Questions involving complex numbers: numbers of the form $a+bi$ where $i^2=-1$.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

1
vote
0answers
18 views

Can't find solution for equation

$100z=a(z+i)(z-i)^2(z-2)+b(z-i)^2(z-2)+c(z+i)^2(z-i)(z-2)+d(z+i)^2(z-2)+e(z+i)^2(z-i)^2$ I already got $b=5+10i, d=-5+10i $ and $e =8$ by eliminating the factors using $z=i, z=-i, z=-2$ but I cant ...
1
vote
1answer
12 views

Laurent series, function representation

Write the Laurent series for the function $f(z)=\frac{1}{1+z}$ $1<|z|<\infty$ I did $$\frac{1}{1-z}=\sum_{i=0}^\infty z^n\rightarrow \frac{1}{1+z}=\sum_{i=0}^\infty (-1)^nz^n$$ Is it right? ...
2
votes
1answer
21 views

Trouble with an easy complex equation

For the following equation: $\frac{Aj}{100\sqrt{2}} -\frac{A}{100\sqrt{2}} +\frac{x}{200}-\frac{xj}{200} =0$ where $A$ is a constant and $j$ is the imaginary unit. I thought the solution would ...
2
votes
3answers
55 views

Factor $z^4 +1$ into linear factors

$z$ is a complex number, how do I factor $z^4 +1$ into linear factors? Do I write z in terms of $x+yi$ so that $z^4+1=(x+yi)^4+1?$
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Laurent series , function representation

Write the Laurent series around zero for the entire function $f(z)=z^2e^{3z}$ I'm a little confused on how to represent the complex functions by series, as I did in the calculation of real functions, ...
3
votes
4answers
484 views

Where is the problem wih this proof in complex numbers?

Our teacher gave us a hard question (according to her, it is pretty hard for our level): Given that $|z_1| = |z_2|= |z_3|=1,z \in\mathbb{C}$, prove that $|z_1+z_2+z_3| = ...
1
vote
4answers
39 views

How is it possible to find *all* of the roots of a complex number?

I was asked to find every fourth root of the complex number $i$. Setting $z=i$, we get $z=e^{i\frac{\pi}{2}}=e^{i(\frac{\pi}{2}+2\pi m)}$, where $m$ is any integer. ...
0
votes
2answers
17 views

Bijective continous from R to closed half interval

Can we have bijective continous function from Set of real number R to closed half interval 0 to infinity.
1
vote
3answers
36 views

Find all complex numbers that satisfies this equation

Find all complex numbers that satisfies this equation $(z - 6 + i)^3 = -27.$ I found one of them being $ z = 3 - i $
1
vote
1answer
13 views

Argument of the function $2 \frac{\sin(x)}{x} + \frac{\sin(x/2)}{x/2} e^{-i x/2} $

Plot the argument (phase ) of the Complex function $$2 \frac{\sin(x)}{x} + \frac{\sin(x/2)}{x/2} e^{-i x/2}$$ This can be written as $$\frac{1}{ix} (e^{ix} + 1 - 2 e^{-ix})$$ Wolfram shows ...
0
votes
4answers
42 views

Find the roots of the polynomial? (Cardano's Method)

$y^3-\frac7{12}y-\frac7{216}$ This is part of Cardano's method, so I've gotten my first root to be: $y_1=\sqrt[3]{\frac7{432}+i\sqrt{\frac{49}{6912}}}+\sqrt[3]{\frac7{432}-i\sqrt{\frac{49}{6912}}}$ ...
-1
votes
3answers
55 views

Sum of series $\sin \theta+\sin 2 \theta+\sin 3\theta+\dots$ [duplicate]

I need to prove sum of series: $$\sin \theta+\sin 2 \theta+\sin 3\theta+\dots=\sum_{n=1}^\infty \sin n\theta$$ by using in the first place the complex numbers.
0
votes
3answers
55 views

Proof of an interesting property of complex conjugates.

