Questions involving complex numbers: numbers of the form $a+bi$ where $i^2=-1$.

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2answers
12 views

Function with exponent imaginary power

If we have $u=\frac{4c(e^{-is}-e^{is})}{(e^{-is}+e^{is})^2} \tag 1$ where c is a constant and s is a variable. Can we write $e^{is}$ in terms of u ? Means Can we write $e^{is}$ as $\psi(u)$ , a ...
0
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1answer
14 views

Is this log identity true?

I'm wondering if the exponent property carries forward to the complex log. In other words, for some complex numbers $z$ and $w$ does $\ln(z^w) = w\ln(z)$?
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1answer
19 views

Principal branch of the complex logarithm does not always satisfy the product formula

My book asks to prove: $\text{Ln}[i \cdot (-1+i)]$ does not equal to $\text{Ln}(i) + \text{Ln}(-1+i)$ where $\text{Ln}$ gives the principal log of the complex number. I don't see why this is true ...
-1
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1answer
17 views

Integration of exponential with a complex [on hold]

i want to prove the left side of the equation to the right side, can some one please help me with this
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3answers
91 views

Can anyone tell me how $\frac{\pi}{\sqrt 2} = \frac{\pi + i\pi}{2\sqrt i}$

I was working out a problem last night and got the result $\frac{\pi + i\pi}{2\sqrt i}$ However, WolframAlpha gave the result $\frac{\pi}{\sqrt 2}$ Upon closer inspection I found out that ...
5
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5answers
50 views

Is $\{z\in\mathbb C\mid|\text{Re }z|+|\text{Im }z|\le1\}$ open or closed?

I am trying to figure out if the set $\{z\in\mathbb C\mid|\text{Re }z|+|\text{Im }z|\le1\}$ is open or closed or maybe none of that. I hope someone could provide a hint to solve this. Can this set be ...
0
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0answers
15 views

Is a complex function really just an infinite dimensional matrix?

I have recently sort of come to the understanding that integrating two functions multiplied together is a sort of infinite dimensional dot product, and I only know this from taking an undergraduate ...
2
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1answer
28 views

Proving $\left(\frac{1+\sin x+i\cos x}{1+\sin x-i\cos x}\right)^n=\cos n\left(\frac{\pi }{2}-x\right)+i\sin n\left(\frac{\pi }{2-x}\right)$

How to solve the following question? If $n$ is an integer, show that \begin{eqnarray} \left(\frac{1+\sin x+i\cos x}{1+\sin x-i\cos x}\right)^n=\cos n\left(\frac{\pi }{2}-x\right)+i\sin ...
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3answers
25 views

All Values of a Complex expression

I am asked to find all values to $$\left(\frac{1-i}{\sqrt2}\right)^{1+i}$$ I do not know how to approach a power with complex part. Any help would be appreciated.
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4answers
28 views

Find all complex and real roots of higher degree polynomials, given one root

$2+3i$ is a zero of $f(x)=x^4-4x^3+17x^2-16x+52$, find all of the zeros of $f(x)$ thanks!
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1answer
55 views

Why does $2x_1x_2y_1y_2 \leq x_1^2y_2^2+x_2^2y_1^2$?

When I tried to prove the triangle inequality $|z_1+z_2| \leq |z_1| + |z_2|$ algebraically for complex variables $z_1$ and $z_2$, I came across this inequality and found that this is always true no ...
0
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1answer
72 views

Imaginary Numbers [duplicate]

Can someone help me by explaining what imaginary numbers actually are, please? I know that it is defined as $i = \sqrt{-1}$ and I can find umpteen sources telling me how to calculate with them but I ...
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0answers
10 views

If $\lim_{n \to ∞} z_n=L_1$ then $\lim_{n \to ∞} \overline{z_n}=\overline{L_1}$ for $z_n \in \mathbb{C}$

