Complex geometry is the study of complex manifolds and complex algebraic varieties. It is a part of both differential geometry and algebraic geometry.

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34
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393 views

Does $\Bbb{CP}^{2n} \mathbin{\#} \Bbb{CP}^{2n}$ ever support an almost complex structure?

This question has now been crossposted to MathOverflow, in the hopes that it reaches a larger audience there. $\Bbb{CP}^{2n+1} \mathbin{\#} \Bbb{CP}^{2n+1}$ supports a complex structure: ...
20
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0answers
279 views

Is there a proof of Bézout's theorem via residue theory?

Let's define intersection numbers as follows. Consider a collection $f_1,\dots, f_n$ of holomorphic functions on some neighborhood of zero in $\mathbb C^N$ cutting out divisors $D_1$, all of which ...
15
votes
0answers
206 views

Complex manifold with subvarieties but no submanifolds

Note, I have now asked this question on MathOverflow. There are examples of compact complex manifolds with no positive-dimensional compact complex submanifolds. For example, generic tori of ...
13
votes
0answers
1k views

Arithmetic and geometric genus

There are two notion of genus in algebraic geometry, namely arithmetic genus $p_a=(-1)^{\dim X}(\chi(\mathcal{O}_X)-1)$ and geometric genus $p_g=\dim H^0(X,\Omega^{\dim X})$. I keep forgetting ...
12
votes
0answers
160 views

On the variation of a Kähler metric on a surface by pullback of the complex structure

Let $\Sigma$ be a compact, connected, oriented surface, and let $\rho\in\Omega^2(\Sigma)$ be a fixed volume form. Then any (almost) complex structure $J\in\Omega^0(M;\operatorname{End}TM)$ compatible ...
10
votes
0answers
76 views

Is $X$ an algebraic subset? Analytic subset?

Suppose that $X$ is a subset of $\mathbb{C}^n$, and that every (complex) hyperplane section of $X$ is an algebraic subset (respectively analytic subset) of complex dimension at least one (or empty). ...
9
votes
0answers
110 views

Constructing $\mathbb{P^n}$ “bundle” with different $n$

Can we find a complex/smooth manifold and map $f\colon X\to\mathbb{C}^3$ such that it is a $\mathbb{P}_\mathbb{C}^m$ bundle over linear subspace $\mathbb{C}^1$ and $\mathbb{P}_\mathbb{C}^n$ bundle ...
9
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155 views

Algebraic methods to compute the cohomology ring of the complex topology of a variety?

Suppose $V$ is an affine (resp. projective) subvariety of the affine (resp. projective) space $\mathbb A_\mathbb C^n$ (resp. $\mathbb P_\mathbb C^n$) with vanishing ideal $I\subseteq\mathbb ...
9
votes
0answers
96 views

What's Griffiths' ampleness in modern language?

When reading Griffiths' paper "Hermitian differential geometry, Chern classes and positive vector bundles", I found his definition of ampleness: Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold, $E\to X$ a ...
9
votes
0answers
260 views

Interesting applications of Kähler Identities

The Kähler identities give commutation relations between the Lefschetz operator ($\alpha \mapsto \omega \wedge \alpha$), the differential operators $\partial, \bar{\partial}$ and its adjoints ...
8
votes
0answers
38 views

Geometric interpretation of the determinant of a complex matrix

A complex $n$-dimensional vector space $V$ can be thought of as a real $2n$-dimensional vector space equipped with a map $J:V \to V$ with $J^2 = -I$. Complex-linear maps are then linear maps $V \to V$ ...
8
votes
0answers
101 views

Which complex manifolds admit a collection of compatible 'charts' $\varphi_{\alpha} : U_{\alpha} \to \mathbb{C}^n$ which cover $X$?

A complex manifold of dimension $n$ is a $2n$-dimensional topological manifold $X$ together with a complex atlas which is a collection of compatible charts $\varphi_{\alpha} : U_{\alpha} \to B(0, 1) ...
7
votes
0answers
93 views

Condition for a complex vector bundle to be holomorphic?

Suppose that $(E,\pi,M)$ is a complex vector bundle. I've seen it suggested in a few places that if $E$ and $M$ are complex manifolds, and $\pi$ is a holomorphic map, then $(E,\pi,M)$ is in fact a ...
7
votes
0answers
288 views

Exercise $3.1.7$ from Huybrechts' Complex Geometry: An Introduction

I am trying to do the following question: Show that $L$, $d$, and $d^*$ acting on $\mathcal{A}^*(X)$ of a Kähler manifold $X$ determine the complex structure of $X$. Here $L$ is the Lefschetz ...
7
votes
0answers
72 views

Automorphism on a kahlerian variety which acts as -id on $H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$

I've read this proposition: "there is no automorphism (biholomorphic map) of a Kahlerian complex manifold $X$ which acts on $H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})$ as $-$identity" so I tried to prove this statement and ...
7
votes
0answers
211 views

Why do algebraic varieties contain curves passing through two given points

Let $X$ be an algebraic variety over the complex numbers. My definition of an algebraic variety is a finite type separated $\mathbf C$-scheme. Someone told me that such varieties have the following ...
6
votes
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76 views

When exactly is a compact complex manifold algebraic?