In a mathematical methods class we were told the following: $z= \frac{2+i}{(1+i)^i}$ Then the conjugate of the expression on the left of the equation is the RHS with the signs of the i's reversed. ...
0
votes
3answers
45 views

Solving an equation algebraicly

Just wondering, how can ALL the answers be found to the equation: $2^\pi+\pi=2^n + n$ Obviously $\pi$ is a real solution, but how can I get this result; and can I obtain other solutions?
0
votes
0answers
25 views

prove $\{z_n\}$ converges where $z_n=f(z_{n-1})$

Let $f : \mathbb C \rightarrow \mathbb C$, $f(z) = \frac{1}{2}z^2 + 1$, and $c = 1 + i$. Let $\{z_n\}$ be the sequence defined by iterating $f$ on some initial value $z_0 ∈ C$ (that is, $z_n = ...
0
votes
1answer
20 views

How to tell whether a complex sequence converges?

How do you tell whether a sequence with complex parts converges? For example, what would you do to prove whether the sequence $z_{n}=\frac{n}{(1+i)^{n}}$ converges?
0
votes
1answer
18 views

Simplifying an function with complex numbers

Given that variables $h_i, h_d $ are $\in \mathbb{C}$ i.e complex numbers. Can the following be further simplified $$h_dh_d,+h_ih_i+h_dh_d^*+h_ih_i^*\leq 2h_ih_d+h_ih_d^*+h_dh_i^*\tag 1$$ I know ...
14
votes
11answers
267 views

Why represent a complex number $a+ib$ as $[\begin{smallmatrix}a & -b\\ b & \hphantom{-}a\end{smallmatrix}]$?

I am reading through John Stillwell's Naive Lie Algebra and it is claimed that all complex numbers can be represented by a $2\times 2$ matrix $\begin{bmatrix}a & -b\\ b & ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

How to calculate the variance of the argument of a complex number?

Given a number $s \in \mathbb{C}$ and the (Gaussian) variances of its components $\sigma^2(\Re(s))$ and $\sigma^2(\Im(s))$, how can I calculate the variance $\sigma^2(\arg(s))$ and the covariances ...
2
votes
4answers
122 views

Complex number, series

Show that $$\frac{1}{z^2}=1+\sum_{n=1}^\infty (n+1)(z+1)^n$$ when $|z+1|<1$ I'm having problems to resolve this type of exercise since my book has virtually no exercises of this type, these ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Complex number, series representation

Show that for any finite value of $z$ $$e^z=e+e\sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{(z-1)^n}{n!}$$ For $z=1$ $$f(z)=f(z_0)+\sum f^{(n)}(z_0)\frac{(z-z_0)^n}{n!}$$ equality is checked, but I do not know how to ...
12
votes
3answers
184 views

Does $\sqrt{i + \sqrt{i+ \sqrt{i + \sqrt{i + \cdots}}}}$ have a closed form?

I've been brushing up on my complex analysis recently, and I've come across a problem that's stumped me: What are the real and imaginary parts of $$\sqrt{i+\sqrt{i+\sqrt{i+\sqrt{i+\cdots}}}} ?$$ I ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Complex Number inqualities

Although the inequalities are not defined on complex numbers. But does the inequality $x < 4 + 5i$ be said to possess any solutions ? Where $ i = \sqrt{-1}$.
0
votes
2answers
41 views

Can some one explain why the answer to part a describes a circle, or part of it?

Problem Statement: The transformation $T$ from the complex $z$-plane to the complex $w$-plane is given by $w=\frac{z+1}{z+i}, z\neq i$. a) Show that $T$ maps points on the half-line $\arg ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Have I Correctly Defined the Set of Nonzero Complex Numbers $\mathbb{C^*}$?

