For questions about integration methods that use results from complex analysis and their applications

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calculate complex integral $\int_{0}^ {\pi} \frac{(x \sin x)dx }{1-2a \cos x+a^2}, a>0$

I don't know how to calculate this complex integral: $$\int_{0}^ {\pi} \frac{(x \sin x)dx }{1-2a \cos x+a^2}, a>0$$
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1answer
43 views

Gaussian integral with a shift in the complex plane

$$ \int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-(x+ia)^2} \text{d}x $$ where $a\in \mathbb{R}$. I don't know where to start but have reasons to believe the answer is $\sqrt{\pi}$. Namely $\int_{-\infty}^\infty ...
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2answers
52 views

$\int \frac{\exp (z)(\sin(3z)}{(z^2-2)(z^2)} dz$ on $|z|=1$

So I need to calculate \begin{equation*} \int \frac{\exp(z) \sin(3z)}{(z^2-2)z^2} \, dz~\text{on}~|z|=1. \end{equation*} So I have found the singularities and residues and observed that the ...
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7 views

Finding the limits when integrating a complex number

Evaluate $\int_c f(z) dz$ from $z(0,0)$ to $z=2+4i$ where $f(z)=x^2 -iy^2$ I know how to work this out and I know the answer is $24+\frac{8}{5}i$ However I do not understand why the limits for x are ...
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2answers
69 views

The value of $\sum_{n=-\infty}^{n=\infty}\frac{1}{n^2-z^2}$ on $\mathbb{C}\setminus\mathbb{Z}$

Show, for $z\not\in\mathbb{Z}$, that $$\sum_{n=-\infty}^{n=\infty}\frac{1}{n^2-z^2} = \frac{-\pi}{z\tan(\pi z)}$$ Hint: You may assume that there exists $C$ such that $|\pi\cot(\pi w)|\leq ...
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2answers
47 views

Apply the Cauchy-Goursat theorem to show that $\int_C \operatorname{Log}(z+2)\, dz=0$ on a unit circle.

Cauchy-Goursat theorem. If a function $f$ is analytic at all points interior to and on a simple closed contour $C$, then $$\int_C f(z) \,dz=0.$$ This is a problem from Churchill's Complex Variables. ...
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1answer
17 views

How is the integral of $\frac{f(\zeta)-f(z)}{\zeta - z}$ over $C_{\epsilon}$ $0$?

I am trying to understand a proof of this theorem: Suppose $f$ is holomorphic in open set that contains the closure of a disk D. If C denotes the boundary circle of this disk with positive ...
2
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1answer
78 views

Evaluate integral over complex path numerically to show that $C_\infty$ is equivalent to $-I$

I would like to evaluate $$C_\infty = \int_{R = -a}^{R = a} H_0^{(1)}(z) e^{-izt} dz $$ where $H_0^{(1)}(z)$ is the Hankel function of the first kind, $a \rightarrow \infty$, and $$ z = R - i ...
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1answer
32 views

Complex analysis integration method

How do you solve the integral $$\int^\infty_{-\infty}\frac{cos z}{z^2+9}dz$$ If I first find the roots, I get $z=-3i$ and $z=3i$ I also know that $$\int^\infty_{-\infty} f(x) dx=2 \pi i \sum^m_{k=1} ...
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41 views

What is the meaning of this integral?

Does anyone know the meaning of this type of integral? $\displaystyle{\int f(z) \,\overline {dz}}$. I think this means $\displaystyle{\int u\,dx + v\,dy+i\int v\,dx -u\,dy}$ where $f=u + iv$
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2answers
64 views

Evaluate $\int_{|C|=2} \frac{dz}{z^2 + 2z + 2}$ using Cauchy-Goursat

I've split the integral around $z_1 = 1 - i$ and $z_2 = 1+ i$ using the contours $C_1$ and $C_2$: $ \int_{|C|=2} g(z) dz = \int_{C_1} g(z) dz + \int_{C_2} g(z) dz$ In this case, $g(z)$ for $C_1$ ...
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0answers
18 views

