For questions regarding the structure and properties of compact manifolds.

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12
votes
1answer
100 views

If the connected sum of a manifold $M$ with itself gives back $M$, does it imply $M$ is a sphere?

Let $M$ be a compact, connected, oriented $n$-dimensional manifold without boundary. Suppose that $M\#M\cong M$. Does it imply that $M \cong S^n$? Sorry if this is a naive question. This is not my ...
10
votes
0answers
630 views

Homology of a compact manifold is finitely generated [duplicate]

Perhaps this is obvious and I am overlooking something, but why are the homology groups of compact manifolds finitely generated?
8
votes
0answers
245 views

Showing L infinity norm bounded by L2 norm on a manifold

I have the following problem that I'm working on: Suppose $(M, g_{ij})$ is a compact Riemannian manifold. Assume $u$ is a smooth, nonnegative function which satisfies the differential inequality ...
7
votes
2answers
304 views

Dimension of de Rham Cohomology groups?

Is there a simple way to prove that the de Rham cohomology groups of a compact manifold $M$ have finite dimension as $\mathbb{R}$-vector spaces?
6
votes
2answers
404 views

Finitely generated singular homology

Let G be a finitely generated abelian group and M a compact manifold, I want to prove that $H_r(M,G)$ is finitely generated for $r\ge 0 $. First I was thinking if I could do induction over $r$ ...
6
votes
1answer
357 views

Uniformization Theorem for compact surface

Why in proof of proposition 6 of http://arxiv.org/abs/0909.1665, they claim that if a embedded surfaces $\Sigma^2 \subset (M^3,g)$ is homeomorphic to $\mathbb{RP}^2$, where $M$ is compact manifold, ...
5
votes
3answers
326 views

Examples of manifolds that are not boundaries

What are some examples of manifolds that do not have boundaries and are not boundaries of higher dimensional manifolds? Is any $n$-dimensional closed manifold a boundary of some $(n+1)$-dimensional ...
5
votes
2answers
219 views

How to Show Cotangent Bundles Are Not Compact Manifolds?

Hamiltonian mechanics occurs in a sympletic manifold called phase space. Lagrangian mechanics take place in the tangent bundle of the configuration manifold. Using Legendre transform makes possible ...
5
votes
4answers
211 views

Is $[0,1]$ a 1-manifold?

Is $[0,1]$ a 1-manifold? I would say no because at either endpoint the open sets containing it aren't homeomorphic to a 1-ball in $\mathbb R^1$.
4
votes
2answers
178 views

Why spheres are not symplectic manifolds?

Reading some books on diferential geometry, a found that $S^{2n}$ (with $ n>1$) are not symplectic manifolds. They say it's because the de Rham cohomology of this spheres are R, but I do not ...
4
votes
2answers
157 views

Is the additive group of real numbers (R,+) compact?

I have a very naive question about basic topology. My goal is to determine the conditions on a vector field in order for its flow to define a proper (R,+)-action. I understand that if the group G is ...
4
votes
4answers
174 views

1-manifold is orientable

I am trying to classify all compact 1-manifolds. I believe I can do it once I can show every 1-manifold is orientable. I have tried to show prove this a bunch of ways, but I can't get anywhere. ...
4
votes
2answers
87 views

Do there exist cancellable manifolds?

I do not know whether there exists a terminology for that property, but let us say that a closed manifold $C$ is cancellable if for every closed manifolds $M_1$ and $M_2$, $C \times M_1$ and $C \times ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

Moving a compact submanifold off of another submanifold?

This is an intuitive idea that I see referenced a lot. Consider the following situation. Let $M$ and $N$ be submanifolds, $M$ compact, in some larger manifold $X$. Suppose also that ...
4
votes
1answer
335 views

Schrödinger Kernels on manifolds

Let $M$ be a compact Riemannian manifold and $\Delta$ be the Laplace-Beltrami operator. It is well-known that the solution operator to the heat equation $e^{t \Delta}$ is smoothing for $t>0$ and ...
4
votes
1answer
102 views

Showing that $\mathbb S^1$ is a deformation retract of the Mobius strip, rigorously.

