$-plane and use the transformation $w = \frac{1}{z}$ where $w = u + iv$ and $z=x+iy$. I understand that \begin{align} u = \frac{x}{x^2+y^2}\\ v = ...
2
votes
3answers
53 views

How to prove that $1/|z^4-4z^2+3|\le 1/3$ if $z$ is a complex number with $|z|=2 $?

Show $$\left\lvert \frac{1}{z^4-4z^2+3} \right\rvert \leq \frac{1}{3},\, \text{ if } |z|=2.$$ I am sure it is pretty easy and I am overlooking something. So this is equivalent to $$3 \leq ...
5
votes
2answers
76 views

Complex Numbers - Finding Roots

Hi there I was wondering if someone could help me? I am struggling to find the roots of the polynomial $z^4+2z+3=0$ It is not a quadratic so can't use the quadratic formula so am not quite sure ...
2
votes
4answers
49 views

want to prove exponential identity with complex numbers

I want to prove that $e^{x+y}=e^x*e^y$, where x and y are complex numbers. I only want to use that evey complex number is on the form $z=a+bi$, where $i^2=-1$. And if z is a complex number we have ...
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Construction of complex numbers and exponent rules for them

I have some questions about the construction of the complex numbers in this Wikipedia article, especially of the exponents of complex numbers. $1$. Is it enough to define it as $a+bi$, where a,b are ...
-1
votes
2answers
36 views

Separating a Complex Valued Function

Is there a formula (with mathematical reasoning) for separating a complex-valued function $f(z)=f(x+iy)$ into the form $ f(z)=u(x,y) + iv(x,y)$? Thank You, C.A
0
votes
2answers
74 views

Real and imaginary parts of a complex-valued function

How do you get a complex-valued function $ f(z) = f(x+iy) = \frac{z^{s-1}}{e^{-z}-1}, $ where $s$ is a constant complex number and $z$ is a complex variable, into the form: $ f(x+iy) = a(x,y) + ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

Proof of Cauchy-Riemann equations using differentials as quotients?

In my analysis 2 book the proof goes like this: If a complex function $f = P(x,y) + iQ(x,y)$ is differentiable at a point $z$, then $$ \lim_{\Delta z \to 0} \frac{f(z + \Delta z) - f(z)}{\Delta z} ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Using De-moivres to solve the following problem:

Part (i) I can solve and understand that the solutions are $Z=e^\frac{2ki\pi}{5}$ for $k = 0,1,2,3,4$ Its the part (ii) I cannot understand. Could someone kindly give me a ...
19
votes
8answers
2k views

Refining my knowledge of the imaginary number

So I am about halfway through complex analysis (using Churchill amd Brown's book) right now. I began thinking some more about the nature and behavior of $i$ and ran into some confusion. I have seen ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Separable Function: Alternative Representation

How does one get the following function $$ f(u) = f(x+iy) = \frac{u^{z-1}}{e^{-u}-1}, $$ where $z$ is a constant complex number and u is a complex variable, into the form: $$ f(x+iy) = v(x,y) + ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

If $w_1=a_1+ib_1$ and $w_2=a_2+ib_2$ are complex numbers, then $|e^{w_1}-e^{w_2}|\geq e^{a_1}-e^{a_2}$

Let $w_1=a_1+ib_1$ and $w_2=a_2+ib_2$ be two complex numbers. Ahlfors says that $|e^{w_1}-e^{w_2}|\geq e^{a_1}-e^{a_2}$. I don't understand why that is. Any help would be greatly appreciated.
1
vote
1answer
42 views

The principle of Nested Rectangles

I have been reading Richard Silverman "Complex Analysis with applications", I faced a principle which is called principle of nested rectangles I tried to figure out what the textbook is really saying, ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Intuition for the limit of complex functions

We have intuition and somehow geometrical point of view about the limit in the Real functions.I mean we can think of the limit on the graph of the Real function and imagine how close we can get on the ...
0
votes
1answer
37 views

Using De Moivre's theorem with relation to the argument of a complex number

Given that $Z^4 = 64(\cos\pi+ i\sin\pi)= 64(-1+0i) = -64$ I understand that the argument [$arg(Z^4)$] is $\pi$, now if instead given the form $Z^4 =64(-1+0i)$ and I desired to find the argument ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Solution to second order differential equation

I'm reading a paper in which the authors solve the following equation: $\frac{d^{2}}{dz^{2}}\hat{p}$($\bf{q}$$,z)$-$q^{2}\hat{p}$($\bf{q}$$,z)$-$\frac{iq_{y}}{(2\pi)^{2}}\delta(z-z_{2})$=0 here ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Cauchy-Riemann and Analytic Functions

