2
votes
1answer
33 views

Suppose the limit of $f(z)$ as $z$ approaches $z_0$, exists and call it $w_0$. Suppose a sequence $(a_n)$ converges to $z_0$. Does $f(a_n)$ converge

Suppose the limit of $f(z)$ as $z$ approaches $z_0$, exists and call it $w_0$. Suppose a sequence $(a_n)$ converges to $z_0$. Does $f(a_n)$ converge to $w_0$ and $n \rightarrow \infty$? I would say ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

Find the limit of a sequence $(\frac{z^n}{n!})_{n=1}^{\infty}$

I have to find the limit of a sequence $(\frac{z^n}{n!})_{n=1}^{\infty}$ where $z$ is a complex number. I think it is zero, because we know that $\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} \frac{z^n}{n!}$ is finite. Is this ...
1
vote
2answers
25 views

Simplification of a series so that it converges to a given function

I am trying to rearrange the series $ \frac{1}{1-z} - \frac{(1-a)z}{(1-z)^2} + \frac{(1-a)^2z^2}{(1-z)^3} - \cdots$ In such a way that I can show it converges to $\frac{1}{1-az} $ What I ...
1
vote
1answer
14 views

Coefficient symmetry of the Laurent expansion of the composition of a function with the Joukowski map

In Sheehan Olver's exposition of how Chebyshev series arise, he lets $f\in C^\infty[-1,1]$ and defines $$g(z)=f(J(z))$$ where $$J(z)=\frac{1}{2}\left(z+\frac{1}{z}\right)$$ is the Joukowsky map. He ...
5
votes
2answers
80 views

How To Prove:$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(-1)^n}{n^4} = -\frac{7}{{720}}{\pi ^4}$

When I tried to solve this integral: $$\int_0^\infty {\frac{{{x^3}}}{{1 + {e^x}}}} \;{\rm{d}}x$$ I had trouble computing the sieries: $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(-1)^n}{n^4}$$ Thanks.
1
vote
2answers
146 views

Regarding the radius of convergence and its equality to a certain limit

Let $f$ be a holomorphic function on the open unit disk $\mathbb{D}$, and suppose that $f$ cannot be extended holomorphically to any open set $\Omega$ containing $\overline{\mathbb{D}}$. Let $f(z) = ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Trying to find sum of a complex infinite series with Gamma function and factorials

I am trying to find the sum $S$ of the following series. $$S = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\frac{\left(-1\right)^{n}t^{2n}\Gamma\left(\frac{1 + 2nH - ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Convergence/Divergence of series with complex numbers

In what set of complex numbers does these series $(a_n)_{n=1}^{\infty}$ convergence/divergence? If series convergences is the convergence steady (uniform?) within the convergence area. $(a)$ ...
2
votes
3answers
47 views

Complex analysis exam question - A converging sum of series with positive real parts is absolute convergent

This is a question I was given at the last exam, trying to understand it to help me with the next one. We're given a series $z_k=|z_k|e^{ia_k}$ and there exists $0<\alpha<\pi/2$ such that ...
0
votes
1answer
45 views

(absolute) Convergence of a series

I want to prove that the following series is convergent for $x>0$: $$ \sum_{n=1}^\infty \left( \prod_{p\mid n} \frac{1}{p-1}\right) n^{-x} $$ I tried to estimate the product but I didn't get so ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

laurent series of $1/(z-5)$ about $z_o=2$

I'm calculating the Laurent Series of $f=1/(z-5)$ about the point $z_{0}=2$. The expansion I get has no principal part and is analytic within the circle $|z-2|<3$ since there are no singularities ...
1
vote
1answer
36 views

What does the notation $(\Re z)^{+}$ mean?

