For questions about integration methods that use results from complex analysis and their applications

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3
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1answer
122 views

Has anyone ever explored $(\sin{x})^x$ , $(\cos{x})^x$, etc?

I've come across a problem that involves something very close to: $$\int(\cos{x})^xdx$$ and I have no clue as to how to proceed with any kind of analysis for this type of equation. It occurred to me ...
2
votes
2answers
109 views

How to solve $ \int \limits _0 ^{2\pi} \dfrac{dx}{(\alpha +\beta\cos x)^2} $

I am trying to solve this integral, I think that it could be solve using the complex. $$ \int \limits _0 ^{2\pi} \dfrac{dx}{(\alpha +\beta\cos x)^2} $$
0
votes
0answers
17 views

How to choose grid for a numerical integral of complex function?

I need to numerically integrate a complex function $f(x)$ on R, i.e. to approximate $\int_{-\infty}^\infty{f(\xi)d\xi}$. Performance is crucial as the integration is repeated a high number of times ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

Integration of a analytic function

here is the problem I currently try to solve: $$\int\limits_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\left((1+ixa^2)^{-\frac{n_1}{2}}\cdot(1+ixb^2)^{-\frac{n_2}{2}}\right)e^{icx} \mathrm{d}x $$ with $a,b,c\geq0$ (real ...
0
votes
1answer
13 views

Deformation of path [closed]

When I see some solutions of the specific complex problems , They use "Deformation of Paths".Please let me know what this deformation of path is?
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Is $\int_{0}^\infty \frac{\sin(nx)}x \,dx$ is equal to $\pi/2$? [on hold]

Is $\int_{0}^\infty \frac{\sin(nx)}x \,dx$ is equal to $\pi/2$ for positive real $n$? I've come to this answer by inverse Fourier transform. But since there is n, I am quite confused that I ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Show that there exists a constant C depending on $U$ and $K$ such that $|f(z)| \leq C(\int_{U} |f|^2)^{1/2}$.

Let $f$ be analytic in an open set $U \subseteq \Bbb C$ and let $K \subseteq U$ be compact. Show that there exists a constant C depending on $U$ and $K$ such that $|f(z)| \leq C(\int_{U} |f|^2)^{1/2}$ ...
0
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0answers
20 views

$|\oint_{\mu_2^R}\frac{ze^{iz}}{z^2+a^2}dz|\rightarrow 0$ as $R\rightarrow\infty$

I have been trying to solve the integral $\int_0^\infty\frac{x\sin(x)}{x^2+a^2}dx$ for $a>0$ by using contour integration. To do this, I defined $f(z):=\frac{ze^{iz}}{z^2+a^2}$, and am trying to ...
1
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0answers
49 views

Multivariate Residue Theorem

Let $G(s,t)$ be a complex valued function in two variables that converges absolutely for $Re(s), Re(t)>1$. Suppose we can analytically continue $G$ in such a way that $$G(s,t) = f(s)g(t)H(s,t)$$ ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Why does this example of global residue theorem not work?

This question is related to and inspired by a previous question What is the residue obtained from this integral? , but note that the appearing functions are slightly different. Consider the following ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What is the residue obtained from this integral?

Consider the following integral in two complex variables $z_1$ and $z_2$: $$\frac{1}{(2\pi i)^2}\oint_{{|z_1|=\epsilon}\atop{|z_2|=\epsilon}}dz_1 dz_2\frac{1}{z_1 ...
1
vote
1answer
24 views

Consider a positively oriented circle with $| z | = 2$. Calculate $\int z/[ (4-z^2)(z+i)]$.

Consider a positively oriented circle with $| z | = 2$. Calculate $$\oint \frac{z\;dz}{(4-z^2)(z+i)}$$ I did the following. $$\oint\frac{z\;dz}{(4-z^2)(z+i)}=\oint\frac{z}{4-z^2}\cdot ...
0
votes
1answer
33 views

Solve the following contour integral (Complex Analysis)

Compute the following integral: $$\int_{\delta D_1(0)} \frac{e^{z}}z dz $$ So I rewrote the formula in terms of $x$ and $y$ since $z = x + iy$ I got $$f(z) = \frac{e^xysin(y) + ...
1
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0answers
31 views

Integral of ratio of complex polynomials

Let $p(z),q(z) \in \mathbb{C}[z]$ two polynomials with coefficients in $\mathbb{C}$ s.t. $deg(p) = m$, $deg(q) = n$ and $n \ge m +2$. I need to show that $$ \lim_{R \to \infty} \int_{|z| = R} ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Upper Bound on Complex Line Integral

I'm working through the second edition of Complex Variables by Stephen Fisher, and reached a proof involving the upper bound of line integrals, namely $$ \left| \int_\gamma u(z)\;dz \right| \leq ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Complex analysis proof about $|f(z)|$

I have to prove the following and have absolutely no idea where to start: If $f$ is holomorphic in $|z|>R$ and its limit at $\infty$ is $0$, then $\exists \; m \in \mathbb{N}$ such that $|f(z)| ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

