0
votes
0answers
29 views

Book Suggestion - Complex algebraic surfaces

I am studying for an exam of algebraic geometry, in particular, I am dealing with ruled surfaces and numerical invariants, rational surfaces, Castelnuovo's Theorem and its application. I am reading ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Intuition of higher push-forward constant sheaves.

Let us consider the higher phsh-forward sheaves $R^if_*\mathbb{R}$ of a map $f:X\rightarrow Y$ between two compact manifolds. We assume that the fibers has a constant dimension, say $n$. I think ...
4
votes
0answers
31 views

Are acyclic coverings cofinal in the set of coverings?

I am interested by the following question in algebraic geometry. Recall that a covering $\mathfrak{U}$ of a topological space $X$ is acyclic for a sheaf $\mathscr{F}$ if we have $H^q(U_{i_0,\cdots, ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

For which categories do injections induce surjections in cohomology?

I'll ask a specific question first, but I believe my question might have a rather immediate abstraction, with which I'll finish. Let $H,G$ be finite affine group schemes over an algebraically closed ...
3
votes
0answers
44 views

The vanishing (?) cohomology of the Milnor fiber

Setup. Say we have a germ of a holomorphic function $f:(\mathbb C^{n+1},0)\to (\mathbb C,0)$ with a critical point at the origin. There is an $\epsilon>0$ small enough so that $f$ becomes a ...
4
votes
1answer
58 views

Can the cohomology vanish on $X$ but on no restriction to hyperplane sections?

I would need a result asserting that if, say, a locally free sheaf $\mathcal{F}$ on a projective $X$ has non-vanishing cohomology when restricted to any smooth hyperplane section, then $H^1(X, ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

Vanishing of local cohomology groups

Let $k$ be a field and let $X$ be a smooth separated $k$-variety. Let $T$ be a closed integral subscheme of $X$ of generic point $\eta$. The object of interest here is the local cohomology group $$ ...
6
votes
1answer
55 views

Image of the Brauer group under a field extension

For $k$ a field, let $Br(k)$ - the Brauer group of $k$ - denote the group of finite-dimensional central simple algebras over $k$, modulo Morita equivalence $(A\equiv B\iff \exists m, n(A\otimes_k ...
5
votes
1answer
72 views

Cohomology of the structure sheaf of $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$

I need to compute the euler characteristic $\chi(\mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1})$ of the structure sheaf of $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$ (the product of the projective complex ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Computing $H^k(\mathbb{C}P^n \times \mathbb{C}P^m, \mathcal{O}^*(\mathbb{C}P^n \times \mathbb{C}P^m))$.

I have to calculate Cech cohomology groups $H^k(\mathbb{C}P^n \times \mathbb{C}P^m, \mathcal{O}^*(\mathbb{C}P^n \times \mathbb{C}P^m))$, working in Cech cohomology, where $\mathcal{O}^*$ is the sheaf ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

Why do we have $H_2(X,\mathbb Z)\cong\mathbb Z$ for the quintic threefold $X\subset\mathbb P^4$?

Let us work over $\mathbb C$. In this article by S. Katz, it is stated that for a quintic threefold $X\subset \mathbb P^4$ one has $$H_2(X,\mathbb Z)\cong\mathbb Z.$$ Can anyone help me to see why ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

$H^k(\mathbb{C}P^2 \times \mathbb{C}P^2, \mathcal{O}^*(\mathbb{C}P^2 \times \mathbb{C}P^2))$

I'd like to try to compute Cech cohomology groups $H^k(\mathbb{C}P^2 \times \mathbb{C}P^2, \mathcal{O}^*(\mathbb{C}P^2 \times \mathbb{C}P^2))$, but I don't know how can I do it. In my notes the author ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Algebraic Variety compact cohomology and singular cohomology.

Given an algebraic variety $X$ defined over the complex numbers and its compact cohomology $H^i_c(X)$, under what conditions it is possible to compute its singular cohomology $H^i(X)$.
3
votes
1answer
71 views

Vanishing of higher direct images of a composition

In a paper I am studying we have the following situation. Let $S$ be the spectrum of a Dedekind domain, and let $X$, $Y$ and $Z$ be scheme of finite type over $S$, where $X$ and $Y$ are smooths and ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Sheaf cohomology of $\mathbb{P}^3$

Let $\mathbb{P}$ denote the projective space over $\mathbb{C}$. In some lecture notes I found the claim that $$ h^0(\mathbb{P}^3, \mathcal{O}(2)) = 10 $$ Do you know why this is the case? In ...
3
votes
1answer
47 views

Global sections of a twisting of a structure sheaf of a projective scheme

Let $X$ be a projective Noetherian scheme over $\mathbb{C}$. Is it true that $H^0(\mathcal{O}_X(-t))=0$ for any $t>0$?
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Vanishing of $R^1f_*\mathcal O_X$

I am probably missing something obvious here, but none the less, here goes: Is the following statement (or perhaps some minor modification of it) true and if so, why: $R^1f_*\mathcal O_X = 0$ for a ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

