# Tagged Questions

This tag is for questions relating to cohomology groups and cochain complexes.

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### Direct proof that the wedge product preserves integral cohomology classes?

Let $H^k(M,\mathbb R)$ be the De Rham cohomology of a manifold $M$. There is a canonical map $H^k(M;\mathbb Z) \to H^k(M;\mathbb R)$ from the integral cohomology to the cohomology with coefficients ...
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### What is the solution to Nash's problem presented in “A Beautiful Mind”?

I was watching the said movie the other night, and I started thinking about the equation posed by Nash in the movie. More specifically, the one he said would take some students a lifetime to solve ...
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### Algebraic Topology Challenge: Homology of an Infinite Wedge of Spheres

So the following comes to me from an old algebraic topology final that got the best of me. I wasn't able to prove it due to a lack of technical confidence, and my topology has only deteriorated since ...
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### Gross-Zagier formulae outside of number theory

(Edit: I have asked this question on MO.) The Gross-Zagier formula and various variations of it form the starting point in most of the existing results towards the Birch and Swinnerton-Dyer ...
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### Cohomology of projective plane

How I can compute cohomology de Rham of the projective plane $P^{2}(\mathbb{R})$ using Mayer vietoris or any other methods?
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### Why is there “no analogue of $2i\pi$ in $\mathbf C_p$”?

In his paper Fonctions L p-adiques, Pierre Colmez says: Tate a montré qu'il n'existait pas dans $\mathbf C_p$ d'analogue $p$-adique de $2i \pi$ et donc par conséquent que les périodes $p$-adiques ...
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### The simplest nontrivial (unstable) integral cohomology operation

By an integral cohomology operation I mean a natural transformation $H^i(X, \mathbb{Z}) \times H^j(X, \mathbb{Z}) \times ... \to H^k(X, \mathbb{Z})$, where we restrict $X$ to some nice category of ...
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### What is the difference between $\ell$-adic cohomology and cohomology with coefficient in $Z_\ell$?

Let $X$ be a non-singular projective variety over $\mathbb{Q}$. Consider on the one hand $H^i_B(X(\mathbb{C}),\mathbb{Z}_\ell)$ the singular cohomology with value in $\mathbb{Z}_\ell$, and on the ...
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### Motivating Cohomology

Question: Are there intuitive ways to introduce cohomology? Pretend you're talking to a high school student; how could we use pictures and easy (even trivial!) examples to illustrate cohomology? Why ...
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### How to define Homology Functor in an arbitrary Abelian Category?

In the Category of Modules over a Ring, the i-th Homology of a Chain Complex is defined as the Quotient Ker d / Im d where d as usual denotes the differentials, indexes skipped for simplicity. How ...
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### Meaning of “efface” in “effaceable functor” and “injective effacement”

I'm reading Grothendieck's Tōhoku paper, and I was curious about the reasoning behind the terms "effaceable functor" and "injective effacement". I know that in English, to efface something means ...
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### Group cohomology versus deRham cohomology with twisted coefficients

Let $G$ be a simple simply-connected Lie group, let $M$ be a 3-manifold and $P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle. Let $A$ be a flat connection in this bundle, and let $\text{Ad} P$ be the associated ...
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### Twisted Cech cohomology

Let $X$ be a CW-complex with contractible universal cover $\tilde{X}$ and fundamental group $\pi = \pi_1X$. Twisted (co)homology is found by lifting the cell structure on $X$ to a $\pi$-invariant ...
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### Topological vs. Algebraic $K$-Theory

Suppose I can calculate the extraordinary cohomology encoded in topological $K$-groups of a topological space $X$ with CW structure. What information does this give me about $C^{*}$-algebras ...
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### The “need” for cohomology theories

In many surveys or introductions, one can see sentences such as "there was a need for this type of cohomology" or "X succeeded in inventing the cohomology of...". My question is: why is there a need ...
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### Different ways of representing a second cohomology class

There are probably many ways of talking about a second (integral) cohomology class of a smooth, closed, orientable manifold $M$ of dimension $n$. Here are a few, with $\alpha\in H^2(M,\mathbb{Z})$: ...
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### Why isn't $H^*(\mathbb{R}P^\infty,\mathbb{F}_2)\cong \mathbb{F}_2[[x]]$?

We just computed in class a few days ago that $$H^*(\mathbb{R}P^n,\mathbb{F}_2)\cong\mathbb{F}_2[x]/(x^{n+1}),$$ and it was mentioned that $H^*(\mathbb{R}P^\infty,\mathbb{F}_2)\cong \mathbb{F}_2[x]$, ...
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### Poincare Duality Reference

In Hatcher's "Algebraic Topology" in the Poincare Duality section he introduces the subject by doing orientable surfaces. He shows that there is a dual cell structure to each cell structure and it's ...
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### What functor does $K(G, 1)$ represent for nonabelian $G$?

