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2
votes
2answers
73 views

Find $\int_\gamma \frac{dz}{z^2}$ wihtout explicit calculations

Evaluate the following integral without doing any explicit calculations: $\int_\gamma \frac{dz}{z^2}$ where $\gamma(t) = \cos(t) + 2i\sin(t)$ for $0 \le t \le 2\pi$. This exercise comes along with ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Imaginary part of Log laplacian

I'm confused about how to calculate $\nabla^2 \log z$, where $z=re^{i\theta}$ is a complex number. My calculations return $$ \nabla^2 \log z = 2\pi\frac{\delta(r)}{r} [\delta(\theta) + i ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Liouville's theorem for functions not bounded on an isolated set

On Liouville's theorem. Prove that if $f(z)$ is defined, analytic, bounded in the entire complex plane, except for an isolated set of points, then $f$ must be constant. What happens if said set has a ...
0
votes
2answers
103 views

Cauchy's argument principle, trouble working simple contour integral

I'm trying to teach myself Cauchy's argument principle by doing a simple example, but apparently I'm missing something, because every time I try to do the contour integral I get 0. Cauchy's argument ...
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Contour Integrantion of a exponential function

I am trying to evaluate an integral of type $$ I = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{e^{ikx}P(x)}{Q(x)} dx $$ Where ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Complex integral (Cauchy's Theorem?)

I have $$\int_{\gamma}\frac{1}{4z^2-1}dz$$, where $\gamma$ is the unit circle in the complex plane. I said this integral equals to $$\int_{0}^{2\pi}\frac{ie^{it}}{4(e^{it})^2-1}dt$$ Then I let ...
2
votes
2answers
73 views

Liouville's Criterion and Integration of $\sin(z)/z$ using elementary functions

Liouville's Criterion: $\int fe^g$ is elementary iff there is rational function $q$ in $\mathbb{C}(z)$ such that $$f=q'+qg'$$ where $f\neq0$ and $g$ is a non constant function in $\mathbb{C}(z)$. Now ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Integral of $e^{\overline{z}}$

So I'm suppose to integrate $e^{\overline{z}}$ along the unit circle where $z(t)=e^{it}$ and from t goes from 0 to $2\pi$. This is the work I've done so far $\int e^{\overline{z}}dz = ...
0
votes
0answers
33 views

Integration of a complex function having square rooted denominator

How to evaluate this integral ? $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{(w-ia)\sqrt{w^2-ibw+b^2c}}dw$$ where $a$, $b$ and $c$ are real and greater than zero. Does the residue theorem work on it? Please ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Complex Integration by Parts help

Solve $\frac{1}{\sqrt{4\pi t}}\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}}e^{-\sigma^2/(4t)}(\sigma^2 +2\sigma x+x^2-1)d\sigma$ I am told the integral of the heat kernel is 1
0
votes
1answer
32 views

Integration by Parts help?

Show $\frac{1}{\sqrt{4\pi kt}}\int\limits_{\mathbb{R}}e^{-\sigma^2/(4kt)}(\sigma^2 +2\sigma x+x^2)d\sigma = 2kt+x^2$
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Relation of an integral over the entire real line to the same but with the integrand shifted by an imaginary amount

I would like to relate the following two integrals: \begin{align} I_1 &= \int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x) dx .\\ I_2 &= \int_{-\infty}^\infty f(x - i X) dx \text{ with } X \text{ real.} \end{align} ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Evaluate using cauchy's integral formula

How can we evaluate this expression using cauchy's integral formula $\int_C \frac{e^{\pi Z}}{ ( {Z^2 + 1}) ^2} dZ$ where $C$ is $|Z-i|=1$
1
vote
2answers
308 views

What is ML Inequality property of complex integral

What is ML inequality property in complex integral which says $|\int_{c}f(z)dz| \leq ML$. I can't understand a thing from this expression. I want to understand it conceptually(if that helps). How can ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Line integral of complex expression

How can we integrate expressions like these $\int_C \operatorname{Re}(Z) \, dZ$ where $C$ is the shortest path joining the points $1+i$ and $3+2i$. The $\operatorname{Re}(Z)$ in the expression is ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Integration of complex function

how do we do start doing the following integral? $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e ^{-\pi(x^2a^2+2iux)}\,dx$$ Any help will be appreciated NOTE: $i$ is the square root of $-1$.
3
votes
3answers
64 views

Integrating $I(\alpha)=\int^{\infty}_{0} \frac{x^{\alpha}}{x^4+1}dx$

Here is the question: Let $P(x)$ be a polynomial of degree $d>1$ with $P(x)>0$ for all $x>0$. For what values of $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$ does the integral $I(\alpha)=\int^{\infty}_{0} ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x}dx$ with residue calculus

I'm trying to compute $\displaystyle \int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{e^{ax}}{1+e^x}dx$, $(0<a<1)$ Let $f$ denote the integrand. I'm using the rectangular contour given by the following curves: ...
3
votes
1answer
131 views

Would like help with a contour integral.

