Questions about commutative rings, their ideals, and their modules.

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If a proper ideal contains some power of a maximal ideal then the maximal ideal is the only prime ideal that contains the ideal.

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with $1$ and $\mathfrak{m}\subset R$ be a maximal ideal. Show that if $I\subset R$ is a proper ideal containing $\mathfrak{m}^n$ for some $n\geq 1$, then $\mathfrak{m}$ ...
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1answer
51 views

Use of Zorn's Lemma in showing nilradical equals intersection of primes

I'm very confused as to the use of Zorn's lemma in showing that the nilradical of a ring is the intersection of all the prime ideals. Namely, we let $a \notin N$, where $N$ is the nilradical. Then we ...
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0answers
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Reid, Undergraduate Commutative Algebra, Exercise 0.23

Let f $\in$ A; if f is reducible then the principal ideal (f) is contained in a bigger principal ideal (f$_1$). Consider the following conditions on a ring A. (a) A is a UFD; (b) every incresing ...
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0answers
52 views

Proof that $\mathbb{Z}[\sqrt{-5}]$ is integrally closed

There are demonstrations on the Internet saying that the polynomial $$\left(x-\frac{a}{c}-\frac{b}{d}\sqrt{-5}\right)\left(x-\frac{a}{c}+\frac{b}{d}\sqrt{-5}\right)$$ is monic if and only if ...
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1answer
33 views

an apparent contradiction regarding the local ring at a point

I have encountered an apparent contradiction: Let $Y$ be an affine variety of $\mathbb{A}^n$ and $P$ a point of $Y$. Then i have proved that $\mathcal{O}_P$ is an integral domain and it is also not an ...
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1answer
43 views

Localization of a direct product

Is the localization of a direct product of two rings at a maximal (or prime) ideal identified with a localization of one of them? I would appreciate for any detailed answer.
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41 views

Grade of maximal ideals in polynomial rings over Artinian local rings

If $R$ is a commutative Artinian ring it is well-known that $R$ is Cohen-Macaulay. Also, if $S$ is a Cohen-Macaulay ring, then any polynomial ring $S[X_1,\dots,X_n]$ is so. Now if $R$ is a commutative ...
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2answers
67 views

Can $R[[x]]$ contain constants?

Consider the ring $R[[x]]$ of formal power series $\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n$ with coefficients in $R$. I was wondering whether $R[[x]]$ contains elements of $R$ (polynomials of degree $0$). I'm ...
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61 views

Is $R[X]/(f)$ Cohen-Macaulay if $R$ is so?

Let $R$ be a commutative (Noetherian) Cohen-Macaulay ring, and $f \in R[X]$ be monic. I guess that $R[X]/(f)$ is also Cohen-Macaulay. Is my hunch valid? Thanks for any help.
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101 views

Flat base change preserves the property of being non-degenerate

We say a homomorphism $f:A\rightarrow B$ of noetherian rings is non-degenerate if the induced map $f^*:{\rm Spec}(B) \rightarrow {\rm Spec}(A)$ maps ${\rm Ass}(B)$ into ${\rm Ass}(A)$. Let $f:A ...
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1answer
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Let $A= \mathbb{Z}[x]$ and $ m=(2,x)$. Find the Krull dimension of $A_m$.

Let $A=\mathbb{Z}[x]$ and $m=(2,x)$. $1$. Then what is the Krull dimension of $A_m$? $2$. If $B=A_m/(x^2-125)$ what is the Krull dimension of $ B $? Any suggestions?
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1answer
38 views

About weakly associated primes

Let $A$ be a commutative ring, and $M$ an $A$-module. A prime ideal $\mathfrak{p}\subset A$ is said to be weakly associated to $M$ if it is minimal over some $\operatorname{ann}m$, where $m\in M$. I ...
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1answer
93 views

The family of schemes $\operatorname{Spec} A[x]/(x^n)$

Consider the family $S_n:=\operatorname{Spec} A[x]/(x^n)$ of schemes, $A$ denoting any ring (which in our subject always means commutative and with identity). Is there some intuitive picture for ...
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0answers
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Why is $A/I^n A \cong \hat{A}/I^n \hat{A}$?