Using Multiple Branch Cuts in a Contour Integral

I have the integral $$I=\int_0^{\infty}\!\frac{x^{1/2}}{\left(x^3+a^3\right)^{1/2}\left(2x^3+a^3\right)^{1/6}}\,\mathrm dx$$ which I am trying to integrate using complex integration. I know that ...
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2answers
30 views

How to use an ML estimate to show the solution to an integral

I have a question I needed to show that $$\lim_{R\to\infty} \int_{C_R} \frac {z^2+4z+7}{(z^2+4)(z^2+2z+2)} dz=0$$ For $C_R$ the circle with radius R, center z=0 and positively oriented. Which I have ...
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2answers
44 views

Evaluate the following improper integral.

$$ \int^{+\infty}_{-\infty} \frac{x\sin 4x}{x^2-4x+8}dx \, $$ My Thoughts: I know that I should start by changing the integral to: $$ \int^{+\infty}_{-\infty} ...
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1answer
29 views

Complex Integral

I am stuck computing the following complex integral $$\int_{|z| = 1}\frac{z^2}{4e^z -z}dz$$ I do not even know if the integrating function has a pole and then using residue calculus. Using the ...
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1answer
48 views

How to calculate the following integral? Can you show me step by step! [closed]

How to calculate the following integral: $$\int_c^d \sqrt{a^2\sin^2x+b^2\cos^2x} dx$$?
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1answer
46 views

Help With Bromwich Inversion Formula Proof

To prove(copied from handwritten notes so possibly wrong): Bromwich Inversion Formula. Fix $x_0∈ℝ $. If $F$ is complex analytic on $\{z:\Re z > x_0\} $ and for every $x>x_0$, $y↦ F(x + iy )$ ...
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1answer
35 views

Improper integral (using methods in complex variables) [closed]

Let $0<a<1$. Evaluate the integral $$\int_0^\infty \frac{x^{a-1}}{1+x} dx.$$
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1answer
33 views

Complex integration on circle

Calculate the integral of $g(z)$ along the closed path $|z-i|=2$ in the positive direction when i)$g(z)=\frac{1}{z^2+4}$ ii)$g(z)=\frac{1}{(z^2+4)^2}$ First I checked the described area ...
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1answer
24 views

Complex integration and theorems

If $C$ is a closed path oriented in the positive direction and $$g(z_0)=\int_C \frac{z^3+2z}{(z-z_0)^3}$$ show that $g(z_0)=6\pi iz_0$ when $z_0$ is in interior of $C$ and $g(z_0)=0$ when $z_0$ is out ...
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0answers
21 views

when is $\int_{t=-x}^{x} e^{iat}\operatorname{sinc}(t) \, dt = 0$, with $x \in \mathbb{R}$?

For what value of $x \in \mathbb{R}$ is $\int_{t=-x}^{x} e^{iat}\operatorname{sinc}(t)\,dt = 0$, where $a$ is some constant?
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1answer
39 views

Why is $\left| \int_{|z|=1} \frac{f(z)}{z}dz\right| \leq \int_{|z|=1} \frac{|f(z)|}{|z|}|dz|$?

Why is $$\left| \int_{|z|=1} \frac{f(z)}{z}dz\right| \leq \int_{|z|=1} \frac{|f(z)|}{|z|}|dz|$$ and not $$\left| \int_{|z|=1} \frac{f(z)}{z}dz\right| = \int_{|z|=1} \frac{|f(z)|}{|z|}|dz|?$$
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23 views

Inverse $z$ transform - contour integration

Here is my task: Find inverse $z$ transform of $$X(z)=\frac{1}{2-3z}$$if $$|z|>\frac{2}{3}$$ using definition formula. I found that $$x(n)=\dfrac{1}{3}\left (\dfrac{2}{3}\right ...
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0answers
30 views

Lebesgue integration in $\mathbb{C}$

I'm confused as to how we are supposed to integrate $$\frac{1}{\pi}\int_U\left[\frac{d}{dz}\left( \frac{z-\alpha}{1-\bar\alpha z }\right)\right]^2 \, dm$$ where $U$ is the unit disc, ...
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1answer
26 views