Contour integral of $\frac{1}{\sqrt z}$ with branch cut

I am a physicist who usually doesn't need to care about the fact that square root is not single-valued on the complex plane. But I would like to give a meaning to and compute the contour integrals : ...
5
votes
2answers
73 views

geometrical interpretation of a line integral issue

I was wondering : if the geometrical interpretation of a line integral is that the line integral gives the area under the function along a path, then why the line integral is equal to zero when the ...
2
votes
2answers
26 views

Prove that: $\oint_c{\dfrac{1}{z^{2n+1}}(z^2+1)^{2n}}=\binom {2n} {n} 2\pi i$

In a mathematical methods problem, where the $c$ is a the unit circle around the origin and in counterclockwise, I need to use a step that I'm not so sure about (Because I don't know how to develop ...
5
votes
1answer
121 views

Global Residue Theorem in CP^2.

Consider the following meromorphic form defined on $\mathbb{C}P^2$: Be $\phi_{1,2}$ the chart given by $\phi_{1,2}(Z_1,Z_2) = (1,Z_1,Z_2)$, in these coordinates define $\omega= \frac{1}{Z_1 Z_2} dZ_1 ...
0
votes
0answers
42 views

Proof of Sokhotski-Plemelj theorem

Sokhotski-Plemelj theorem states $$ \phi_i(z)=\frac{1}{2\pi i}\mathcal{P}\int_C\frac{\varphi(\zeta) \,d\zeta}{\zeta-z}+\frac{1}{2}\varphi(z), \, \\ \phi_e(z)=\frac{1}{2\pi ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

how to solve this complex exponential integration ??

During exercising and example of Fourier Series , I encountered with an integration : $$ \frac{E\omega_o}{4\pi j}\int_{0}^{\frac{\pi}{\omega_o}}\Big[e^{-j\omega_o (n-1)t}-e^{-j\omega_o ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

A question about complex integration

Let $z_0\in \Bbb C$ and $R>0$. Let $f:B(z_0,R)\to\Bbb C$ be a complex function such that $f=u+iv$ (where $B(z_0,R)$ is the open disc centered at $z_0$ with radius $R$). If $u$ and $v$ have ...
1
vote
3answers
63 views

Evaluatig: $\int_{0}^{\infty}{e^{ax^2}\cos(bx)dx}$

Evaluatig: $$\int_{0}^{\infty}{e^{ax^2}\cos(bx)dx}$$ Where $a, b\in \mathbb R^+$ What i have done: Because $\cos(bx)=\Re(e^{ibx})$, we can note that: ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Problem in computing complex integrals for fourier transform

This is from a problem set of open course 8.02 by MIT OCW. I am not able to understand how the integral was solved. I have basic knowledge of Fourier transformation, and the Dirac delta function ...
1
vote
0answers
55 views

Integrals of the type $f'(z)/f(z)$

I am having trouble understanding integrals of the form: $$\int_\gamma\frac{f'(z)}{f(z)}\,{\rm d}z$$I am aware that there are problems with the complex logarithm, and we have the formula: ...
2
votes
2answers
69 views

Evaluating: $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}{\frac{1}{\cosh(kx)}dx}$

How can you integrate: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}{\dfrac{1}{\cosh(kx)}dx}$$ I know that: ...
0
votes
2answers
77 views

Integrate along the vertical strip

I want to show that some integration with vertical line is bounded. function $f(\mu)$ is given by $$ f(\mu)=A^{-\sqrt{\mu}} \frac{(B_1-\sqrt\mu)}{(B_2-\sqrt\mu)(B_3+\sqrt\mu)} $$ where $f$ is defined ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

Contour integration of logarithm: $g(\omega) \log[1 - \chi(q,\omega)]$

I'm trying to calculate the integral $$ \frac{1}{2\pi i} \int_\mathcal{C} g(\omega) \log[1 - \chi(q,\omega)], $$ where $g(\omega) = (e^{\beta \omega}-1)^{-1}$ has an infinite number of evenly spaced ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Complex integral difficulty

We need some sort of analytic expression for the integral: $$\int^\infty _{-\infty} \frac{\sqrt{\alpha^2 + 1}}{(\mathrm{i}\alpha)^{\frac{3}{4}}}\mathrm{e}^{\mathrm{i}\alpha \chi} \mathrm{d}\alpha$$ ...
0
votes
1answer
79 views

Using The Riemann Zeta Functional Equation

Riemann was able to establish the following link between the Riemann zeta function and the weighted prime counting function $J(x)$. $$\ln(\zeta(s))=s\int_1^\infty J(x)x^{-s-1}dx$$ Using the Mellin ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

How to calculate this residue which has a pole of order n-r?