Let $A$ be a commutative ring, $I \subset A$ a finitely generated ideal. Define $\hat{A} := \varprojlim A/I^n$. What is the best way to proof that $A/I^nA \cong \hat{A}/I^n \hat{A}$ for all $n$?
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Question related to integrality of field of fractions

This is actually not a problem, but it's a statement which is taken for granted and I don't know how to prove it. Hope some one can help me. I really appreciate: Suppose $A$ is subring of ...
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2answers
80 views

A quotient of a Cohen-Macaulay ring

Let $S$ be a Cohen-Macaulay local ring, $I$ an ideal of $S$ and $R=S/I$. If we know that $I$ is generated by $\dim S-\dim R$ elements could we infer that $R$ is Cohen-Macaulay? Thanks in ...
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1answer
184 views

Algebraic proof of Ehrhart's theorem

Let $P \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be a $d$-dimensional polytope, where all vertices lie on integral coordinates, and let $L(P,n)$ denote the number of integral lattice points contained in the scaled ...
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2answers
46 views

ACC on principal ideals implies factorization into irreducibles. Does $R$ have to be a domain?

I am following an argument in chapter zero of Eisenbud's Commutative Algebra book. It is not clear whether or not he is assuming that $R$ is a domain. If I start the proof assuming $R$ is not ...
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0answers
40 views

Grade of an ideal greater than the projective dimension of quotient of another one

We know that the grade of an ideal $I$ in a Noetherian ring $R$ is the infimum of the set of all $i$ with $Ext^i(R/I,R)$ nonzero. Also, the projective dimension of an $R$-module $M$ is at most $s$ if ...
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1answer
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From a vector bundle to a Koszul complex

Let $k = \mathbb C$. Given a commutative $k$-algebra $A$, an $A$-module $M$ and a homomorphism of $A$-modules $s:M \to A$, we can construct the Koszul dg algebra. $$K(A,M,s) = \wedge^{-\!*}_A(M)$$ ...
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3answers
118 views

$S^{-1}A \cong A[x]/(1-ax)$ [duplicate]

If $A$ is a commutative ring with unit, $a \in A $ and $S = \lbrace a^n \mid n \geq 0 \rbrace $ then there is an isomorphism $$S^{-1}A \cong A[x]/(1-ax).$$ In fact we can consider the ...
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1answer
62 views

If $R/I$ satisfies Serre's condition $S_2$ then $R/(I,x)$ satisfies $S_1$

Let $I$ be an ideal of polynomial ring $R=K[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ and $x$ be a non-zero divisor of $R/I$. Is the following statement true? If $R/I$ satisfies Serre's condition $S_2$ then $R/(I,x)$ ...
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1answer
59 views

What is $\overline{\{ x \}}$ in Atiyah-Macdonald?

On pg. 13 of Atiyah-Macdonald's "Introduction to Commutative Algebra": 18.ii) Prove that $\overline{\{ x \}}=V(p_x)$ What is $\overline{\{ x \}}$? Is it the closure of prime ideal $x$? I assumed ...
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2answers
72 views

Noetherian Jacobson rings

One of the equivalent forms in definition of a Noetherian Jacobson ring $R$ is that $R$ has no prime ideals $P$ such that $R/P$ is a 1-dimensional semi-local ring. When $R/P$ has dimension 1, it ...
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1answer
40 views

Rings of algebraic integers

A basic question on algebraic numbers. If $L/K$ is a finite extension of number fields with respective rings of integers $\mathcal O_L$ and $\mathcal O_K$ then is it true that $\mathcal O_L$ is ...
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1answer
93 views

