Questions about commutative rings, their ideals, and their modules.

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331
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16k views

A short proof for $\dim(R[T])=\dim(R)+1$?

If $R$ is a commutative ring, it is easy to prove $\dim(R[T]) \geq \dim(R)+1$. For noetherian $R$, we have equality. Every proof I'm aware of uses quite a bit of commutative algebra and non-trivial ...
188
votes
0answers
7k views

The Ring Game on $K[x,y,z]$

I recently read about the Ring Game on MathOverflow, and have been trying to determine winning strategies for each player on various rings. The game has two players and begins with a commutative ...
38
votes
0answers
991 views

What is the Picard group of $z^3=y(y^2-x^2)(x-1)$?

I'm actually doing much more with this affine surface than just looking for the Picard group. I have already proved many things about this surface, and have many more things to look at it, but the ...
28
votes
0answers
496 views

Classification of local Artin (commutative) rings which are finite over an algebraically closed field.

A result in deformation theory states that if every morphism $Y=\operatorname{Spec}(A)\rightarrow X$ where $A$ is a local Artin ring finite over $k$ can be extended to every $Y'\supset Y$ where $Y'$ ...
19
votes
0answers
423 views

Wanted: A purely algebraic proof of the Frobenius theorem on distributions

Is there a purely algebraic proof of the Frobenius theorem? Here's a rough sketch of what i'm looking for: Let $Der(R)$ denote the $R$-module of ($R$-valued) derivations of the algebra $R$ endowed ...
14
votes
0answers
170 views

checking that an element of a module is zero, point-wise

Let $M$ be a module over a commutative ring $R$. Let $s \in M$ be an element such that for any $x \in \mathrm{Spec}\,R$, the image of $s$ in $M \otimes \kappa(x)$ is 0 (where $\kappa(x)$ is the ...
13
votes
0answers
248 views

Non-reflexive module isomorphic to its double dual

Could you give me an example of a non-reflexive module isomorphic to its double dual? I found an example here but I cannot understand it, do you have any simpler examples? By this question we ...
13
votes
0answers
157 views

On the order of $\mathbb{Z}[X]/(f,g)$ and the resultant $R(f,g)$.

I suspect that $\#\mathbb{Z}[X]/(f,g)=|R(f,g)|$ holds for any two non-constant polynomials $f,g\in\mathbb{Z}[X]$, where $R(f,g)$ is the resultant of $f$ and $g$. I am however unable to prove it. I'd ...
12
votes
0answers
197 views

Ideals in $C[0,1]$ which are not finitely generated (From Atiyah- Macdonald )

I'm trying to solve the following problem from Atiyah-Macdonald: Is the ring of continuous function on $[0,1]$ is Noetherian ? Certainly not, here are two non terminating ascending chain of ...
12
votes
0answers
153 views

Intuitive/geometric way of thinking about effective divisors?

What is the motivation/intuition/geometric way of thinking about an effective divisor? I know that a divisor is effective if all its coefficients are non-negative. We write $D \ge 0$ for effective ...
12
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0answers
155 views

How to name these “ideals”?

Background. Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a symmetric monoidal category with unit $\mathbf{1}$. A subobject of $\mathbf{1}$ is just a monomorphism $I \to \mathbf{1}$. We may also call this an ideal of $\mathbf{...
11
votes
0answers
134 views

Study of rings of the form $R+I$

In my life I saw lots of ways of constructing rings: polynomial rings, quotient rings, localizations, endomorphism rings, rings of fractions, integral closure of a ring, center of a ring, etc... These ...
10
votes
0answers
142 views

When is a polynomial contained in the ideal generated by its partial derivatives?

Let $R = k[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be a multivariate polynomial ring over a field $k$ of characteristic zero, and let $f\in R$. Is there an easy-to-test necessary and sufficient condition on $f$ such that ...
10
votes
0answers
179 views

Strong Nullstellensatz without the Rabinowitsch trick

All the textbooks I've seen prove the Strong Nullstellensatz from the Weak Nullstellensatz using the Rabinowitsch trick. How did they prove the Strong Nullstellensatz before the Rabinowitsch trick ...
10
votes
0answers
119 views

Abelian category induced by commutative ring

If $R$ is any ring, then ${}_R \mathsf{Mod}$ is an abelian category. We cannot detect commutativity of $R$ from ${}_R \mathsf{Mod}$, since for example $R$ and the matrix ring $M_n(R)$ are always ...
10
votes
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341 views

In which commutative algebras does any derivation possess a flow?

Suppose $A$ is a commutative algebra over $\mathbb{R}$ with unity. $\mathbb{R}$-linear map $\xi\colon A\to A$ is a derivation of $A$ iff $\xi(ab)=a\xi(b)+\xi(a)b$ for any $a,b\in A$. If $\gamma\colon \...
9
votes
0answers
105 views

Finding irreducible components of Spec$(R/I^n)$

Let $R= k[x,y,z]/(xy,yz,zx)$. Let $I=(x)$. What are the irreducible components of $\mathrm{Spec}(R/I^n)$ where $n \geq 2$ and $k$ is a field? For solving this problem I'm trying to use following ...
9
votes
0answers
181 views

Tensoring is thought as both restricting and extending?

