The theory of functions of one complex variable with an emphasis on the theory of complex analytic (or holomorphic) functions of one complex variable. Typical topics include: Cauchy's integral formula, singularities, poles, meromorphic functions, Laurent and Taylor series, maximum modulus principle, ...

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Find the first three terms of the maclaurin series of $\tanh(z)$ and its radius of convergence

This is my first time dealing with maclaurin series of complex variables. Here is my attempt: Since $\tanh = \frac{\sinh(z)}{\cosh(z)}$, the maclaurin series is valid when ...
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1answer
18 views

Analytic onto maps from D to D

We just characterized using the Schwarz Lemma the conformal self maps of the open unit disk. I am now trying to characterize the holomorphic onto maps from $\mathbb{D}$ onto $\mathbb{D}$. As a ...
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1answer
22 views

Trying to evaluate $\prod_{k=1}^{n-1}(1-e^{2k\pi i/n})$ for my complex analysis homework

For my complex analysis homework, I am trying to show that the integral of the real function $1/(1+x^n)$, for integer $n\ge2$, along the positive real line is $$\int_0^{\infty}\frac{dx}{1+x^n} = ...
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10 views

Logarithms, principle logarithms in complex plane

How were these solutions reached? (a) $\log2 = \log|2| + i\mbox{Arg}2 +2\pi n i = \log2 + i2\pi n $ (b) $\log i = \log|i| + i\mbox{Arg}i + 2\pi n i = \frac{i\pi}{2} + i2\pi n $ (c) $\log(1+i) = ...
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30 views

$\int_{0}^\pi \frac{\sin(nx)}{\sin x} dx$

How do I integrate :$\int_{0}^\pi \frac{\sin(n\theta)}{\sin \theta} d\theta $ I did the following: $\int_{0}^\pi \frac{\sin(n \theta)}{\sin \theta}d\theta = \mbox{Im} \int_{0}^{\pi} \frac{e^{i n ...
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1answer
9 views

Prescribing zeros and poles of a rational function on $\bar {\mathbb C}$ at once

I have to show that for any points $P_1$, $\ldots$, $P_n$ and $Q_1$, $\ldots$, $Q_n$ ($P_i \neq Q_j$ for all $i$, $j$) on $\bar{\mathbb C}$ there exists a rational function $f$ with poles at $P_j$, $j ...
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6 views

Parametrizing shapes, curves, lines in $\mathbb{C}$ plane

I've been struggling with parametrizing things in the complex plane. For example, the circle $|z-1| = 1$ can be parametrized as $z = 1 + e^{i\theta}$. I'm not sure how this was done. I understand how ...
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6 views

Finding a Mobius transformation

Let $R=\{z\in \mathbb{C}: Re(z)>0, |z-3|>1\}$ and $A=\{z \in \mathbb{C}: 1<|z|<p\}.$ Find a Mobius transformation $f$ and $p$ such that $f$ maps $R$ conformally to $A.$ May I verify if my ...
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17 views

Equations with modulus of a complex variable

I am struggling a bit to solve equations involving the modulus of complex variables. I am given the equation $|z-z_0|=|1-z_0z^*|$, where $z$ is a complex variable, $z_0$ is a complex number and $z^*$ ...
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17 views

Question about laurent series

Find laurent series for $f(z)=\dfrac{1}{z^2-1}+\dfrac{1}{z(z-1)};z_0=0$ that converges in $0<|z|<1$. I tried to find the solution for the first fraction like this. \begin{align} ...
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23 views

how can I give an elementary proof of Maximum Modulus Theorem for polynomials?

how can I give an elementary proof of Maximum Modulus Theorem for polynomials? I got proof, but not elementary. This question in this book Conway.
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1answer
13 views

Help needed to establish a conformal mapping

Could anyone advise me on how to find a conformal map from $H=\{z \in \mathbb{C}: Re(z)>0\}$ to $A= \{z \in \mathbb{C}:|z|>1, |z-2|<3\} \ ?$ I tried to compose the map in terms of ...
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16 views

how to calculate $f(D(0,\delta) - \{ 0 \})$ with $f(z)=z\sin(\frac{1}{z})$?

