For questions about integration methods that use results from complex analysis and their applications

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6
votes
3answers
476 views

Improper integration involving complex analytic arguments

I am trying to evaluate the following: $\displaystyle \int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{1+x^a}dx$, where $a>1$ and $a \in \mathbb{R}$ Any help will be much appreciated.
4
votes
1answer
230 views

Evaluate Complex Integral with $\frac{\Gamma(\frac{s}{2})} {\Gamma\big({\beta +1\over 2} - {s\over 2}\big)}$

I am proving this integral: $$ \int_{c\ -\ j\infty}^{c\ +\ j\infty} \left(\,x^{-1}\sigma\beta^{1 \over 2}\,\right)^{s}\ \Gamma\left(\,s \over 2\,\right) \Gamma\left(\,{\beta +1 \over 2} - {s \over 2}\...
5
votes
1answer
290 views

Liouville's Criterion and Integration of $\sin(z)/z$ using elementary functions

Liouville's Criterion: $\int fe^g$ is elementary iff there is rational function $q$ in $\mathbb{C}(z)$ such that $$f=q'+qg'$$ where $f\neq0$ and $g$ is a non constant function in $\mathbb{C}(z)$. Now ...
1
vote
1answer
621 views

Integrating squared absolute value of a complex sequence

I was reading through my book in complex analysis and i encountered this problem. Given, $F=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_nX^n$ is a convergent power series with radius of convergence R. We are asked to show ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Can I switch to polar coordinates if my function has complex poles?

You can think this of the following as a 3d QFT where we try to calculate the self-energy of two fields. $I$ is a this external self-energy and let us assume it does not depend on the loop momenta ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Summation using residues

In reference to this question about showing that the following interesting series takes on the value $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{1}{(2n+1)\operatorname{sinh}((2n+1)\pi)}=\frac{\log(2)}{8}$$ I tried ...
10
votes
4answers
427 views

contour integration of logarithm

I must compute the following integral $$\displaystyle\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\log x}{1+x^3}dx$$ Can someone suggest me the right circuit in the complex plane over which to do the integration? I ...
6
votes
1answer
118 views

Prove that a complex-valued entire function is identically zero.

Suppose $f$ is entire and $$\iint_\mathbb{C}|f(z)|^2dxdy < \infty$$Prove that $f\equiv 0.$ So far I have: Suppose $f$ is bounded. Then $f$ is constant by virtue of Liouville and so the ...
5
votes
2answers
521 views

Evaluating real integral using residue calculus: why different results?

I have to evaluate the real integral $$ I = \int_0^{\infty} \frac{\log^2 x}{x^2+1}. $$ using residue calculus. Its value is $\frac{\pi^3}{8}$, as you can verify (for example) introducing the function $...
2
votes
1answer
189 views

Some inequalities for an entire function $f$ [CSIR-NET-2014]

Let, $f(z)=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}a_{n}z^{n}$ be an entire function and let $r$ be a positive real number. Then, which is(/are) correct? (a) $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}|a_{n}|^{2}r^{2n}\le \sup_{|z|=r} |f(z)|^{...
3
votes
2answers
185 views

Residues and poles proof

Let the degree of the polynomials $P(z)=a_0+a_1z+a_2z^2+\cdots+a_nz^n$ $a_n\neq0$ and $Q(z)=b_0+b_1z+b_2z^2+\cdots+b_mz^m$ $b_m\neq 0$ be such that $m\geq n+2$. Show that if all the zeros of $Q(z)$...
6
votes
2answers
135 views

The integral $\int_0^\infty \dfrac{x \sin(x)}{x^2+1} dx$

How to calculate: $$\int_0^\infty \frac{x \sin(x)}{x^2+1} dx$$ I thought I should find the integral on the path $[-R,R] \cup \{Re^{i \phi} : 0 \leq \phi \leq \pi\}$. I can easily take the residue in ...
5
votes
1answer
655 views

Residue theorem with exponential and trig functions

The following integral should be doable using the residue theorum: $$\frac1{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi}e^{\cos\theta}\cos(n\theta) \,d\theta$$
2
votes
2answers
84 views