Duality in algebraic de Rham cohomology

I am trying to prove that the following is a short exact sequence $$ 0 \rightarrow H^0(X,\Omega_X) \rightarrow H^1_{\text {dR}}(X/k) \rightarrow H^1(X,\mathcal O_X) \rightarrow 0, $$ where $k$ is an ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Relation between algebraic hyper de Rham cohomology and hodge theory in positive characteristic

I have recently been looking at algebraic de Rham cohomology of curves in positive characteristic. In particular, I am looking at when the sequence $$0 \rightarrow H^0(X,\Omega_X) \rightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Derived push-forward of projective sheaf

Let S,X be schemes and $s \in S$ be a closed point. Let $D(X)$ be the derived category of complexes of sheaves. Let $$i_s: X \cong {s} \times X \hookrightarrow S \times X$$ be the natural embedding. ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

When is $\mathcal{H}om$ functor exact in the category of presheaves

Let $C$ be a projective $\mathbb{C}$-scheme of pure dimension $1$. Suppose that $C$ is local complete intersection in $\mathbb{P}^3$. Let $C_1$ be an irreducible component of $C$, also of pure ...
5
votes
0answers
63 views

lift of antiholomorphic involution of Riemann surface to its Jacobian's cohomology

Start from a connected closed Riemann surface $\Sigma_g,$ obtained as the (symmetric) covering of an open and/or unoriented surface $\Sigma,$ namely $\Sigma=\Sigma_g/\Omega,$ where $\Omega$ is an ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Simple question on splitting of cohomology groups.

From the exponential exact sequence, I have $$ 0 \rightarrow H^2(X,\mathbb{C})/H^2(X,\mathbb{Z})\rightarrow H^2(X,\mathbb{C}^\times) \rightarrow Tor(H^3(X,\mathbb{Z})) \rightarrow 0. $$ for some ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Global section of pull-back of structure sheaf of projective scheme

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety and $Z_1, Z_2$ two smooth projective divisors in $X$. Is it true that the natural restriction morphism from $H^0(\mathcal{O}_X(-Z_1-Z_2))$ to $H^0(\mathcal{O}_X ...
8
votes
0answers
94 views

Is there anything to be learned from the spectrum of a cohomology ring?

Given some topological space, $X$, is there any benefit to studying $Spec(H^*(X))$, or is everything we care about already available "in the algebra"? As $H^*$ is a graded ring, does this question ...
8
votes
2answers
100 views

Cohomological definition of the Chow ring

Let $X$ be a smooth projective variety over a field $k$. One can define the Chow ring $A^\bullet(X)$ to be the free group generated by irreducible subvarieties, modulo rational equivalence. ...
7
votes
1answer
110 views

Strange case of Serre's duality

$\newcommand{\O}{\mathcal{O}}$ Let $X$ be a smooth projective curve and $D$ and effective divisor on it. The normal bundle of $D$ is defined as $$ \O_D(D)\; = \; \O_x(D)\;\otimes_{\O_X}\, \O_D$$ where ...
5
votes
2answers
74 views

Show that $\dim H^0(\mathbb{P}^n, \mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n}(m)) = {n + m \choose n}$ if $m \geq 0$, and $0$ otherwise.

Show that $\dim H^0(\mathbb{P}^n, \mathcal{O}_{\mathbb{P}^n}(m)) = {n + m \choose n}$ if $m \geq 0$, and $0$ if $m < 0$. This statement came up in an algebraic geometry text with no explanation ...
18
votes
1answer
252 views

Why is there “no analogue of $2i\pi$ in $\mathbf C_p$”?

In his paper Fonctions L p-adiques, Pierre Colmez says: Tate a montré qu'il n'existait pas dans $\mathbf C_p$ d'analogue $p$-adique de $2i \pi$ et donc par conséquent que les périodes $p$-adiques ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Relationship between hyperalgebra (algebra of distributions) of an affine group scheme to its cohomology

Let G be an affine group scheme, and Dist(G) its hyperalgebra. I am wondering what is the relationship between Dist(G) and G interms of Cohomology? Is there a cohomology theory for Dist(G), if so ...
4
votes
2answers
97 views

Cohomology and Global Sections

For a topological space X, $ \ H^0 (X, \Bbb Z)$ tells you about the connected components of $X$. For a sheaf $\mathcal O_X$ on $X$, $H^0 (X, \mathcal O_X)$ is usually written to refer to global ...
5
votes
0answers
92 views

Motivation?: Lie algebra and algebraic group Cohomology

This is just an a-priori question to get a motivational heuristic idea: If an algebraic group G (more generally, G an affine group scheme), is connected over an algebraically closed base-field k. ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Tensoring a flasque resolution by a line bundle give s a flasque resolution

I had an argument explained to me the other day and I didn't quite understand one of the steps. Here's my best reconstruction: Let $\mathscr{F}$ be a quasi-coherent sheaf, and $\mathscr{L}$ a ...
7
votes
1answer
187 views

A basic (?) question about Tate twists in étale cohomology

I have a basic question about the meaning of Tate twists in étale cohomology. I want the understand a statement of the form $$H^1(U,\Lambda) \cong \Lambda(-1)$$ in which $U$ is the spectrum of a ...
1
vote
0answers
53 views

A reference about Dolbeault cohomology

I am looking for a reference about Dolbeault cohomology when the line bundle is not supposed to be positive.
0
votes
1answer
78 views

Are the hom sets in the category of varieties abelian groups?

