A "closed form expression" is any representation of a mathematical expression in terms of "known" functions, "known" usually being replaced with "elementary".

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3
votes
2answers
103 views

Closed-form for $\sum _{k=4}^{\infty }{\frac { \left( -\ln \left( 2 \right) \right) ^ {k}\zeta \left( 4-k \right) }{k!}}$

Can anybody find a closed form for this infinite sum? $$S = \sum _{k=4}^{\infty }{\frac { \left( -\ln \left( 2 \right) \right) ^ {k}\zeta \left( 4-k \right) }{k!}},$$ where $\zeta$ is the Riemann ...
0
votes
1answer
44 views

Solving recurrence relation in form of $f(n)=f(n-1)+K-n$

I asked a question (now deleted it) on finding a relation between $$4,10,15,\cdots$$ I studied a a little about recurrence relation and solving them. for the above sequence I observed that $$f(n) = ...
3
votes
1answer
75 views

Infinite product: $(1-0.5^2)(1-0.5^3)(1-0.5^4)…$

Find a closed form for the value of the infinite product $(1-0.5^2)(1-0.5^3)(1-0.5^4)...$ I know it converges. At first I thought it was the Euler–Mascheroni constant, but it's only accurate to about ...
8
votes
1answer
165 views

Integral ${\large\int}_0^1\left(-\frac{\operatorname{li} x}x\right)^adx$

Let $\operatorname{li} x$ denote the logarithmic integral $$\operatorname{li} x=\int_0^x\frac{dt}{\ln t}.$$ Consider the following parameterized integral: $$I(a)=\int_0^1\left(-\frac{\operatorname{li} ...
6
votes
4answers
408 views

How to compute $\int_{-\infty}^\infty\exp\left(-\frac{(x^2-13x-1)^2}{611x^2}\right)\ dx$

$$\int_{-\infty}^\infty\exp\left(-\frac{(x^2-13x-1)^2}{611x^2}\right)\ dx$$ WolframAlpha gives a numerical answer of $43.8122$, which appears to be $\sqrt{611\pi}$. And playing with that, it seems ...
1
vote
3answers
55 views

Yet another sum involving binomial coefficients.

Given $A,B,N \in \mathbb N$ Is there a closed form for this expression? $$\sum_{n=1}^N n \binom{A}n \binom{B}{N-n} $$ If there is such, can you give a proof? EDIT: $A,B \geq N$
4
votes
1answer
101 views

How to evaluate the following infinite sum involving the Riemann zeta function?

I want to find a closed form for the following infinite sum: $$\sum_{k=2}^{\infty} \frac{(-1)^k\cdot(k-1)}{k\cdot(k+1)}\cdot \zeta(k)$$ Is it possible? My approach was to transform it into a double ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Antisymmetric asymptotic curve with only simple binary arithmetic?

I'm looking for an s-curve formula with similar properties to $Sigmoid$ or $\tan^{-1}$, but without 'expensive' unary functions or their binary generalizations (e.g. $^x\log y$). The only allowed ...
5
votes
1answer
88 views

Integrals $\int \frac{1}{\operatorname{arctanh}(x)} \, dx$ and $\int \frac{1}{\operatorname{arccoth}(x)} \, dx$

Do we know anything about this integrals? $$ \begin{align} I_1(x) = \int \frac{1}{\operatorname{artanh}(x)} \, dx \\ I_2(x) = \int \frac{1}{\operatorname{arcoth}(x)} \, dx \end{align}$$ Similar ...
1
vote
2answers
83 views

Solving equation involving binomial function

Solve for $x$ in terms of $i$ and $j$: $$ \binom{x}{i} = j $$ where $x$ is Real; $i$ and $j$ are Integers: $x \geqslant i$, $i \geqslant1$, $j \geqslant 0$. I came across this problem while trying ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

How to calculate convolution of two logarithmic function, i.e. $\int \ln(\tau)\ln{(x-\tau)}d\tau$

Here I have a problem to calculate the probability density function (PDF) of the sum of two independent random variables (RVs), $Z_0,Z_1$, and the PDF of $Z_0,Z_1$ are as follow: ...
16
votes
2answers
305 views

Find the closed form of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{H_{ n}}{2^nn^4}$

One of the possible ways of computing the series is to obtain the generating function, but this might be a tedious, hard work, pretty hard to obtain. What would you propose then? ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Series involving a Logarithm

Consider the series \begin{align} \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \left[ \frac{n}{a} \ln\left(1 + \frac{a}{n}\right) - 1 + \frac{a}{2n} \right]. \end{align} Is there a closed form solution to this series and what ...
6
votes
0answers
147 views

Closed-form of integrals containing double exponentials

Are there closed forms for the following integrals? $$\begin{align} I_1(w) & = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} \frac{\exp(-we^y)}{y^2+\pi^2} dy, \\ I_2(w) & = \int_{-\infty}^{\infty} ...
1
vote
2answers
57 views

How do you solve these recurrence relations for a closed form?