Morphism of rings and localization

Let $ \varphi : A \to B $ be a morphism of rings. Why are the two following assertions equivalent: $ 1) $ There exists a multiplicative subset $ S $ of the ring $ A $, and an ideal $ I $ of $ A $, ...
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1answer
77 views

what are the “points” of the scheme $\mathbb{Z}_8[x] /(x^2 + 7)$

I noticed modulo 8 the quadratic $x^2 + 7$ is zero for four separate values $x = 1,3,5,7 \in \mathbb{Z}_8$. The number of zeros exceeds the degree. I would like to define the "variety" ...
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1answer
48 views

A local PID is a Euclidean domain

Studying commutative algebra I've encountered this statement: A PID which is also a local ring is a Euclidean domain. Is it true ? Why ?
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1answer
40 views

A condition for a homogeneous ideal to be prime

The following is the problem 11 of Chaper 8 Section 4 of Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms by Cox, Little and O'Shea. A homogeneous ideal is said to be prime if it is prime as an ideal in ...
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1answer
48 views

Commutative ring can be homomorphically mapped onto field

During my algebra lecture, my lecturer used the fact that any commutative ring can be homomorphically mapped onto a field. Is the statement true? How to show that? Thanks
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2answers
82 views

Why is $ \mathrm{Frac} ( A / \mathfrak{p} ) = A_{\mathfrak{p}} / \mathfrak{p} A_{\mathfrak{p}} $? [duplicate]

$ A $ is a commutative ring, $ \mathfrak{p} \in \mathrm{Spec} A $, $ A_{\mathfrak{p}} = ( A \backslash \mathfrak{p} )^{-1} A $, $ \mathrm{Frac} ( A / \mathfrak{p} )$ is the field of fractions of $ A / ...
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0answers
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$M_{\mathfrak{p}} \otimes_{R_{\mathfrak{p}}} N_{\mathfrak{p}} = 0$ implies $M_{\mathfrak{p}} = 0$ or $N_{\mathfrak{p}} = 0$ [duplicate]

Studying commutative algebra I've found this statement: If $M$ and $N$ are finitely generated $R$-modules, with $R$ a commutative ring, and $\mathfrak{p} \subset R $ is a prime ideal, then ...
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1answer
51 views

Computing a regular sequence of generators for an ideal

Let $R = \mathbb{C}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$. Let $I$ be an ideal, and suppose we know a finite list of generators for $I$, say $I = \langle f_1,\ldots,f_k\rangle$. Is this information enough to compute a ...
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0answers
44 views

Finitely generated idempotent ideal must be generated by an idempotent [duplicate]

Let $A$ be a commutative but not necessarily unital ring. How can we show that a finitely-generated ideal $I$ of a ring $A$ satisfying $I=I^2$ is generated by an idempotent element?
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1answer
70 views

Let I, J ideals. Are they equal?

Let $$I= \langle 11x^5y+7xy^6+9,8xy^4+6xy+9 \rangle$$ $$J= \langle 7x^5y^2+17x^2y^5+29,13xy^4+62xy^3+19 \rangle$$ ideals. Examine whether those two ideals are equal. By seeing their 3D plots I ...
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1answer
47 views

Noether normalization and surjectivity (revisited)

Let $Y$ be an affine variety of dimension $d$ inside the affine space $\mathbb{A}^n$. Then $A(Y) = k[x_1,\dots,x_n]/I_Y=:k[\bar{x}_1,\dots,\bar{x}_n]$. By the Noether normalization theorem, there ...
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1answer
101 views

(Co)homology of free symmetric algebra

Let $V$ be a (co)chain complex, and let $Sym(V)$ be the free differential graded-commutative algebra generated by $V$. Definition and examples below in case you don't know what I mean. Question: ...
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4answers
78 views

Maximal ideal in the ring of polynomials over $\mathbb Z$

Let $\mathbb Z[x]$ the ring of polynomials with integers coefficients in one variable and $I =\langle 5,x^2 + 2\rangle$, how can I prove that $I$ is maximal ideal. I tried first see that $5$ and ...
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1answer
40 views