Disclaimer: the knowledge I have about contour integration is solely from the book "Mathematical Methods in the Physical Sciences" by Mary L. Boas. I am trying to understand how the following ...
0
votes
2answers
121 views

A contour integral for Fourier transform

How does one show the following, preferably with contour integral on the complex plane? $$\frac{\Gamma(\alpha)}{2\pi}\int_{-\infty}^\infty (ik)^{-\alpha}e^{-ikx}dk = (-x)_+^{\alpha-1},$$ where $x$ is ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Can I switch the order of integration and “Real(z)” operation?

Let $f(z,\eta)$ be an entire function. I need to calculate (numerically) the integral: $$\int\limits _{0}^{\pi}\mbox{Re}\left(\int\limits _{0}^{\pi}f\left(z,\eta\right)d\eta\right)dz$$ Can I switch ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

find general solution to the Differential equation

Find the general solution to the differential equation \begin{equation} \frac{dy}{dx}= 3x^2 y^2 - y^2 \end{equation} I get \begin{equation} y=6xy^2 + 6x^2 y\frac{dy}{dx} - 2y\frac{dy}{dx} ...
-2
votes
1answer
132 views

Rate of change optimisation

Polonium-210 is a radioactive element whose time rate of decay is proportional to the quantity present at any time. A nuclear accident, confined to a single room of a nuclear research laboratory ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

Behavior of $f(z)=\int_0^1\mathrm{e}^{\alpha t^2}\sin(tz)\,dt$ when $\alpha <0$

Define $$f(z)=\int_0^1\mathrm{e}^{\alpha t^2}\sin(tz)\,dt,$$ where $\alpha \in \mathbb{R}$. If $\alpha >0$ then $f(z)$ has infinitely many real zeros and at most a finite number of complex ...
0
votes
1answer
74 views

Double Integration Problem for Buffon's Needle experiment

Numberphile has a video about the Buffon's needle experiment (Video). I am writing an essay on determining $\pi$ using probability and I need to show my understanding of the topic. I kind of already ...
3
votes
1answer
101 views

Using argument principle to compute an integral

Let $f(z)=z^4-2z^3+z^2-12z+20$. Then evaluate the integral by using the argument principle $$\oint_C \frac{zf'(z)}{f(z)} \,ds$$ Where $C$ is the circle $|z|=5$. What I've tried: I tried using the ...
7
votes
1answer
192 views

To calculate residue of the function $f(z) = \frac{z^2 + \sin z}{\cos z - 1}$.

I was trying to find the residue of the function $$f(z) = \frac{z^2 + \sin z}{\cos z - 1}.$$ Here is the my attempt: The given function has a pole of order two at $z = 2n\pi$. So, we use the ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Integral of holomorphic function which tends to $0$

Let $R > 0 $, $z \in \mathbb{C}, \ f : D(z,R) \rightarrow \mathbb{C} $. $Re(f) \ $ and $Im(f) \ $ are $C^{1} $ on $D(z,R) \ $. Then f is complex differentiable in $z$ if and only if $$ \lim_{r ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

$\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin x}{x^{k}(1+x^{2})}dx \ $ via residue calculus

I want to evaluate with calculus of residues $$\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin x}{x^{k}(1+x^{2})}dx \ $$ $ k \in \mathbb{N}, k \geq 1$ If $k = 1$ we have $$\int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\sin ...
3
votes
1answer
83 views

problem about complex integration

The question is to find $\displaystyle\int \frac{z^2-z+1}{z-1}dz$ over $|z|=1$. My solution is : Using cauchy's integral formula we have $\displaystyle f(1) = \frac{1}{2\pi i}\int ...
2
votes
2answers
41 views

question related with cauch'ys inequality

We have a statement that if f(z) is analytic in a domain D and $C = \{z : |z-a| = R\}$ is contained in D. Then, $|f^n(a)|\leq \frac{n!M_R}{R^n}$ where $M_R = \max|f(z)|$ on C. What if the given D ...
3
votes
2answers
51 views

doubt in complex integration

I was doing problems on complex integration and got stuck at one question. The question is $$ \int_{\gamma}{{\rm e}^{{\rm i}\pi z}\left(z + i\right)^{2}\cos\left(nz\right) ...
0
votes
0answers
124 views

complex sum-integration

Let $a_n \in \mathbb{R}$. Show that, $$0\le \sum_0^N\sum_0^N\frac{a_na_m}{n+m+\frac{1}{2}}\le \pi \sum_0^Na_n^2.$$ Hint: Integrate on the semicircle with radius R, the sum ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Complex Integration of DTFT

Question A discrete-time signal $u \in \mathcal{l}^2(\mathcal{Z})$ has DTFT \begin{equation} \hat{u}(\omega) = \frac{5+3\cos(\omega)}{17+8\cos(\omega)} \end{equation} Use complex integration to find ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Integration containing a complex number

