The theory of functions of one complex variable with an emphasis on the theory of complex analytic (or holomorphic) functions of one complex variable. Typical topics include: Cauchy's integral formula, singularities, poles, meromorphic functions, Laurent and Taylor series, maximum modulus principle, ...

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What's the inverse of the Weierstrass-Mittag-Leffler-Transform?

As mentioned in another post, as a consequence of Mittag-Leffler's theorem combined with the Weierstrass factorization theorem, after reducing to the common denominator, any meromorphic function can ...
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11 views

Classification singularity

I have to classify the singularity of the complex function $$f(z) = z \sin(1/z).$$ I already saw that zero is a essential singularity of $f$. But I can't determine the $$f(\{z \in \mathbb{C} : 0 ...
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1answer
19 views

Suppose $f$ is entire and $|f(z)| \leq 1/|Re z|^2$ for all $z$. Show that $f $ is identically $0$.

This is a problem from my complex analysis textbook. The hint is to consider $g(z)=(z-iR)^2(z+iR)^2 f(z)$ and to show that $|g(z)| \leq 8R^2$. This is what i have tried: Consider $Re z \geq 0$, then ...
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2answers
24 views

Real part of a complex number divided: $\Re\frac{z+1}{z-1}=0$

$\Re\frac{z+1}{z-1}=0$ I've tried so many methods, they all end up with two variables $a, b$. I tried setting $z= a+ib$. This give me the equality $2\cdot\Re\frac{z+1}{z-1} = ...
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1answer
19 views

A suitable integration path for $\cos z/(2 + \cos z)$

I was solving the exercises and got stuck when trying to solve this with tools of residual calculus $$ \int_{0}^{2 \pi} \frac{\cos (z)}{2 + \cos (z)} \, dz = \int_{0}f(z) \, dz. $$ Isolated ...
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18 views

Complex number arguments question

Given that u = -3i, how would I go about tackling these questions: (ii) For complex numbers 􏰀 satisfying arg(z􏰀 − u) = 0.25π, find the least possible value of |􏰀z|. (iii) For complex numbers 􏰀 ...
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21 views

Inverse Laplace transform of $\frac{1}{s} \frac{\sqrt{s}-1}{\sqrt{s}+1}$

I have been desperately trying to find the inverse laplace transform using the complex inversion formula for this question. $\frac{1}{s} \frac{\sqrt{s}-1}{\sqrt{s}+1}$ I have found it extremely ...
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15 views

Fourier transform and conjugate variables

When you make a Fouriertransform of a function of time $f(t)$, it is said that it's Fouriertransform is a function of frequency $\widetilde{f}(\omega)$. The same argument goes for position and ...
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9 views

How to relate two integration contour?

How one can relate two integration contour? For example if I have an integration contour like $\int_{-a}^{a}f(x)dx$ here let say a=infinity. How I can say that the integral $\int_{2}^{3}f(x)dx$ is a ...
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1answer
48 views

Is there a quicker way to write $\cos (n\theta)$ in terms of $\cos \theta$?

Im writing $\cos 8\theta$ in terms of $\cos \theta$ using De Moivre's Theorem $$\cos 8\theta= \Re {(\cos\theta+ i \sin \theta)^8}$$ Let $s=\sin \theta$ and $c=\cos \theta$ $$=c^8 ...
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1answer
18 views

Determine integral by using the following identity (which is imaginairy)?

I want to determine the following integral: $$\int_{-\infty}^\infty \frac1{x^6+1} dx$$ by using the following identity: $$\frac1{x^6+1} = \Im\left[\frac1{x^3-i}\right]$$ How in the world can I do ...
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2answers
25 views

Is an holomorphic function injective if $\| f'(z)\| > 0 $?

Is there any holomorphic function $f$ which isn't injective, even if $ \forall z $ $\| f'(z)\| > 0$ ?
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27 views

How can I find the complex numbers satisfying this condition?