I'm not sure what methods are used to solve recurrence relations for a big-$O$ notation. Thinking about the problem conceptually doesn't really help me, but I feel like I could use some form of ...
4
votes
1answer
76 views

General term of $(1+x)(1+x^2)(1+x^3)…$?

Is there a closed for the coefficient of $x^n$ in $(1+x)(1+x^2)(1+x^3)\cdots$? If not, then what is the closest to a closed form that anyone has found? (An infinite series that approximates it ...
2
votes
1answer
174 views

Simplifying big expression

What to do with this? $$f(x) = \frac{\sinh(\pi)}{\pi} + \frac{2\sinh(\pi)}{\pi}\sum_{n=1}^\infty (-1)^n \left[\frac{\cos(nx)-n \sin(nx)}{1 + n^2}\right]$$ Can it be simplified?
1
vote
2answers
53 views

Converting Recursive Function into Closed/Explicit Form

so I have this recursive function here: $\forall n>1,f(n) = 2(f(n-1)) + n-1$, (where it is $0$ when $n$ is less than $1$) So I have tried to use iteration for this but it just gets more ...
6
votes
1answer
196 views

Closed form for $\int_1^\infty\frac{\operatorname dx}{\operatorname \Gamma(x)}$

Is a closed form for $$\int\limits_1^{+\infty}\frac{\operatorname dx}{\operatorname \Gamma(x)}$$known? I tried to find it, but all well-known integrals involving gamma-function (such as of ...
9
votes
2answers
309 views

Closed-form of $\int_0^1 \frac{\operatorname{Li}_2\left( x \right)}{\sqrt{1-x^2}} \,dx $

I'm looking for a closed form of this integral. $$I = \int_0^1 \frac{\operatorname{Li}_2\left( x \right)}{\sqrt{1-x^2}} \,dx ,$$ where $\operatorname{Li}_2$ is the dilogarithm function. A numerical ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

How to obtain closed form solution to the constrained optimization problem?

Suppose the following minimization problem: $$ N^*(\lambda)=\min_{X\in\mathbb{R}^8}\left\|D\left(A\cdot X-b\right)\right\|^2_2 \\ s.t. C_\lambda X= r_\lambda, $$ where $X\in \mathbb{R}^{8\times ...
7
votes
2answers
332 views

Closed-form of integral $\int_0^1 \int_0^1 \frac{\arcsin\left(\sqrt{1-s}\sqrt{y}\right)}{\sqrt{1-y} \cdot (sy-y+1)}\,ds\,dy $

I'm looking for a closed form of this definite iterated integral. $$I = \int_0^1 \int_0^1 \frac{\arcsin\left(\sqrt{1-s}\sqrt{y}\right)}{\sqrt{1-y} \cdot (sy-y+1)}\,ds\,dy. $$ From Vladimir ...
0
votes
1answer
109 views

Proving budget constraint is compact.

Given the prices $p \in \mathbb{R}_{+}^{k}$ and income $y \geq 0$, define the consumer's budget set as the set of feasible consumption bundles: $\beta(p,y) = \{x \in \mathbb{R}_{+}^{k}: ...
13
votes
2answers
232 views

Closed form of $\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{J_0(2n)}{n^2}$

I'm new in the area of the series involving Bessel function of the first kind. What are the usual tools you would recommend me for computing such a series? Thanks. $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Giving a closed expression to $\sum_{i=0}^b (-1)^{b-i} \binom{b}{i}\frac{1}{a+b-i}$

I want to prove $\sum_{i=0}^b (-1)^{b-i} \binom{b}{i}\frac{1}{a+b-i} = \frac{(a-1)! b!}{(a+b)!}$ yet I feel like I don't know how to even approach this problem. Any hints are welcome.
3
votes
1answer
59 views

