Complex geometry is the study of complex manifolds and complex algebraic varieties. It is a part of both differential geometry and algebraic geometry.

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34
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409 views

Does $\Bbb{CP}^{2n} \mathbin{\#} \Bbb{CP}^{2n}$ ever support an almost complex structure?

This question has now been crossposted to MathOverflow, in the hopes that it reaches a larger audience there. $\Bbb{CP}^{2n+1} \mathbin{\#} \Bbb{CP}^{2n+1}$ supports a complex structure: $\Bbb{CP}^{...
20
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0answers
281 views

Is there a proof of Bézout's theorem via residue theory?

Let's define intersection numbers as follows. Consider a collection $f_1,\dots, f_n$ of holomorphic functions on some neighborhood of zero in $\mathbb C^N$ cutting out divisors $D_1$, all of which ...
13
votes
0answers
1k views

Arithmetic and geometric genus

There are two notion of genus in algebraic geometry, namely arithmetic genus $p_a=(-1)^{\dim X}(\chi(\mathcal{O}_X)-1)$ and geometric genus $p_g=\dim H^0(X,\Omega^{\dim X})$. I keep forgetting ...
12
votes
0answers
163 views

On the variation of a Kähler metric on a surface by pullback of the complex structure

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact, connected, oriented surface, and let $\rho\in\Omega^2(\Sigma)$ be a fixed volume form. Then any (almost) complex structure $J\in\Omega^0(M;\operatorname{End}TM)$ compatible ...
10
votes
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79 views

Is $X$ an algebraic subset? Analytic subset?

Suppose that $X$ is a subset of $\mathbb{C}^n$, and that every (complex) hyperplane section of $X$ is an algebraic subset (respectively analytic subset) of complex dimension at least one (or empty). ...
9
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110 views

Constructing $\mathbb{P^n}$ “bundle” with different $n$

Can we find a complex/smooth manifold and map $f\colon X\to\mathbb{C}^3$ such that it is a $\mathbb{P}_\mathbb{C}^m$ bundle over linear subspace $\mathbb{C}^1$ and $\mathbb{P}_\mathbb{C}^n$ bundle ...
9
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155 views

Algebraic methods to compute the cohomology ring of the complex topology of a variety?

Suppose $V$ is an affine (resp. projective) subvariety of the affine (resp. projective) space $\mathbb A_\mathbb C^n$ (resp. $\mathbb P_\mathbb C^n$) with vanishing ideal $I\subseteq\mathbb C[X_1,\...
9
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0answers
97 views

What's Griffiths' ampleness in modern language?

When reading Griffiths' paper "Hermitian differential geometry, Chern classes and positive vector bundles", I found his definition of ampleness: Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold, $E\to X$ a ...
9
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0answers
261 views

Interesting applications of Kähler Identities

The Kähler identities give commutation relations between the Lefschetz operator ($\alpha \mapsto \omega \wedge \alpha$), the differential operators $\partial, \bar{\partial}$ and its adjoints $\Lambda,...
8
votes
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39 views

Geometric interpretation of the determinant of a complex matrix

A complex $n$-dimensional vector space $V$ can be thought of as a real $2n$-dimensional vector space equipped with a map $J:V \to V$ with $J^2 = -I$. Complex-linear maps are then linear maps $V \to V$ ...
8
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107 views

Which complex manifolds admit a collection of compatible 'charts' $\varphi_{\alpha} : U_{\alpha} \to \mathbb{C}^n$ which cover $X$?

A complex manifold of dimension $n$ is a $2n$-dimensional topological manifold $X$ together with a complex atlas which is a collection of compatible charts $\varphi_{\alpha} : U_{\alpha} \to B(0, 1) \...
7
votes
0answers
98 views

Condition for a complex vector bundle to be holomorphic?

Suppose that $(E,\pi,M)$ is a complex vector bundle. I've seen it suggested in a few places that if $E$ and $M$ are complex manifolds, and $\pi$ is a holomorphic map, then $(E,\pi,M)$ is in fact a ...
7
votes
0answers
292 views

Exercise $3.1.7$ from Huybrechts' Complex Geometry: An Introduction

I am trying to do the following question: Show that $L$, $d$, and $d^*$ acting on $\mathcal{A}^*(X)$ of a Kähler manifold $X$ determine the complex structure of $X$. Here $L$ is the Lefschetz ...
7
votes
0answers
72 views

Automorphism on a kahlerian variety which acts as -id on $H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$

I've read this proposition: "there is no automorphism (biholomorphic map) of a Kahlerian complex manifold $X$ which acts on $H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$ as $-$identity" so I tried to prove this statement and ...
7
votes
0answers
213 views

Why do algebraic varieties contain curves passing through two given points

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over the complex numbers. My definition of an algebraic variety is a finite type separated $\mathbf C$-scheme. Someone told me that such varieties have the following ...
6
votes
0answers
80 views

When exactly is a compact complex manifold algebraic?

