Questions on the circle, a curve composed of points that are at a fixed distance from a fixed point.

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6
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199 views

What's the average distance between two discs in the plane?

Consider two discs in the plane of radius $r$ and $s$, with centers separated by a distance $l$. If we choose a point uniformly at random from each disc, what is the expected distance between the two ...
4
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0answers
347 views

Pinwheel- perimeter of semicircular region

Above, we have a larger circle of $r=16$ with 8 equally spaced semicircles of radius=8. Each semicircle has one end on the larger circle's center and the other on the circumference of the larger ...
3
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0answers
57 views

What is the 'optimal' equal-area partition of a circle?

What is the (an?) n-partition of a circle that meets the following criteria: The boundaries of each partition can be represented as a union of finitely many finite-piecewise-smooth simple closed ...
3
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0answers
39 views

unit circle trigonometry where angles is greater than 90

how is possible to have sin of angle greater than 90. if sin is ratio of opposite side and hypotenuse in right angle triangle then triangle with one of the angle greater than 90 can not be right angle ...
3
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0answers
23 views

How does this polar function behave?

I came across this question in my textbook for Nonlinear Optimisation and I don't know what to do: Consider the function: $$ f(x_1,x_2)=(r-1)^2-\frac{1}{2}(r-1)^2\cos \left( \frac{1}{r-1}-\phi ...
3
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0answers
114 views

Ellipses touching a circle

Given a circle and two points $A$, $B$ in the plane, how do I find an ellipse with focal points $A$ and $B$ that touches the circle? How many such ellipses are there (at least/at most)? Can I ...
3
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0answers
84 views

Characterizations of a linear fractional transformation

Consider the function $$ g(t) = \frac{1+it}{1-it} = \frac{1-t^2}{1+t^2} + i \frac{2t}{1+t^2}. $$ (The second equality holds except when $t=i$.) It seems to be widely known that this function is the ...
3
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0answers
49 views

Topology of a 3D wired Mandala?

There is a so called 3D-wired Mandala, based upon $2$ large circles each flowered symmetrically on its circumference by two sets of each $8$ half-circles. The circles are interconnected together by ...
3
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531 views

Circle Packing Algorithm

I have question related to circle-packing. The problem is to find the circle of minimum radius enclosing four non-overlapping circles of arbitrary radius. I have to write a program in C for this ...
2
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0answers
60 views

Prove that $3$ points are collinear

$\triangle ABC$ is any triangle, $BD$ is its angle bisector. Everything else on the diagram is as you see it, except we are not sure if $I,K,D$ are collinear. How to prove it? Of course, $E$ is not ...
2
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0answers
40 views

Find circles that completely cover a polygon minimizing the amount of space covered outside the polygon

I have an arbitrary polygon that I need to roughly represent using circles. Any point inside the polygon must lie inside a circle. There will be points outside the polygon that will fall under a ...
2
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0answers
45 views

What is the curve's name for the “reciprocal” equation of a circle?

The equation of a unit circle is $$(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2=r^2$$ When the origin $$(a, b)=(0,0)$$ the equation becomes $$y=(1-x^2)^{1/2}$$ Naturally when this equation is plotted on graph paper we get a ...
2
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0answers
45 views

Packing circles in circle vs semicircle vs quarter of circle

Consider $N$ disjoint circles with radius $1$ packed into a larger circle $C$. Let $R$ be the smallest possible radius of $C$, allowing the best packing density. Now take the $N$ unitary circles ...
2
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0answers
57 views

To find a fifth degree equation by using circles and lines that cannot be solved by radicals

An example quintic whose roots cannot be expressed by radicals is $x^5 - x + 1 = 0$. I asked a geometry question about a fifth degree equation long time ago . I had an equation in the question. It ...
2
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0answers
368 views

Rounding Corners: How to calculate Fillet radius?