Folks, Can I treat the complex number in the following integral: $$\frac1{2\pi}\int\frac1{(1+jw)^2}dw$$ as a constant and move it outside of the integral, like this: ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Conditions for complex integrability

I was wondering if the Lebesgue conditions for Riemann integrability also hold for a complex path integral, and what that would mean exactly. I am assuming that $f(z)$ would have to be bounded and ...
1
vote
3answers
130 views

Find the residue of $\frac{e^{iz}}{(z^2+1)^5}$ at $z = i$ and evaluate $\int_0^{\infty} \cos x/(x^2+1)^5 dx$

I know the evaluation of $\int_0^{\infty} \cos x/(x^2+1)^5 dx$ requires that I solve the first part, but for some reason I'm stumped. I get that I should use $\lim_{z \to ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

Evaluate the following integrals/ Cauchy integral theorem

So I have two questions. 1) Evaluate $ \oint_{|z|=1} \dfrac{cos(\pi z^2)}{(z-2)(z-4)^3} dz$ and 2) Evaluate $ \oint_{|z|=6} \dfrac{cos(\pi z^2)}{(z-2)(z-4)^3} dz$. Now I know the integrand is ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Complex Integration using polar coordinates

Consider the complex variable $y=re^{j\phi}$ with $r\in(0,\infty)$, $\phi \in (-\pi,\pi)$, and the complex integral $$ I=\int\limits_\mathbb{C} {f(y)\log(f(y))dy} $$ Does the following ...
0
votes
1answer
47 views

Integrating Real Function in the Complex Plane

Question: Evaluate the integral $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\sin(x)}{x(x^2+a^2)}=Im\left ( \frac{e^{ix}}{x(x^2+a^2)} \right)$$ ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Dirac Delta — Symmetry

I had a curiosity question rise up in the middle of the night regarding the behavior of the Dirac Delta. Because it's not a function per-se, I am not sure how a concept like "integration" symmetry ...
1
vote
3answers
114 views

Calculating the integral expression $\int_0^{\infty}\lambda^{t-1}e^{-\lambda z}d\lambda$ for complex-valued z

The problem is computing the integral expression $$f(t)=\int_0^{\infty}\lambda^{t-1}e^{-\lambda z}d\lambda$$ where z is a complex variable with $Re(z)> 0$ and t is a real variable. Is it correct to ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

Complex integration from zero to infinity at different directions

The problem is computing the integral expression $$f(t)=\int_0^{\infty}\lambda^{t-1}e^{-\lambda z}d\lambda$$ where z is a complex variable with $Re(z)\ge 0$. Is it correct to substitute $w=\lambda z$ ...
1
vote
1answer
78 views

How can I use Cauchy formula to this Integral?

$$∫ \frac{5z^2 - 3z + 2}{(z-1)^3} dz$$ and the contour is any closed simple curve involving z=1 (sorry, I forgot to write this information) Need to solve it using Cauchy Integral formula Can anyone ...
0
votes
1answer
53 views

Prove that $f'(a) = \frac{1}{2\pi}\int_0^{2\pi}e^{-i\theta}f(a+e^{i\theta})d\theta$

I know this is to be derived from Gauss' Mean Value Theorem, but I can't get the $e^{-i\theta}$. Where am I going wrong? $f'(a) = \lim_{h \to 0}\frac{f(a+h) - f(a)}{h} = \lim_{h\to ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Find all functions $f(z)$ that are analytic everywhere in the entire complex plane that satisfy $f(2-i)=4i$

This question is apparently related to Cauchy's Integral Formula and related theorems, but I honestly don't know how to start, other than potentially saying that $f(z)$ is every function such that ...
0
votes
4answers
143 views

Evaluate $\oint_C\frac{dz}{z-2}$ around the circle $|z-2| = 4$

I don't completely understand how to approach these questions. I suppose the notation $\oint_C$ is something I'm not used to. So far, I have $\oint_C\frac{dz}{z-2} = \log(z-2)$. From here, I suppose ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Evaluate $\oint_C |z|^2 dz$ around the square with vertices at $(0,0), (1,0), (1,1), (0,1)$

I don't think I quite understand how to go about this. My solution so far: $\oint_C |z|^2 dz = \oint_C (x^2 + y^2)dz = \oint_C (x^2 + y^2) d(x+iy) = \oint_C x^2 + y^2 dx + i\oint_Cx^2+y^2dy$. ...
4
votes
2answers
288 views

Why do we use only upper half plane to do Residue Integration?

In the class of mathematics my professor showed me that "how to use the residue integration method?". And i doubt at almost the last step that professor did. he made a contour over the upper half ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

Analytical Continuation

I have problem understanding the analytical continuation of the following complex integral. I even have the solution but can not figure out the intermediate steps. I would appreciate it if anyone ...