If the set of complex numbers $\mathbb{C} = \{a+bi\mid a,b \in \mathbb{R}\}$, then what would be the definition of the set of nonzero complex numbers? Am I right in defining such a set as ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Why is (-1)^(2/3) equal to -1/2+(i sqrt(3))/2

Can someone please explain to me how $(-1)^{\frac2 3}$ can be written as $\frac {-1}{2}+\frac{i \sqrt3} 2$ ? Do you use the corrolation $(-1)^c = e^{(i c \pi)}$, where ${c}$ is a constant?
1
vote
4answers
32 views

Find Solution of trigonometric complex equation

Find the solutions of $\sin z = 3$ There are 2 ways to solve this, I know how to do this with: $\sin z = \frac{1}{2i}(e^{iz}-e^{-iz}) = 3$ Now, I am now doing in the way: $\sin z = \sin x \cosh y+i ...
2
votes
4answers
84 views

Is $(a+bi)(a-bi) = a^2 + b^2 $ solely a real number or a complex number?

I have not dealt with complex numbers for a while now, but I was wondering if I multiplied the complex number $a+bi$ by its conjugate $a-bi$ to obtain $$(a+bi)(a-bi) = a^2 + b^2 $$ where $a,b \in ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

Why is $z^4-1-i=0$ a polynomial equation which does not have real coefficients?(complex-number)

Why is $z^4-1-i=0$ a polynomial equation which does not have real coefficients? Its coefficient is $1$ and $1$ is a real number, isn't it?
0
votes
2answers
24 views

Complex Polynomials

I have this question on a practice final, Find all the solutions to the equation $$2z^2 = √2 − i√2$$ I'm not quite sure how to solve this! Should I approach this with synthetic division? Any help ...
1
vote
3answers
42 views

What is a basis for the vector space $ \Bbb{C}^{n} $ (a complex vector space)?

I know that a basis for $ \Bbb{C} $ is $ \{ 1,i \} $. This set is linearly independent in $ \Bbb{C} $ and spans $ \Bbb{C} $. I think that the dimension of $ \Bbb{C}^{n} $ may be $ 2 n $, but I’m just ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

equvivalence resistance of hexagonal infinite

I am trying to evaluate equivalence resistance between two nodes of hexagonal infinite grid, I am stuck at the integral at end of the image attached. pl see if the integral could be evaluated. Let ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

Complex integration on circle

Calculate the integral of $g(z)$ along the closed path $|z-i|=2$ in the positive direction when i)$g(z)=\frac{1}{z^2+4}$ ii)$g(z)=\frac{1}{(z^2+4)^2}$ First I checked the described area ...
5
votes
5answers
297 views

Confused with imaginary numbers [duplicate]

In 9th grade I had an argument with my teacher that ${i}^{3}=i$ where $i=\sqrt{-1}$ But my teacher insisted (as is the accepted case) that: ${i}^{3}=-i$ My Solution: ${i}^3=(\sqrt{-1})^3$ ...
0
votes
1answer
24 views

Complex integration and theorems

If $C$ is a closed path oriented in the positive direction and $$g(z_0)=\int_C \frac{z^3+2z}{(z-z_0)^3}$$ show that $g(z_0)=6\pi iz_0$ when $z_0$ is in interior of $C$ and $g(z_0)=0$ when $z_0$ is out ...
0
votes
2answers
22 views

Integral of strictly real function has imaginary component

Intuitively and informally speaking, $\int_{a}^{b}f(x)dx$ is summing all of the values $f(x)$ yields for $x\in [a,b]$. So it would make sense that if $f(x)$ is strictly real over $[a,b]$, then ...
0
votes
1answer
25 views

Complex function, analyticity domain

Find the function domain of analyticity i)$f(z)=\frac{z^2}{z-3}$ ii)$f(z)=ze^{-z}$ To check the domain of analyticity of a function, I only need to replace $z=x+iy$ and check the conditions of ...
0
votes
2answers
29 views

Simple math Question concerning the natural logarithm of Complex Number

There is this simple exercise, in which the complex number is given in polar form as z= mod=|10|,arg=322.75 degrees and i must find the ln of it. So to do that i must first convert the complex number ...
5
votes
3answers
104 views

Does $1^i$ and $1^{\frac{0}{0}}$ also give $1$ again? [duplicate]

This is the property of Real number $1$ that, $1^n=1$ does this property only hold $\forall n \in \mathbb R$ or also $1^i=1$ and $1^{\frac{0}{0}}=1$ If it is; explain how? I think that it should ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

$(N(\alpha), N(\beta)) = 1 \rightarrow (\alpha, \beta) = 1$ and backwards?