Context, problem 2.18 from Knuth et al's Concrete Mathematics: Let $\Re z$ and $\Im z$ be the real and imaginary parts of the complex number $z$. The absolute value $|z|$ is $\sqrt{(\Re z)^2 + (\Im ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

If $\lim_{n \to ∞} z_n=L_1$ then $\lim_{n \to ∞} \overline{z_n}=\overline{L_1}$ for $z_n \in \mathbb{C}$

I tried proving that if $\lim_{n \to ∞} z_n=L_1$ then $\lim_{n \to ∞} \overline{z_n}=\overline{L_1}$ for $z_n \in \mathbb{C}$. This is my attemt. Let $\epsilon>0$. Then there exists $N\in ...
3
votes
2answers
187 views

Cauchy product $\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\sum_{k=-\infty}^{\infty}a_{n-k}b_k$

I have been told that, if $\{a_n\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$, $\{a_{-n}\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}^+}$, $\{b_n\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}}$ and $\{b_{-n}\}_{n\in\mathbb{N}^+}$ are absolutely summable complex sequences, ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Function $f(z)=\frac{\sin \pi(z-\lambda_n)}{\pi(z-\lambda_n)}$ and infinite product.

What is the relationship between the infinite product $$\prod_n \left(1-\left(\frac{z}{\lambda_n}\right)^2\right), \ \ \ \ \ z\in \mathbb C, \lambda_n\in \mathbb R$$ and the function $$f(z)=\frac{\sin ...
7
votes
0answers
106 views

Another way of expressing $\sum_{k=0}^{n} (-1)^k\frac{H_{k+1}}{n-k+1}$

In this post Another way of expressing $\sum_{k=0}^{n} \frac{H_{k+1}}{n-k+1}$ I asked for a solution of the non-alternating series. How about the alternating series? Can we find a nice way of ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

complex limits, how to show they go to 0?

In complex integration my book uses that some limits go to zero as R goes to infinity. However I do not now how to show this, these two limits are: $e^{-\pi(R^2+2iRy-y^2)}$, where y is a real number ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Boundedness of sequence

Consider a dynamical systems over complex numbers $$ z_{n+1}=\frac{\alpha}{z_{n}}+ \frac{\beta}{z_{n-1}},\qquad n=0,1,\ldots $$ where the parameters $\alpha, ~\beta$ are complex numbers, and the ...
11
votes
5answers
185 views

Another way of expressing $\sum_{k=0}^{n} \frac{H_{k+1}}{n-k+1}$

Do you know any nice way of expressing $$\sum_{k=0}^{n} \frac{H_{k+1}}{n-k+1}$$ ? Some simple manipulations involving the integrals lead to an expression that also uses the hypergeometric series. ...
4
votes
3answers
179 views

How is the formal inverse of a power series with constant term developed ( for instance $\cosh^{-1}(x)$)?

In an older question here in MSE I've asked for the term for the "slicing" of a power series in partial series and have learned that it is "multisection". I' ve been looking at the behaviour of the ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

How to show that $\delta_{x_n}\xrightarrow{w}\delta_{x} \iff x_n \to x$

Let $x_n$ be a sequence of reals. Show that $$\delta_{x_n}\xrightarrow{w}\delta_{x} \iff x_n \to x$$ Since the weak convergence is equivalent to pointwise convergence of characteristic functions ...
1
vote
1answer
27 views

Series of points in a bounded sector of a complex half-plane

The question is: consider an infinite sequence of points which lie in a bounded sector of the complex plane, whose angular width is strictly less than pi (that is, it's an open sector of a ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

A question about the relation between divergence and absolute divergence.

Princeton Lectures in Complex Analysis by Stein and Shakarchi says the following: If $|z| > R$, then a similar argument proves that there exists a sequence of terms in the series whose ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

Direct evaluation of a series from Euler's identity.

Is there a direct way to evaluate: $$ \sum_{k=0}^{\infty} (-1)^k \dfrac{\pi^{2k}}{(2k)!}=-1 $$ Note that this follows from Euler's identity.
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Sum of Complex series

Let $\theta\in\mathbb{R}$ and $\theta \neq k\pi$ for $k\in\Bbb Z$. By summing a geometric progression show that $$1 + e^{2i\theta} + e^{4i\theta}+e^{6i\theta} + e^{8i\theta}= ...
1
vote
2answers
77 views

When can an infinite sum and complex integral be interchanged?