Intuitively, I can see why this is. I've found a few threads about this, but they only provide, for example, a deformation retraction of $I \times I$ to its diagonal $D = \{ (x,x) \in I \times I \}$, ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Finitely Many genus-g Quotients of Compact Riemann Surface

I hear there is a semi-famous theorem from my advisor, but he didn't know the name and I was unable to find it online. Does anybody know of the following? Let $S$ be a compact Riemann surface. Then ...
4
votes
2answers
213 views

Integrals of Pullbacks

This is a problem from Guillemin's Differential Topology: Suppose that $f_0, f_1: X \to Y$ are homotopic maps and that the compact boundaryless manifold $X$ has dimension $k$. Prove that for all ...
4
votes
0answers
66 views

Map of smooth manifolds

Let $M$ and $N$ be smooth, connected $n$-dimensional manifolds. Let $M$ be compact and non-empty. Show that every embedding $f: M \to N$ is a diffeomorphism. So because $f$ is a embedding we have ...
4
votes
2answers
252 views

What is group manifold of a compact Lie Group?

I searched on google the meaning of a group manifold of a compact lie group but I didn't get the answer. A paper on arxiv "Background Independent Quantum Gravity:A Status Report- Abhay Ashtekar" on ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Approach topological manifolds with smooth manifolds

Because I'm doing some problems that consider all the manifolds while the situation is really clear when considering only smooth manifolds. Thus my question is can we always appoint a topological ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Algebraic surface as a smooth manifold

Let $S$ be the set of points $x=(x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_9)\in \mathbb{R}^9$ which satisfy the following conditions: $$x_1^{2}+x_2^{2}+x_3^{2}=x_4^{2}+x_5^{2}+x_6^{2}=x_7^{2}+x_8^{2}+x_9^{2}=1$$ ...
3
votes
1answer
26 views

Why is it impossible for a compact connected non-orientable $n$-manifold to be the suspension of some connected based space?

Suppose $M$ is a compact $n$-manifold (without boundary) that equals the reduced suspension $\Sigma Y$ of a connected based space $Y$. Why must $M$ be orientable? I am aware that cup products vanish ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

A literature reference for Sobolev mappings $W^{m,p}(M,N)$ for M, N smooth Riemannian manifolds

Anyone know a respectable reliable reference for the definition of Sobolev mappings $W^{m,p}(M,N)$ for M, N smooth compact Riemannian manifolds. It suffices for m natural and $p\geq 1$
3
votes
1answer
44 views

Volumes of hyperbolic manifolds

In a talk I attended the speaker said that the volume of a closed hyperbolic manifold is a topological invariant. Are known volumes rational? Irrational? Transcendental?
3
votes
2answers
449 views

A non orientable closed surface cannot be embedded into $\mathbb{R}^3$

Can someone please remind me how this goes? Here's the idea of proof I'm trying to recall: let $S$ be a closed surface (connected, compact, without boundary) embedded in $\mathbb{R}^3$. Then one can ...
3
votes
1answer
142 views

Prove that there are no convex functions on compact manifolds

This one seems intuitively obvious to me but I don't know how to prove it. Suppose you have a compact manifold $M$ with a function $f$ defined on it. Given two points $x$ and $y$ on the manifold, ...
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Momentum is quantised in compact spaces?

Background One of the first examples given when studying quantum mechanics is the particle on a cylinder, or particle on a ring. One finds that because of the periodic boundary conditions, ...
3
votes
1answer
185 views

Proof that a map from an orientable surface to a non-orientable surface has even degree.

For a smooth map $f:M\to N$ from an orientable closed surface $M$ to a non-orientable closed surface $N$, we define its parity (also called modulo 2 degree, and denoted $\deg_2(f)$) as the parity of ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Measurability of points regular

I'm reviewing the proof of the theorem of oseledet the book Mañe: Let $M$ a compact metric space and $f:M \rightarrow M$ a homeomorphism, $\pi: F \rightarrow M$ a finite-dimensional continuos vector ...
2
votes
1answer
30 views

How can uncountably many closed smooth 4-manifolds be presented by an essentially countable alphabet (Kirby diagrams)?

A smooth, closed 4-manifold admits a handle decomposition which is specified completely by its Kirby diagram. A Kirby diagram, up to isotopy, can be seen as a labelled morphism in the tangle category. ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

a theorem in topology

Is there anyone know there is a theorem in topology which states that a compact manifold "parallelizable" with N smooth independent vector fields. must be an N-torus? and why the vector field here is ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Equivalent definitions of Euler characteristic for closed manifolds

It is well-known that the Euler characteristic of a closed manifold $M^n$, which can be defined as $\chi(M)=\sum_{k=0}^n (-1)^k \operatorname{dim}H^k(M)$, equals the intersection number ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Why can an orientation on $X$ be written as a sum of cycles on this open cover?