Using the Cauchy-Riemann conditions, tell if $f(z) = z^{*}$ is analytic I have tried this: $Z = x + iy$ $f(x + iy) = Z^{*} = x - iy$ $U(x,y) = x$ $V(x,y) = -y$ $U_x = 1$ Deriving respect to $x$ ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Conformal mapping of the domain bounded by a line segment and a circular arc

I am trying to construct a conformal map from the region $R$ which is the set of points in the complex plane bounded by the segment connecting $i$ and $1$ and the part of the unit circle in the first ...
2
votes
0answers
57 views

A hard Conformal Mapping problem

I am trying to construct a conformal map from $R = \{z \in \mathbb{C} : -1 < Re(z) < 1$ and $Im{(z)} > 0\} \cap \{z \in \mathbb{C} : |z| > 1\}$ to the unit disk $\mathbb{D}$. I am really ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

Sketching regions is complex plane

When sektching the region $\left|\frac{2z-1}{z+i}\right|$$\geq$1 on the argrand diagram, how should we go about identifying the region, should we take $\left|2z-1\right|\geq\left|z+i\right|$ or ...
0
votes
3answers
83 views

Solving the equation $(z-2)^{4}+(z+1)^{4}=0$

$(z-2)^{4}+(z+1)^{4}=0$ I tried starting by solving $z^{4}=1$ with the solutions being , $1cis (\frac{n\pi }{2})$, where $n = -1, 0, 1, 2$ I am unsure about how to proceed from here, I tried to ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Mean value theorem for harmonic

In Problems and Solution in Mathematics by Ta-Tsien, exercise 5123, the mean value theorem is used as: \begin{equation} \text{log} |F(0)| = \frac{1}{2 \pi} \int_0^{2\pi} \text{log}|F(re^{i\theta})| ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Find the set of $z$ which satisfies the given equation

Let $w \to w^{a}$ be the principal branch of the power function defined for $|\mathrm{Arg}(w)| <\pi$. Find the set of all values of $z\in \mathbb{C}$ such that the following identity holds for ALL ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

The complex equation

In solving $|z|i +2z =1$, I seem to be constantly getting two solutions while both answer key and Wolfram claim to be only one. What am I doing wrong? Let's share the fun: $(\sqrt{x^2 +y^2}) i +2x ...
0
votes
3answers
45 views

Solving the complex polynomial

For the complex polynomial $z^3 -5z^2 +(7-2i)z +6i-3 = 0 $ $1)$ show that $2+i $ is a root. $2)$ solve the given equation. Attemp to solve: I'm not really sure how to solve this, but I ...
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Interesting examples of Cauchy's Integral formula [closed]

Question : What are some interesting and, albeit, counter intuitive examples of real integrals that are solved using Cauchy's integral Formula. Cauchy integral formula can magically transform some ...
1
vote
2answers
103 views

Omitting $i$ in calculations

Is it possible in various calculations related to the complex plane which also include analytic geometry , calculating distances etc, to omit $i$ and treat the imaginary axis as simply the cartesian ...
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Solving $|z-3| \leq|z-1-i|$

I was trying to solve graphicly: $$|z-3| \leq |z-1-i|$$ I plugged x and y in proper places as real componenets of the comlex number yielding in the end $-4x+2y+7 \leq0$ this might be tackled if ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Choosing a branch of the square root

Assume $O$ is the compliment of the non-positive part of the real line to the complex plane. This is an open and connected set. Only one of the values of $\sqrt z$ in $O$ has positive real part. With ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

The cross-ratio of four points is a real number exactly when the four points lye on a line or a circle

Let $z,z_1,z_2,z_3$ be four points on the extended plane. Their cross-ratio $(z,z_2,z_3,z_4)$ by definition is the image $Tz$ of $z$ under the Möbius transformation $T$ that sends $z_1,z_2,z_3$ to ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Singularities of complex functions.

How do I determine the singularities of a function? What is a singularity? In the functions below which are the singularities? a)$$f(z)=\frac{1}{(z^4+2z)}$$ b)$$f(z)={e^{1/z}}$$
1
vote
3answers
42 views

Determining Laurent Series expansion and residues

Determining Laurent Series expansion and residues of $f(z)=\frac{z}{(z+1)(z+2)}$ around $z = -2$. What is the validity of the expanded region? What is $res(f, -2)$??
1
vote
4answers
62 views

Which way will produce the following integral?

Which way $\gamma$ will produce the following integral? $$\int\limits_{\gamma}\frac{3+i}{z^5 - z}dz = 0$$