I tried proving that if $\lim_{n \to ∞} z_n=L_1$ then $\lim_{n \to ∞} \overline{z_n}=\overline{L_1}$ for $z_n \in \mathbb{C}$. This is my attemt. Let $\epsilon>0$. Then there exists $N\in ...
0
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2answers
59 views

What is the generalized definition of '<' and '>' for complex numbers? [duplicate]

I'd expect this question to be asked here before, but I've not been able to find it. The generalized definition of the multiplication operator for complex numbers is simple: The product of the ...
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1answer
31 views

$\Im\left ((a+bi)^n\right )=0, a,b \in \mathbb{R}, n \in \mathbb{N^*}$

I am trying to connect $a,b,n$ such that $$\Im\left ((a+bi)^n \right )=0, a,b \in \mathbb{R}, n \in \mathbb{N^*} \mathrm{or } \; \mathbb{R^*}$$ What I tried was write $(a+bi)^n$ as $\sqrt{a^2+b^2} ...
4
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1answer
63 views

When is $x^{2^n}$ dense in $\mathbb{S}^1$, for $|x|=1$?

Motivation: So I just saw this question: Limit when $n\rightarrow\infty$ of $\text{sgn}(\sin(2^n \pi x))$ with $x\in(0,1)$ fixed., and the answer involves diadic numbers and things of the kind. Most ...
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1answer
11 views

Question on the Closure Properties of $\mathbb C$

I read here: https://proofwiki.org/wiki/Properties_of_Complex_Numbers, that the Complex Numbers are closed under addition and multiplication. I'm having trouble understanding why. I realize this is a ...
0
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1answer
13 views

Straight Line Equation in Complex Plane

Hi there, I'm confused about the straight line equation in complex plane: how does "0 = Re((m+i)z + b)" come from "y = mx + b" ? I mean when I see "y = mx + b", I can draw a graph in my mind, but ...
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1answer
24 views

Roots of a quintic function

I need some pointers in the right direction for this question: Three of the roots of the equation $ax^5+bx^4+cx^3+dx^2+ex+f=0$ are $-2$, $2i$ and $1+i$. Find $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$, $e$ and $f$. I ...
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3answers
74 views

Proof of $\cos \theta+\cos 2\theta+\cos 3\theta+\cdots+\cos n\theta=\frac{\sin\frac12n\theta}{\sin\frac12\theta}\cos\frac12(n+1)\theta$

State the sum of the series $z+z^2+z^3+\cdots+z^n$, for $z\neq1$. By letting $z=\cos\theta+i\sin\theta$, show that $$\cos \theta+\cos 2\theta+\cos 3\theta+\cdots+\cos ...
2
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1answer
76 views

About the identity $e^{i\pi}=-1$

I have a question about the famous identity of Euler $e^{i\pi}=-1$. I opened the other day this question about the number of roots of a complex number with irrational exponent. Under this light and ...
3
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1answer
27 views

Every compact set $S\in \mathbb{C}$ is bounded

This is my proof for every compact set $S \subseteq \mathbb{C}$ is bounded. Let $S \subseteq \mathbb{C}$ be compact and assume that it is not bounded. Then for each $z\in \mathbb{C}$ and for each ...
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1answer
60 views

Given $w=e^{2i\pi/7}$, perform algebraic manipulations with complex numbers like $w+w^2+w^4$

It is not my own homework and I forgot how to solve this kind of things. Anyway, the following are the statement of the homework and my attempts: The homework: Let $w=e^{2i\pi/7}$, $u=w+w^2+w^4$, ...
2
votes
3answers
42 views

Cross Ratio is positive real if four points on a circle

Given four points $a, b, c, d \in \mathbb{C}$ on a circle I want to show that the ratio $ \frac{(a-c)(b-d)}{(a-b)(c-d)}$ is a positive real number. I have shown that it is real by expanding $ ...
2
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1answer
23 views

Evaluating $|a^b|$ when $a,b$ are complex

Here, $a^b=e^{b\log a}$ for some suitable (but fixed in advance) branch of the $\log$ function. What is the most general formula for $|a^b|$ when both $a$ and $b$ are complex, and what are the ...
2
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1answer
26 views