I'm reading a proof of the following theorem Let $X$ and $Y$ be compact connected oriented $n$-manifolds, and let $f:X\to Y$ be continuous. Let $y\in Y$, and assume that $f^{-1}(y)$ is finite. ...
2
votes
1answer
152 views

Every compact orientable surface with $S^1\times\{0\}$ as its boundary intersects the $z$-axis

Let $M$ be a compact orientable surface (manifold in $\mathbb R^3$) with boundary $S^1\times\{0\}$.Show that $M$ intersects the $z$-axis. Some ideas: $1)$Since $M$ is a compact orientable manifold ...
2
votes
0answers
34 views

A very general question about blow-up for experienced symplectic topologists and algebraic geometers

I am trying to understand the process of symplectic blow-up of compact symplectic manifolds $M^{2n}$ along compact symplectic submanifolds $X$ on a deeper level, and I am also searching for relevant ...
2
votes
0answers
80 views

Is log-general type an intrinsic property of a variety

Let $X$ be a smooth quasi-projective variety over $\mathbb C$. Let us say that $X$ is of log-general type if for some choice of smooth compactification $\bar X$ with normal crossings boundary divisor ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

orientation of symplectic manifold and lagrangian submanifolds

A statement: The self-intersection index of lagrangian submanifold $M \subset X$ is equal to Euler characteristic $\chi(M)$. How I should oriented $X$? Let's consider some example. The null-section ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Standards in P.L. Topology

About a week ago, the reading course on PL topology I'm going to follow started. The aim of the reading course is to understand the basics of PL topology and have a reasonable to good understanding of ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Einstein manifolds and topology

Given a Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ with Ricci tensor $ R_{mn} = k g_{mn} $. Suppose the Ricci scalar you get is $$ R > 0 $$ What can you tell about the manifold $globally$ ? In particular, can ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Can a product of a Stein manifold and a compact manifold be again Stein?

A Stein manifold is a manifold which is holomorphically separable and convex. It is well known that a product of two holomorphically convex (resp. Stein) manifolds is again holomorphically convex ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Isogenies and dimensions

Let $f: \mathbb{C}^g/L\to\mathbb{C}^{g'}/L'$ be an isogeny of complex tori, i.e. a surjective Lie group morphism with finite kernel. Is it obvious that $g\ge g'$ ? It is easy to show that $f$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Pullback of support of differential form

Let $f:X \to Y$ be a diffeomorphism between smooth complex compact manifolds. Let $\omega$ be a differential form on $Y$. It is true that the support of $f^*\omega$ is equal to $f^{-1}$ of the support ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Is the submanifold compact?

Let $M$ be the following subsets of $\mathbb R^4$:$$M= \{(x,y,z,w), 2x^2+2=z^2+w^2, 3x^2+y^2=z^2+w^2 \}$$ we know $M$ is a submanifold of $\mathbb R^4$, is $M$ compact?
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Is $VV^T + D$ a submanifold?

If the positive definite matrix P forms a manifold, is that the subset that {P: P = V V^T + D} where V is a low rank matrix and D is a positive definite matrix a sub-manifold? This idea is ...
1
vote
1answer
66 views

set of immersions on a manifold is an open set in the set of all mappings to $\mathbb{R}^{2m+1}$

I'm studying a proof of Takens' Delay Embedding Theorem. A key fact used is that the set of immersions is open in the set of all mappings (mappings from an $m$-dimensional manifold M to ...
1
vote
2answers
48 views

Every open set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is the increasing union of compact sets. [closed]

$X= \bigcup K_m$, where $K_m$ is a increasing sequence of compact sets and $X$ is the open set.
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Why is the sectional shape of a simply connected, oriented 4-manifold an isomorphism?

Let $M$ be a simply connected, compact and $\mathbb{Z}$-oriented 4-dimensional manifold. Let $\mu\in H_4(M;\mathbb{Z})$ be a fundamental class of $M$ (here is $H_4(M;\mathbb{Z})$ the singular homology ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

Is the orbit map for a group action closed in this case?

Suppose a compact Lie group $G$ acts on a manifold $M$ and let $\pi : M \rightarrow M/G$ be the orbit map. Can I say that $\pi$ is closed map? If $C \subseteq M$ is a closed set in $M$ then I only ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Topology of Manifolds and Kunneth fomula by Griffiths Harris

Reading Griffiths-Harris, at page 56 I find some parts that I can't understand. 1) After having proved the Poincaré Duality Theorem, Griffiths and Harris proceed to prove a weaker result, that's to ...