It is well known that a necessary and sufficient condition for a compact Kähler manifold $\mathcal{X}$ to be a projective algebraic variety is that it admit a positive holomorphic line bundle $L ...
6
votes
0answers
94 views

Is there an irreducible projective hypersurface such that its complement has zero Euler characteristic?

We know that, if $f=X_0X_1...X_n \in \mathbb{C}[X_0,...,X_n]$ and $Z(f)\subset \mathbb{CP}^n$, then the Euler characteristic of its complement is zero, i.e. $$ \chi(\mathbb{CP}^n\setminus Z(f))=0. $$ ...
6
votes
0answers
376 views

Higher dimensional analogue for Riemann Hurwitz formula

There are few questions like here and here already asked about this. But I don't have the background to understand the answers there. I am just beginning to learn classical algebraic geometry, and ...
6
votes
0answers
275 views

Another Algebraic de Rham Cohomology question…

NOTE: scroll down to read my latest edit first if you're reading this for the first time :) My aim is to calculate the de Rham cohomology of the variety $U = \text{Spec} \ A$, where: $$A = ...
6
votes
0answers
133 views

Hilbert's syzygy theorem in the analytic setting

If $X$ is a projective variety then Hilbert's syzygy theorem says that any coherent sheaf of $\mathcal O_X$ modules has a finite resolution by locally free modules. By GAGA, I believe this should ...
6
votes
0answers
54 views

Chern classes of free quotient manoflds

Let $X$ be a compact complex manifold. Assume that a finite group acts on $X$ freely. Then the quotient $X/G$ is again a compact complex manifold. I wonder if there is a good way to compute Chern ...
6
votes
0answers
437 views

understanding this differential operator on a tensor product

I am currently trying to read the T. Kotake's paper "An Analytical Proof of the Classical Riemann Roch Theorem", in which he defines a differential operator which acts on smooth sections of a tensored ...
5
votes
0answers
47 views

Intuition behind definition of Stable Bundles?

To my understanding, given a rank $r$ and degree $d$, we can fix a $C^{\infty}$ vector bundle $\mathcal{V}$ over some curve $\Sigma$ of genus $g$. We then want to study the moduli space $M_{g}(r,d)$ ...
5
votes
0answers
77 views

Why don't we use the constant sheaf as the dualizing sheaf in Verdier Duality?

The Verdier dual of a complex of sheaves $F$ on a complex manifold $X$ is defined in the derived category $D_b(X)$ as $\mathcal{RHom}(F,\mathbb{D}_X)$, where $\mathbb{D}_X$ is the dualizing "sheaf" ...
5
votes
0answers
209 views

Analytic variety is a countable union of complex manifolds

In an article on real analytic manifolds I came across the following remark: Let $W$ be a purely $k$-dimensional analytic subvariety of a domain in $\mathbb{C}^n$ and let $S$ be its singular locus. ...
5
votes
0answers
69 views

Is there a natural ring structure on $\operatorname{Pic}(\mathbb{CP}^1)$?

The set of isomorphism classes of holomorphic line bundles on a complex manifold $X$ is a group under tensor product. This group is called the Picard group and is denoted $\operatorname{Pic}(X)$. We ...
5
votes
0answers
125 views

Not taking holomorphic bundles for granted

When we say something to the effect of, "Consider a holomorphic bundle $V$ on a complex manifold $X$...", we are saying that the transition functions of $V$ are holomorphic functions with respect to ...
5
votes
0answers
78 views

About the Chern class of infinite complex Grassmannian

I learned that any characteristic class of rank-$k$ complex vector bundles on paracompact spaces is determined bijectively by a cohomology class in $H^*(Gr_k^\infty(\mathbb C))$, the cohomology ring ...
5
votes
0answers
85 views

lift of antiholomorphic involution of Riemann surface to its Jacobian's cohomology

Start from a connected closed Riemann surface $\Sigma_g,$ obtained as the (symmetric) covering of an open and/or unoriented surface $\Sigma,$ namely $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega,$ where $\Omega$ is an ...
5
votes
0answers
133 views

Finding two curves with intersection included in a specified neighborhood

Let $V$ be a complex projective surface and $U$ an analytic neighborhood of $x\in V$. How can I prove that there are two smooth curves $C_1$ and $C_2$ s.t. $C_1\cap C_2\subset U$ ?
5
votes
0answers
80 views

Branch locus along a smooth curve

Let $f : S \to X$ be a dominant morphism of smooth complex surfaces. Let $C \subset S$ be a smooth curve such that $df$ is of rank $1$ along $C$ and that in a neighborhood of $C$, $df_x$ is an ...
5
votes
0answers
218 views

Is there a relation between Super Riemannian manifolds and Kähler manifolds?

