Questions involving complex numbers, that is numbers of the form $a+bi$ where $i^2=-1$ and $a,b\in\mathbb{R}$.

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1
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0answers
40 views

Showing a function map to itself

Let $ D = \{ z \in \mathbb{C} : |z| < 1\}$. Fix $ w \in D$ and define $f: \bar{D} \to \mathbb{C}$ by $$f(z) = \frac{w-z}{1-\bar{w}z}$$ Show the following: $f$ maps $D$ to $D$ and $\partial D$ to ...
8
votes
1answer
84 views

For which complex $a, b, c$ does $(a^b)^c=a^{bc}$ hold?

Wolfram Mathematica simplifies $(a^b)^c$ to $a^{bc}$ only for positive real $a, b$ and $c$. See W|A output. I've previously been struggling to understand why does $\dfrac{\log(a^b)}{\log(a)}=b$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

If $|z-2|=1$, what are the maximum and minimum values $|z+i|$ can have? [on hold]

If $|z-2|=1$, what are the maximum and minimum values $|z+i|$ can take?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

$(ab^{n+1})^{1/n}$ where $a,b \in \mathbb{C}$

Let $a,b \in \mathbb{C}$ and $n \in \mathbb{N}$. We can present $a$ and $b$ in polar form as \begin{equation} a = r_a \mathrm{e}^{i \theta_a} \quad \textrm{and} \quad b = r_b \mathrm{e}^{i \theta_b}, ...
3
votes
3answers
54 views

How do limits work in complex functions?

I don't quite understand one example in my notes it says. My query is this: I don't understand what the significance of $\theta$ is. Why does it matter that $\theta \in (-\pi,\pi]$? I see the ...
0
votes
0answers
44 views

Can the triangle function approximate the Gaussian curve for complex numbers?

I was thinking about approximating the Gaussian curve with a triangular curve. The graphs look like this: their respective functions are: $$ y_1(x) = t(x) = max(0, 1 - |x|)$$ $$ y_2(x) = e^{ - ...
-3
votes
4answers
54 views

How do I prove :$z\bar{z}=i$ has no solutions in $\mathbb{R}$?

Is there someone who can prove me that: $z\bar{z}=i$ has no solution in $\mathbb{R}$, where $z$ is complex variable and $\bar{z}$ it conjugate ? Note: $i$ is imaginary unit. Thank you for any ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

How can one solve $1^x=2$?

Sure, common sense says there's no solution. But, I feel, there should be one! (If there isn't, can't we construct one?)
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Roots of polynomial outside a vertical strip of $\mathbb C$

Let $P(z)$ be an arbitrary polynomial with real coefficients. I'd like to guarantee that all roots of $P$ have real parts outside the interval $(0, 1)$. Is there some simple condition on P that will ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Initial conditions for second order ODE with complex stiffness

I'm trying to find initial conditions to ensure systems of the form stay bounded $\ddot{x}_i+\sum_{j=1}^N k_{ij} x_j = 0, \quad k_{ij} \in \mathbb{C}$. For simplicity let's say the $k_{ij}$ lie in ...
-5
votes
3answers
62 views

What's the value of $i^i$? [duplicate]

What's the value of $i^i$?Is it real or imaginary?[$i$ here denotes imaginary number.]
-5
votes
3answers
55 views

Prove that $G=\{z \in \mathbb{C}: |z|=1\}$ is an abelian group [on hold]

Prove that $G=\{z \in \mathbb{C}: |z|=1\}$ is an Abelian group with the multiplication operation of complex numbers.
5
votes
2answers
55 views

System of equations in a,b,c,d

$a,b,c,d$ are complex numbers satisfying \begin{cases} a+b+c+d=3 \\ a^2+ b^2+ c^2+ d^2=5 \\ a^3+ b^3+ c^3+ d^3=3 \\ a^4+ b^4+ c^4+ d^4=9 \end{cases} Find the value of the following: ...
0
votes
2answers
26 views

Triangle inequality with complex numbers.

Okay so I know that: $$|z|-|z_0| \leq |z-z_0|$$ and similarly that $$|z_0|-|z| \leq |z-z_0|$$ but in my book it states that since this is true then it is obviously true that $$||z|-|z_0||\leq ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

What is the interactive explanation of a number to the power $\sqrt{-1}$

What happens when a number is multiplied with itself i times, i.e a number $n \in \mathbb{C}$, what is the explanation of $n^i$ ? I have tried a few by myself:- $e^i = cos \; 1 + i sin\; 1$ and $i^i$ ...
0
votes
2answers
97 views

Why was $i$ introduced to satisfy this $\sqrt{-1}$?