Variance of amplitude and phase from sin and cos regressors in polar coordinates

On a data set, I estimated the sine and cosine weights at a specific frequency, $\beta_{\sin}$ and $\beta_{\cos}$. I can extract the amplitude and phase from these regressors as follows: ...
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1answer
38 views

Finding which base number given operations

$$ (35_a + 24_a) * 21_a = 1081_a $$ Which base is the above number? Any advice on how to solve questions like these? I tried making it in to a polynomial: $(3a+5 + 2a+4) * (2a+1) = 108a + 1$ ...
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2answers
22 views

Calculating the argument of a complex number… something tends towards infinity?

A simple question, but I like to be clinical with my choice of words: I have a complex number, $z=-i$. If I were to calculate the argument of this complex number, $arg(z) = tan^{-1}( \frac{-1}{0}) ...
4
votes
4answers
27 views

Complex integration by shifting the contour

In section 12.11 of Jackson's Classical Electrodynamics, he evaluates an integral involved in the Green function solution to the 4-potential wave equation. Here it is: $\int_{-\infty}^\infty dk_0 ...
0
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1answer
38 views

$D_1(0)=\{z\in \mathbb{C} \mid |z|< 1\}$ is not compact

This is the proof I wrote for $D_1(0)=\{z\in \mathbb{C} \mid |z|< 1\}$ is not compact. $$ \bigcup_{n=2}^{\infty}D_{1-(1/n)}(0) $$ is clearly a open covering of $D_1(0)$. Consider the finite ...
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0answers
25 views

Complex trigonometric equation

Find a solution to the equation $\tan(z)=7i$ which satisfies the condition $0<\Re(z)< \pi$} We use the $\sin(z)=\frac{e^{zi}-e^{-zi}}{2i}$ and $\cos(z)=\frac{e^{xi}+e^{-xi}}{2}$. Here is ...
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1answer
73 views

Prove that the sum of all distinct $n$-th roots of unity is zero? [on hold]

Prove that the sum of all distinct $n$-th roots of unity is zero. Interpret the fact geometrically.
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0answers
43 views

Proving Ptolemy Theorem using complex number

I am working on an assignment proving Ptolemy Theorem using complex number, and I am looking at a textbook Complex Numbers and Geometry by Hahn. Here is what I am working at this moment: THE ...
0
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4answers
58 views

Why has my prof worked out the multiplicative inverse of complex numbers this way?

She explains how to obtain the multiplicative inverse: In what follows, z=a+bi and w=c+di are complex numbers with a,b,c,d∈R. Is there a multiplicative inverse of z? If so, what is it? Note ...
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1answer
52 views

Definition of $z^0, z=a+bi, a,b \in \mathbb{R}, z \neq 0$

Today I found in a True-False the question; Does the equality $$z^0=1, z=a+bi, a,b \in \mathbb{R}$$ hold $\forall z \in \mathbb{C^*}$? The thing is, this was never clearly defined in the book, and ...
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3answers
33 views

How do you divide complex numbers in polar form?

A question in my textbook asks: Find $\frac{z_1}{z_2}$ if $z_1=2\left(\cos\left(\frac{\pi}3\right)+i\sin\left(\frac{\pi}3\right)\right)$ and ...
0
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1answer
41 views

How can the polar form of a complex number be$ r(\cos(x)-i\sin(x))$?