I hope these questions are not too trivial. Let $I$ be an ideal in $R$. Write $I'\subseteq R[t]$. Then the notion of tensoring $$ (R[t]/I')\otimes_{\,\mathbb{C}[t]} \mathbb{C}[t]/\langle t-c \...
9
votes
0answers
428 views

Trivial intersection of algebraic sets?

The question came up while reading a bit more into the Hilbert-Zariski theorem I asked about the other week. Suppose $V$ is an algebraic variety over arbitrary field $k$. (For this situation, I'll ...
8
votes
0answers
47 views

Is torsion of a topological module closed?

I was asking to myself the following question. Consider a $p$-adically complete and separated topological algebra $R$ over $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$. As $\mathbb{Z}_{p}$ is a domain, we know that the $\mathbb{...
8
votes
0answers
82 views

Looking for a special class of ideals such that If every ascending chain of ideals from this class stabilizes, then $R$ is a Noetherian ring.

A commutative ring $R$ is called Noetherian if any one of the following holds: $1.$ Every ascending chain of ideals in $R$ stabilizes, that is, $$ I_1\subseteq I_2\subseteq I_3\subseteq\cdots $$ ...
8
votes
0answers
175 views

Question about definition of $\mathrm{Ext}$

One can define $\mathrm{Ext}^n(M,N)$ (where $M,N$ are $R$-modules) in two ways, either by taking an injective resolution of $N$ and applying $\mathrm{Hom}(M,-)$or by taking a projective resolution and ...
7
votes
0answers
77 views

$\mathbb C[X_1, \ldots, X_n]$ is a free module over $\mathbb C[X_1, \ldots, X_n]^G$

Let $G$ be finite subgroup of $GL_n( \mathbb C )$. Let $\mathbb C[X_1, \ldots, X_n]^G$ be the set of all G-invariant polynomials of $\mathbb C[X_1, \ldots, X_n]$. Is there any rule by which we can ...
7
votes
0answers
87 views

Geometric intuition for coherent rings, modules, and sheaves

Throughout, all rings are commutative. Definition 1. A ring $R$ is coherent if the solutions $\mathbf x=(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ to a linear equation $\mathbf{rx}=0$ are a finitely generated $R$-submodule of ...
7
votes
0answers
146 views

Which of the algebra isomorphisms hold?

Fix $m, n \ge 1$. Which of the algebra isomorphisms below hold? $k\langle t_1, \dots, t_m\rangle \otimes_k k\langle s_1, \dots, s_n\rangle \cong k\langle t_1, \dots, t_m, s_1, \dots, s_n\rangle$ $k[ ...
7
votes
0answers
96 views

A Geometric Description of Injective Modules

I've found that when studying commutative algebra, thinking of things in terms of their algebro-geometric interpretation helps them stick as well as motivates otherwise odd and abstract concepts. (...
7
votes
0answers
130 views

What is the group structure on the ring of power series around a point that makes it “the completion of an elliptic curve” along that point?

I've been struggling to understand the explicit details of the completion of an elliptic curve about the origin, and am desperately confused by the explicit details of the resulting group operation. ...
7
votes
0answers
95 views

What is the “projective limit” of a polynomial?

Bayer and Mumford, What can be computed in algebraic geometry, reads (in part): Let $S = k[x_0, \ldots, x_n]$ be the homogeneous coordinate ring of $\mathbb{P}^n$. [. . .] Choose a one-...
7
votes
0answers
105 views

Geometric statement of Prime Avoidance?

The Prime Avoidance Theorem is very clean to state in algebraic terms: Let $I \subset R$ be an ideal (with $R$ noetherian) and $I \subseteq \bigcup_{i=1}^r P_i$, where each $P_i$ is prime. Then $I ...
7
votes
0answers
167 views

Check whether a polynomial ideal is prime in the power series ring

I would like to know whether the ideal $I = \langle y^{2}(y^{2}-x^{2}) + w^{7}, y^{2}(y^{4}-x^{4}) + z^{7}\rangle$ is prime in $\mathbb{C}[[x,y,z,w]]$, the ring of formal power series in the ...
7
votes
0answers
113 views

Computing Hodge numbers of a complete intersection

The situation is this: I have a 5-dimensional irreducible projective variety $Y$ embedded in $\mathbb P^{13}$. This variety is singular, the singularities being a disjoint union of two curves. I have ...
7
votes
0answers
198 views

Module of Kähler differentials for a formal power series ring

Let $A$ be a ring and $A[[T]]$ the formal power series over $A$. Then, one can show that $\Omega^1_{A[[T]]/A}$ is not finitely generated over $A[[t]]$. Now, in $\Omega^1_{A[[T]]/A}$ I am trying to ...
7
votes
0answers
160 views

Help requested to understand the abstract cotangent complex construction

I am trying to thoroughly understand one way of constructing of the cotangent complex (I am using here the Lichtenbaum's way) The first question I have is about the definition of an extension of ...
7
votes
0answers
487 views

