Clifford algebras are associative algebras constructed from quadratic forms on vector spaces. They can be viewed as generalizations of the real numbers, complex numbers, and quaternions. These algebras have applications in geometry and theoretical physics.

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The interpretation of the inner product betweeen two vectors

I am accustomed to Euclidean vector spaces where $x.a$ (both $x$ and $a$ being in $R^2$, say) can be interpreted as the magnitude of the projection of $x$ onto $a$ (or vice versa). Recently I have ...
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Real orthogonal Lie algebra isomorphic to Clifford bivectors

I'm studying Clifford algebras on this moment, and I frequently find the statement $$\left(\mathbb{R}_m^{(2)},[\cdot,\cdot]\right) \cong \mathfrak{so}_{\mathbb{R}}(m)$$ stating that the bivectors of a ...
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Interpretation of a line integral in complex analysis

$\newcommand{\C}{\mathbb{C}}$ Suppose $f\colon \Omega\subset \C\to\C$ is a holomorphic function and $\gamma:[0,1]\to\Omega$ is a continuous path. If $\Omega=\C\setminus\{0\}$, $\gamma(t):= e^{2\pi i ...
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Composition of two axis-angle rotations

Please note that I am not referring to Euler angles of the form (α,β,γ). I am referring to the axis-angle representation, in which a unit vector indicates the direction axis of a rotation and a scalar ...
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Differential operator on a manifold in Geometric Calculus

In the context of Geometric Calculus, as stated in book Clifford Algebra to Geometric Calculus (pag. 142), let $M$ be a differentiable vector manifold, $F$ be a field on $M$ and $a$ be a tangent ...
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Number of Involutive Automorphisms on a Clifford Algebra

Let $V$ be a vector space with dimension $n$ and $q$ a quadratic form on $V$. How many involutive automorphisms are there in $\mathcal{Cl}(V,q)$?
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How to prove the tensor product of two copies of $\mathbb{H}$ is isomorphic to $M_4 (\mathbb{R})$?

How to prove the tensor product over $\mathbb{R}$ of two copies of the quaternions is isomorphic to the matrix algebra $M_4 (\mathbb{R})$ as algebras over $\mathbb{R}$? More precisely, the problem ...
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What are the “irreducible factors” in an algebra?

What are the irreducible factors in an algebra? In the book "Spin Geometry" by Lawson and Michelsohn, page 35, line 1, there occurs "take irreducible factors of...", but I don't know what irreducible ...
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An $SU(3)$ isomorph in Clifford $G(5,0)$?

I am a computer scientist using the geometric (Clifford) algebras $G(n,0)$ over $\mathbb{Z}_3 = \{0,1,-1\}$ to describe distributed computations. My question concerns $G(5,0)$ with generators ...
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How do I evaluate the Clifford product in dimensions greater than 3?

The Clifford product of a pair of vectors $a,b$ is an associative operation defined by $$ ab = a \cdot b + a \wedge b.$$ In sufficiently low dimensions I am used to being able to define the Clifford ...
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Bivector as a sum of exterior products of basis vectors.

Prove that for any 2-vector $\alpha=\Lambda^2(V)$ there is a basis $\{e_1,\ldots, e_k\}$ of $V$ such that $\alpha= e_1\wedge e_2 + e_3\wedge e_4 + \ldots +e_{k-1}\wedge e_k$, where $\wedge$ denotes ...
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Solving equation in Clifford algebra

Let $g_i$ denote the $i$'th orthonormal basis of a Clifford algebra $G_{p,q}$, then any number in Clifford domain can be represented as follows: $$a=\sum_{i=1}^{2^{p+q}}(a_ig_{i})$$ where $a_i$ is ...
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condition for a bivector to be simple

If $B$ is a bivector and $x$ is a vector, I have to prove that Bivector $B$ is simple with $x$ (i.e. there's some vector $y$ such that $B=x\wedge y$) iff $B\wedge x = 0$ Now, for necessity part: ...
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Clifford Algebra with Degenerate Bilinear form

This is a follow up question to this question on Clifford Algebras. As I understand it, if the associated bilinear form $\beta$ of a Clifford Algebra $C_{\ell}$ is non-degenerate, then $ker\beta$ is ...
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Set of 4 anticommutative matrices

How would you go about showing that there cannot be a set of four 2 by 2 matrices that satisfy the anticommutative relation $AB + BA = 0 $ or $2I$ if $A=B$? i.e minimum order has to be 4. I know that ...
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Spinor representation and Clifford modules