how to calculate $f(D(0,\delta) - \{ 0 \})$ with $f(z)=z\sin(\frac{1}{z})$ ?. I know that zero is an essential singularity, and so $f(D(0,\delta)-\{ 0 \})$ is dense in $\mathbb{C}$. This question ...
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1answer
16 views

Laurent series at z = 0

I want to determine the Laurent series around z = 0 (so a Maclaurin series I think) of the following function $f(z) = 4/(z^2+2z-3)$ which converges in $z = 1 + i$ I can rewrite the function as ...
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1answer
26 views

determining a residue by taking a limit

To determine a residue, I need to take this limit: $$\lim_{z\to 2\pi ik} \frac{d}{dz}\frac{(z-2\pi ik)^2}{z(e^z-1)^2}$$ with $k$ any integer number (like -1, -1, 0, 3, 7) I have tried l'Hopital's rule ...
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32 views

Complex integrations

Calculate integrals $$\oint_{|z|=1} \frac{z^2 e^z}{2z+i} dz $$ and $$\oint_{|z|=2} \frac{e^z}{z^2+z} dz $$ These are simple integrals to do with cauchy integral theorem right? First one. ...
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6 views

A branch of the argument in the domain $\mathbb{C}$\ {$te^{it}|t\geq0$}

Usually most questions I come across on branches have domains similar to $\mathbb{C}$\ $[0,\infty)$, $\mathbb{C}$\ {$te^{i\alpha}|t\geq0$}. But the domain $\mathbb{C}$\ {$te^{it}|t\geq0$} is ...
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35 views

Proving that an analytic function is $0$

We are given an analytic function $f(z)$ in the region $\Omega=\{z : b>Re(z)>a\}$. It is also given that the function is continuous and bounded in $\overline\Omega$. The question is to show that ...
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1answer
19 views

Möbius transformation $(-1,0,1)\to (i,-1,-i)$

Find Möbius transformation $S$ that maps points $(-1,0,1)$ to points $(i,-1,-i)$. And what's the image of real axis and upper half of imaginary axis $\{z\in\mathbb{C}| \operatorname{Im} z \geq 0 \} $ ...
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1answer
21 views

why $G(z)=\frac{f(z)}z, z\ne 0; f'(0), z=0$ is holomorphic?

I'm reading Gong Sheng's Concise Complex Analysis to get some basic understanding. On $\S 2.5$ page 66 Theorem 2.19 (Schwarz Theorem) it says If a holomorphic function $f(z)$ maps the unit disc ...
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13 views

holomorphic function power series: $f(z)=\sum_{j=0}^\infty a_j(z-z_0)^j$, can it be extended to $U$?

It's well know that if $f(z)$ is holomorphic in $U\subseteq \mathscr C$, then $f(z)$ could be expanded as a power series $$f(z)=\sum_{j=0}^\infty a_j(z-z_0)^j$$ in $D(z_0,r)$, if $z_0 \in U$, $\bar D ...
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23 views

Question about quadratic equation of complex coefficients.

Let $az^2+bz+c=0$ be a quadratic equation with complex coefficients $a,b,c$ and roots $z_1, z_2.$ If it is given that $|z_1|\not=|z_2|,$ how can I obtain the condition for this containing $a,b,c?$ ...
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10 views

How to find magnitude of complex fractions function

Could you help me to find square of magnitude of complex fraction function that given by $$G=\frac {s+2}{s^2+2s+2}$$ where $s=j\omega$ Thank all This is my solution $$|G|^2=\frac ...
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62 views

Why is such a the series algebraic but rational?