For a given complex number $a$ with $|a|\ge1,$ I want to find the all complex numbers on the unit circle such that $$\dfrac{z}{(a-z\bar a)^2}\in\mathbb{R}$$ and satisfying the condition ...
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12 views

Find the Residue of $\frac{e^z}{sin^2(z)}$ at each finite singularity

The problem states: Find the Residue of $f(z)=\frac{e^z}{sin^2(z)}$ at each finite singularity. The poles are clearly at $z=k\pi (k\in\mathbb{Z})$, and the order are all 2, since: $\lim_{z \to ...
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1answer
21 views

Application of Riemann mapping theorem

Let $\Omega \neq \mathbb{C}, \emptyset$ be a simply connected domain and $a \in \Omega.$ Let $f:\Omega \to \mathbb{D}$ be a conformal map such that $f(a)=0, f'(a)>0.$ Could anyone advise me how to ...
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24 views

Winding number of $e^{ix}$? [on hold]

What is the winding number of $e^{ix}$ where $x\in \mathbb{R}$?
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67 views

Prove using contour integration that $\int_0^\infty \frac{\log x}{x^3-1}\operatorname d\!x=\frac{4\pi^2}{27}$

Prove using contour integration that $\displaystyle \int_0^\infty \frac{\log x}{x^3-1}\operatorname d\!x=\frac{4\pi^2}{27}$ I am at a loss at how to start this problem and which contour to pick. I ...
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3answers
35 views

why $f$ is holomorphic if $f(z) = \frac{1}{2\pi i} \int_\gamma \frac{f(\zeta)\, d \zeta}{\zeta - z}$?

I'm reading Gong Sheng's Concise Complex Analysis to get some basic understanding. On $\S 2.4$ page 61 Theorem 2.15 (Hurwitz Theorem) it says For an arbitrary point $z \in U \subseteq \mathbb C$, ...
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25 views

Complex Integration and deduce that function is constant

Let $f$ be an entire function, $z_{1}$, $z_{2}$ $\in$ $C$, with $z_{1} \neq z_{2}$ and $R>\max{(|z_{1}|,|z_{2}|)}$. Prove that $$2\pi i\dfrac{f(z_{1})-f(z_{2})}{z_{1}-z_{2}} = ...
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1answer
14 views

Find the first three terms of the maclaurin series of $\tanh(z)$ and its radius of convergence

This is my first time dealing with maclaurin series of complex variables. Here is my attempt: Since $\tanh = \frac{\sinh(z)}{\cosh(z)}$, the maclaurin series is valid when ...
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1answer
27 views

Analytic onto maps from D to D

We just characterized using the Schwarz Lemma the conformal self maps of the open unit disk. I am now trying to characterize the holomorphic onto maps from $\mathbb{D}$ onto $\mathbb{D}$. As a ...
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1answer
29 views

Trying to evaluate $\prod_{k=1}^{n-1}(1-e^{2k\pi i/n})$ for my complex analysis homework

For my complex analysis homework, I am trying to show that the integral of the real function $1/(1+x^n)$, for integer $n\ge2$, along the positive real line is $$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{dx}{1+x^n} = ...
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11 views

Logarithms, principle logarithms in complex plane

How were these solutions reached? (a) $\log2 = \log|2| + i\mbox{Arg}2 +2\pi n i = \log2 + i2\pi n $ (b) $\log i = \log|i| + i\mbox{Arg}i + 2\pi n i = \frac{i\pi}{2} + i2\pi n $ (c) $\log(1+i) = ...
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38 views

$\int_{0}^\pi \frac{\sin(nx)}{\sin x} dx$

How do I integrate :$\int_{0}^\pi \frac{\sin(n\theta)}{\sin \theta} d\theta $ I did the following: $\int_{0}^\pi \frac{\sin(n \theta)}{\sin \theta}d\theta = \mbox{Im} \int_{0}^{\pi} \frac{e^{i n ...
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1answer
10 views

Prescribing zeros and poles of a rational function on $\bar {\mathbb C}$ at once

I have to show that for any points $P_1$, $\ldots$, $P_n$ and $Q_1$, $\ldots$, $Q_n$ ($P_i \neq Q_j$ for all $i$, $j$) on $\bar{\mathbb C}$ there exists a rational function $f$ with poles at $P_j$, $j ...
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8 views