Let $V$ be an even-dimensional real inner product space. We denote the Clifford algebra of $V$ by $C(V)$ and the spinor representation by $S$. For a finite-dimensional $\mathbb Z_2$-graded complex ...
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Clifford Algebra for understanding Atiyah Singer Index Theorem Reference Request

I am interested in studying Atiyah Singer Index Theorem and Spin Geometry and would like to study Clifford Algebras and their representations for this purpose. I have a book 'Clifford Algebras : An ...
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The pushforward under the left action in the group of units of a Clifford algebra

The following I know to be true: let $A$ and $B$ be elements of $GL(m,\mathbb{R})$ and let $X \in T_BGl(m, \mathbb{R})$ and let $L_A:Gl(m, \mathbb{R}) \to GL(m, \mathbb{R})$ be the left multiplication ...
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Are there simple examples of Banach spaces with no non-trivial Clifford Isometries?

By a Banach space $X$ I mean, a complete normed vector space and by a Clifford isometry I mean a surjective isometry $\gamma$ of $X$ such that the distance $d(\gamma x, x)$ is constant on $X$. ...
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Hermiticity of a Matrix representing a Clifford alg. element

I'm interested in representations of the elements of a Clifford algebra, $\gamma^a$ with $a\in \{1,...,n\}$, such that $(\gamma^a)^2 =\pm 1$. If these were numbers, for those $\gamma^a=1$ one have ...
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Does Clifford algebra depend on the topology of manifold?

We know the greatest feature of Clifford algebra is coordinate-free. One can do vector operations without knowing the representation of vectors. And due to its very characteristc, Clifford or ...
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Mathematical significance of the “Dirac conjugate”

Let $\psi$ be a Dirac spinor. The so-called "Dirac conjugate" of $\psi$ is defined to be $\widetilde{\psi}:=\psi ^*\gamma ^0$, where $^*$ denotes the adjoint and the gamma matrices $\gamma ^\mu$ ...
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In Geometric Algebra, how would one express the result of a tensor product in the language of GA?

Thanks for your time and effort. I appreciate your help. I'm new to geometric algebra and I get that it supersedes linear algebra. I was wondering though how I could learn to express a tensor ...
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An expression for $e_1e_2e_3e_4$

In a real Clifford algebra over ${\mathbb R}^4$ with the quadratic form defined on the orthogonal basis $e_1,e_2,e_3,e_4$ by $e_1^2=1, e_2^2=1, e_3^2=-1$, and $e_4^2=-1$, find an even number of ...
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Within Geometric Algebra, is there a way to express a linear operator within the language of geometric algebra?

Thanks for your time and effort. I appreciate your help. I'm new to geometric algebra and I get that it supersedes linear algebra. I was wondering though how I could learn to take an operator in ...
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196 views

In Geometric Algebra, is there a geometric product between matrices?

Thanks for your help in advance. I literally just started to self-study about geometric algebra. I have some coursework background in linear algebra and was trying to make an educational bridge ...
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181 views

Natural number matrix solutions to $\sigma_i\sigma_j+\sigma_j\sigma_i = I\delta_{ij}$

Given the two matrices: $\sigma_i$ and $\sigma_j$ we can construct a Clifford algebra based on the anti commutator rule: $$\{\sigma_i,\sigma_j\}=\delta_{ij}1$$ where $\delta_{ij}$ is the Kronecker ...
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Clifford Algebras

What would be the best source to learn Clifford Algebras from? Anything online would suffice or any textual sources for that matter.. I'm interested in doing a project in the subject, but I'm not ...
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Proof: Clifford-Algebra representations are semisimple / completely reducible

There is a theorem: Every finite-dimensional Clifford-Algebra representation $V$ is semisimple / completely reducible, which means that it's a direct sum of irreducible subrepresentations. How this ...
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423 views

What's the motivation to add inner product and wedge product together in geometric product

I am reading some geometric algebra notes. They all started from some axioms. But I am still confused on the motivation to add inner product and wedge product together by defining $$ ab = a\cdot b + ...
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index free proof of dot product of two wedge products

I am learning geometric algebra, and meet an identy of (edited according to Andrey's comments below) $$ (a\wedge b)\cdot(c\wedge d) = (a \cdot d)(b\cdot c) - (a \cdot c)(b \cdot d)$$ as in wiki ...
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Formal Definition of Yang Mills Lagrangian

I have a question regarding the Lagrangian in non abelian gauge theory. Say, $G$ is the gauge group and $\mathfrak g$ the associated Lie algebra. The Lagrangian is often written as $$ \mathcal ...
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What is the “grade” in geometric algebra

