Questions involving complex numbers: numbers of the form $a+bi$ where $i^2=-1$.

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12 views

Absolute square in deriving Fourier transform variance

I'm having some trouble understanding how to derive the variance of the Fourier transform. This is for an image, i.e., it's a 2D transform. The variance is $|\hat{I}(\xi,\eta)|^2$, the absolute ...
4
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0answers
55 views

Determine the set of points $z$ that satisfy the condition $|2z|>|1+z^2|$

Determine the set of points $z$ that satisfy the condition $|2z|>|1+z^2|$ I tried with polar coordinate. So let $z=r(\cos \theta +i \sin \theta)$. the LHS $=|2z|=2|z|=2r$ The RHS, I do some ...
1
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2answers
30 views

Given some of the roots of the function $f(x) = x^3+bx^2+cx+d$, how do I find the coefficients of that function?

Two of the roots of $f(x) = x^3+bx^2+cx+d$ are $3$ and $2+i$. How do I find b+c+d? The answer choices are -7, -5, 6, 9, and 25.
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4answers
36 views

Simplification of Complex Number.

I would appreciate any hints for the following problem: Given that $z=\dfrac{1-\cos4\theta+i\sin4\theta}{\sin2\theta+2i\cos^2\theta}$ show that $\vert z\vert=2\sin\theta$ and arg $z=\theta$ ...
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2answers
37 views

Defining the equation of an ellipse in the complex plane

Usually the equation for an ellipse in the complex plane is defined as $\lvert z-a\rvert + \lvert z-b\rvert = c$ where $c>\lvert a-b\rvert$. If we start with a real ellipse, can we define it in ...
2
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1answer
27 views

Complex Numbers - Finding Limits

$$\lim_{z\to 1+i}\frac{z^4 + 2i}{iz-3}$$ Attempt: I substituted $z = 1+i$ in the numerator and denominator: Since $i^2 = -1$ I got $(1+i)^4 = -4$ So, $$\frac{-4 + 2i}{i-4}$$
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1answer
16 views

Find the Limits Of Complex Functions

$$\lim_{z\to \infty}\frac{3z^2 + 2z - i}{2iz^2 - 1}$$ Attempt: I replaced z with 1/z and solved it. I got this $$\lim_{z\to \infty}\frac {2i-z^2}{3+2z-iz^2}$$
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1answer
50 views

All solutions to $ z^{4} = -4 - i16 \sqrt{5} $ [on hold]

I am working on some exercises for my introduction to complex variables class and I have no idea how to solve this question. Given that $ (\sqrt{5} - i)^{4} = z^{4} = -4 - i16 \sqrt{5} $ Find ...
0
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0answers
30 views

real vs complex numbers

Can someone write REAL numbers in rectangular form as well? And if so, is it useful? For example: On the complex plane, (x + yi) is x units on the Real x axis and y units on the Imaginary y axis. If ...
4
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3answers
59 views

How to show that $\sqrt[3]{-1+\sqrt{-7}}+\sqrt[3]{-1-\sqrt{-7}}$ is a real number at a time before the invention of complex numbers

I have read this PDF from ocw.mit.edu about complex numbers. There is one interesting question: Imagine yourself at the time, when complex numbers had to be invented yet. How to show that ...
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1answer
20 views

How do I write this complex number in exponential form?

$$ -4 - i 16\sqrt{5}$$ Example: I know we can write $-8-i8\sqrt{3}$ as $16e^{i(-2\pi/3 + 2k\pi)}$ where $k = 0,\pm1, \pm2,....$
1
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2answers
27 views

Points on a straight line (Complex Analysis)

I encouter a problem in complex analysis course : Let $a, b, $ and $c$ be three distinct points on a straight line with $b$ between $a$ and $c$. Show that $\frac{a-b}{c-b} \in \mathbb{R}_{<0}$. ...
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2answers
29 views

General Formula for Principle Square Root of Complex Number

How can I prove that $ \sqrt{z} = \sqrt{|z|} \frac{(z + |z|)}{|z+|z||} $ without using mathematical induction, and if I cannot -- how would I go about using induction in the set of complex numbers ?
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1answer
36 views

