# Tagged Questions

This tag is for questions relating to cohomology groups and cochain complexes.

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### What is the solution to Nash's problem presented in “A Beautiful Mind”?

I was watching the said movie the other night, and I started thinking about the equation posed by Nash in the movie. More specifically, the one he said would take some students a lifetime to solve ...
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### Cohomology of projective plane

How I can compute cohomology de Rham of the projective plane $P^{2}(\mathbb{R})$ using Mayer vietoris or any other methods?
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### Torsion-free virtually-Z is Z

It is well known that a torsion-free group which is virtually free must be free, by works of Serre, Stallings, Swan... Is there a simple cohomological proof of the fact that a torsion-free group ...
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### Decomposition of cohomology group on $S^{n}$

If we have decomposition of cohomology group on $S^{n}$ it looks like $H^{n}(S^{n})=H^{n}(S^{n})_{+}\oplus H^{n}(S^{n})_{-}$, where $H^{n}(S^{n})_{\pm}$ cohomology of invariant or anti-invariant $n$ ...
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### How to define Homology Functor in an arbitrary Abelian Category?

In the Category of Modules over a Ring, the i-th Homology of a Chain Complex is defined as the Quotient Ker d / Im d where d as usual denotes the differentials, indexes skipped for simplicity. How ...
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### Poincare Duality Reference

In Hatcher's "Algebraic Topology" in the Poincare Duality section he introduces the subject by doing orientable surfaces. He shows that there is a dual cell structure to each cell structure and it's ...
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### Surprising applications of cohomology

The concept of cohomology is one of the most subtle and powerful in modern mathematics. While its application to topology and integrability is immediate (it was probably how cohomology was born in the ...
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### What do higher cohomologies mean concretely (in various cohomology theories)?

Superficially I think I understand the definitions of several cohomologies: (1) de Rham cohomology on smooth manifolds (I understand this can be probably extended to algebraic settings, but I haven't ...
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### Group cohomology versus deRham cohomology with twisted coefficients

Let $G$ be a simple simply-connected Lie group, let $M$ be a 3-manifold and $P \to M$ a principal $G$-bundle. Let $A$ be a flat connection in this bundle, and let $\text{Ad} P$ be the associated ...
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### The “need” for cohomology theories

In many surveys or introductions, one can see sentences such as "there was a need for this type of cohomology" or "X succeeded in inventing the cohomology of...". My question is: why is there a need ...
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### Cup Product Structure on the Projective Space

I am reading about cup products and am stuck on this exercise in Hatcher (3.2.5). Taking as given that $H^*(\mathbb{R}P^\infty,\mathbb{Z}_2)\simeq\mathbb{Z}_2[\alpha]$, how does one show ...
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### What are cohomology rings good for?

I am studying some concepts of algebraic topology myself, and I read lately a bit about cohomology rings (created by the direct sum of cohomology groups) but besides all definitions I could not find ...
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### When does cohomology take pullbacks to pushouts?

I've encountered a simple situation where one has a pullback diagram of topological spaces and taking cohomology takes it into what I believe is a pushout diagram in the category of rings. I'm not ...
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### What restricts the number of cohomologies?

Do different cohomology theories essentially just exist because there are distinguished homology theories associated with them? If yes, is it known if there is always a relation like the Poincaré ...
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### Solving an exercise in Milnor-stasheff's “characteristic classes”

I am trying to solve the following exercise (which is an exercise in Milnor-Stasheff's book). It basically says the following: Let $M =S^n$ be the $n$-sphere and let $TM$ be its tangent ...
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### Cohomology $SO(3)$

We have that De Rham cohomology of $SO(3) \simeq \mathbb{R}P^{3}$ is $\mathbb{R}$ in degree $0$ and $3$ and $0$ in degree $1$ and $2$. But I saw that $H^{*}(SO(3)) \simeq \mathbb{Z}_{2}$ in degree 2. ...
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### Rank of a cohomology group, Betti numbers.

How is the rank of a cohomology group computed and what does it convey? I am trying to understand the concept behind betti numbers in a simplicial homology. Edited with details: Given a set of ...
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### No torsion in $H^1_c(X,\mathbf{Z})$?

If $X$ is a very nice topological space, for example a finite simplicial complex, then is it true that the cohomology with compact supports $H^1_c(X,\mathbf{Z})$ is torsion-free? I have seen an ...
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### Request for companion of Mariano Suárez-Alvarez's proof.

Mariano Suárez-Alvarez's answer to Cohomology of projective plane seems very interesting. However, there are three pieces I could not stitch up for one of his proofs. Wonder if someone may help? ...
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### Can a Non-Compact Manifold have Infinite Dimensional Cohomology?

For compact manifolds, Hodge Theory tells us that (de Rham) cohomology is finite dimensional. What about non-compact manifolds? That is: Can non-compact manifolds have infinite dimensional ...
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### Cohomology of $S^2\times S^2/\mathbb{Z}_2$

The product of two spheres admits a diagonal $\mathbb{Z}_2$-action, $(x,y)\mapsto (-x,-y)$. I'm trying to compute the integral singular cohomology ring of the orbit space $X$ of this action. $X$ is ...
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### Understanding cohomology with compact support

I am trying to understand the definition of (singular) cohomology with compact supports. My understanding of singular cohomology goes like this. Let $X$ be a topological space. Define the singular ...
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### First proof of Poincaré Lemma

I know that a way of proving Poincare lemma is to use the homotopy invariance and contractibility of the Euclidean space. Is there is a way of doing it directly (without using the contractibility of ...
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### (weak) homotopy equivalence

I have a question arising from chapter 3, page 41, in Switzer. He says "Note that every homotopy equivalence (in $\mathscr{T}$ [this is the category of topological spaces]) is a weak homotopy ...
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### computing cohomology algebra of connected sum of two real projective spaces

Could someone tell me what is the cohomology algebra $H^*(\mathbb{R}P^n \# \mathbb{R}P^n; \mathbb{Z}_2)$ and how to compute it. Here $\#$ is the connected sum. Thanks.
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### Cohomology groups of real projective space

My question concerns the cohomology groups $H^k(RP^n,\mathbb{Z}_2)$. We know that $H_k(RP^n,\mathbb{Z}_2) = \mathbb{Z}_2$ if $0 \leq k \leq n$ and is trivial otherwise. I looked up the solution and it ...
### How to compute $H^1(\Sigma_g-\{p\})$ using Mayer-Vietoris?
How can I find, using Mayer-Vietoris, $H^1(\Sigma_g-\{p\})$, where $\Sigma_g$ is a genus $g$ surface?