The theory of functions of one complex variable with an emphasis on the theory of complex analytic (or holomorphic) functions of one complex variable. Typical topics include: Cauchy's integral formula, singularities, poles, meromorphic functions, Laurent and Taylor series, maximum modulus principle, ...

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Integrate $\int x|J_1(x)|^2 \, dx$

Hi I am trying to integrate: $$ \int_0^R x|J_1(bx)|^2 \, dx,\quad R>0, b\in \mathbb{C} $$ where $|J_1|^2=\bar{J}_1 J_1$ where $\bar{J_1}$ means complex conjugation of the bessel function. My ...
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42 views

Weierstrass Product of $z\cos(z)-\sin(z)$

On a black board in the floor of my university was this question as a puzzle, and I would like to know why the $\exp(g(z))$ in the Weierstrass Product is constant $1$, in the question one answer ...
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40 views

Use of residues on a linear contour

As one step in Ahlfors derivation of Stirling's formula (2nd edition pages 199-200), he uses residues to evaluate the integral $$\int\limits_{\xi = n+1/2} \frac{d\zeta}{\left|\zeta +z\right|^2}$$ ...
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48 views

Generalized Trigonometric Functions in terms of exponentials and roots of unity

I am trying to come up with generalized trigonometric functions using the exponential definition that we use today for the trig functions sine and cosine $$\sin x=\frac{e^{ix}-e^{-ix}}{2i}; \cos x ...
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43 views

Radial limits of composition of functions

Is it true that if $f\in H(U)$ is a holomorphic function whose nontangential limits exist a.e and $g\in H^\infty(U)$ is a nonconstant holomorphic function whose range is in $U$ and whose radial limits ...
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81 views

Evaluate $\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\sqrt{a+ix}}{a^2+x^2}\,dx$ using residue calculus

I'm asked to evaluate $$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{\sqrt{a+ix}}{a^2+x^2}\,dx$$ $\mathbb{R}\ni a>0$, using residue calculus (where $\sqrt{\cdot}$ is the PV $\sqrt{}$). My approach is as follows: ...
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70 views

Is the union of two projective curves in the projective plane a projective curve?

As the title suggests, is the union of two projective curves in the projective plane a projective curve? Any help would be appreciated, thanks.
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67 views

A periodic entire function which must have a fixed point

I would like to check my work on the following problem: Suppose $f(z)$ is a non-constant periodic entire function satisfying $f(z+1)=f(z)$. Show that $f(z)$ has a fixed point. So my attempt is: ...
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66 views

Show that the integral of Riemann function is analytic

I'm trying to resolve this problem. Let $\Omega$ be an open set no empty of $\mathbb C$, $[a,b]$ a compact interval of $\mathbb{R}$, further $f,\ g\colon[a,b] \to \mathbb C$ two integrable Riemann ...
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137 views

Integrating $\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac{1}{1 + x^4}dx$ with the residue theorem

Calculate integral $$\int\limits_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{1}{x^4+1} dx$$ with residue theorem. Can I evaluate $\frac 12\int_C \dfrac{1}{z^4+1} dz$ where $C$ is simple closed contour of the upper ...
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62 views

Singularities at roots of unity

I want to construct a function $f$ with the following properties: $f$ has a singularity at $z=1$, and for any $\zeta = e^{2\pi i\frac{a}{b}}$ with $(a,b)=1$, then $$\lim\limits_{x\to1^-}\frac{f(\zeta ...
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113 views

Generating function of the squared Riemann zeta function

It's a well known fact that $$\sum_{k=2}^{\infty} \zeta(k) x^k=-x \psi(1-x)-x\gamma \space (|x|<1) $$ but I didn't meet yet a version for squared Riemann zeta function $$\sum_{k=2}^{\infty} ...
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161 views

A Curious Identity

I met the following equations when I was trying to solve a complex line integral (W.Rudin, RCA, p.228 ex.13). My question is how to prove them: We have to show that for $n>2$ even $$ ...
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197 views

Understanding Newman's proof of the prime number theorem

I am trying to understand D.J. Newman's proof of the prime number theorem, as presented by D. Zagier. I am not too familiar with analysis, and so there are some things I don't understand. In (III), ...
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80 views

Branch locus along a smooth curve

Let $f : S \to X$ be a dominant morphism of smooth complex surfaces. Let $C \subset S$ be a smooth curve such that $df$ is of rank $1$ along $C$ and that in a neighborhood of $C$, $df_x$ is an ...
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203 views

finding Laurent expansion of a periodic function

How are Laurent series and Fourier series related to each other? There is a problem that states that for a periodic function $F(z + 2 \pi ) = F(z)$ that is analytic in finite plane. $$F(z) = ...
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185 views

How do zeros on the complex plane affect the real number line?