Algebra,complex numbers home work problem [on hold]

Please I want the solution of this problem : $z= \dfrac{(2-i) \cdot (x+4i)}{3-4i}$ and $|z|=2$ then $X=?$
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0answers
24 views

Sum of unitary complex numbers

Let us define: $$\varphi(x,n,t):=\frac{1}{n}\sum_{y=1}^n \left| \sum_{k=1}^n e^{2ik\pi (x-y)/n + 2i \sin(2k\pi/n) t} \right|$$ Does somebody have an idea how to prove that $$ \sup_{x=1,...,n} ...
1
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1answer
21 views

A question about complex using geometric.

Let $z_{1}$, $z_{2}$, and $z_{3}$ be three distinct complex numbers. Prove that these numbers are collinear if and only if the quotient $(z_{3}-z_{1})$ \ $(z_{2}-z_{1})$ is a real number. I have been ...
0
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4answers
40 views

Prove that $az^n+b\overline{z}^n=0$ does not have any complex solutions except for $0$ [on hold]

Prove that $az^n+b\overline{z}^n=0$ when $|a|\ne|b|$ and $n\in\mathbb{N_1}$does not have any complex solutions except for $0$. What happens if $n\in\mathbb{C}$? The first one seems very obvious, but ...
3
votes
7answers
124 views

What does $\frac{z_1-z_3}{z_3-z_2}=\frac{z_2-z_1}{z_1-z_3} $ imply?

I'm having trouble understanding what the following equality implies. $$\frac{z_1-z_3}{z_3-z_2}=\frac{z_2-z_1}{z_1-z_3}.$$ I suspect that this means that the points form the vertices of an ...
2
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1answer
29 views

Simple complex analysis inverse

On page 113 of Churchill in explaining the $\arcsin{(-i)}$ it comes across $$ln(1-\sqrt{2})$$ which is fine but then it goes on to say that it is equal to $$ln{\frac{1}{1+\sqrt{2}}}$$ How do they ...
1
vote
2answers
45 views

Complex differentiability of $f(z)=|z|$

Why is the absolute value function $f : \mathbb{C} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ given by $f(z) = |z|$ not complex differentiable at any point $z_0$ in the plane?
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1answer
28 views

Complex variables Open ball [on hold]

Let $f(z) = \frac1z$ be inversion. Given a real number $a$, let $R_a = \{z \in C : Im(z) < a\}$. Why is $f(R_a)$ an open disk, provided $a < 0$. What happens when $a \ge 0$?
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2answers
35 views

calculate $\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{1-\sin(t)}{2-\cos(t)}dt$

I need to calculate $\int_{\gamma} \frac{1-\sin(z)}{2-\cos (z)}dz$ where $\gamma$ is the upper hemisphere of the circle with center $\pi$ and radius $\pi$, with a positive direction. The original ...
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1answer
60 views

$S_{1}\iff S_{2}$ in complex numbers

Let : $a_0 , a_1 , a_2 , b_0 , b_1 , b_2 \in \mathbb{C} $ : Show the following equivalence : $$\begin{cases} ( 1 + a_0 ) ( 1 + a_1 ) ( 1 + a_2 ) &=& ( 1 + b_0 ) ( 1 + j b_0 ) ( 1 + j^2 b_0 ) ...
3
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2answers
31 views

Square Rooting Back To Real Dimension

As we all know, square rooting -1 (a real number) opens up the "imaginary" dimension (defined by the presence of iota). We can return from the imaginary dimension back to the real dimension by ...
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3answers
37 views

Can every polynomial be factored into constant and linear complex factors?