This is supposedly (though I know of the proof bud haven't read it) for the Hom sets of noetherian schemes. Since every variety can be thought of as a noetherian scheme then it seems right... when ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

$H^{1}(O_{F})$ of a surface in a toric variety

I have a surface inside a toric variety $X$ and I would like to compute the first cohomology of its structure sheaf via the Cech complex, since I already know which cones of $X$ it hits (five ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Computing algebraic de-Rham cohomology via Čech cohomology

I have been reading this paper about de-Rham cohomology of hyperelliptic curves, and I have been trying to recompute some of what has been done in section 3. In particular, I am trying to see why ...
2
votes
0answers
95 views

Is there a (intuitive) connection between injective resolutions and $Hom( -, G)$ on a chain complex?

I understand the Idea of cohomology in the context of algebraic topology and sheaf cohomology. And I have a feeling about whats mesaured by the cohomology groups (in fact by the first). Further I see ...
17
votes
2answers
236 views

What is the difference between $\ell$-adic cohomology and cohomology with coefficient in $Z_\ell$?

Let $X$ be a non-singular projective variety over $\mathbb{Q}$. Consider on the one hand $H^i_B(X(\mathbb{C}),\mathbb{Z}_\ell)$ the singular cohomology with value in $\mathbb{Z}_\ell$, and on the ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Dolbeault cohomology of $S^{2n-1} \times S^1$

Let $X=S^{2n-1} \times S^1$. I have to compute $H^{(1,0)}_{\bar{\partial}}(X)$ and $H^{(0,1)}_{\bar{\partial}}(X)$. I don't know how to do this but if we use Kunnet formula we have that ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

Vanishing of local cohomology of constructible sheaves

Recall, that if $\mathcal{F}$ is a coherent sheaf on a variety and $Z$ is an l.c.i. subvarity of codimension $n$, then $H^i_Z(\mathcal F)$ vanishes for $i > n$. Is there an analogous statement for ...
6
votes
1answer
186 views

How to compute Hom in derived category?

Let $X$ be a smooth variety, $D^{b}(X)$ be the derived category of bounded coherent sheaves.Then there is a definition of $Hom(F^{\cdot},G^{\cdot})$ which is the derived functor of $Hom(F^{\cdot},-)$. ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

How to compute $H^1(\Bbb P^1,\mathcal{O}_{\Bbb P^1})$ and $H^1(\Bbb P^1,\mathcal{O}_{\Bbb P^1}(n))$

Let $\mathcal{O}_{\Bbb P^1}$ be the structure sheaf of the projective line $X=\Bbb P^1_k$ over some field $k$ (algebraically closed of characteristic $0$). What is a good (and, preferably, easy) way ...
3
votes
1answer
108 views

Actions of automorphisms in cohomology

Let X be a smooth, projective variety over a field $k \hookrightarrow \mathbb{C}$ and let $g$ be an automorphism of $X$ of finite order. Consider the induced automorphism on the singular cohomology ...
2
votes
2answers
214 views

Serre duality for curves, the other statement.

Here's a question from someone who's just found out what Serre duality (in the case of curves) is. It occurs to me that the popular statement which can also be interpreted as the Riemann-Roch theorem ...
4
votes
1answer
68 views

Equivalence of definition for polarized K3

In the literature there are two different definitions of polarized K3 surfaces. 1) A polarized K3 is the data $(X,\omega)$. Where $X$ is a K3 surface and $\omega$ is an ample class in ...
4
votes
1answer
113 views

Cartier divisor and Dimension of Cohomology Group

I am doing some practice questions for my exam and I would appreciate help in solving this problem: $D,E$ are Cartier divisors on a nonsingular projective surface $X$. (1) If $D\equiv 0$ show ...
1
vote
1answer
95 views

Comparing two different conditions for an ideal to correspond to a closed subscheme

Let $I$ be an ideal in the graded ring $S = A[x_0, \ldots, x_r]$. In Exercise II.5.10(a), Hartshorne defines the saturation $\bar I$ of $I$ to be the set $$\bar I = \{s \in S \mid \text{for all } i = ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Inequality of numerical invariants of complex algebraic surfaces?

Let $S, T$ be algebraic surfaces over $k=\mathbb{C}$, and $\phi: S \longrightarrow T$ a surjective morphism. Furthermore we have the numerical invariants: \begin{align*} q(S) &:= \dim H^1(S, ...