How do I find the maximum rounding I can apply to either corner for any amount of rounding on the other corner? The all circles are perfect circles, but I can't figure out the max size of the ...
2
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0answers
117 views

Can you explain the solution of this geometric problem

A year ago IBM research posted an interesting geometrical problem: A gardener plants a tree on every integer lattice point, except the origin, inside a circle with a radius of $9801$. The trees ...
2
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0answers
43 views

Bijection from the plane to itself that takes a circle to a circle must take a straight line to a straight line

Prove, that a bijection from the plane to itself that takes a circle to a circle must take a straight line to a straight line. There exists an elementary proof? I know this question can be found here ...
2
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0answers
105 views

Ellipse radius interpolation with different radiuses

I am writing a library for graphical LCDs and I want to incorporate a function to draw a circle on the screen. I have already succeeded in drawing simple circles, however, I want to be able to pass a ...
1
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0answers
35 views

Pre calculus Unit Circle

Suppose that you did not have the Unit Circle on Circle A, but rather a circle of radius $5$. Will the angle measures in degrees and/or radians change? Why or why not? Suppose that you did not have ...
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0answers
28 views

Count balls to put in triangle

Given balls of radius $R$ we need to find how many balls can be put into a triangular container with sides $a,b$ and $c$. Example : Let $R=1$ and $a=3,b=4$ and $c=5$ then answer is $1$, as only one ...
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0answers
24 views

Equation for Circle in 3D Space Given Center, Radius, and Point

I'm looking for how to derive the equation of a circle, in 3D space, given the following information: The Center Point The Radius One point on the circle I understand that this is functionally the ...
1
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0answers
29 views

The Biggest Smallest Piece to Smallest Biggest Piece ratio of a circle cut by n chords with maximal number of regions

It is well known that a circle cut by n chords gives at most (n^2 + n + 2 )/2 regions eg. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/CircleDivisionbyLines.html Questions:- How close to equal area regions can we ...
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0answers
15 views

Trilateration question help

Kind of stuck n this question, I just got the circle equation written down for the robot don't know what to do from here. A bicycle robot is travelling on a circle centred at the origin and with a ...
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0answers
46 views

arrange div elements in circle and square

I n number of divs which are arranged in a circle using javascript. Right now i set the dimension of each div to 40*40. Below is what i am able to achieve so far. This is how i find X & Y of each ...
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0answers
51 views

Family of circles touching a line

I found this in a book but I am not able to understand how they got this result. It goes the equation family of circles touching a given line $(y-y_1)=m(x-x_1)$ at $(x_1,y_1)$ for any value of $m$ is ...
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0answers
50 views

angles subtending arcs at the circumference and centre

$A$ and $B$ are two points on the circumference of a circle center $O$. $C$ is a point on the major arc $AB$. Draw the lines $AC$, $BC$, $AO$, $BO$, and $CO$, extending the last line to a point $D$ ...
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0answers
48 views

Circle geometry problem with overlapping circles

I want to find the length of the red line. The angle between radii is the same for both sectors and radii of both of the circles are known.
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0answers
39 views

Grid overlay on an annulus. Move n squares to create a sector that is closest to the area of the original.

I want to create an image in photoshop, and need to break an annulus, pictured below, into smaller segments. I can use other methods to find the solution, but I'm interested to see how mathematicians ...
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0answers
48 views

Is there a relation for when a circle intersects more than half the perimeter/circumference of another circle?

Is there some nice formula or algoritm for determining when a circle "hides"/intersects more than half of the perimeter of another circle, in a circle-circle interaction. Example image: Two example ...
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0answers
148 views

Problems with Circles and Lines on a Cartesian Plane

(a) Find the equations of the two circles each of which touches both coordinate axes and passes through the point $(9,2)$. (b) Find the coordinates of the second point of intersection of the two ...
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0answers
51 views

Optimization and derivatives homework

Find the dimensions of a right circular cylindrical can with both a top and a bottom that holds 8 cubic cm and is constructed with the least amount of material possible. Radius of can= cm Height ...
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0answers
24 views

Best path for finding within a radius of x units from this point

Say i am standing at a point and knew there is one thing within a radius of x units from this point. What is best path to find that thing. Best can mean shortest, but the discussion can be more open. ...
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0answers
85 views

Circle in a simplex

Let $T$ be a $2$-dimensional simplex in $\mathbb{R}^2$. A circle $C(x,y,r) \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ is given by its center $(x,y) \in \mathbb{R}^2$ and radius $r\ge 0$. Show that the set of circles in ...
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0answers
78 views