That is, can any polynomial, $a_nx^n + a_{n-1}x^{n-1} + \ldots + a_1x^1+a_0$, be expressed $b_0\left(x + b_1\right)\left(x + b_2\right)\ldots \left(x + b_n\right)$ where $b_i \in \mathbb{C}$?
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2answers
81 views

What is wrong with my proof: $-1 = 1$? [duplicate]

I have some theories about why this could by wrong but I still haven't something that convinces me. What is wrong with this proof: $ -1 = i^2 = i.i = \sqrt{-1}.\sqrt{-1} = \sqrt{(-1).(-1)}= \sqrt1 = ...
2
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3answers
90 views

Confused with imaginary calculus

So $i$ is the complex unit and $n \in \mathbb{N} $. $$e^{2 \pi \ n \ i} = 1$$ $$1^{2 \pi \ n \ i} = 1$$ $$(e^{2 \pi \ n \ i})^{2 \pi \ n \ i} = e^{-4\pi^2 \ n^2}$$ $$e^{-4\pi^2 \ n^2} \neq 1$$ I’m ...
4
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0answers
37 views

Symmetric Icon Fractals

I have always been fascinated by fractals. But most of all I like the Symmetric Icon fractals. There is a nice book about these fractals, written by Michael Field, called Symmetry in Chaos. I'm ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Prove the following vectors are linearly independent

So I have these three vectors: [i, 2+i, 3]; [2, -i, 4-i}; [3, -1, 2] and I need to show they are linearly independent. This means that given scalars $x_1, x_2, x_3$ their scalar sum should equal 0. ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Complex var. integral: $\oint_{|z|=1} \frac{z^2\ dz}{\sin^3{z}\cos{z}}$

Integrate $\displaystyle\oint_C \dfrac{z^2\ dz}{\sin^3{z}\cos{z}}$; $C \rightarrow |z|=1$ I already know that $|z|=1$ is a circumference with $r=1$ and center at $(0,0)$. I also know there are ...
2
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1answer
22 views

Length of a complex vector

From the definition of inner product in $\mathbb{F}^n$ $$\textbf{a}\cdot\textbf{a}=\sum\limits_{k=1}^na_{k}\overline{a_{k}}$$ Say $a_{k}=x_{k}+iy_{k}$, then ...
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0answers
38 views

proof of a vector identity

In an exercise I am asked to prove the following vector identity: $$\textbf{a}\cdot\textbf{b}=\frac{1}{4}\big(|\textbf{a}+\textbf{b}|^{2}-|\textbf{a}-\textbf{b}|^{2}\big)$$ Both the dimension of the ...
-1
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1answer
60 views

Complex transformation $w=\sqrt \frac{1-iz}{z-i}$ the region $D=\{z\in \mathbb C:|z|<1\}$ [on hold]

Under the transformation $w=\sqrt \frac{1-iz}{z-i}$ the region $D=\{z\in \mathbb C:|z|<1\}$ is transformed to (a) $\{z\in \mathbb C:0<\operatorname{arg}(z)<\pi\}$ (b) $\{z\in \mathbb ...
0
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1answer
48 views

If $\lim\limits_{z\to z_0} f(z)=0$ and $|g(z)|<M$, for all $z$, with $M$ being a positive number, then we have $\lim\limits_{z\to z_0} f(z)g(z)=0$.

Statement: If $\lim\limits_{z\to z_0} f(z)=0$ and $|g(z)|<M$, for all $z$, with $M$ being a positive number, then we have $\lim\limits_{z\to z_0} f(z)g(z)=0$. I just wanted to verify my proof ...
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2answers
32 views

Modulus of a complex expression [on hold]

Show that for a complex number $a$, $$\left\lvert\frac{z-a}{1-\bar{a}z}\right\rvert = 1$$ for $|z| =1$ and $\bar{a}z ≠ 1$. I've tried to show that if $|z-a| = |1-\bar{a}z|$ then it's true but to no ...
8
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2answers
156 views

Expressing a complex function in terms of z

Use the Cauchy-Riemann equations to determine all differentiable functions that satisfy $Re(f(z))=xy$ I think I know how to do this problem. If we let $z=x+iy$, then $f(z)=u(x,y)+iv(x,y)$. We ...
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1answer
41 views

stuck with a cubic equation

I picked an equation $0= x^3 +x^2 -2x -1$ I plotted it with geogebra, to see if it had more than $1$ real root. It definitely cuts the $x$-axis $3$ times. But when I checked wolfram alpha, to see ...
5
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0answers
54 views