Let us have $\alpha, \beta$ arbitrary Gaussian integers. Is it true, that if $(N(\alpha), N(\beta)) = 1 \rightarrow (\alpha, \beta) = 1$? Is it true backwards? I know when a Gauss-integer is prime, ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Solve Trigonometric Complex Equation

Find all solutions of $\sin (z) = 2$. Here are the things I did: 1) By definition: $\sin z =\dfrac{e^{iz} − e^{−iz}}{2i}= 2$. Multiply $2i$ to the equation and make it quadratic: $e^{2iz} ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Sum of bits in range of twindragon curve

http://blog.garritys.org/2012/12/base-i-1-there-be-dragons.html As the link above shows, it's possible to represent every Gaussian integer by converting a number N into its binary representation and ...
-1
votes
1answer
34 views

Solve $3x³ + 3y³ + 2x² - 32 = 0$, $4x² + 2 = 0$ and $10y² + 2x² + 12 = 12x³$.

Hi my friend asked this to me, i'm not good at math. $$3x³ + 3y³ + 2x² - 32 = 0$$ $$4x² + 2 = 0$$ $$10y² + 2x² + 12 = 12x³$$ remove 2x² $$2x² = -1$$ $$3x³ + 3y³ - 1 - 32 = 0$$ $$10y² - 1 + 12 = ...
3
votes
3answers
64 views

Zeroes of sin(x)

Consider the function f = $\sin(x)$ defined as $$ \sin(x) = \frac{e^{ix}- e^{-ix}}{2i} $$ How to prove that the only zeroes of this function lie on the line $i = 0$ in the complex plane and ...
1
vote
1answer
17 views

There exists a continuously differentiable bijection, $g:[a,b]\to [c,d]$ satisfying $g'(k)>0$ with $z(k)=w(g(k))$

Let $z:[a,b]\to \mathbb{C}$ and $w:[c,d]\to \mathbb{C}$ such that there exists $t(s):[c,d]\to [a,b]$ which is a continuously differentiable bijection with $t'(s)>0$ and $w(s)=z(t(s))$. Then I ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views
+50

Pisier's $\epsilon$-net condition

I'm reading a book about Sidon sets and I'm stuck on the following proof. In order to facilitate the comprehension of my problems I will give the full proof and the context. Let $G$ be a compact ...
0
votes
2answers
48 views

Four complex numbers $z_1,z_2,z_3,z_4$ lie on a generalized circle if and only if they have a real cross ratio $[z_1,z_2,z_3,z_4]\in\mathbb{R}$

Let $[z_1,z_2,z_3,z_4]$ denote the cross ratio of the complex numbers $z_1,z_2,z_3,z_4\in \mathbb{C}$. Show that the distinct points $z_1,z_2,z_3,z_4\in\widehat{\mathbb{C}}$ lie on a generalized ...
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Simplify $Im \left(\frac{az+b}{cz+d}\right)$

Let $z \in \mathbb{H}$, where $\mathbb{H}$ denotes the half plane $\mathbb{H}=\{z \in \mathbb{C}:Im(z)>0\}$. Let \begin{equation*} f(z)=\frac{az+b}{cz+d} \end{equation*} which is called a Mobius ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Why is there only one type of imaginary number? [duplicate]

We've defined the square root of -1 as an imaginary number i (or j, if you're a physicist). Is there any reason why we can't/haven't made other systems of imaginary numbers for other "impossible" ...
1
vote
1answer
15 views

Difference of roots of unity in polar form

I want to write the difference between $n$-th roots of unity in the form $re^{i \theta}.$ It is enough to find the polar form of $1 - \zeta^k$. By thinking geometrically, I can guess the formula $$1 ...