$\int_{|z|=2}^{}\frac{1}{z^2+1}dz$

I tried finding the integral of $\int_{|z|=2}^{}\frac{1}{z^2+1}dz$ but not sure whether it is correct. $\gamma(t)=2e^{it},t\in[0,2\pi]$ $$\int_{|z|=2}^{}\frac{1}{z^2+1}dz=\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{2ie^{it}...
1
vote
2answers
82 views

Soving a Complex Integral along a circle

I have a complex integral $$\int_{|z|=r}x \, dz$$ for the positive portion of the circle. I know that this integral seems easy enough but I am having trouble with it, and I'm fairly certain my answer ...
1
vote
4answers
106 views

Poisson Integral is equal to 1

Show $$ \int_{-\pi}^{\pi}P(r, \theta)d\theta = 1 $$ Let $\alpha(r) = \frac{r^2 - 1}{2r}$ and $\gamma(r) = -\big(\frac{r^2 + 1}{2r}\big)$. Then $$ \frac{1}{2\pi} \int_{-\pi}^{\pi}\...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Evaluate Integral $\int_{c\ -\ j\infty}^{c\ +\ j\infty} \left({\sigma\,x^{-1}}\right)^s{\Gamma(\beta_1-1+s)\over \Gamma(\beta_1+\beta_2-1+s)}\,ds$

I am at this point of integration where: $$\int_{c\ -\ j\infty}^{c\ +\ j\infty} \left({\sigma\,x^{-1}}\right)^s{\Gamma(\beta_1-1+s)\over \Gamma(\beta_1+\beta_2-1+s)}\,ds$$ whereby $\beta_1$, $\...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Cauchy's Residue Theorem for Integral $\int_{c\ -\ j\infty}^{c\ +\ j\infty} \left({\sigma \over x}\right)^s{{1-\beta^{s+1}}\over s(s+1)}\,ds$

This is a similar problem to the one I posted here. I am at this point of integration where: $$\int_{c\ -\ j\infty}^{c\ +\ j\infty} \left({\sigma \over x}\right)^s{{1-\beta^{s+1}}\over s(s+1)}\,ds$$ ...
7
votes
2answers
147 views

Proof using Cauchy Integral Theorem

Suppose that I have the following integral: $$ \int_L \frac {dz}{z^2+1} $$ I need to show that this is equal to $0$ if $L$ is any closed rectifiable simple curve in the outside of the closed unit ...
4
votes
2answers
532 views

Gaussian integral with a shift in the complex plane

$$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-(x+ia)^2} \text{d}x $$ where $a\in \mathbb{R}$. I don't know where to start but have reasons to believe the answer is $\sqrt{\pi}$. Namely $\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-x^2}...
2
votes
2answers
239 views

Apply the Cauchy-Goursat theorem to show that $\int_C \operatorname{Log}(z+2)\, dz=0$ on a unit circle.

Cauchy-Goursat theorem. If a function $f$ is analytic at all points interior to and on a simple closed contour $C$, then $$\int_C f(z) \,dz=0.$$ This is a problem from Churchill's Complex Variables. ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

Contour integral of analytic function with singularity

I am supposed to integrate $f(z)=$$\frac{5}{z}$ from -3 t0 3 but I am having trouble understanding how to do this. I've done the integration the "hard" way by using parametrizations but now I need to ...
10
votes
5answers
629 views

Showing that $\displaystyle\int_{-a}^{a} \frac{\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}{1+x^2}dx = \pi\left (\sqrt{a^2+1}-1\right)$.

How can I show that $\displaystyle\int_{-a}^{a} \frac{\sqrt{a^2-x^2}}{1+x^2}dx = \pi\left(\sqrt{a^2+1}-1\right)$?
16
votes
7answers
2k views

Integration by means of complex analysis

Dear all: this time I have the integral $$\int_0^\infty\frac{1-\cos x}{x^2(x^2+1)}\,dx$$and we must try to solve it using complex integration, residues, Cauchy's Theorem and the whole lot. (BTW, does ...
6
votes
1answer
83 views

Determine the Integral $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} e^{-x^2} \cos(2bx)dx$

Please do not mark this question as a duplicate. I have to solve this with a different method that I don't believe has been discussed about this particular question (at least to my knowledge). I am ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

A variation of Ahmed's integral

Given that the closed form exist, evaluate the following Integral: $$\displaystyle \int\limits_{0}^{1} \frac{(x^2+4)\sin^{-1}x}{x^4-12x^2+16} \, dx $$
7
votes
1answer
943 views

How do you integrate Gaussian integral with contour integration method?