Evaluate $S=\left|\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{\sin n}{i^n \cdot n}\right|$

Evaluate $$ S=\left|\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \dfrac{\sin n}{i^n \cdot n}\right|$$ where $i=\sqrt{-1}$ For this question, I did the following, Let $$ \begin{align*} S &= \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} ...
2
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1answer
22 views

Seperating points in the complex plane

Given a finite set of points say $p_1,p_2, \ldots, p_n$ in the complex plane, how do I find another point $q$ such that ray $R_i$ joining $q$ to $p_i$ are all distinct. I would be happy with any kind ...
3
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0answers
85 views

Limits of sequences connected with real and complex exponential

Let us denote $S_{n}(x)=1+\frac{x}{1 !}+\frac{x^{2}}{2!}+ ... + \frac{x^{n}}{n!}$. How could be calculated the limit $$L(x)=\lim_{n\to \infty}\frac{S_{n}(n x)}{e^{n x}}=\lim_{n\to ...
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1answer
48 views

Physical Proof of Euler's Formula

I would like to construct a geometrical or physical proof of Euler's Formula $e^{ix}=\cos x +i\sin x $. If anyone has constructed such a proof before I would love to see it, if not, I would like some ...
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0answers
41 views

Show that if $\lvert a \rvert \neq 1$, then the equation $\overline{z}^2 = az^2+bz+c$ has only a discrete number of solutions.

I knew the proof for this at some point, but I'm having trouble piecing it back together. At least, I think the proof I'm thinking of was for this result, or a result which implied this result. The ...
2
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2answers
67 views

Show $\lvert\lambda_1a_1 + \lambda_2a_2 + \cdots + \lambda_na_n\rvert < 1$ when $\lvert a_i\rvert < 1$ and $\lambda_i\geq 0$

If $\lvert a_i\rvert < 1$, $\lambda_i\geq 0$ for $i = 1,\ldots,n$ and $\lambda_1 + \lambda_2 + \cdots + \lambda_n = 1$, show that $$ \lvert\lambda_1a_1 + \lambda_2a_2 + \cdots + ...
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1answer
68 views

you know root square of -1, what is the larger of the square? [closed]

there is a square ABDC, $BD = \sqrt{-1}$ what is the value of AB=BC=DC=AD?
7
votes
3answers
251 views

Does $\sin(x+iy) = x+iy$ have infinitely many solutions?

How to prove that $\sin(x+iy) = x+iy$ has infinitely many solutions? I know how to prove that $\sin(x) = x$ has only one solution, but I do not know how to extend this to complex analysis.
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Polar form equations on the unit circle

If $l \in [0, 2 π)$, $k, n \in N$, proof the following equations: $$\mid{e^{i k l/n} - e^{i (k-1) l/n}}\mid = \mid e^{i l/n} - 1\mid$$ and: $$\lim_{n \to \infty} \sum_{k = 1}^n \mid e^{i k l/n} - ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

Prove that if $C$ is anti hermitian matrix then $\forall v\in \mathbb C^n \ : \ Re(\langle Cv, v \rangle)=0 $.

Suppose $C \in M_{n\times n}(\mathbb C)$ satisfies $C+C^* = 0$. Prove that $\forall v\in \mathbb C^n \ : \ Re(\langle Cv, v \rangle)=0 $. Here is what I was able to show so far: We know that $C$ ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Example on Complex Number using De moivrs theorem [closed]

Prove That ( √3+i)^14 + ( √3-i )^14 = 2^14
2
votes
2answers
47 views

Inverting complex cosine

I have been working out problem 3a in chapter 1 section 3 in Basic Complex Analysis by Marsden. He asks to solve $$ \cos z=\frac{3}{4}+\frac{i}{4} $$ After putting cosine in its exponential form and ...
-5
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1answer
47 views

Let $w=1+3i$. Investigate whether $|iw+w|=|iw|+|w|$. [closed]

Let $w=1+3i$. Investigate whether $|iw+w|=|iw|+|w|$. This is a question on complex numbers.