So I have this complex integral: $$ \oint \frac{dz}{2\pi}\frac{e^{iz(br-(n-r)a)}}{\left(1-(1-q)e^{-ik_{1}-iza}\right)^{n-r}}$$ b,r,q,a,n are all constants in this context. However I'm not entirely ...
1
vote
1answer
34 views

Integration along a keyhole

(H. Priestley complex Analysis Chapter 7 Exercise 9) Suppose $f$ is holomorphic inside and on $\gamma(0,1)$. By integration around the usual keyhole like this one : Integration of $\ln $ around a ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Verifying the complex integral: $\int_0^{\infty}\frac{\cos{ax}}{1+x^4}dx$

Verifying the integral: $$\int_0^{\infty}\dfrac{\cos{ax}}{1+x^4}dx$$ I started considering: $$\cos{x}=\dfrac{e^{ix}+e^{-ix}}{2}\implies \cos{ax}=\dfrac{e^{iax}+e^{-iax}}{2}?$$ So: ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Complex integral with Fourier

So, I've been scratching my head over this for the whole day. I'm trying to solve the following integral $$\int^\infty_{-\infty} \frac{e^{i \alpha (X-\xi)}}{\sqrt{\alpha^2+ \beta^2 }} \, d\alpha$$ ...
1
vote
2answers
44 views

Solving $\frac{df}{dt}=\frac{i\cdot f}{|f|}$ where $f: \mathbb{R^+} \mapsto \mathbb{C}$

I've never seen a complex DE before, so this is uncharted territory for me. But it's separable so it's easy to turn it into an integral: $$f(t) = \int_0^t\frac{i \cdot f}{|f|} dt$$ Can this be solved? ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Show the integration with a complex variable

I want to show that there exists inverse Laplace transform, $f(t)$ of the function $F(\lambda)$. In other word, given $F(\lambda)$, existence of function $f(t)$ such that $$ ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Translated complex gaussian-type integral: $\int_0^{\infty} \exp(i(t-\alpha)^2) dt$

It's fairly straight forward to show that $$ \int_0^{\infty} \exp(it^2) dt = \frac{\sqrt{\pi}}{2}\exp\left(i\frac{\pi}{4}\right) $$ via complex contour integration over a contour shaped like a piece ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Integral with complex variable

I want to compute $$ \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{1}{\sqrt{x+yi +2}} dy $$ where $i$ is the imaginary number. How to compute this integral??
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Moving limit inside a contour integral

I'm trying to compute this integral as part of a larger problem I'm working on. I'm trying to solve the integral $\int_0^\infty \frac{\sin(x)}{x}dx$ and to do it I'm using the method where you ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Complex integral using Residue Theorem with a regularised pole

I need to prove the following integral computation by applying the residue theorem: $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}ds \ e^{-i\Omega ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

Complex integration: normally on a closed contour?

I have been studying complex integration for a few months now, and it seems my textbook mostly considers integration on closed contours. Is there no interest in integration on non-closed contours ?
2
votes
3answers
56 views

Complex integration with trigonometric and logarithm

Show that $\int_0^{2\pi}\log\sin^22\theta dx=4\int_0^\pi\log\sin \theta d\theta=-4\pi \log2$ I did $$\int_0^{2\pi}\log\sin^22\theta d\theta=4\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{4}}\log\sin^22\theta d\theta$$ ...
4
votes
2answers
179 views

Complex Integration with trignometric function

Verify that $\int_0^{\frac{\pi}{2}}\frac{d\theta}{a+\sin^2\theta}=\frac{\pi}{2[(a(a+1)]^\frac{1}{2}}$ I know that $\sin\theta=\frac{e^{i\theta}-e^{-i\theta}}{2}$ then I did ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

Improper integral and residues

Evaluate $\int_0^\infty \frac{dx}{x^4+1}$ By the residue theorem $$\int_{-R}^Rf(x)dx+\int_{C_R}dz=2\pi i\sum Res(f,z_i)$$ but I have problems to evaluate it because $$z^4+1=0\Rightarrow ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Poles on the curve

Say I have this integral: $$\oint_\gamma f(z)\,{\rm d}z,$$and $f$ has a pole on $\gamma$. I understand that we "cut around" the pole with an arc of radius $\epsilon$ and then make $\epsilon \to 0$. ...
1
vote
2answers
40 views

Bounding a complex integral over a square

I'm solving the following exercise: Use the estimate lemma to prove that $$\left|\oint_\gamma \frac{z-2}{z-3}\,{\rm d}z\right| \leq 4\sqrt{10},$$where $\gamma$ is the square with vertices $\pm 1 ...
0
votes
1answer
31 views

Evaluate the improper integral with residues

Evaluate $\displaystyle\int_0^\infty\frac{dx}{x^2+1}$ I have that $z_0=i$ and $z_1=-i$ are singularity points but just $z_0=i$ is in the upper plane then ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Improper integrals and residues

I'm already read Conway, Churchill and Marsden but I'm still with doubts when it comes to improper integrals. Where come from this relation ...
2
votes
1answer
121 views

Calculation of an improper integral in the context of complex functions [duplicate]

I am facing the following improper integral: $$\int_0^\infty \frac{x^5\sin x}{(1+x^2)^3}dx.$$ Clearly the expression under the integral is a meromorphic function analytic on the nonnegative part of ...