I don't understand how this can form can work: $r(\cos(x)-i\sin(x))$. I saw it in my textbook. Surely there should be a "$+$" rather than a "$-$" between the $\cos$ and the $\sin$. If the imaginary ...
0
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1answer
26 views

Prove that $|z||b-ad| \leq M $

I need to prove the following statement: $$ |z||\frac{az + b}{z+d}-a| <= M $$ with $a,b,c,z \in \mathbb{C}, |z| \geq 1 + |d|$ and $M\geq 0$. I have reduced this to $$ |z||b-ad| \leq M $$ Also $ad ...
1
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1answer
22 views

The annulus $A_{r,s}(z_0)=\{z\in \mathbb{C} \mid r<|z_0-z|< s\}$ is open

I want to prove that the set $A_{r,s}(z_0)=\{z\in \mathbb{C} \mid r<|z_0-z|< s\}$ is open. This is my attempt. Let $z \in A_{r,s}(z_0)$. Then $|z-z_0|-r>0$. Let $r'=[|z-z_0|-r]/2$. Then ...
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0answers
25 views

Find all functions: $f:C\rightarrow C$

Find all functions $f:C\rightarrow C$ such that $f(x)=(x-f(0))(x-f(\pi))(x-f(-\pi))$ Extension: Find all $f:C\rightarrow C$ such that $f(x)=(x-f(0))(x-f(\pi))(x-f(-\pi))(x-f(2\pi))(x-f(-2\pi))\cdots ...
1
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1answer
32 views

How many roots have a complex number with irrational exponent?

If a rational exponent on a complex number $z^q$ is the representation of a finite number of roots, then if the exponent is irrational this mean that there is infinite countable roots? If this is the ...
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0answers
15 views

Calculate $\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{-\pi}^{\pi} {\rm{sinc}}(\alpha-t)\ e^{-\imath z t} dt$

Let us consider the $ {\rm{sinc}}$ normalized function: \begin{equation} {\rm{sinc}}(\tau)= \begin{cases} \frac{ \sin(\pi \tau)}{\pi \tau} \qquad &\tau \not= 0,\\ 1\qquad & \tau=0, ...
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2answers
69 views
+50

How find this $a$ such $(z_{1}+a)^2+a\overline{z_{1}}\neq (z_{2}+a)^2+a\overline{z_{2}}$

Question: find all the complex $a$,such for every complex $z_{1},z_{2}(|z_{1}|,|z_{2}|<1,z_{1}\neq z_{2})$,such $$(z_{1}+a)^2+a\overline{z_{1}}\neq (z_{2}+a)^2+a\overline{z_{2}}$$ My idea: ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Quadratic formula with complex coefficients

Let $a,b$ and $c$ be complex numbers. I'm trying to prove that this version of the usual quadratic formula: $$z=\frac{-b+(b^2-4ac)^{\frac{1}{2}}} {2a}$$ solves the quadratic equation ...
2
votes
1answer
36 views

Ring homomorphism $f: \mathbb C \to \mathbb C$ such that $f(\mathbb R) \subset \mathbb R$

Exercise Find all the ring homomorphisms $f: \mathbb C \to \mathbb C$ such that $f(\mathbb R) \subset \mathbb R$ My attempt at a solution In a previous problem I've already proved that the only ...
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0answers
22 views

Can a complex number have two arguments

Now, the reason why I wrote two $\theta$s is because my answer is the answer we get from $\theta$2 and the answer in the book is given the value of $\theta$1. So, I was just wondering whether both ...
0
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0answers
35 views

Square root of complex number?

Real numbers usually have more than one square root, but when we write sqrt(x), we mean the principal square root of x. What about complex numbers? What root are we referring to when we write ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

If the sum of absolute values of complex numbers is at least $1$, then some subset of these numbers has absolute value at least $C$

There is a challenging problem in a book of mine on complex analysis, and I seriously do not even know where to start. I'm more than sure I don't properly understand the problem. Prove that there ...
3
votes
3answers
129 views

Find solution of equation $(z+1)^5=z^5$

I attempt to solve the equation $(z+1)^5=z^5$. My first approach is to expand the left hand side but ı get more complicated equation. So I couldn't go further. Secondly, I write equation as, since ...
0
votes
2answers
31 views

A cute little system of nonlinear PDEs

I am wondering about the solutions to the following system of PDEs. Suppose we have functions a(x,y,z), b(x,y,z), and c(x,y,z) and the following equations: ...