For $G$ an abelian group, the Eilenberg-Maclane space $K(G, n)$ represents singular cohomology $H^n(-; G)$ with coefficients in $G$ on the homotopy category of CW-complexes. If $n > 1$, then $G$ ...
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### Computing cohomology of hypersurface

I'm taking a course on differential geometry now, and we got the following exercise from the lecturer: compute the (de Rham) cohomology groups $H_{dR}^i(M)$ of your favourite space. In all the ...
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### When is a map essential in Čech cohomology?

I read a nice survey of parts of game theory, Foundations of Strategic Equilibrium, by Hillas and Kohlberg. Something where I stumble is the discussion of Mertens stability. There is a definition that ...
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### vector bundles on affine schemes

Serre's theorem (one of them) states that for a quasi-coherent sheaf $\mathscr F$ on an affine noetherian scheme $H^i(X,\mathscr{F})$ vanish for $i >0$. I used to think that this would imply that ...
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### Why do universal $\delta$-functors annihilate injectives?

Let $\mathcal{A}$ and $\mathcal{B}$ be abelian categories. Suppose $\mathcal{A}$ has enough injectives, and consider a universal (cohomological) $\delta$-functor $T^\bullet$ from $\mathcal{A}$ to ...
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### Which cohomology theories have a formula $\langle \Omega,\text d \omega \rangle = \langle \partial \Omega,\omega \rangle$?

Is a formula $$\langle \Omega,\text d \omega \rangle = \langle \partial \Omega,\omega \rangle$$ like Stokes theorem $$\int_\Omega \text d \omega=\int_{\partial\Omega} \omega$$ common in cohomology ...
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### Toy sheaf cohomology computation

I asked this question a while back on MO : http://mathoverflow.net/questions/32689/how-should-a-homotopy-theorist-think-about-sheaf-cohomology One thing that really helped in learning the Serre SS ...
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### Homology of the Empty set

I am under the impression that the standard convention for the homology (singular) of the empty set is 0 in all non negative degrees and $\mathbb{Z}$ in degree $-1$. I have no problem with this ...
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### Why are de Rham cohomology and Cech cohomology of the constant sheaf the same

I am comfortable with de Rham cohomology, sheaves, sheaf cohomology and Cech cohomology. I am looking to prove the following theorem: If $M$ is a smooth manifold of dimension $m$, then we have ...
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### “Inverse problem” for Brauer groups

This question is really just a curiosity, but I'm really interested in the answer. Given a field $K$, we can form the set$^*$ $Br(K)$ consisting of equivalence classes of finite-dimensional central ...
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### Is there anything to be learned from the spectrum of a cohomology ring?

Given some topological space, $X$, is there any benefit to studying $Spec(H^*(X))$, or is everything we care about already available "in the algebra"? As $H^*$ is a graded ring, does this question ...
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### De Rham Cohomology of $M \times \mathbb{S}^1$

Let $M$ be a closed (compact, without boundary) $m$-dimensional manifold. I want to prove that $H^{k+1}(M \times \mathbb{S}^1) = H^k(M) \oplus H^{k+1}(M)$. ($H^k$ is the $k$-th De Rham cohomology ...
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### how to compute the de Rham cohomology of the punctured plane just by Calculus?

I have a classmate learning algebra.He ask me how to compute the de Rham cohomology of the punctured plane $\mathbb{R}^2\setminus\{0\}$ by an elementary way,without homotopy type,without ...
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### What's the point of spectra?

I'm familiar with the definition of a spectrum, the one due to Adams, however, I'm not really sure why someone would want to define such a thing. I know they allow one to generalize homology and ...
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### What is the motivation for defining both homogeneous and inhomogeneous cochains?

In my few months of studying group cohomology, I've seen two "standard" complexes that are introduced: We let $X_r$ be the free $\mathbb{Z}[G]$-module on $G^r$ (so, it has as a $\mathbb{Z}[G]$-basis ...
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### Dimension of de Rham Cohomology groups?

Is there a simple way to prove that the de Rham cohomology groups of a compact manifold $M$ have finite dimension as $\mathbb{R}$-vector spaces?
Suppose $M$ is a n-dimensional (compact) manifold and $f$ is a differentiable function with exactly three (non-degenerate) critical points. Then one can show, using Morse theory, that $M$ is ...