Spacing of fence posts with minimal distance to other fence posts

Definition 1: A "fence" is a set of "fence post positions", where each pair of adjacent positions has the same difference (the spacing), e.g. $\{1,2, 3, 4\}$. A fence is described by three values ...
3
votes
2answers
111 views

Proving the bound $\left ( 1+\frac{x}{n} \right)^n \leqslant 3^x$, $\forall x \in \mathbb{R^+}$

I'm trying to directly prove the above bound. I have tried expanding it $$\left ( 1+\frac{x}{n} \right)^n = \sum_{k\geqslant 0} \binom{n}{k}\left ( \frac{x}{n}\right)^k$$ $$= \sum_{k=0\dots n ...
21
votes
2answers
431 views

Closed-form of $\displaystyle\sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{(-1)^{n+1}}{n}\Psi_3(n+1)=-\int_0^1\frac{\ln(1+x)\ln^3 x}{1-x}\,dx$

Does the following series or integral have a closed-form \begin{equation} \sum_{n=1}^\infty\frac{(-1)^{n+1}}{n}\Psi_3(n+1)=-\int_0^1\frac{\ln(1+x)\ln^3 x}{1-x}\,dx \end{equation} where ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Evaluation of infinite sum related to problems in elasticity

I'm working on some problems with relation to elasticity (plate mechanics in specific) and while I've made some progress the following sum is giving me a hard time ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

What types of fractals have a closed-form interior formula?

I was looking at the Menger Sponge earlier, and I realized it has a neat property: Let x, y, and z be spatial dimensions, each between 0 and 1 (inclusive.) Express them as ternary floating point ...
16
votes
1answer
350 views

Integral $\int_0^1\frac{\log(x)\log^2(1-x)\log^2(1+x)}{x}\mathrm dx$

I decided to follow a recent trend and ask a question about logarithmic integrals :) Is there a closed form for this integral? $$\int_0^1\frac{\log(x)\log^2(1-x)\log^2(1+x)}{x}\mathrm dx$$
1
vote
0answers
32 views

Explicit solution to a nonlinear equation possible here?

I am looking for a solution in $s$ to $$ \lambda -\frac{1}{s} +K e^t \log(\delta) \delta^s = 0 $$ Mathematica is not best pleased with this equation. If the equation were $$ 0- \frac{1}{s} +K e^t ...
8
votes
0answers
124 views

Known exact values of the $\operatorname{Li}_3$ function

We know some exact values of the trilogarithm $\operatorname{Li}_3$ function. Known real analytic values for $\operatorname{Li}_3$: $\operatorname{Li}_3(-1)=-\frac{3}{4} \zeta(3)$ ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Special values $\psi \left(\frac12\right)$ and $\psi \left(\frac13\right)$

I wonder if it is easy to prove that $$ \begin{align} \psi \left(\frac12\right) & = -\gamma - 2\ln 2, \\ \psi \left(\frac13\right) & = -\gamma + \frac\pi6\sqrt{3}- \frac32\ln 3, \end{align} ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Closed form for this incomplete gamma series?

The series I'm working with is $$\sum_{k=0}^\infty \binom{z}{k}(-1)^k ( 1-\frac{\Gamma(k,-\log n)}{\Gamma(k)} )$$ with $z$ a complex variable and $\Gamma(k, -\log n)$ the upper incomplete gamma ...
7
votes
2answers
183 views

Computing an indefinite integral

Let $\displaystyle P_n (x) = 1 + \frac{x}{1!} + \frac{x^2 }{2!} + \cdots + \frac{x^n }{n!} \ $ and $$ I(x) = \int \frac{2n!\sin x + x^n }{e^x + \sin x + \cos x + P_n (x)}\, dx $$ (where $\ n \to ...
24
votes
4answers
763 views

Closed-forms for several tough integrals

These integrals came up in the process of finding solution to Vladimir Reshetnikov's problem. I wonder if there are closed-forms for the following integrals: \begin{array}{1,1} &[\text{1}] ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Given a positive integer $k$, find the integer part of $n^2 /k$ for $n\ge 1$, and a related question.