Are there some conditions under which the following two are equal? $$\displaystyle \oint_C \sum f_n(z)= \sum \oint_C f_n(z)$$ In the case of real valued functions, the condition $f_n(z) \geq 0$ ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Convergence of Series of Complex Numbers with Decreasing Modulo (non-zero imaginary part)

Let $(a_n)_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ be a decreasing sequence of positive real numbers tending to zero. Show that for $\theta \in \mathbb{R}$, $\theta$ not a multiple of $2\pi$, the series $\sum_{n\geq1} ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Complex Analysis Weierstrass M-Test

Prove that each of the following series converges uniformly on the corresponding subset of $\mathbb C$: $$\begin{align*} \text{(a)} \; & \sum_{n=1}^\infty \frac{1}{n^2 z^{2n}}, & & ...
2
votes
0answers
50 views

$f\in C^\omega ((a-R,a+R),\mathbb{R})$ [closed]

We discuss the following question in the field of real numbers . A a power series $f(x)= \sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n (x-a )^n$ converges in $(a-R,a+R).$ Prove: $$\forall x_0\in\left(a-R,a+R \right), ...
1
vote
1answer
30 views

Analytic Extension: Imaginary Stripe

I was always wondering the following: Given a real analytic function there exists a positive radius of convergence for every point. This won't be affected by allowing complex numbers so it extends ...
1
vote
1answer
22 views

Computing the radius of convergence of a given series

Could anyone help me with the following problem? I'm getting $1$ as the answer, but I found the solution (without justification) to this problem online and it says the answer is $1/2$. Determine ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Radius of convergence of series given radius of convergence of another series

I'm hoping someone might be able to verify my solution to the following problem: Suppose that the series $\sum c_n z^n$ has radius of convergence $R$. Find the radius of convergence of the $\sum ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Help on a tough summation from Rudin?

I'm having a tough time deriving (4) from the bracketed expression in (3) shown in the photo. I've been futzing with partial sums of geometric series and binomial expansions for a while now with no ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

What is $\zeta(n)$ as $n$ tends to $\infty$? How fast it goes to the limit?

What is $\zeta(n)$ as $n\to\infty$? How fast it goes to the limit?
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Power series difficulty

How would I find the region of convergence of the series of $\frac{1}{n^3}(\frac{z+1}{z-1})^n$. I thought about rewriting $\frac{z+1}{z-1}$ as $\frac{2}{z-1}+1$ but I don't think that helps. Thanks
0
votes
2answers
28 views

Radius of convergence query

Find the radius of convergence of the series of $\frac{2^n(4z-8)^n}{n}$ My answer: $(4z-8)^n=4^n(z-2)^n=2^{2n}(z-2)^n$. Let $c_{n}=\frac{2^{3n}}{n}$. Then $\frac{c_{n}}{c_{n+1}}=\frac{n+1}{2n}$ so ...
6
votes
2answers
178 views

From the series $\sum_{n=1}^{+ \infty} \left(H_{n}-\ln n-\gamma -\frac{1}{2n}\right)$ to $\zeta(\frac{1}{2}+it)$

Here is a pretty series $$ \displaystyle \sum_{n=1}^{+ \infty} \left(H_{n}-\ln n-\gamma -\frac{1}{2n}\right)=\frac{1}{2} \left(1-\ln (2\pi)+\gamma\right) \quad (*) $$ where $H_{n}:=\sum_{1}^{n} ...
2
votes
2answers
45 views

how to find convergence and divergence of the series [closed]

consider the following two series of complex numbers $$s_1=\sum_1^\infty\frac{i^{n}(2-\sin n)}{2^n.n}$$ $$s_2=\sum_1^\infty\frac{i^n(2-\sin n)}{2^n.n^2}$$ then find whether the above series ...
1
vote
0answers
13 views