Relation between faithfully flatness and map of $Spec$

I'm stuck on this exercise ( from Bosch ) : Let $\phi :R \to R' $ a flat ring morphism. Show that $\phi$ is faithfully flat if and only if the associated map $Spec(R') \to Spec(R)$ , ...
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1answer
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Canonical homomorphisms $R_{\mathfrak{p}_i} \to R/\mathfrak{p}_i^n$ are isomorphisms when $R$ is artinian

I'm doing this exercise (from the book of Bosch): Let $R$ be an Artinian ring and let $\mathfrak{p}_1, \ldots \mathfrak{p}_n $ be its (pairwise different) prime ideals. Show that: a) The ...
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1answer
42 views

Common equivalent conditions for Cohen-Macaulayness of a ring

I know the fact that a local ring $(R,m)$ with $\dim(R)=d$ is Cohen-Macaulay (C-M) if and only if any one of the following holds: 1) $\operatorname{grade}(m)=\operatorname{height}(m)$ 2) ...
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1answer
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Rings which are finitely generated and free over Cohen-Macaulay rings are also Cohen-Macaulay

Let $S$ be a Cohen-Macaulay (C-M) ring, and $R$ a ring containing $S$ such that as an $S$-module is finitely generated free. Could we deduce that $R$ is also C-M? I guess probably we could use ...
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166 views

Pseudo associated primes and short exact sequences

Let $A$ be a commutative ring, and $$0\rightarrow M'\rightarrow M\rightarrow M''\rightarrow0$$ a short exact sequence of $A$-modules. The following inclusion relation is well-known: ...
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5answers
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Show that $f^{-1}(\langle0\rangle)$ is not a maximal ideal of $\mathbb{Z}$.

Let $f\colon \mathbb{Z} \to \mathbb{Q}$ be a ring homomorphism. Show that $f^{-1}(\langle0\rangle)$ is not a maximal ideal of $\mathbb{Z}$.
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About second uniqueness primary decomposition theorem

I'm self-learning commutative algebra from Introduction To Commutative Algrebra of Atiyah and Macdonald and get frustrated about the second uniqueness primary decomposition theorem. I copy the theorem ...
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1answer
38 views

When a monomial ideal is primary

I know that a monomial ideal in $k[x_1, \ldots x_n]$ with $k$ a field is prime if and only if is of the following type $$I = (x_{i_1}, \ldots \ ,x_{i_k})$$ Is there a similar criterion to establish ...
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1answer
52 views

Height of finitely generated ideals in a catenary local ring

If $R$ is a noetherian local domain which is catenary, and $a_1,...,a_n$ are elements of the maximal ideal of $R$ with $\operatorname{height}(a_1,...,a_n)=n$, could we conclude that ...
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1answer
71 views

Primary decomposition of $I = (x^2, y^2, xy)$

I want to find a primary decomposition of the ideal $$ I = (x^2,y^2,xy) \subset k[x,y]$$ where $k$ is a field. How to proceed? Are there algorithms to find such decompositions? Where can I find ...
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1answer
91 views

Is the ring $ R = \{ f \in \mathbb{C}[x,y] \mid {\nabla f}(0,0) = (0,0) \} $ Noetherian?

Question: Is the ring $ R = \{ f \in \mathbb{C}[x,y] \mid {\nabla f}(0,0) = (0,0) \} $ Noetherian? I guess it isn’t Noetherian as I suspect that $$ (x y + y^{2}), \quad (x y + y^{2},x^{2} y + ...
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1answer
82 views

Finitely many prime ideals $\Rightarrow$ cartesian product of local rings

I'm stuck on this problem from Bosch, Algebraic geometry and commutative algebra: Let $R$ be a commutative ring containing only finitely many prime ideals and assume that a certain power of the ...