For a given positive integer $k,$ I am looking for possible answers / literature about the sequence $(a_n)=([\frac{n^2}{k}])_{n=1}^\infty$, where $[x]=$the integer part of $x.$ This question is ...
19
votes
3answers
327 views

Integral $\int_{0}^1\frac{\ln\frac{3+x}{3-x}}{\sqrt{x(1-x)}}dx$

I have a problem with the following integral: $$ \int_{0}^{1}\ln\left(\,3 + x \over 3 - x\,\right)\, {{\rm d}x \over \,\sqrt{\,x\left(\,1 - x\,\right)\,}\,} $$ The first idea was to use the ...
25
votes
3answers
564 views

Integral of Combination Log and Inverse Trig Function

Does the following integral have a closed-form ?: \begin{equation} \int_{0}^{1}{\ln\left(\,x\,\right) \over 1 + x}\,\arccos\left(\,x\,\right) \,{\rm d}x \end{equation} This integral has been ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

A closed form for $\sum_{k=0}^{n}(-1)^k\frac{k^p}{k!(n-k)!}$

Is there a closed form for $$ \sum_{k=1}^n (-1)^k\frac{k^p}{k!(n-k)!},\quad n=0,1,2\ldots,\,p=0,1,2\ldots. $$ I tried to identify the sum with Stirling numbers...
0
votes
2answers
57 views

Closed form for $1/(n (n + 1))$

What would the closed form be for $$ g(n) = \frac{1}{1 \cdot 2} + \frac{1}{2 \cdot 3} + ... + \frac{1}{n \cdot (n+1)}\;\;? $$ An example would be $g(3) = \frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{6}+\frac{1}{12} = ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Closed form for the sum $\sum_{a=1}^{b} a^3\cdot (b \bmod a)$

How can we simplify $\sum_{a=1}^{b} a^3\cdot (b \mod a)$? For $a \ge \frac{b+1}{2} $ to $a = b$ it reduces to $$\sum_{a\ge \frac{b+1}{2}}^{b}a^3\cdot (b-a)=b\cdot\sum_{a\ge ...
2
votes
5answers
122 views

Closed form for $1 + 3 + 5 + \cdots +(2n-1)$ [duplicate]

What is the closed summation form for $1 + 3 + 5 + \cdots + (2n-1)$ ? I know that the closed form for $1 + 2 + 3+\cdots + n = n(n+1)/2$ and I tried plugging in $(2n-1)$ for $n$ in that expression, ...
12
votes
1answer
313 views

Evaluating $\int_0^{\Large\frac{\pi}{2}}\left(\frac{1}{\log(\tan x)}+\frac{1}{1-\tan(x)}\right)^3dx$

Using the method shown here, I have found the following closed form. $$ \int_0^{\!\Large \frac{\pi}{2}}\!\!\left(\frac{1}{\log(\tan x)}+\frac{1}{1-\tan x}\right)^2\! \mathrm dx= ...
27
votes
4answers
999 views

Closed form for ${\large\int}_0^1\frac{\ln^2x}{\sqrt{1-x+x^2}}dx$

I want to find a closed form for this integral: $$I=\int_0^1\frac{\ln^2x}{\sqrt{x^2-x+1}}dx\tag1$$ Mathematica and Maple cannot evaluate it directly, and I was not able to find it in tables. A numeric ...
18
votes
3answers
645 views

Closed Form for the Imaginary Part of $\text{Li}_3\Big(\frac{1+i}2\Big)$

$\qquad\qquad$ Is there any closed form expression for the imaginary part of $~\text{Li}_3\bigg(\dfrac{1+i}2\bigg)$ ? Motivation: We already know that ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

simplifying an expression with even and odd integers

I got this expression for my $b_n$ to a Fourier series: $$b_n=\frac{(2- \pi^2 n^2)\cos(\pi n) -2}{4( \pi n)^3}$$ Now I want to write it in a closed form without the use of $\text{when } n \text{ is ...
6
votes
3answers
140 views

A closed-form of product the gamma functions containing $\pi$ and $\phi$

Playing with gamma functions by randomly inputting numbers to Wolfram Alpha, I got the following beautiful result \begin{equation} ...
2
votes
1answer
61 views

Why is $\int_0^{2\pi} e^{i\,k\rho[\sin\alpha\cos\alpha-\sin\theta\cos(\phi-\beta)]}\mathrm{d}\beta = 2\pi J_0(k\rho\xi)$?

The following is an integral in Jackson Classical Electrodynamics (3rd ed.). In equation (10.112) the integral $$ \int_0^{2\pi} ...