Regular Noetherian local rings are integral domains - questions about the proof

I am reading a proof that if $(A,\mathfrak m)$ is a regular local ring, then $A$ is an integral domain. I put the major questions I'm worried about in bold, but there are a lot of little things I'm ...
7
votes
0answers
214 views

Divisor class group of an affine surface

In this topic the OP considers the following surface: $X=\mathcal{Z}(z^3-y(y^2-x^2)(x-1))$. (The field it's not explicitely mentioned, but for geometric reasons this can be algebraically closed.) He ...
7
votes
0answers
668 views

A problem about the twisted cubic

I have some difficulty with the following problem: Let $f : k → k^3$ be the map which associates $(t, t^2, t^3)$ to $t$ and let $C$ be the image of $f$ (the twisted cubic). Show that $C$ is an ...
6
votes
0answers
140 views

An example of prime ideal $P$ in an integral domain such that $\bigcap_{n=1}^{\infty}P^n$ is not prime

I am looking for an example of prime ideal $P$ in an integral domain such that the ideal $\bigcap_{n=1}^{\infty}P^n$ is not a prime ideal. This is a followup to this question where the ring was not ...
6
votes
0answers
71 views

Finding equations for projective curves, low genus, Riemann-Roch.

Let $C \subset \mathbb{CP}^n$ be a nonsingular projective curve, and let $L \subset \mathbb{CP}^n$ be a hyperplane. We have that $L \cdot C$ is a divisor $H$ on $C$ if $C \subset L$. Let $R = \...
6
votes
0answers
121 views

What about $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathbf{Q})$?

I've heard a lot about $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathbf{Q})$ (see for example Minhyong Kim's answer here), but $\mathbf{Q}$ is a field. So isn't $\mathrm{Spec}(\mathbf{Q})$ trivial? What's the point of studying ...
6
votes
0answers
64 views

$E \to S$ surjective in degrees $\geq 1$ implies $\widetilde{E} \to \widetilde{S}$ surjective

In the proof of Theorem II.8.13 in Hartshorne (which is the Euler sequence), the author writes: Let $S = A[x_0, \ldots, x_n]$. [...] The exact sequence $$0 \to M \to E \to S$$ of graded $S$-...
6
votes
0answers
178 views

Andre-Quillen Homology of the cuspidal curve $k[x,y]/(x^2 - y^3)$

I was wondering if I am in the right track here. Let $A := k[x,y]/(x^2 - y^3)$, the cuspidal curve. Obviously this isn't etale or smooth over $k$ so its cotangent complex is not contractible. Now, I ...
6
votes
0answers
106 views

Functorial approach to Ideals and Quotients, Multiplicative Sets and Localizations

I have been playing with substructures of commutative rings today and noticed that there is a strong analogy between the formation of quotients and kernels with the formation of localizations with ...
6
votes
0answers
136 views

The automorphism group of a toric variety

Let $X$ be a projective toric variety (assume nonsingular, if it helps). Is there a nice description of its automorphism group $\operatorname{Aut}(X)$? I can see that for $\mathbb P^n$ it is $\...
6
votes
0answers
97 views

For this morphism of integral schemes $X\to Y$, if $X$ is geometrically reduced (irreducible) then is $Y$ also geometrically reduced (irreducible)?

Let $k$ be an arbitrary field. Suppose that $C/k$ is an integral curve which is birationally equivalent to a projective line. Is it true that $C$ is geometrically reduced and irreducible? This is of ...
6
votes
0answers
89 views

What are some important examples of differential objects that aren't naturally graded?

[By a "differential object" I mean an object $A$ in some abelian category $\mathcal{A}$ together with a morphism $d : A \to A$ such that $d \circ d = 0$. By a "differential module" I mean a ...
6
votes
0answers
160 views

Question about the nullstellensatz for projective schemes

Assume that $ G $ is a graded ring. Assume that $A$ is a relevant homogeneous ideal (that is, it does not contain the irrelevant ideal $ \oplus_{n > 0}G_n$). I am having trouble proving the ...
6
votes
0answers
224 views

Description of $\mathrm{Ext}^1(R/I,R/J)$

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with unit and $I$ and $J$ are nonzero ideals of $R$. Do we have a nice description for $\mathrm{Ext}^1_R(R/I,R/J)$? What do I mean by a nice description? For example $$\...
6
votes
0answers
209 views

Punctured plane algebraic over a finite field?

I've been asked to prove, by my algebraic geometry teacher, that the punctured affine plane $\mathbb{A}_k^2 \backslash \{0,0\}$ is not an algebraic set, i.e. is not the zero set of any set of ...
6
votes
0answers
438 views

Rational quartic curve in $\mathbb P^3$

By using similar arguments to the ones from my answer to this question, I can prove that the homogeneous coordinate ring of the rational quartic curve in $\mathbb P^3$, that is, $$R = K[x_1, x_2, x_3, ...
6
votes
0answers
182 views

The geometric interpretation of Gorenstein local ring

Many local rings have geometric interpretations. Cohen–Macaulay rings correspond to equi-dimensionality, and regular local rings correspond to non-singularity, but what is a geometric interpretation ...