Taylor's expansion of the singular part of an analytic function

Assume $f$ is analytic on the annulus $R_1<|z-a|<R_2$. Assume $R_1<r<|z-a|$. Define $f_2$ by $$f_2(z)=\frac1{2\pi i}\int_{|x-a|=r}\frac{f(x)dx}{x-z}$$ $f_2$ is analytic on $|z-a|>r$. ...
0
votes
2answers
39 views

solving $|(x-3)(x-1)| $$\le$ $|\frac{1-x}{x-3}|$ graphicly [closed]

how to solve $|(x-3)(x-1)| $$\le$ $|\frac{1-x}{x-3}| $ in the graphic method?
3
votes
0answers
86 views

What is the limit of this sequence of complex numbers?

Let $z_1$ and $z_2$ be two complex numbers in the upper half-plane. Does the sequence $c_n = \exp^n\left(\sqrt{\log^n(z_1) \cdot \log^n(z_2)}\right)$ converge to a fixed point as $n\to\infty$? If so, ...
4
votes
5answers
240 views

How to find $\sum_{k \in \mathbb{Z}}\frac1{(k+a)(k+b)}$

Let $a,b$ be two unequal integers. I have to find the sum below. $$ \sum_{k \in \mathbb{Z}}\frac1{(k+a)(k+b)} $$ I should use complex analysis, but I have no clue where to start. I only now that I can ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Exchanging Limits in Series inversion

I have the Lagrange Bürmann formula as follows: $$\sum^{m-1}_{n=1}\frac{1}{n!}(w-b)^n\lim_{z \rightarrow a} \frac{d^{n-1}}{dz^{n-1}} \left(f^{'}(z)\frac{z-a}{g(z)-g(a)}\right)^n$$ Where g(z) is the ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Fourier series without Fourier analysis techniques

It is known that one can sometimes derive certain Fourier series without alluding to the methods of Fourier analysis. It is often done using complex analysis. There is a way of deriving the formula ...
1
vote
2answers
35 views

Limit of complex numbers' sequence (related to Möbius transformation)

Problem Let $T(z)=\dfrac{7z+15}{-2z-4}$. Let $z_1=1$ and $z_n=T(z_{n-1})$ for $n\geq 2$ Find $\lim_{z_n \to \infty}z_n$ I am having a lot of difficulties trying to solve this. I've tried to find a ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

how to prove $\sum_n |b_n|^2<\infty$

$\{b_n\}$ is a complex sequence, If for all $\ell^2$ sequences $a_n$, we have $\sum_n \bar{a}_nb_n$ converges . Prove that $\sum_n|b_n|^2<\infty$
1
vote
2answers
47 views

Equivalent metrics in $\mathbb C$ (via stereographic projection)

Problem statement Let $\overline{d}$ be the distance in $\bar{\mathbb C}$ induced by the distance of $\mathbb R^3$ through the stereographic projection, i.e., if $z,z' \in \bar{\mathbb C}$, we define ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

series functions of complex variable $ z $ and alternating zeta function convergence

Let $f_n(z)$ and $p_n(z)$ two series functions of complex variable $z$ defined as the following: $f_n(z)$=$ \sum_{n}exp({(-1)}^{n-1}{n^{-z}})) $ $p_n(z)$=$exp(\sum_{n}({(-1)}^{n-1}{n^{-z}})$ ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

How to characteristize or distinguish those lacunary series with same natural boundary from each other

There are lots of different lacunary series with integral coefficients and with same natural boundary. As we know,Some functions can be distinguished or characterized by their poles. Now,the ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

Laurent series of $\frac{e^{iz}}{z^2+p^2}$, $ p>0$.

I need help finding the main part of the laurent series of $f(z)=\frac{e^{iz}}{z^2+p^2}$ in $ip,-ip$ since these are the two poles of $f$. Due to the orders of the poles are 1 I just have to find ...