Parametrizing shapes, curves, lines in $\mathbb{C}$ plane

I've been struggling with parametrizing things in the complex plane. For example, the circle $|z-1| = 1$ can be parametrized as $z = 1 + e^{i\theta}$. I'm not sure how this was done. I understand how ...
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7 views

Finding a Mobius transformation

Let $R=\{z\in \mathbb{C}: Re(z)>0, |z-3|>1\}$ and $A=\{z \in \mathbb{C}: 1<|z|<p\}.$ Find a Mobius transformation $f$ and $p$ such that $f$ maps $R$ conformally to $A.$ May I verify if my ...
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23 views

Equations with modulus of a complex variable

I am struggling a bit to solve equations involving the modulus of complex variables. I am given the equation $|z-z_0|=|1-z_0z^*|$, where $z$ is a complex variable, $z_0$ is a complex number and $z^*$ ...
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1answer
19 views

Question about laurent series

Find laurent series for $f(z)=\dfrac{1}{z^2-1}+\dfrac{1}{z(z-1)};z_0=0$ that converges in $0<|z|<1$. I tried to find the solution for the first fraction like this. \begin{align} ...
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how can I give an elementary proof of Maximum Modulus Theorem for polynomials?

how can I give an elementary proof of Maximum Modulus Theorem for polynomials? I got proof, but not elementary. This question in this book Conway.
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1answer
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Help needed to establish a conformal mapping

Could anyone advise me on how to find a conformal map from $H=\{z \in \mathbb{C}: Re(z)>0\}$ to $A= \{z \in \mathbb{C}:|z|>1, |z-2|<3\} \ ?$ I tried to compose the map in terms of ...
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0answers
19 views

how to calculate $f(D(0,\delta) - \{ 0 \})$ with $f(z)=z\sin(\frac{1}{z})$?

how to calculate $f(D(0,\delta) - \{ 0 \})$ with $f(z)=z\sin(\frac{1}{z})$ ?. I know that zero is an essential singularity, and so $f(D(0,\delta)-\{ 0 \})$ is dense in $\mathbb{C}$. This question ...
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1answer
18 views

Laurent series at z = 0

I want to determine the Laurent series around z = 0 (so a Maclaurin series I think) of the following function $f(z) = 4/(z^2+2z-3)$ which converges in $z = 1 + i$ I can rewrite the function as ...
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1answer
32 views

determining a residue by taking a limit

To determine a residue, I need to take this limit: $$\lim_{z\to 2\pi ik} \frac{d}{dz}\frac{(z-2\pi ik)^2}{z(e^z-1)^2}$$ with $k$ any integer number (like -1, -1, 0, 3, 7) I have tried l'Hopital's rule ...
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1answer
35 views

Complex integrations

Calculate integrals $$\oint_{|z|=1} \frac{z^2 e^z}{2z+i} dz $$ and $$\oint_{|z|=2} \frac{e^z}{z^2+z} dz $$ These are simple integrals to do with cauchy integral theorem right? First one. ...
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1answer
44 views

Proving that an analytic function is $0$

We are given an analytic function $f(z)$ in the region $\Omega=\{z : b>Re(z)>a\}$. It is also given that the function is continuous and bounded in $\overline\Omega$. The question is to show that ...
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1answer
21 views

Möbius transformation $(-1,0,1)\to (i,-1,-i)$

Find Möbius transformation $S$ that maps points $(-1,0,1)$ to points $(i,-1,-i)$. And what's the image of real axis and upper half of imaginary axis $\{z\in\mathbb{C}| \operatorname{Im} z \geq 0 \} $ ...
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1answer
24 views

why $G(z)=\frac{f(z)}z, z\ne 0; f'(0), z=0$ is holomorphic?

I'm reading Gong Sheng's Concise Complex Analysis to get some basic understanding. On $\S 2.5$ page 66 Theorem 2.19 (Schwarz Theorem) it says If a holomorphic function $f(z)$ maps the unit disc ...
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16 views

holomorphic function power series: $f(z)=\sum_{j=0}^\infty a_j(z-z_0)^j$, can it be extended to $U$?