How do you integrate $$\int^{\infty}_{-\infty} e^{-x^2} dx$$ with contour integration method? I do not even know how to setup the problem.
5
votes
2answers
548 views

Improper integrals with singularities on the REAL AXIS (Complex Variable)

I'm having some troubles when I try to solve improper integrals exercises that have singularities on the real axis. I have made a lot of exercises where singularities are inside a semicircle in the ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

What do Fourier Transforms actually do?

I will illustrate this with a simple example: Consider the exponential decay function $$f(t)=\begin{cases} 0 & \ t\lt 0 , \\ A e^{-\lambda t} & \ t\ge 0 \end{cases}$$ Where $\lambda \...
7
votes
2answers
224 views

Choosing parametrization for complex integration with two branch cuts

I am particularly interested in how Ron Gordon came up with the parametrization in his anser to this question: Inverse Laplace transform $\mathcal{L}^{-1}\left \{ \ln \left ( 1+\frac{w^{2}}{s^{2}}\...
3
votes
2answers
90 views

The value of $\sum_{n=-\infty}^{n=\infty}\frac{1}{n^2-z^2}$ on $\mathbb{C}\setminus\mathbb{Z}$

Show, for $z\not\in\mathbb{Z}$, that $$\sum_{n=-\infty}^{n=\infty}\frac{1}{n^2-z^2} = \frac{-\pi}{z\tan(\pi z)}$$ Hint: You may assume that there exists $C$ such that $|\pi\cot(\pi w)|\leq C$ ...
5
votes
2answers
122 views

geometrical interpretation of a line integral issue

I was wondering : if the geometrical interpretation of a line integral is that the line integral gives the area under the function along a path, then why the line integral is equal to zero when the ...
3
votes
1answer
714 views

Complex antiderivative

I am confused on a couple things: 1.) Why is it that an integral of a complex valued function of a complex variable exists if f(z(t)) is piecewise continuous (and/or piecewise continuous on $\mathbb{...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

Cauchy integral formula

Can someone please help me answer this question as I cannot seem to get to the answer. Please note that the Cauchy integral formula must be used in order to solve it. Many thanks in advance! \begin{...
2
votes
2answers
135 views

How to solve $ \int \limits _0 ^{2\pi} \dfrac{dx}{(\alpha +\beta\cos x)^2} $

I am trying to solve this integral, I think that it could be solve using the complex. $$ \int \limits _0 ^{2\pi} \dfrac{dx}{(\alpha +\beta\cos x)^2} $$
2
votes
2answers
49 views

question related with cauch'ys inequality

We have a statement that if f(z) is analytic in a domain D and $C = \{z : |z-a| = R\}$ is contained in D. Then, $|f^n(a)|\leq \frac{n!M_R}{R^n}$ where $M_R = \max|f(z)|$ on C. What if the given D ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Differentiating a contour integral

Let $P(z, t)$ be a cubic with the parameter $t$, and consider $$\mathcal{I} = \int_{\gamma(t)} \frac{dz}{\sqrt{P(z, t)}}.$$ Here, $\gamma(t)$ is a contour in the complex plane that encloses any two of ...
6
votes
3answers
174 views

Show that $\int_0^\infty e^{-x^2} \sin{2xb}\, dx =e^{-b^2}\int_0^b e^{x^2} \, dx, \, b>0, $?