The coefficients of the series expansion of the algebraic function $A=\frac{1-\sqrt{1-8x^2}}{4x}$ are all intergers: $$A(x)=x+2x^3+8x^5+\cdots$$ But according to Polya's research,if $ F(x)$ is a ...
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1answer
38 views

Is it an open problem about Riemman Hypothesis non-trivial zero? [duplicate]

Let's assume RH was correct, and $1/2+Ki$ is any one of non-trivial zero of $\zeta$, is following problem open? 1) $K$ is irrational number 2) $K$ is transcendental number
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21 views

contour intrgration, what's the right answer?

There exists an integral as follow: $$ \bar G(t)=\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\frac{dE}{2\pi\hbar}e^{-iEt/\hbar}\frac{1}{E-\epsilon+i0^{+}} $$ My solution is: $$ {2\pi\hbar}\bar G(t)=-i\pi e^{-i\epsilon ...
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24 views

Elementary Analysis, 3rd root question

Prove that $\forall a \in \mathbb{R}$ there is a unique solution to $x^3 = a$ Prove that $\forall x,a \in \mathbb{R}$ $$(x^{1/3}-a^{1/3})(x^{1/3})^2 + a^{1/3} x^{1/3} + ((a^{1/3})^2)=x-a$$ Prove ...
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2answers
26 views

Algebraic expressions with complex coefficients $(1-i)z^2-2iz-4=0$

How does one solve expressions such as $(1-i)z^2-2iz-4=0$ Own attempt $$\begin{align} &z^2-\frac{2iz}{1-i}-\frac{4}{1-i}=z^2-z(1-i)-(2+2i)=0\\\iff&z^2-z(1-i)-\frac{i}{2} = 2+\frac{3i}{2} ...
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11 views

Link between complex conjugate and exeptional complex differentiability

Complex differentiability has remarkable differences to real differentiability and came to hear that the reason is: With the complex conjugate, there exists a non trivial field automorphism that is ...
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3answers
23 views

Find the Laurent series of $f(z) = \frac{1}{z-2} + \frac{1}{z-3}$ for $2 < |z| < 3$ and for $|z| > 3$

Find the Laurent series of $f(z) = \frac{1}{z-2} + \frac{1}{z-3}$ for $2 < |z| < 3$ and for $|z| > 3$. Is the first step here to notice that $$ \frac{1}{z-2} + \frac{1}{z-3} = ...
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1answer
19 views

Dirichlet character modulo p

How can I prove that if $\chi$ is a non-principal character modulo $p$ prime, then $\chi (-1) = \overline{\chi} (-1)= \pm 1$ and $\sum_{x=1}^p \chi (x) e^{2\pi i x}=0$? For the first question, I just ...
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2answers
22 views

Continuously extended holomorphic function on the unit disc.

Let $f$ be continuous on $\bar{\mathbb{D}}$ and holomoprhic on $\mathbb{D}$. How can we show that $$\int_{\partial \mathbb{D}}f(z)dz=0$$?
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2answers
16 views

Question about convergence in complex numbers field

It may be a simple question, but if we want to show that $(z_n)\subset\mathbb{C}$ is convergent to $z\in\mathbb{C}$ then we should just check that absolute value of $z_n$ is convergent to absolute ...
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1answer
35 views

Symmetry in complex plane

In a book I am reading, symmetry about a curve in complex plane is defined as follows: Let $F(x,y)=0$ be a simple curve. Then points $z, z_0$ are symmetric about this curve iff $ F \left( ...
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1answer
36 views

Convergence of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^z}$

Let us consider $z\in \mathbb C$; what is the condition on modulus of z in order that $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{1}{n^z}$$ the series (zeta function?) converges? For example, if $|z|=1$, the series ...
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0answers
32 views

My attempt to prove an inequality get stuck——————where do I go wrong?