Cauchy integral formula for rational function, help with step

I have $P(\lambda) = (i\lambda)^m + O(\lambda^{m-1})$ a polynomial in $\lambda$, and $\Gamma$ a contour counterclockwise around the roots of $P$. I need to prove: ...
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1answer
29 views

Integrals with complex functions: integration by parts and conjugate

I am working with integrals of complex functions. I assume all terms are well-defined. If $u=u(x,t):\mathbb{R}^n\times\mathbb{R}_+ \to \mathbb{R}$ (a real function), I have \begin{equation} ...
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1answer
57 views

one complex variables (integration)

how to prove $\int_{C_R}\frac{\log^3(z)}{(1+z^2)^2}\,dz$ goes to $0$ as $R$ goes to $\infty$, with $C_R=Re^{it}$ for $0<t<\pi$, and $R>0$
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1answer
52 views

How can I solve this integral with complex number?

$n$ here is a complex number such that $n=n_r+in_i$ How can I solve this integral? $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\frac{x^4}{|x^2-n^2|^2} d x=? $$
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2answers
84 views

$\int\limits_{\gamma} \frac{z}{(z-1)(z-2)}dz$, $\gamma(\theta) = re^{i\theta}$, $2 < r < \infty$

For $0 < r < 2$, we can use Cauchy's integral formula and choose our holomorphic function to be $f(z) = \frac{z}{z - 2}$ since $z = 1$ is the only pole, but if $r > 2$, then both poles $z = ...
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3answers
46 views

Fourier transform of $e^{-4\pi ^2 x^2}$

How do you prove $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-(2\pi x + i\xi/2)^2}dx=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}e^{-(2\pi x)^2}dx$$ for $\xi \in \mathbb{R}$. The Question arises from calculating the Fourier Transform ...
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0answers
31 views

Contour integration along a contour containing two branch points

I need to compute following contour integrations: $$f(u)=\oint_\alpha dz \sqrt{z^3+z+u} \qquad ; \qquad g(u)=\oint_\beta dz \sqrt{z^3+z+u}$$ In which $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are two contours in ...
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21 views

How do I evaluate a integral complex

a. I definitely like starting the function of Part A b.
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1answer
37 views

Use Cauchy's Integral Formula to evaluate the following integrals.

Use Cauchy's Integral Formula to evaluate the following integral: $$\int\limits_\Gamma \frac{1}{{(z-1)^3}{(z-2)^2}}dz$$ where $$\Gamma$$is a circumference of radius $4$ centered at $-2+i$ and ...
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1answer
30 views

Calculate complex integral $\int_\Gamma\frac{\ln(z+5)}{z^3+iz^2+6z}$

$\Gamma$ is a circle of radius 2 around the point $1+i$. I've parametrized the circle as $\gamma(t)=2e^{it}+1+i$ substituting $z$ in te integral for that expression gets really ugly really quickly. ...
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1answer
21 views

Characteristic Function and Density Function

Consider a random variable $X$ with density function $f(x)$, moment generating function $M(t):= \int e^{tx}f(x) dx$ (existing in an interval containing $0$), cumulant generating function $K(t):=\log ...
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1answer
34 views

How to use Cauchy's integral formula with more than one pole?

$\int\limits_{\gamma} \frac{z^2}{z(z-2)}$ $\gamma(\theta) = 3e^{i\theta}$, $0 \leq \theta \leq 2\pi$ Cauchy's integral formula is given by: $$\int\limits_{\gamma} \frac{f(z)}{(z-a)^{n+1}} = ...
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40 views

Contour integration with a branch cut. Parameterizing f(z) properly

I have a contour integral of a function of the form $(z^6-P)^\alpha z^\beta$ Here $\alpha\in R$, $\beta\in N$ and $P$ is some constant. I therefore have branch points at the sixth roots of $P$. The ...
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1answer
58 views

show that $\int_0^{\infty}\ln(2x)\frac{ax-u(1-e^{-2ax})}{\sinh^2(ax)}x^{2u-1}dx=\frac{1}{2u}(\frac{\pi}{a})^{2u}|B_{2u}|:u \in N$

$$\int_0^{\infty}\ln(2x)\frac{ax-u(1-e^{-2ax})}{\sinh^2(ax)}x^{2u-1}dx=\frac{1}{2u}(\frac{\pi}{a})^{2u}|B_{2u}|:u \in N$$ using real or complexe analysis where $B_{2u}$ is bernoulli number
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1answer
79 views

Are the integrals of the following function path independent in the following domain?