It is well known that a necessary and sufficient condition for a compact Kähler manifold $\mathcal{X}$ to be a projective algebraic variety is that it admit a positive holomorphic line bundle $L \...
6
votes
0answers
94 views

Is there an irreducible projective hypersurface such that its complement has zero Euler characteristic?

We know that, if $f=X_0X_1...X_n \in \mathbb{C}[X_0,...,X_n]$ and $Z(f)\subset \mathbb{CP}^n$, then the Euler characteristic of its complement is zero, i.e. $$ \chi(\mathbb{CP}^n\setminus Z(f))=0. $$ ...
6
votes
0answers
383 views

Higher dimensional analogue for Riemann Hurwitz formula

There are few questions like here and here already asked about this. But I don't have the background to understand the answers there. I am just beginning to learn classical algebraic geometry, and don'...
6
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0answers
276 views

Another Algebraic de Rham Cohomology question…

NOTE: scroll down to read my latest edit first if you're reading this for the first time :) My aim is to calculate the de Rham cohomology of the variety $U = \text{Spec} \ A$, where: $$A = \frac{\...
6
votes
0answers
135 views

Hilbert's syzygy theorem in the analytic setting

If $X$ is a projective variety then Hilbert's syzygy theorem says that any coherent sheaf of $\mathcal O_X$ modules has a finite resolution by locally free modules. By GAGA, I believe this should ...
6
votes
0answers
54 views

Chern classes of free quotient manoflds

Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold. Assume that a finite group acts on $X$ freely. Then the quotient $X/G$ is again a compact complex manifold. I wonder if there is a good way to compute Chern ...
6
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446 views

understanding this differential operator on a tensor product

I am currently trying to read the T. Kotake's paper "An Analytical Proof of the Classical Riemann Roch Theorem", in which he defines a differential operator which acts on smooth sections of a tensored ...
5
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49 views

Intuition behind definition of Stable Bundles?

To my understanding, given a rank $r$ and degree $d$, we can fix a $C^{\infty}$ vector bundle $\mathcal{V}$ over some curve $\Sigma$ of genus $g$. We then want to study the moduli space $M_{g}(r,d)$ ...
5
votes
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83 views

Why don't we use the constant sheaf as the dualizing sheaf in Verdier Duality?

The Verdier dual of a complex of sheaves $F$ on a complex manifold $X$ is defined in the derived category $D_b(X)$ as $\mathcal{RHom}(F,\mathbb{D}_X)$, where $\mathbb{D}_X$ is the dualizing "sheaf" (...
5
votes
0answers
215 views

Analytic variety is a countable union of complex manifolds

In an article on real analytic manifolds I came across the following remark: Let $W$ be a purely $k$-dimensional analytic subvariety of a domain in $\mathbb{C}^n$ and let $S$ be its singular locus. ...
5
votes
0answers
69 views

Is there a natural ring structure on $\operatorname{Pic}(\mathbb{CP}^1)$?

The set of isomorphism classes of holomorphic line bundles on a complex manifold $X$ is a group under tensor product. This group is called the Picard group and is denoted $\operatorname{Pic}(X)$. We ...
5
votes
0answers
125 views

Not taking holomorphic bundles for granted

When we say something to the effect of, "Consider a holomorphic bundle $V$ on a complex manifold $X$...", we are saying that the transition functions of $V$ are holomorphic functions with respect to ...
5
votes
0answers
79 views

About the Chern class of infinite complex Grassmannian

I learned that any characteristic class of rank-$k$ complex vector bundles on paracompact spaces is determined bijectively by a cohomology class in $H^*(Gr_k^\infty(\mathbb C))$, the cohomology ring ...
5
votes
0answers
85 views

lift of antiholomorphic involution of Riemann surface to its Jacobian's cohomology

Start from a connected closed Riemann surface $\Sigma_g,$ obtained as the (symmetric) covering of an open and/or unoriented surface $\Sigma,$ namely $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega,$ where $\Omega$ is an ...
5
votes
0answers
133 views

Finding two curves with intersection included in a specified neighborhood

Let $V$ be a complex projective surface and $U$ an analytic neighborhood of $x\in V$. How can I prove that there are two smooth curves $C_1$ and $C_2$ s.t. $C_1\cap C_2\subset U$ ?
5
votes
0answers
82 views

Branch locus along a smooth curve

Let $f : S \to X$ be a dominant morphism of smooth complex surfaces. Let $C \subset S$ be a smooth curve such that $df$ is of rank $1$ along $C$ and that in a neighborhood of $C$, $df_x$ is an ...
5
votes
0answers
223 views

Is there a relation between Super Riemannian manifolds and Kähler manifolds?