Hi, there. Bellow is my attempt. I don't know if I have gone in the wrong way and I am stuck. My attempt: Using Green's representation formula, $u(y)=\int_{\partial \Omega}u \frac{\partial ...
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A problem on analytic function [duplicate]

Let $f(z)$ be analytic on $D=\{z\in\mathbb{C}:|z-1|<1\}$ such that $f(1)=1$. If $f(z)=f(z^2)$ for all $z\in D$, then which one of the following statements is not correct? (i) $f(z)=[f(z)]^2$ for ...
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22 views

Calculating the power series expansion about pi/2 of g(z)=tan[z/2]

Calculating the power series expansion about pi/2 of g(z)=tan[z/2]. Now calculate the expansion about 0. I'm having trouble doing this. I'm not even sure which is the best way to approach it, for ...
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1answer
26 views

Uniform convergence of the power series except at the point 1.

I couldn't solve the following problem from Lieb's Complex Analysis. Let $a_k$ be a decreasing sequence of real numbers that converge to $0$ and suppose that the radius of convergence of the series ...
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1answer
24 views

Orthogonal parameterization

Consider the function $$f(a,b,c,d):=\frac{\left(a^*\right)^2b^2-\left(b^*\right)^2a^2+\left(c^*\right)^2d^2-\left(d^*\right)^2c^2}{a^*a+c^*c}$$ With complex parameters $a,b,c$ and $d$ Now find any ...
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48 views

Can this be expressed by a contour integral?

Let $f(z)$ be a real entire function of the form $f(z) = a_1 z + a_2 z^2 + ...$ such that $0 < a_{n+1} < a_n$. Consider $g(x) = f^{-1}(f(x)-f(x-1))$ where $x$ is a positive real and $f^{-1}$ ...
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36 views

Calculate integral of $\ln(z)$ using the residue theorem

Please is it possible to calculate $\int_{C(0,1)}\ln(z)\,dz$ using the residue theorem? Thank you for your help.
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21 views

What does it mean to have an irrational/imaginary exponent and is there a way to calculate the latter?

In exponentiation, we are told that raising something to an integral power (n, say) means multiplying it with itself a total of n times, if n is non-negative. And we also learn fairly early on that ...
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67 views

Can a Power Series tell when to stop?

The naive description of the radius of convergence of a complex power series is as the largest radius so that the ball avoids poles and branch cuts. This makes sense in a world where analytic ...
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1answer
34 views

A holomorphic function with non-vanishing derivative

I really want to understadn the proof of the following theorem from Lieb's Complex Analysis: Let $f:U\rightarrow \mathbb{C} $ be a holomorphic function with non-vanishing derivative. Then: For ...
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3answers
30 views

Prove that $\phi(x,y)=e^{u(x,y)}cos(v(x,y))$ is harmonic

Suppose that $u,v$ are harmonic functions on doman $D$, and they are harmonic conjugate. Prove that function $\phi(x,y)=e^{u(x,y)}cos(v(x,y))$ is harmonic on $D$. What I've done was to take the ...
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35 views

Prove $U$ is subharmonic?

My attempt: Integration by parts says $\int u \triangle \varphi=\int\triangle u \varphi$. We know the left hand side is always $\ge 0$, and hence $\int\triangle u \varphi \ge 0$, since $\varphi \ge ...
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20 views

Determine f(z) by evaluating the sum

Determine an explicit expression for $f(z)$ by determining the sum of the series $f(z) = \sum_{n = 1}^\infty \frac{1}{n}$ $\cdot (\frac{z}{z-1})^n$ where $z\ne 1$ Yeah... I really don't know where ...
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19 views

conformal map of a portion of unit disk onto upper half plane

How do we construct a conformal map from $\{z=x+iy,x>1/2,|x+iy|<1\}$ onto the upper half plane? My idea is first create a sector sending one of the two intersection points to infinity.Any help ...
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2answers
41 views

$\tan(z)$ with residue theorem

Calculate $$\oint_{|z|=2}\tan(z)\,dz$$ because $\tan(z)=\dfrac{\sin(z)}{\cos(z)}$ the poles are when $\cos(z)=0$ at $z=\pm\pi/2\pm n\pi, \;n\in\mathbb{Z}$ Poles inside $|z|=2$ are $\pm\pi/2$ and ...