Are the integrals of the function: $$f(z)=\frac{1}{z+1}+\frac{1}{(z+1)^2}+e^{\frac{1}{z}}$$ path independent in the following domain: $$D= \{Re z >0\}\setminus\{1\}$$ My thoughts on the ...
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0answers
35 views

Substitution in complex integration

Let $\gamma$ be the circle $|z| = r$, $0 < r < \frac{\pi}{2}$, taken positively. Find $$ \int _{\gamma} \frac{1}{\text{tan}^{17}(z)} dz ~\text{and} \int _{\gamma} \frac{1}{\text{sin}^{15}(z)} dz ...
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1answer
47 views

Trying to understand a proof in Rudin concerning winding number

In the proof of theorem 10.10 in Real and complex analysis Rudin states that if we will differentiate $$\phi(t) = \exp \left\{\int_a^t \frac{\gamma'(s)}{\gamma(s)-z} \,\textrm{d}s\right\}, \textrm{we ...
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1answer
32 views

How to compute the following real integrals using the residue theorem?

How to compute the following real integrals using the residue theorem: $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{1}{(x^2+p^2)(x^2+q^2)} dx$$ $$\int_{0}^{2\pi} \frac{sin^2(\theta)}{5+4cos(\theta)} d\theta$$ ...
2
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1answer
46 views

Evaluate the integral $\int_0^\infty\frac{x^a\ln{x}}{x+b} \, dx$

Integrate $\dfrac{x^a\ln{x}}{x+b}$ from 0 to infinity where $b > 0$ and $-1 < a < 0 $ I'm having trouble deciding how to approach the problem! Thank you!
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0answers
25 views

Calculate the integral $f(z)=\frac{e^{iz}}{z(z-\pi/2)^2}$ over $|z+1|=2$

Calculate the integral $f(z)=\frac{e^{iz}}{z(z-\pi/2)^2}$ over $|z+1|=2$. Since the singularity at $z=0$ is in the given contour, I integrated using Cauchy's theorem to get $$2\pi i \left[ ...
3
votes
2answers
56 views

How do I use residue theorem to evaluate this improper integral to get a good looking solution?

The problem is $\int_{0}^{\infty} \frac{\sqrt{x}}{x^2+2x+5}dx$ I replace x with z, and did some algebra, but the solution was rather nasty. it contains exponential and arctan such and such. However, ...
3
votes
1answer
43 views

Any idea how to evaluate this equation?

I'm trying to evaluate(approximate) the following integral $$ F(x,t;q) = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{q}{q+2ik} e^{i(kx +8k^3 t)}\; dk $$ It's similar to the Airy function but I can't get rid of ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Equality concerning a certain complex integration

I would like to verify the following statement. However, I do not know what should I do. Generally, I think that, since there is \$1/2\pi i$ part, Winding number, Residue theorem and Argument ...
2
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2answers
94 views

Contour Integral of $\log(z)/(1+z^a)$ where $a\gt1$

I am asked to prove that: $$ \int_{0}^{+\infty}\frac{\log z}{1+z^{\alpha}}\,dz = -\frac{\pi^2}{\alpha^2}\cdot\frac{\cos\frac{\pi}{\alpha}}{\sin^2\frac{\pi}{\alpha}},$$ provided that $\alpha > 1$, ...
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0answers
35 views

(Complex) integral over a half circle

I read a book and find one example which I do not understand : Let $f(z) = \frac{e^{iaz}-e^{ibz}}{z^2}$ on $B(0,1)\setminus\{0\}$. Let $\gamma$ be the half circle over x-axis : $\gamma (t) = ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Complex entire functions without taking values on a segment are constant!

Let $a,b$ be two distinct complex numbers and $f$ be an entire complex function, i.e. a complex function which is analytic on the whole complex plane, and $$R(f)\subset\mathbb C-\{\lambda ...