Complex geometry is the study of complex manifolds and complex algebraic varieties. It is a part of both differential geometry and algebraic geometry.

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Difference between isomorphisms, deformations, diffeomorphisms and homeomorphis,s

I am learning about complex algebraic varieties and have encountered several equivalence relations: isomorphism, birational, deformation equivalent, diffeomorphic and homeomorphic. I consider all of ...
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35 views

Explicit Weierstrass Preparation Theorem decomposition

Consider the function $f:\mathbb{C}^2\to\mathbb{C}$ given by $(z_1,z_2)\to z_1^3z_2+z_1z_2+z_1^2z_2^2+z_2^2+z_1z_2^3$. Find an explicit decomposition $f=h\cdot g_w$ as per the WPT, i.e. $h$ is ...
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88 views

Learning roadmap for classical algebraic geometry (italian school)

Can someone suggest a learning roadmap for classical algebraic geometry as develop by the great italian school? Severi has a few books but in italian. I would like to know what are the best English ...
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34 views

Why in a local holomorphic trivialization , connection compatible with the holomorphic structure have the form $\nabla ^A=d+A$

Let $X$ be a complex manifold and $L\to X$ a holomorphic line bundle. Why in a local holomorphic trivialization , connection compatible with the holomorphic structure have the form $$\nabla ^A=d+A$$ ...
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1answer
36 views

The pullback of a nontrivial line bundle is nontrivial?

Let $X$ be a complex manifold and $E$ a holomorphic vector bundle over $X$ of rank $2$. Let $\mathbb{P}(E)$ denote the projectivization of $E$, with the natural map $p: \mathbb{P}(E) \rightarrow X$. ...
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66 views

pullback is injective on picard groups?

Let $E \rightarrow X$ be a rank two holomorphic vector bundle over a complex manifold $X$. I was recently asked on exam to prove an assertion that I believe boils down to showing that the pullback map ...
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1answer
30 views

Do we need a metric to define plurisubharmonic functions?

There are various notions of 'harmonicity' on various manifold. Sometimes, I am counfuesed by the definitions. For real manifold, the harmonic manifold is defined by $\Delta f=0$, where $\Delta$ is ...
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63 views

Univalent functions whitch are not starlike or convex

$S$ denotes the univalent function class, $S=\{f \in \mathcal{A}:f \in H_{u}(\mathrm{U})\}$. $S^{\ast}=\left\{f\in\mathcal{A}:\operatorname{Re}\frac{zf^{\prime}(z)}{f(z)}>0, ...
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26 views

classify antiholomorphic involutions of projective space

On $\mathbb{CP}^1$ with Fubini-Study metric, how to prove that there are only two types of antiholomorphic involution, given by $$ \tau :[z:w]\mapsto [\overline w, \overline z] \qquad \eta ...
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55 views

Ample tangent bundle

I am looking for definition of ample tangent bundle or positive tangent bundle and why on a complex manifold , positive bisectional curvature means ample tangent bundle?
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78 views

Explicit Kähler forms and Kähler cone of one-point blowup of $\mathbb{CP}^2$

I am interested in understanding the Kähler cone of the one-point blowup of $\mathbb{CP}^2$, also known as the first Hirzebruch surface. Let's call this manifold $\Sigma_1$, and call its Kähler cone ...
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11 views

some intuition about the degree of a map

Consider a map $$ f: \Sigma \to X/\sigma,$$ where $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega$ is a quotient of a Riemann surface by an antiholomorphic involution, $\sigma:X\to X$ is an antiholomorphic involution of some ...
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57 views

What will be the integration region?

Where $\Omega_s$ is new integration region, due to change in geometry integration region will also change. Also note that $\Omega_l$ is $\Omega$ with $|x|<l$ is the integration region for ...
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47 views

Is there an algebraic description of the ring of analytic functions on the real projective line?

Apologies for the long question. Let $X=\mathbf P^1(\mathbf R) \subseteq \mathbf P^1(\mathbf C)$ be the real projective line. Let $\mathcal O_X$ be the sheaf of real-analytic complex-valued functions ...
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1answer
85 views

Why is the projection map proper?

It might be a silly question. I got stuck there. For the context, see S.K.Donaldson's Riemann Surfaces, chapter 4, section 4.2.3. Suppose $P(z,w)=a_0(z)+a_1(z)w+\dotsb+a_n(z)w^n\in\mathbb C[z,w]$ is ...
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113 views

How many differential forms on the complex plane?