Let's say there is a real-valued "signal" that you can only measure at discrete points $f(x)$. You have a theory that this signal is the result of an analytic function $f(z)$ on the complex plane but, ...
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79 views

$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}\left|f(g(t))-f(h(g(t)))\right| \,dt=0$ How to find $f$?

Let $h,g$ be given entire functions. Consider $$\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}|f(g(t))-f(h(g(t)))|\, dt=0,$$ where $|\cdot|$ means modulus. How do I find non-polynomial analytic solutions for $f\,$? ...
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174 views

Is there a closed form expression for this integral?

I've been trying to find a closed form expression/series expansion for the following integral without success: $$F(a,b)=\int_{\epsilon-i\infty}^{\epsilon+i\infty} ...
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153 views

Linear algebra estimates

Here is something that has been troubleing me lately. I don't know if it is true of not. I suspect it is. Suppose that $A,B$ are two $n \times n$ matrices with complex entries. $A^t = A$, $\bar B^t = ...
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703 views

Solve $\int \cos^{2n}\theta d\theta$

I am trying to solve the integral $\int_0^{2\pi} \cos^{2n}\theta d\theta$ using residues. I get the wrong answer so could you please say what I am doing wrong? We start with the substitution $z = ...
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176 views

Converse to the Koebe Distortion?

Given a univalent function on the disk satisfying $f(0)=0$ and $f'(0)=1$, Koebe Distortion theorem says that \begin{equation} \frac{1-|z|}{1+|z|}\le \left|z\frac{f'(z)}{f(z)}\right|\le ...
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103 views

Showing that $[\mathbb C(z):\mathbb C(f_0)]=$topological degree of $f_0\in\mathbb C(z)$ as a function from the Riemann sphere to itself

McKean & Moll offer the following sketch of a proof. Let $P(x)=a_0(x)-f_0b_0(x)$ in $\mathbb C(f_0)[x]$ where $f_0(z)=\dfrac{a_0(z)}{b_0(z)}$ is in $\mathbb C(z)$. Then evidently, $\deg P=\#$ ...
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444 views

An argument on page 62 of Griffith's book, “Introduction to Algebraic Curves”

I am a bit confused about some of the things that Griffiths says on page 62 of his book, Introduction to Algebraic Curves. I am not sure how I can reproduce the text here. I can see that GoogleBooks ...
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353 views

Visualizing the domain of the square root

I would like to show someone the domain of the complex square root function (the 2-sheeted riemann surface). Is there a good interactive visualization software for this? I would like some sort of ...
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491 views

An obscure explanation in Conway's Complex analysis

I don't understand a paragraph in Conway's complex analysis at the beginning of Chapter VI page 128 (Maximum Modulus Theorem). He says: "Note that in Theorem 1.2 we did not assume that $G$ is ...
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170 views

History Question - Branch Cut

My professor began discussing branch cuts in class today and mentioned that he did not know the origin of the term. Does anyone know the origin of the term and perhaps a source that talks about it?
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1k views

Choosing the branch of a logarithm

The problem: I am integrating complex logarithms over an angle $\phi$ over $[0,2\pi]$. It is quite complex (pun not intended) and I called Mathematica in to aid me. I am calculating an energy of a ...
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358 views

The Milnor Conjecture on the Unknotting Number of a Torus Knot

Let $f \colon (\mathbb{C}^{n},\mathbf{0}) \to (\mathbb{C},0)$ be a complex analytic function with isolated critical point at the origin. Define the singular hypersurface $V_{f, \kappa} = ...
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85 views

Trigonometric Expression for $1 + \cos \alpha + \cos 2\alpha + \cdots + \cos n \alpha$ using complex numbers

This question is not a duplicate because I am asked here to use the fact that $1 + \cos \alpha + \cos 2 \alpha + \cdots + \cos n \alpha = Re (1 + z + z^{2} + \cdots + z^{n})$, where the question this ...
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45 views

Find the value of $a_{-2}$ in the Laurent series expansion of $\sin{(\frac{z}{z+1})}$

If $\sum_{-\infty}^{\infty}a_n (z+1)^n$ is the Laurent series expansion of $f(z)=\sin{(\frac{z}{z+1})}$, then find the value of $a_{-2}$. My work: So we are asked to find the laurent series ...
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47 views

inverse Laplace transform by finding residues of essential singularities

I want to find the inverse Laplace transform of $$F(s)=\exp\Big(-\sqrt{2s}\tanh(\sqrt{2s})\Big).$$ Despite the square roots, $F$ doesn't have any branch points since ...
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79 views
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48 views

Double Holomorphic functions

Suppose I have two complex bivariate homolorphic functions $f(z,w)$ and $g(z,w$) such that $$ \frac{\partial f}{\partial z} = \frac{\partial g}{\partial w} $$ $$ \frac{\partial f}{\partial w} = - ...
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151 views