It's well know that if $f(z)$ is holomorphic in $U\subseteq \mathscr C$, then $f(z)$ could be expanded as a power series $$f(z)=\sum_{j=0}^\infty a_j(z-z_0)^j$$ in $D(z_0,r)$, if $z_0 \in U$, $\bar D ...
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27 views

Question about quadratic equation of complex coefficients.

Let $az^2+bz+c=0$ be a quadratic equation with complex coefficients $a,b,c$ and roots $z_1, z_2.$ If it is given that $|z_1|\not=|z_2|,$ how can I obtain the condition for this containing $a,b,c?$ ...
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10 views

How to find magnitude of complex fractions function

Could you help me to find square of magnitude of complex fraction function that given by $$G=\frac {s+2}{s^2+2s+2}$$ where $s=j\omega$ Thank all This is my solution $$|G|^2=\frac ...
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64 views

Why is such a the series algebraic but rational?

The coefficients of the series expansion of the algebraic function $A=\frac{1-\sqrt{1-8x^2}}{4x}$ are all intergers: $$A(x)=x+2x^3+8x^5+\cdots$$ But according to Polya's research,if $ F(x)$ is a ...
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38 views

Is it an open problem about Riemman Hypothesis non-trivial zero? [duplicate]

Let's assume RH was correct, and $1/2+Ki$ is any one of non-trivial zero of $\zeta$, is following problem open? 1) $K$ is irrational number 2) $K$ is transcendental number
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contour intrgration, what's the right answer?

There exists an integral as follow: $$ \bar G(t)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{dE}{2\pi\hbar}e^{-iEt/\hbar}\frac{1}{E-\epsilon+i0^{+}} $$ My solution is: $$ {2\pi\hbar}\bar G(t)=-i\pi e^{-i\epsilon ...
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25 views

Elementary Analysis, 3rd root question

Prove that $\forall a \in \mathbb{R}$ there is a unique solution to $x^3 = a$ Prove that $\forall x,a \in \mathbb{R}$ $$(x^{1/3}-a^{1/3})(x^{1/3})^2 + a^{1/3} x^{1/3} + ((a^{1/3})^2)=x-a$$ Prove ...
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2answers
27 views

Algebraic expressions with complex coefficients $(1-i)z^2-2iz-4=0$

How does one solve expressions such as $(1-i)z^2-2iz-4=0$ Own attempt $$\begin{align} &z^2-\frac{2iz}{1-i}-\frac{4}{1-i}=z^2-z(1-i)-(2+2i)=0\\\iff&z^2-z(1-i)-\frac{i}{2} = 2+\frac{3i}{2} ...
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0answers
11 views

Link between complex conjugate and exeptional complex differentiability

Complex differentiability has remarkable differences to real differentiability and came to hear that the reason is: With the complex conjugate, there exists a non trivial field automorphism that is ...
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3answers
27 views

Find the Laurent series of $f(z) = \frac{1}{z-2} + \frac{1}{z-3}$ for $2 < |z| < 3$ and for $|z| > 3$

Find the Laurent series of $f(z) = \frac{1}{z-2} + \frac{1}{z-3}$ for $2 < |z| < 3$ and for $|z| > 3$. Is the first step here to notice that $$ \frac{1}{z-2} + \frac{1}{z-3} = ...
2
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1answer
20 views

Dirichlet character modulo p

How can I prove that if $\chi$ is a non-principal character modulo $p$ prime, then $\chi (-1) = \overline{\chi} (-1)= \pm 1$ and $\sum_{x=1}^p \chi (x) e^{2\pi i x}=0$? For the first question, I just ...
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2answers
27 views

Continuously extended holomorphic function on the unit disc.

Let $f$ be continuous on $\bar{\mathbb{D}}$ and holomoprhic on $\mathbb{D}$. How can we show that $$\int_{\partial \mathbb{D}}f(z)dz=0$$?