I am puzzled by the fact that the two differential forms $$\begin{array}{cc} dz=dx+i dy , & d\overline{z}=dx-i dy \end{array} $$ are $\mathbb{C}$-linearly independent, even if the underlying ...
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14 views

Begin study of convex algebraic sets in complex projective space

Where should I begin the study of convexity of (semi-)algebraic sets? In other words, projective varieties defined by polynomials of complex variables. The long-term goal is to study optimization in ...
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40 views

Parametric ideal decomposition

Let $x = \{x_{1},\dots, x_{n}\}$ be a set of variables and let $a = \{ a_{1}, \dots, a_{m}\}$ be a set of parameters. Let $\{f_{1}(a,x), \dots, f_{s}(a,x)\} \subset \mathbb{C}[a,x]$ be a set of ...
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1answer
55 views

Equivalent Definition of a Hermitian Metric on an Almost Complex Manifold?

For an almost-complex manifold $M$ with almost-complex structure $J$, we say that a metric $h:T_p(M;{\mathbb R}) \times T_p(M;{\mathbb R}) \to {\mathbb R}$ is Hermitian if it holds that $$ ...
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86 views

Chern classes via connections

Let $M$ be a smooth real manifold and $B$ an Hermitian vector bundle over it. Then one can define Chern classes as $$c(B)=\sum c_i(B)t^i=\det \left( I+\frac{it\Omega}{2\pi} \right) \in ...
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26 views

Is every analytic hypersurface in $\mathbb{C}^n$ cut out by one holomorphic function?

Is every analytic hypersurface in $\mathbb{C}^n$ cut out by one holomorphic function?
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1answer
67 views

Complex structure on $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2\# \dots \# \mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$

I know the chern classes-related theorem that states that $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2\# \dots \# \mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^2$ ($k$ times) has no almost complex structure (hence no complex structure) if and ...
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28 views

A question about complex projective $n-$space

Let $\mathbb{P}^{n}(\mathbb{C})$ be the complex $n-$projective space and let $$ U_i=\{[x]=[x_0:\dots:x_n] \in \mathbb{P}^{n}(\mathbb{C}): x_i \ne 0\} $$ be a subset of $\mathbb{P}^{n}(\mathbb{C})$. I ...
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40 views

Closed subschemes of projective space

We work over the complex numbers. If $X$ is an integral closed subscheme of $\mathbb P^n$, then there exists a homogeneous ideal $I$ of $A=\mathbb C[x_0,\ldots,x_n]$ such that $X = V_+(I) =$ ...
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1answer
82 views

Tangent bundle of P^n and Euler exact sequence

I'm thinking about the Euler exact sequence for complex projective space, and I'm a bit confused. In the topological category, one has $$ T\mathbb{P}^n \oplus \mathbb{C} \cong L^{n+1} $$ where $L$ ...
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2answers
90 views

Cauchy's Theorem by Differential Geometry

Is there a prove of Cauchy's theorem footing on the topology of the complex plane (homotopy, differential forms, etc.)? More specific consider a differentiable Banach space valued complex function. ...
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29 views

Complex Analysis Questions Compilation

All of my questions are in relation to Gamelin's Complex Analysis. How was the parametric form of the line from the North Pole on the unit sphere through a point P come to be? It is $$ N + t (P-N) ...
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36 views

Proving that the Neron-Severi Group is of finite rank.

I need help proving that the Neron-Severi Group, $N^{1}(X)$ is a free abelian group of finite rank. I am reading Lazarsfeld book, "Positive in Algebraic Geometry I", and he is trying to prove it ...
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1answer
32 views

Numerical equivalence of divisors on fibered surface

Let $C$ be a smooth projective curve over $\mathbb{C}$ of genus $g > 2$ and $\pi_i\colon C\times C \to C$ the projection onto the the $i$-th factor. Let $f_i \in \mathrm{Num}(C\times C)$ be the ...
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84 views

A question on differential topology

Let $\mathbb{C}P(1)$ denote the complex projective line. I am attempting to show that there does not exist a nonzero holomorphic differential $1$-form on $\mathbb{C}P(1)$. My intuition is as ...
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33 views

Kahler identities on symplectic manifold

In Hutchings and Taubes's lecture note on Seiberg-Witten equation, a Weitzenbock formula is given, and the authors states that the Weitzenbock formula, proven in Donaldson's book using Kahler ...
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1answer
45 views

A complex manifold isn't a sympletic manifold

I want to think about an example of a complex manifold which isn't a sympletic manifold. I consider it in this way: $X=\mathbb{C}^2-\{0\}$, a group $\mathbb{Z}$ acts on X by $(n,z)=2^nz$, then I think ...
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1answer
70 views

Relation between kahler potential and Hermitian metric

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a Kaehler manifold and $h$ be its Hermition form, then in local sense we can write $$\omega=\partial\bar\partial\log h$$ and also if $f$ be the kaehler potential then we can write ...
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22 views