Circle Geometry and Conic Section textbook

I seek a textbook for good conic section and circle geometry questions. Slightly above introductory level. - slightly. But I wouldn't mind introductory level questions to consolidate my knowledge. I ...
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0answers
68 views

Probability of a certain circular configuration

Pick each of $n$ angles , $\theta_1$ through $\theta_n$ , uniformly randomly in the range $[0,2\pi$]. Define the distance $d_{i,j}$ between $\theta_i$ and $\theta_j$ by $d_{i,j} = \min(|\theta_j - ...
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0answers
130 views

family of circles in bipolar coordinate system

I don't get the idea how the equation for this family of curve is $\displaystyle y^2 + (x - a \coth v)^2 = \frac{a^2}{\sinh ^2v}$ from this article on Wikipedia. Suppose, the equation is ...
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0answers
69 views

Is there a continuous version of $tan^{-1}(\frac{y}{x})$ for the entire unit circle?

The fact that $tan^{-1}(\frac{y}{x})$ only "works" for the upper-right quadrant makes some calculations (for a physics simulator) impossible. I of course use $atan2(y,x)$ in the code, that's not what ...
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0answers
113 views

Given 2 outer points of a perfect circle, find the centerpoint

Alright, I hope this makes some sense. I am using a software that can create arcs. This arc is defined by: Begin point End point Center of "circle" The center is supposed to be the center of the ...
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0answers
367 views

Finding tangent points of circle inside a triangle

Hi, This is really a part 2 of a previous questions of finding intersecting points of a circle and triangle. I'd like to run my approach by you all to see if I'm thinking correctly. Maybe there's a ...
1
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0answers
224 views

Completelly cover area with minimum number of maxed circles NP-completeness (or harder) proof

everyone. I'm looking for paper with proof of NP-completeness following, or similar problem. Given: Area $S \subset \mathbb{N}^2$, let it be convex or rectangular, I believe it doesn't matter ...
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0answers
159 views

Area of ring section closed within a rectangle

I wish to find out the area of a section of a ring which can be acted on my a rectangle 100mm wide by 60mm height. I know the inner diameter,ID and outer diameter,OD of the ring and the width of the ...
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0answers
246 views

What “boundary conditions” can make a rectangle “look” like a circle?

I posted the question below in Stackoverflow but then realized that it perhaps would find a better audience here. I am solving a fourth order non-linear partial ...
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0answers
29 views

Area of similar triangle

Suppose that we are given a triangle whose area is known. put a circle C of radius r inside that triangle. How can we find the area of a triangle similar to the first one and whose inscribed circle is ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Position n circles in circular layout

Given an index from 1 ... n, and a fixed width and height of each circle (and a fixed spacing), how would I calculate the center x coordinate and center y coordinate of each node to match the ...
0
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0answers
23 views

Significance of Orthocenter in real life

I have found that the circumcenter, incenter, and centroid have some connection with real life, for example centroid is used to find the center of mass of a 2d object.. however I am unable to find the ...
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0answers
24 views

Estimating the mean internal distance between borders of an irregular shape

I have two overlapping (not matching) irregular shapes ($X$ and $Y$), and I would like to estimate the mean distance between their limits. What I've been trying so far is obtaining the irregular ...
0
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0answers
43 views

Finding circle which touches two functions

I wasn't sure whether my issue is with my Mathematica code or the actual way I am trying to figure out my problem so if it is a Mathematica issue I can ask it on that stack exchange. Firstly I have ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Translate vertical movement into radial movement?

I've tried all sorts of things, but I'm no mathematician and I've conceded defeat. So I come here for help. I don't know if I really worded the question correctly since I don't even know what I should ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Function where circle is special case with i=2

I saw this function some while back but cannot recall its name and therefore cannot find it and research it. Can someone please remind me its name? $|x|^i + |y|^i = 1$ where $i$ is ${1,2,3,4,5 ...}$ ...
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0answers
18 views

Coordinate geometry of circles; Circles through the points of intersection of 2 other circles

Here is my question. Let S=0 be the equation of circle 1 and T=0 be the equation of circle 2. There is a standard expression that, if you want the equation of a circle passing through the points of ...