(This question has a physics motivation). Could we establish any kind of relationship between Super Riemannian manifolds (super Riemannian structures on super manifolds) and Kähler manifolds, or at ...
4
votes
0answers
34 views

Examples of the primitive decomposition of a form

Let $(X,\omega)$ be a Kahler manifold of dimension $n$, let $L = \omega \wedge -$ and let $\Lambda$ denote its adjoint. There is a unique ''primitive decomposition'' of a $k$-form $u$ which looks like ...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

Relationship between invariant and harmonic forms

Let $G$ be a compact real Lie group which is also a complex manifold (note that I do not want $G$ to be a complex Lie group). Let $\Omega^{p , q}(G)$ denote the space of smooth $(p , q)$-forms on $G$, ...
4
votes
0answers
58 views

Mirror Symmetry of Elliptic Curve

I'm a little bit unsure about the mirror symmetry statement for elliptic curves; specifically, how the flipping of the Kähler and complex moduli works. Perhaps I should say at the outset, the reason ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

Embedding of Kähler manifolds into $\Bbb C^n$

Consider $\Bbb C^n$ with its standard hermitian product. This space produces many example of Kähler manifolds simply by taking a smooth affine variety $X\subseteq\Bbb C^n$ with the induced metric. Now ...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

Volume of a hypersurface in flat families?

Suppose that $X_t$ is the vanishing of $x^2 + y^2 + t z^2 = 0$ in $\mathbb{CP}^2$. For $t \not = 0$, this is a submanifold, and it inherits a Riemannian metric from the Fubini-Studi metric on $\mathbb{...
4
votes
0answers
120 views

Clarification about the definition of Calabi-Yau manifold

There are a lot of different definitions of a Calabi-Yau manifold. Roughly, we can divide them in two sets, see Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calabi%E2%80%93Yau_manifold . I will refer to ...
4
votes
0answers
77 views

$h^{0, 1}$ of K3 surface (a priori non-Kahler)

I am trying to understand paper by Siu "Every K3 surface is Kahler". Let $M$ be a K3 surface. Siu wrote $H^1 ( M , \mathscr{O}_M ) =0$ without any references. It is written on fifth page. Maybe I ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

entension of a holomorphic map on projective algebraic manifolds

I'm reading a paper.It says if $M$ is a projective algebraic variety and $f:N-S\rightarrow M$ is a holomorphic map,where $N$ is a connected complex manifold and $S\subset N$ is a proper analytic ...
4
votes
0answers
41 views

Why generalized vectors can be written locally as sum of vectors and 1-forms?

I would like to understand better this point. In generalized complex geometry the generalized bundle $E$ is defined as a non-trivial fibration of the cotangent bundle $T^*M$ over the tangent bundle $...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

Equivalence of (almost) complex structures

Preamble: An almost complex structure on a manifold $M$ is an endomorphism $J : TM \to TM$ such that $J^2 = -1$. An almost complex structure $J$ is said to be integrable if the Nijenhuis tensor, $N_J$,...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

Boileau-Orevkov on the intersection of a complex curve with 3-sphere

Motivation: Feel free to skip. Let $\Sigma$ be a complex curve in $\mathbb{C}^2$. If $\Sigma$ is transverse to a 3-sphere $S^3 \subset \mathbb{C}^2$ of radius $r$, then $\Sigma \cap S^3$ is a link, ...
4
votes
0answers
53 views

Why is it called *adjunction* formula?

Let $X$ be a complex manifold, $Y$ a sub-manifold, and $i \colon Y \to X$ the corresponding embedding. Then one can prove that the corresponding canonical bundles satisfy $$ \omega_X \big|_Y = \...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Geometry of cubic 3-fold

I'm having some questions about the geometry of the cubic 3-fold. Every variety is over $\mathbb C$. Take $Y$ a smooth cubic 3-fold in $\mathbb P^4$ and $E$ a curve of degree 6 and genus 1 contained ...
4
votes
0answers
102 views

Correspondence between line bundles and $U(1)$-bundles: a mistake from the physicists?

I am reading a paper written by physicists and they say the following: Let $(L,h,\nabla)$ be an holomorphic line bundle equipped with a Hermitian metric $h$ and Chern connection $\nabla$. If $e^{...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

On a method to compute dimension of moduli space of Riemann surfaces

Consider genus $g$ Riemann surfaces, and thier moduli space $\mathcal M_g$. To determine dimension of $T\mathcal M_g$, start with a complex structure, which in some coordinates can be written $$J=\...
4
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65 views

Why is this function on the Riemann surface holomorphic?

Forster defines analytic continuation of a germ of a holomorphic function at a point on a Riemann surface as follows. Suppose $ X$ is a Riemann surface, $a\in X$ and $\phi\in\mathcal{O}_a$ is a ...
4
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55 views

Holomorphic $K$-theory

$K$-theory is traditionally defined for arbitrary compact Hausdorff spaces. If instead we require the base to be a complex manifold and work with only holomorphic vector bundles, in what ways would ...
4
votes
0answers
121 views

Complex structures on Riemann surfaces

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $[\alpha] \in H^{0,1}(M; T^{1,0} M) \simeq H^0(M;K^2)$. Considering $\alpha$ as a map $T^{0,1} M \to T^{1,0} M$, the bundle $$ \{v + \alpha(v) \mid v \in T^{0,1} M\} \...