(This question has a physics motivation). Could we establish any kind of relationship between Super Riemannian manifolds (super Riemannian structures on super manifolds) and Kähler manifolds, or at ...
4
votes
0answers
37 views

Relationship between invariant and harmonic forms

Let $G$ be a compact real Lie group which is also a complex manifold (note that I do not want $G$ to be a complex Lie group). Let $\Omega^{p , q}(G)$ denote the space of smooth $(p , q)$-forms on $G$, ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

Mirror Symmetry of Elliptic Curve

I'm a little bit unsure about the mirror symmetry statement for elliptic curves; specifically, how the flipping of the Kähler and complex moduli works. Perhaps I should say at the outset, the reason ...
4
votes
0answers
67 views

Embedding of Kähler manifolds into $\Bbb C^n$

Consider $\Bbb C^n$ with its standard hermitian product. This space produces many example of Kähler manifolds simply by taking a smooth affine variety $X\subseteq\Bbb C^n$ with the induced metric. Now ...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

Volume of a hypersurface in flat families?

Suppose that $X_t$ is the vanishing of $x^2 + y^2 + t z^2 = 0$ in $\mathbb{CP}^2$. For $t \not = 0$, this is a submanifold, and it inherits a Riemannian metric from the Fubini-Studi metric on ...
4
votes
0answers
117 views

Clarification about the definition of Calabi-Yau manifold

There are a lot of different definitions of a Calabi-Yau manifold. Roughly, we can divide them in two sets, see Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Calabi%E2%80%93Yau_manifold . I will refer to ...
4
votes
0answers
74 views

$h^{0, 1}$ of K3 surface (a priori non-Kahler)

I am trying to understand paper by Siu "Every K3 surface is Kahler". Let $M$ be a K3 surface. Siu wrote $H^1 ( M , \mathscr{O}_M ) =0$ without any references. It is written on fifth page. Maybe I ...
4
votes
0answers
49 views

entension of a holomorphic map on projective algebraic manifolds

I'm reading a paper.It says if $M$ is a projective algebraic variety and $f:N-S\rightarrow M$ is a holomorphic map,where $N$ is a connected complex manifold and $S\subset N$ is a proper analytic ...
4
votes
0answers
41 views

Why generalized vectors can be written locally as sum of vectors and 1-forms?

I would like to understand better this point. In generalized complex geometry the generalized bundle $E$ is defined as a non-trivial fibration of the cotangent bundle $T^*M$ over the tangent bundle ...
4
votes
0answers
72 views

Equivalence of (almost) complex structures

Preamble: An almost complex structure on a manifold $M$ is an endomorphism $J : TM \to TM$ such that $J^2 = -1$. An almost complex structure $J$ is said to be integrable if the Nijenhuis tensor, ...
4
votes
0answers
114 views

Boileau-Orevkov on the intersection of a complex curve with 3-sphere

Motivation: Feel free to skip. Let $\Sigma$ be a complex curve in $\mathbb{C}^2$. If $\Sigma$ is transverse to a 3-sphere $S^3 \subset \mathbb{C}^2$ of radius $r$, then $\Sigma \cap S^3$ is a link, ...
4
votes
0answers
52 views

Why is it called *adjunction* formula?

Let $X$ be a complex manifold, $Y$ a sub-manifold, and $i \colon Y \to X$ the corresponding embedding. Then one can prove that the corresponding canonical bundles satisfy $$ \omega_X \big|_Y = ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Geometry of cubic 3-fold

I'm having some questions about the geometry of the cubic 3-fold. Every variety is over $\mathbb C$. Take $Y$ a smooth cubic 3-fold in $\mathbb P^4$ and $E$ a curve of degree 6 and genus 1 contained ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

Correspondence between line bundles and $U(1)$-bundles: a mistake from the physicists?

I am reading a paper written by physicists and they say the following: Let $(L,h,\nabla)$ be an holomorphic line bundle equipped with a Hermitian metric $h$ and Chern connection $\nabla$. If ...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

On a method to compute dimension of moduli space of Riemann surfaces

Consider genus $g$ Riemann surfaces, and thier moduli space $\mathcal M_g$. To determine dimension of $T\mathcal M_g$, start with a complex structure, which in some coordinates can be written ...
4
votes
0answers
65 views

Why is this function on the Riemann surface holomorphic?

Forster defines analytic continuation of a germ of a holomorphic function at a point on a Riemann surface as follows. Suppose $ X$ is a Riemann surface, $a\in X$ and $\phi\in\mathcal{O}_a$ is a ...
4
votes
0answers
119 views

Complex structures on Riemann surfaces

Let $M$ be a Riemann surface and $[\alpha] \in H^{0,1}(M; T^{1,0} M) \simeq H^0(M;K^2)$. Considering $\alpha$ as a map $T^{0,1} M \to T^{1,0} M$, the bundle $$ \{v + \alpha(v) \mid v \in T^{0,1} M\} ...
4
votes
0answers
80 views

Is there an algebraic description of the ring of analytic functions on the real projective line?

Apologies for the long question. Let $X=\mathbf P^1(\mathbf R) \subseteq \mathbf P^1(\mathbf C)$ be the real projective line. Let $\mathcal O_X$ be the sheaf of real-analytic complex-valued functions ...