Can someone explain to me why $$\sqrt{-1} = i$$ I love math and I'm looking at doing it to higher levels. I know that we can NEVER have a square root of a negative number as per my reading hence if I ...
1
vote
2answers
61 views

Complex numbers - roots of unity

Let $\omega$ be a complex number such that $\omega^5 = 1$ and $\omega \neq 1$. Find $$\frac{\omega}{1 - \omega^2} + \frac{\omega^2}{1 - \omega^4} + \frac{\omega^3}{1 - \omega} + \frac{\omega^4}{1 ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Separate real and imaginary part of $\arccos(z)$

Beginning with $$i \cos \left[ \frac{1}{n} \arccos \left( \frac{i}{\epsilon} \right) + \frac{m \pi}{n} \right]$$ where $m,n \in \mathbf{Z}$, $\epsilon >0$, $\epsilon \in \mathbf{R}$ and $i$ is ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Determine the locus of a equation Quickly[Mental Math]

if $Z=X+iy$ then determine the locus of the equation $\left | 2Z-1 \right | = \left | Z-2 \right |$.I can tell that it a circle equation and it is $x^2 + y^2 = 1$.There are a lot of equation in my ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

What does s=jω actually mean in terms of the complex plane and Laplace transforms?

I was trying to solve a problem on RC circuits. The current source was of the form $\cos (\omega t)$ which transforms in the manner of Laplace to $\frac{s}{s^2+\omega^2}$. I thought I’d use the ...
1
vote
2answers
38 views

Solve complex exponential equation

I need to solve an expression of this kind (solve for $x$): $e^{\pi i x} -e^{-\pi ix} = 2yi$ Both $x$ and $y$ are real numbers, $y$ is given. I have no clue on how to solve it analytically. All I ...
2
votes
1answer
54 views

What is the Geometric interpretation of $i^i$?

We know that $i^i$ is real. But how to explain it geometrically maybe in terms of rotation. like we can explain geometrically multiplication of two complex numbers and so on. Can someone show me a ...
0
votes
1answer
21 views

Proper definition of concyclic?

Let $z_1,z_2...,z_n$ be points in the complex plane, then if there exists $Z$ such that $$\vert Z-z_k\vert=a\in\{\text{Real Numbers}\}$$for all $k\in \{1, 2, 3...,n\}$, then $z_1,z_2...,z_n$ are ...
1
vote
1answer
18 views

Finding point where angular bisector meets circumcircle in complex plane

If $A(z_1)$,$b(z_2)$ and $C(z_3)$ are vertices of a triangle. It is inscribed in circle |z|=2. If internal angular bisector of A meets the circumcircle at $D(z_4)$. Find $z_4$ interms of $z_1$,$z_2$ ...
-1
votes
2answers
24 views

Euler's formula for off-center circle [on hold]

A circle with radius $R$ and center at $(a,b)$ is given by the formula $(x-a)^2 +(y-b)^2 = R^2$. A circle with radius $R$ whose center is at the origin is given by Euler's formula: $R e^{i \theta}$. ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Solving $\frac{df}{dt}=\frac{i\cdot f}{|f|}$ where $f: \mathbb{R^+} \mapsto \mathbb{C}$

I've never seen a complex DE before, so this is uncharted territory for me. But it's separable so it's easy to turn it into an integral: $$f(t) = \int_0^t\frac{i \cdot f}{|f|} dt$$ Can this be solved? ...
3
votes
2answers
52 views

How to solve this system of equations for $x^2+y^2+z^2$?

For the complex numbers $x,y,z$, the system of equations $x^2-yz=i~~~~~ y^2-zx=i~~~~~ z^2-xy=i$ It is not easy for me to get $x^2+y^2+z^2$ from the above. I don't need the values of $x,y,z$ I'm ...
4
votes
0answers
60 views

Long polynomial expansion with 34 roots

This is a very tricky problem, I just need a few hints. I think the $(-x^{17})$ is also there for a specific trick. In the end if it is $ax^{17}$, I see that $a = 17 - 1 + 1 = 17$. Also, another ...
13
votes
3answers
544 views

Why does the boundary of the Mandelbrot set contain a cardioid?

In a comment to a previous answer it has been mentioned that the boundary of the Mandelbrot set contains the cardioid $$ c = e^{it} \, \frac{2 - e^{it}}{4} $$ but how can we prove this?
1
vote
2answers
30 views

complex numbers equation, find all z…

So i have to find all $z\in \mathbb{C}$ that solve these two equations(separately) first: $\bar{z}+z=i(\bar{z}-z)$ second: $\bar{z}+z^n=i(\bar{z}-z^n), \forall n \in\mathbb{N}$ So basically, i ...
5
votes
3answers
52 views

Infimum taken over $\lambda$ in $\mathbb{C}$

I want to calculate the infimum of $$ |\lambda-2|^2+|2\lambda-1|^2+|\lambda|^2 $$ over $\lambda\in\mathbb{C}.$ I choose $\lambda=2,1/2,0$ so that one term in the above expression becomes zeros and ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Series involving complex roots

$$ \frac{1}{2-a_1} + \frac{1}{2-a_2} + \dots + \frac{1}{2-a_{n-1}} = \frac{(n-2)2^{n-1}+1}{2^n - 1} $$ Here $1,a_1,a_2,\dots,a_{n-1}$ are $n$-th roots of unity I know the sum of roots is 0. I think ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

How many tiles are Symmetrical? [closed]