Dual Lefschetz Operator and Contraction with the Fundamental Form

Let $M$ be a Kahler manifold, with metric $g$, Kahler form $\omega$, Lefschetz operator $L$, and dual Lefschetz operator $\Lambda$. $\Lambda$ and contraction with $\omega$ both map $k$-forms to ...
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1answer
79 views

Question on Intersection Theory of Effective Divisors

I am reading Section 1.1C of Lazarsfeld "Positivity in Algebraic Geometry I" and I need help understanding one line. On Page 17, Remark 1.1.13(iii), he says the following: If $D_1,..., D_n$ are ...
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165 views

Formula for decomposing a form into $(p,q)$ forms

Let $L: \mathbb{C}^n \to \mathbb{C}$ be a real linear map. In other words, $L(a\vec{v}_1+b\vec{v_2}) = aL(\vec{v}_1)+bL(\vec{v}_2)$ for all $a,b \in \mathbb{R}$. Then $L$ decomposes uniquely into a ...
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50 views

Application of Kodaira Embedding Theorem

I am going to give a talk on Kahler manifold. In particular, I will outline a proof of the Kadaira Embedding theorem. I also wish to give some applications of the theorem. One of the application ...
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24 views

Space of almost complex structures on a compact manifold

According to the book by Huybrechts, Complex Geometry: An Introduction, this is a nice space and may be regarded, after some form of completion, as an infinite-dimensional manifold. How is this done, ...
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31 views

Automorphisms of Complex Projective Space

Each automorphism $\mathbb{C}P^n\rightarrow \mathbb{C}P^n$ (where $\mathbb{C}P^n$ is regarded as a complex manifold) is induced by a linear map $\mathbb{C}^{n+1}\rightarrow \mathbb{C}^{n+1}$. I know ...
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1answer
60 views

Existence of finite morphism to projective line

As we all know, Belyi's theorem says: A complex curve $X$ is defined over a number field, if and only if there exists a finite morphism $t:X\to \mathbb{P}^1_\mathbb{C}$ of varieties over $\mathbb{C}$ ...
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150 views

Complex manifold with no divisors

I read in Griffith Harris P132 that a complex manifold of dimension greater than one can have no divisors on it at all. I want to find examples. Is there an example? Does the Hopf manifolds $S^1\times ...
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130 views

Picard group and jacobian of a singular curve

I found somewhere written that the jacobian of a reducible curve is the product of the jacobians, which seems quite reasonable to me. Where can I find some proof of it and a description of the Picard ...
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1answer
79 views

Problems understanding the construction of Hitchin moduli space in his paper “The self-duality equations on a riemann surface”

First, if this post must be broken up in separate questions, please tell me so. I thought it would be better if I simply posed my questions in one thread, as they are directly related to each other. ...
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1answer
45 views

Branch locus of a projection of algebraic set

Let $X$ a algebraic cone in $\mathbb{C}^n$ with $\dim_0 X=p$. def.: if $f:A\to B$ is smooth map between smooth manifolds, then $br(f)$ is the points $x$ that $df_x$ is not surjective. def.: if $\pi: ...
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107 views

Deformation polarized abelian variety

In "$C$ is not algebraically equivalent to $C^{-}$ in its Jacobian" by Ceresa and then in "On the periods of certain rational integrals, II" by Griffiths (which is quoted as a reference in the first ...
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38 views

Requirements on holomorphic embedding in terms of the associated line bundle

Consider a holomorphic embedding $f$ of a genus $g$ Riemann surface $\Sigma_g$ into a generic quintic $Q \subset \mathbb{CP}^4$ This is the same as giving the (very ample) line bundle over the curve ...
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1answer
58 views

A linear system of a curve on a K3 surface.

Let $S$ be a K3 surface and $C \subset S$ be a smooth curve of genus $g$ (assume it represents a primitive homology class). Is it possible to compute the dimension of the linear system $|C|$ only from ...
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61 views

Dolbeault cohomology on torus

Let $T=\mathbb{C}/\Gamma$ where $\Gamma$ is a lattice of $\mathbb C$. Given that $H_{dR}^1(T)=\mathbb{C}^2$. Prove that $H^{1,0}_\bar{\partial}(T)=\mathbb{C}$. I have no idea what to do. Can someone ...
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28 views

zeros and poles of meromorphic section of $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^2}(-1)$

I'm a bit confused regarding the following example: it is stated that $$ \frac{x^3+y^3+z^3}{x^2yz}$$ is a meromorphic section of $\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^2}(-1)$, and then one is asked to find poles ...
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38 views

2-forms represented by a first Chern class?

Let $M$ be a complex manifold and $\omega$ be a 2-form on $M$. Is there a good way to see whether $\omega$ is represented by the first Chern class of a line bundle on $M$? In other words, when is it ...