Find the complex (or real) roots of $e^{\frac{3 x}{2}}+2 \cos \left(\frac{\sqrt{3} x}{2}\right)$

Define for natural $n\geq 2$ $$G(x,n)= \sum _{k=0}^\infty \frac{x^{k n}}{(k n)!}= \frac{\sum _{k=0}^{n-1} e^{x e^{\frac{2 i \pi k}{n}}}}{n}= G(x e^{\frac{2 i \pi}{n}},n)= \prod_{m=1}^\infty ...
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100 views

Moment generation function -> characteristic function uniqueness

Here's my proof that moment generation function (if exists) uniquely determines characteristic function. Can you please see how to make it more rigorous or improve in either way (e.g. by citing ...
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31 views

Complex 'mean-value-theorem'-like property implies quadratic

One of my friend asked me the following problem: Problem. Suppose that $f$ is a holomorphic function on a convex open set $U$ which satisfies the following property: For all distinct $z, w \in U$, ...
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69 views

Help with an integral $\int_0^{2 \pi} {d \theta \over (a + b \cos^2 \theta)^2}$

I need evaluate the following integral using residue theorem: With $a>0$ and $b>0$ $\int_0^{2 \pi} {d \theta \over (a + b \cos^2 \theta)^2}$ I have this: $\int_0^{2 \pi} {d \theta \over (a + ...
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0answers
40 views

Inversion of Laplace transforms - simplifying the Bromwich integral

I have trouble following the derivation of equation $(2)$ in this paper. The authors define the Laplace transform of a real-valued function $f(t)$ of a positive real variable $t$ as \begin{equation} ...
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36 views

Finding a branch for a square root functions

How can we define a branch for $\sqrt{ 1 + \sqrt{z} } $? I know a branch for $\sqrt{z}$ is the negative real axis. But, how can we deal with the square root of $1+ \sqrt{z} $ ?
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470 views

How to solve an integral with a Gaussian Mixture denominator?

I am trying to solve this integral: $$t(v)\equiv\sum_{k=1}^{n}\sum_{j=1}^{n}\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{w_{k}N(x-x_{k},B_{k})N(x-x_{j},v)}{\sum_{m=1}^{n}w_{m}N(x-x_{m},B_{m}+v)}dx $$ where ...
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49 views

Computing the Fourier transform of the distribution $\|x\|^{-\alpha}$.

Question: Suppose we are given the tempered distribution $\|x\|^{-\alpha}$. We want to compute the Fourier transform $\mathcal{F}[\|x\|^{-\alpha}](\xi)$. What techniques are available for ...
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66 views

Simplification of an expression involving the dilogarithm with complex argument

Do you think there is a way to get a nice form of the expression below $$\Im{\left( \text{Li}_2\left(\frac{3}{5}+\frac{4 i}{5}\right)- \text{Li}_2\left(-\frac{3}{5}+\frac{4 i}{5}\right)+ ...
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43 views

Complex Chebyshev Polynomials

Chebyshev Polynomials can be used to compute a very nearly minimax polynomial approximation of an analytic function on $[-1,1]$. Is there a complex analog that can compute a nearly minimax polynomial ...
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93 views

Branch points and branching number on Riemann surface

I am attempting to analyze the Riemann surface of the algebraic function $w=(\sqrt{z} - 1)^{1/4}$. To do this, I started out by writing as a polynomial, $P(w,z) = w^8 +2w^4 + 1 -z = 0$. Next, I want ...
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51 views

Which permutations of $\mathbb{C}$ commute with the Riemann zeta function?

I'm trying to figure out whether the permutations of $\mathbb{C}$ which commute with the Riemann $\zeta$ function are necessarily continuous or not. Obviously both the identity and the complex ...
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45 views

Laplace transform of the logarithmic integral function

What is the Laplace transform of the logarithmic integral function $\text{li}(t)$. Meaning, how to compute the integral : $$\int_{0}^{\infty}\text{li}(t)e^{-st}dt$$
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187 views

Is Every transcendental entire function $f(z) = C + \exp a + \exp b + \exp c $?

Let $z$ be a complex number and let $f(z)$ be any transcendental entire function. Is it true that $f(z) = C + \exp a + \exp b + \exp c $ where $ a,b,c $ are entire functions of $z$ and $C$ is a ...
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38 views

Asymptotic behavior of many derivatives

To compute the residue of a pole of very high order $M$ at $z=0$, one needs to compute $\frac{d^M}{dz^M} g(z)$ Suppose that $g(z)$ is a reasonable but not trivial function, that itself may depend on ...
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50 views

Convergence and integral for nets.

We say that the non-empty set $S$ with partial order $\leq$ is directed set if for any $s,t\in S$ we have a $u\in S$ such that $s\leq u, t\leq u$. A net is a function from directed $S$ into the any ...