We have a tape of type $1 * 2015$ had tile from tiles unit square in four different colors so as not exceed two tile of the same color (tile unit square, any tile from type $1*1$) How many tiles are ...
3
votes
4answers
138 views

Proof: Derivative of $(-1)^{x}$

The derivative for $(-1)^{x}$ is \begin{equation} \frac d{dx}\left[(-1)^x\right]=i\pi(-1)^{x} \end{equation} But why? What happens with higher order derivatives? Thanks in advance.
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Find all three numbers [closed]

Find all I three numbers, that can be divided to $11$, and the result equal to sum of square every digit from digits that number I tried but, I couldn't complete.
4
votes
1answer
42 views

Find all complex numbers so that $Im(\frac{z+2}{2-i})=1$ and $Re(z^2+1)=1$ and for $z$ which is in the first quadrant find $\sqrt{z}$

Find all complex numbers so that $Im(\frac{z+2}{2-i})=1$ and $Re(z^2+1)=1$ and for $z$ which is in the first quadrant find $\sqrt{z}$. If $z=x+iy$ then $$\frac{z+2}{2-i}=\frac{x+2+iy}{2-i}\times ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Why is '1' the multiplicative identity of complex numbers and quaternions?

I am not a mathematician. I studied electrical engineering. I encountered quaternions while trying to understand motion of mobile robots and how rotations are achieved. This question occurred to me ...
6
votes
5answers
106 views

$e^{i\theta}$ versus $\cos\theta+i\sin\theta$

I am teaching an basic university maths course, and have been thinking about the complex numbers part. Specifically, I was wondering why I should include Euler's formula in my course. This led me to ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Separate real and imaginary part of $j \cos (z)$

Given the following expression $$w = j \cos \left[ \displaystyle \frac{1}{n} \arccos \left( \frac{j}{\epsilon} \right) + \frac{m \pi}{n} \right] = j \cos (z)$$ (which is related to this question; ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Question regarding complex numbers and real numbers?

I have two questions... If we take $(-1/3)^{(-1/3)}$ it would equal $-1.44224957$ since... $$(-1/3)^{-1/3}$$ $$\frac{1}{(-1/3)^{(1/3)}}$$ $$\frac{1}{-0.6933612744}$$ $$-1.44224957\ldots$$ Yet when I ...
1
vote
4answers
73 views

Find all complex numbers $z=a+bi$ such that $z^3=8$.

Find all complex numbers $z=a+bi$ such that $z^3=8$. I'll be happy if someone say me with what steps I have to start solving this problem.
0
votes
8answers
85 views

Trigonometric Property

How can I show that the following property holds? $2\cos(4a)+2\cos(2a)+1=\displaystyle\frac{\sin(5a)}{\sin(a)}$ I've been trying to derive it to no avail. What would be a way to approach similar ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Representation of Heaviside function's Fourier transform

I've seen here that the Fourier transform of Heaviside function $\Theta(t)$ is $$ \Theta(\omega) = \frac{1}{i\omega} + \pi \delta(\omega) \tag{1}$$ But in some physics texts and here I've seen the ...
2
votes
2answers
23 views

Property of polynomials proof

Let$$P(z)=\sum_{k=0}^n a_kz^k=a_0+a_1z+...+a_nz^n$$ be an N-th degree polynomial of a complex variable z, where the $a_k$ are complex constants. Now,$$\vert a_0\vert-\vert a_1\vert x-...-\vert ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Moving limit inside a contour integral

I'm trying to compute this integral as part of a larger problem I'm working on. I'm trying to solve the integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin(x)}{x}dx$ and to do it I'm using the method where you ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Defining set of interior points of a triangle

Is there a way, given that $z_1,z_2 \ \text{and} \ z_3$ are the vertices of a triangle in the complex plane, to characterize all point that are inside of the triangle?
1
vote
3answers
74 views

Where's the mistake in this calculation? [duplicate]

Obviously something is wrong with this, but where is the error and why is it one? $$ \begin{align} \sqrt{-1} &= (-1)^{1/2} \\ &= (-1)^{2/4} \\ &= \sqrt[4]{(-1)^2} \\ &= \sqrt[4]{1} \\ ...
7
votes
2answers
132 views

proof for $\frac{1}{i} = -i$?

My physical chemistry textbook seems to be making the implicit assumption that $\cfrac{1}{i} = -i$. I'm not sure how this is valid. Here is the snippet of relevant steps: ...
7
votes
5answers
336 views

Definite integral of even powers of Cosine.

I'm looking for a step-by-step solution to the following integral, in terms of n$$\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}} \cos^{2n}(x) \ {dx}$$I actually KNOW that the solution is$${\frac{\pi}{2}} \prod_{k=1}^n ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Moving the absolute value inside of an integral involving a complex function

I have the following integral to evaluate $\lvert \int_0^\frac{\pi}{4}e^{iR^2e^{i2\theta}}iRe^{i\theta}d\theta\rvert$ and I want to put the absolute value sign inside of the integral so that I can ...