# Tagged Questions

Clifford algebras are associative algebras constructed from quadratic forms on vector spaces. They can be viewed as generalizations of the real numbers, complex numbers, and quaternions. These algebras have applications in geometry and theoretical physics.

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### Question concerning modules over a Clifford algebra

Let $R$be a commutative ring with unit element, and $M$ be an $R-$module. Let $f:M \times M \to R$ be a nondegenerate symmetric bilinear quadratic form, and $C(f)$ be the corresponding Clifford ...
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### Geometric interpretation of multi vectors and/or geometry product

When reading introductory texts on geometric algebra, the author usually introduces two kinds of products and provides a geometric interpretation for understanding them: the dot product or inner ...
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### Geometric Intuition about the relation between Clifford Algebra and Exterior Algebra

It is common to see a relation being established between the Clifford Algebra and the Exterior Algebra of a vector space. Recently reading some texts written by Physicists I've seem applications of ...
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### Clifford, $p$-forms and spinors

I'm trying to understand the paper by Atiyah, Hitchin and Singer called: ''Self-duality in four dimensional Riemannian geometry", available here. I'm stuck at the point where it explains how the $p$-...
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### Taylor expansion of $\frac1{\|x-y\|}$

Let $0\neq y\in \mathbb{R^3}$ define a function $f$ on $\mathbb{R^3}$ as $$f(x) = \frac1{\| x-y\|}$$ What are derivatives of $f$ in zero? Or equivalently, what is the Taylor series of $f$ at ...
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### Lie group structures inside of Clifford algebras

I am reading a text by Jean Gallier on Clifford algebras, Pin and Spin groups. I have a problem with one little innocent-looking paragraph establishing Pin and Spin as Lie groups on the page 37. I don'...
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### Correspondence between tensors and multivectors

In one of its definitions the Clifford algebra is defined as a quotient space of a (infinite dimensional) Tensor algebra. The question is: Given the metric signature and the tensor $T$ and its ...
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### Confusion about division in Clifford Algebra

On page 202 of The Road to Reality, Penrose claims that if we want to generalize Quaternions to n dimensions using Clifford Algebra, we must abandon the division property. I have a hard time believing ...
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### Coordinate free Geometric Algebra vs. Linear Algebra

I think I know what coordinate free means. But I never found in ANY text a good explanation of it or something like: This is the problem solved with coordinates and this is the problem solved without ...
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### Commutation relation between su(N) and clifford algebra generators.

Why does the $\gamma_5$ matrix commute with the generators of the $su(N)$ algebra? In the case of the chiral symmetry from physics, [$Q_a$, $Q_b^5$] = $i \epsilon_{abc}Q^5_c$ where the $Q_a, Q^5_a$ ...
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### What is a multivector?

I know how to visually interpret single parts of a multivector. But what do they look like as a whole? Making an analogy with complex numbers doesn't work.
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### Why is the pseudoscalar called pseudoscalar in Geometric Algebra

It makes sense to call it a pseudoscalar in odd dimensions, because it commutes with all other objects. But in even dimensions it anticommutes, why is it still called pseudoscalar? Further I don't ...
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### Anisotropic scaling in geometric/Clifford algebra

Take the geometric algebra over $\Bbb R^n$. Suppose we have a blade multivector in this algebra. Now we want to anisotropically scale this multivector. Is there a general closed-form expression for ...
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### Geometric product of two bivectors

First the definition of the inner and outer product in terms of grade projection: $A_{r} \cdot B_{s} = \langle A_{r}B_{s} \rangle_{|r-s|}$ $A_{r} \wedge B_{s} = \langle A_{r}B_{s} \rangle_{r+s}$ So ...
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### Why do Clifford bivectors represent the orthogonal Lie algebra?

It takes a long, painful, but straightforward calculation to see that the commutators of grade one elements $[\mathbf e_i,\mathbf e_j]$ of a Clifford algebra $\mathrm{Cl}(p,q)$ have exactly the same ...
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### Intuition behind definition of spinor

Some time ago I searched for the definition of spinors and found the wikipedia page on the subject. Although highly detailed the page tries to talk about many different constructions and IMHO doesn't ...
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### Clifford Algebra Isomorphic to Exterior Algebra

Let $E$ be a vector space over a field $k$ and $Q$ be a quadratic form, that is, $$Q:E\to k$$ such that $$Q(\lambda e)=\lambda^2Q(e)\forall\lambda\in k\,e\in E$$ and such that $P_Q:E^2\to k$ is ...
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### The relation between $\nabla\nabla f$ and $H_f$

I've been reading Lounesto's text on Clifford Algebras and Spinors, and I came across the following in section 1.11: Using the multiplication table of ${C\mathcal{l}}_2$ we notice that the ...
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### Random matrix on Clifford algebra within a specific grade

There has been some discussions about random matrices on generic Clifford algebra arXiv:1312.6291. However I would like to consider a more specific case by restricting the random matrix within a ...
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### About the definition of norm in Clifford algebra

I have seen two definitions for the norm in the Clifford algebra $\mathrm{Cℓ}_{p, q, r}$. According to one of them $\Vert x\Vert = ⟨x. x^\dagger⟩_0$, where the dagger stands for the reversal of the ...
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### Projective Geometry with Clifford Algebra - lost Inner Product

Projective geometry may be studied with the tools of Clifford Algebras by adding a new direction (see for example this article). But as far as I understand it, only blades and null spaces are used for ...
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### Ideal of $TV$ which trivially intersects $V$

Let $V$ be a vector space over a fied $\mathbb{K}$ and let $TV = \bigoplus_{n \in \mathbb{N}} V^{\otimes n}$ be its tensor algebra. Let $b \colon V \times V \rightarrow \mathbb{K}$ be a bilinear form ...