I'm reading a book (Linear and Geometric Algebra, by Alan Macdonald) where the author uses the term grade without ever defining it. I have a murky sense of what the grade of a blade may be (a ...
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271 views

The product of a simple k-vector with its reverse in Clifford algebra

Is there a simple proof that the product of a simple k-vector with its reverse always yields a scalar? Assume real Clifford algebra of arbitrary but finite dimension with unspecified metric. By simple ...
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Clifford Algebra Multiplication Intuition

I discovered Clifford Algebra recently and I am deeply impressed with its explanatory power and geometrical intuitiveness. I've been playing with the GAViewer ...
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Geometric algebra approach to Lorentz group representations

Background: Let $\Lambda$ be the Lorentz transformation parameterized by the asymmetric real matrix $w_{\mu \nu}$. That is, let $\Lambda = \exp(\frac{w_{\mu \nu}}{2}J^{\mu \nu})$, where $(J^{\mu ...
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Odd valued dimensional number impossible to build?

Using numbers of the form $$\alpha_1+\alpha_2e_1+\alpha_3e_2+...+\alpha_ne_{n-1}$$ where $\alpha_n\in\Bbb R$ and for all $a≠b, \alpha_a≠\alpha_b$ with $e_n^2=-1$, can these numbers exist for an odd n? ...
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What's the Clifford algebra?

I'm reading a book on Clifford algebra for physicists. I don't quite understand it conceptually even if I can do most algebraic manipulations. Can some-one teach me what the Clifford algebra really ...
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Hermitian conjugation and representations of the Lorentzian Clifford algebras

The Clifford algebra $\mathcal{C}\ell _{1,2d-1}$ is central and simple (L), and hence has a unique faithful, irreducible representation (over $\mathbb{R}$) (A). Denote this representation by $\gamma ...
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Clifford Algebra of diagonal quadratic form

Just curious as I am studying quadratic forms. Is there a special way of viewing the Clifford algebra $C(q)$, given the diagonal quadratic form $q = \langle a_1, a_2, \ldots, a_n\rangle$, where $a_i ...
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When does the next complex split occur?

So I was thinking about complex numbers and how they came about and someting interesting occured to me: the formation of complex numbers occurs because there exists a function (namely $f(x)=x^2$) ...
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210 views

What is an even Clifford algebra?

I'm reading a paper and he defines $C_0(f)$ to be the "even Clifford algebra over $R$ associated to $f$", where $R$ is a principal ideal domain and $f$ is a non-degenerate ternary quadratic form. What ...
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Clifford Algebra is driving me crazy

How do we determine the Clifford Algebra of a quadratic form $q$? Thanks!
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Quadratic forms and Clifford Algebra Part 2

So just to ask, if $q(x, y) = ax^2 + by^2$ is a quadratic form in two variables over a field $K$ ($a, b \in K$) with char $K \neq 2$, how is $C(q)$ isomorphic to $M_2(K)$?
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Properties of different matrix representations of clifford algebras

I am looking for some theorems about matrix representations of Clifford algebras. Let $a \in G_{p,q,r}$, where $p$ elements square to $1$, $q$ to $-1$, and $r$ to $0$, that is ...
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Distinguishing the two irreducible representations of odd-dimensional complex Clifford-Algebras

The complex Clifford algebra $A$ of a complex, non-degenerate quadratic space $(V,q)$ of odd dimension $2k+1$ admits up to isomorphism exactly two non-trivial, irreducible and finite-dimensional ...
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An operator in clifford algebra

In my research I found it useful to define a following operator ($^{*}$) in Clifford algebra: If $a \in G_{p,q}$, (where $p$ is number of elements that square to $1$, and $q$ is the number of elements ...
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370 views

Solving a geometric algebra equation

I'm reading Hestenes' book "New Foundations of Classical Mechanics" as an introduction to Geometric (Clifford) Algebra. Don't worry, no physics mentioned here :) An exercise asks to solve a vector ...
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Showing: If $w\in C\ell^1(V,Q)$ anticommutes with all $v\in V$, then $w=0$

Show that if an element of the odd part of the Clifford Algebra anticommutes with everything in the vector space, then it is 0. Been having a really hard time making any progress with this one.
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Automorphism groups of real clifford algebras

I'm sure someone has already worked-out what all the relevant groups really are; my question is about how signature duality interacts with these groups. So, by an awful calculation, and choosing a ...