Show that $$\int_0^\infty e^{-x^2} \sin{2xb}\, dx =e^{-b^2}\int_0^b e^{x^2} \, dx, \, b>0, $$ I need help. I did the following steps: Apply Cauchy's Theorem, being $\varphi (x) = e^{-z^2}$ analytic ...
5
votes
1answer
77 views

Evaluate $\int_{|z|=r}^{}\frac{\log\ z}{z^2+1}dz$ where $r>0$

I tried to evaluate $$\int_{|z|=r}^{}\frac{\log\ z}{z^2+1}dz$$ when $r>0$. Clearly $\log z$ is not continuous at $z=-r$. So is this integral meaningful then? Since the function is continuous and ...
4
votes
2answers
935 views

$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x}dx$ with residue calculus

I'm trying to compute $\displaystyle \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x}dx$, $(0<a<1)$ Let $f$ denote the integrand. I'm using the rectangular contour given by the following curves: $c_1:...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

evaluate $\oint_C \frac{1}{z-i} dz$ where C is the circle $\left\vert 2 \right\vert$

I've tried several times to solve this integral, but I am unable to solve it, every time I get a similar wrong answer. The question is "evaluate $$\oint_C \frac{1}{z-i} dz$$ where C is the circle $\...
3
votes
1answer
256 views

Function holomorphic except for real line and continuous everywhere is entire

1) I've already shown that if $f:\mathbb{C}\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ is holomorphic everywhere except for a single point and if it continuous on whole $\mathbb{C}$ then it is entire. It was quite easy. ...
2
votes
0answers
97 views

Difficulty evaluating complex integral

The integral along the path $\gamma(t)=e^{2ti},\;t\in[0,2\pi]$ is $\begin{equation*} \int_{\gamma}\frac{1}{z^{2}-1}dz \end{equation*}$. I approached this like a real integral in the hopes things ...
1
vote
3answers
991 views

Cauchy's argument principle, trouble working simple contour integral

I'm trying to teach myself Cauchy's argument principle by doing a simple example, but apparently I'm missing something, because every time I try to do the contour integral I get 0. Cauchy's argument ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

How do I extend RS-integral to bounded variation parameters?

Definition of Riemann-Stieltjes integration Let $\alpha:[a,b]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a monotonically increasing function and $f:[a,b]\rightarrow \mathbb{R}$ be a bounded function. Then, $...
4
votes
1answer
164 views

How do you integrate $\int_0^\infty \exp(it^k)\,\mathrm dt$ for $k \in \Bbb N$?

My problem is with the integral $$\int^\infty_0 e^{it^k}\,\mathrm dt$$ with $k\in\mathbb{N}$. Somehow it can be evaluated by use of Cauchy's theorem. But I don't see how. The best thing I can ...
3
votes
1answer
258 views

Cauchy's Integral parametric conjugate

By considering the conjugate of its parametric form, evaluate $$\frac{1}{2\pi i}\int_{\gamma(0;1)}\frac{\overline{f(z)}}{z-a}dz$$ when $|a|<1$ and $|a|>1$, where $f$ is holomorphic in in the ...
3
votes
3answers
82 views

Evaluating the integral of $\frac{\cos(x) - e^{-x}}{x}$ using contour integration

I am trying to evaluate the value of $$\int_0^\infty\frac{\cos(x) - e^{-x}}{x}dx$$. I am assuming I am supposed to use contour integration, as I was required just before to calculate the value of $$\...
3
votes
2answers
245 views

Evaluate $\int_{C}\frac{e^{\alpha z}}{z}dz$ where $\alpha \in \mathbb R$ and C is the circle $\gamma(t)=e^{it}$…

Let $\alpha \in \mathbb R$ and C be the circle $\gamma(t)=e^\alpha t$, $-\pi\le t \le \pi$ Evaluate $$\int_{C}\frac{e^{\alpha z}}{z}dz.$$ Use the above, to show that $$\int_{0}^{\pi}e^{\alpha \cos ...
2
votes
3answers
191 views

Evaluatig: $\int_{0}^{\infty}{e^{ax^2}\cos(bx)dx}$

Evaluatig: $$\int_{0}^{\infty}{e^{ax^2}\cos(bx)dx}$$ Where $a, b\in \mathbb R^+$ What i have done: Because $\cos(bx)=\Re(e^{ibx})$, we can note that: $$I=\Re{\int_{0}^{\infty}{e^{ax^2+ibx}}}dx=\Re{\...