Questions on the circle, a curve composed of points that are at a fixed distance from a fixed point.

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6
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0answers
219 views

What's the average distance between two discs in the plane?

Consider two discs in the plane of radius $r$ and $s$, with centers separated by a distance $l$. If we choose a point uniformly at random from each disc, what is the expected distance between the two ...
5
votes
0answers
493 views

Pinwheel- perimeter of semicircular region

Above, we have a larger circle of $r=16$ with 8 equally spaced semicircles of radius=8. Each semicircle has one end on the larger circle's center and the other on the circumference of the larger ...
4
votes
0answers
61 views

Writing circles as $|z-a| = \lambda |z-b|$ for the same $a,b$

My problem is in the context of the complex plane. I want to know if given two disjoint, not concentric circles $C_1,C_2\subset \mathbb{C}$, can you find $a,b\in \mathbb{C}$ such that $$C_1=\{z\in ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

A question concerning radians and arc length

I was asked by a colleague yesterday about how the formula for the arc length of a circle is derived. I wanted to give them a correct answer, so I said I'd get back to them once I'd thought about it ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Problem about cyclic quadrilaterals

In cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, let E, F, G, H be the orthocenters of triangles BCD, CDA, DAB, ABC, respectively. Prove that EFGH is cyclic. Progress So far, found that if E is orthocenter of BCD ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Find the minimum radius of the circle which is orthogonal to two given circles

Problem : Find the minimum radius of the circle which is orthogonal to both the circles $x^2+y^2-12x+35=0$ and $x^2+y^2+4x+3=0$ . Solution : Let the equations : $x^2+y^2-12x+35=0.....(i)$ and ...
3
votes
0answers
76 views

What is the 'optimal' equal-area partition of a circle?

What is the (an?) n-partition of a circle that meets the following criteria: The boundaries of each partition can be represented as a union of finitely many finite-piecewise-smooth simple closed ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Find circles that completely cover a polygon minimizing the amount of space covered outside the polygon

I have an arbitrary polygon that I need to roughly represent using circles. Any point inside the polygon must lie inside a circle. There will be points outside the polygon that will fall under a ...
3
votes
0answers
68 views

unit circle trigonometry where angles is greater than 90

how is possible to have sin of angle greater than 90. if sin is ratio of opposite side and hypotenuse in right angle triangle then triangle with one of the angle greater than 90 can not be right angle ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

How does this polar function behave?

I came across this question in my textbook for Nonlinear Optimisation and I don't know what to do: Consider the function: $$ f(x_1,x_2)=(r-1)^2-\frac{1}{2}(r-1)^2\cos \left( \frac{1}{r-1}-\phi ...
3
votes
0answers
145 views

Ellipses touching a circle

Given a circle and two points $A$, $B$ in the plane, how do I find an ellipse with focal points $A$ and $B$ that touches the circle? How many such ellipses are there (at least/at most)? Can I ...
3
votes
0answers
90 views

Characterizations of a linear fractional transformation

Consider the function $$ g(t) = \frac{1+it}{1-it} = \frac{1-t^2}{1+t^2} + i \frac{2t}{1+t^2}. $$ (The second equality holds except when $t=i$.) It seems to be widely known that this function is the ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

Topology of a 3D wired Mandala?

There is a so called 3D-wired Mandala, based upon $2$ large circles each flowered symmetrically on its circumference by two sets of each $8$ half-circles. The circles are interconnected together by ...
3
votes
0answers
623 views

Circle Packing Algorithm

I have question related to circle-packing. The problem is to find the circle of minimum radius enclosing four non-overlapping circles of arbitrary radius. I have to write a program in C for this ...
2
votes
0answers
16 views

Calculate new pitch and roll after rotating about the z axis

I am wanting to know how to find out the new pitch and roll values when rotating around a circle. I have become a little stuck on how to achieve this, but hopefully someone will be able to point me in ...
2
votes
0answers
44 views

Triangle side-length problem

my problem is the following. A triangle ABC is given. P is a point on $\overline{AB}$. $k_1, k_2, k$ are the radii of the in-circles of APC, BPC, ABC. $s_1, s_2, s$ are radii of the ex-circles of ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

Find the Langitude and Longitude of the centre point of a circle given a point on the circumference.

I couldn't find a similar question! Given I have the latitude and longitude (x,y) of a point on the circumference of a circle, and I want the circumference to be 1000m. An example of a lat lang I ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

Prove three chords of a circle are concurrent iff their poles with respect to a circle are collinear.

This probably would be a very simple problem if I could use any theorem I wanted about poles and polars, but in the book they give a definition and they say the problem should be solved using only ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

What is the curve's name for the “reciprocal” equation of a circle?

The equation of a unit circle is $$(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2=r^2$$ When the origin $$(a, b)=(0,0)$$ the equation becomes $$y=(1-x^2)^{1/2}$$ Naturally when this equation is plotted on graph paper we get a ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Packing circles in circle vs semicircle vs quarter of circle

Consider $N$ disjoint circles with radius $1$ packed into a larger circle $C$. Let $R$ be the smallest possible radius of $C$, allowing the best packing density. Now take the $N$ unitary circles ...
2
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0answers
65 views

To find a fifth degree equation by using circles and lines that cannot be solved by radicals

An example quintic whose roots cannot be expressed by radicals is $x^5 - x + 1 = 0$. I asked a geometry question about a fifth degree equation long time ago . I had an equation in the question. It ...
2
votes
0answers
611 views

Rounding Corners: How to calculate Fillet radius?

How do I find the maximum rounding I can apply to either corner for any amount of rounding on the other corner? The all circles are perfect circles, but I can't figure out the max size of the ...
2
votes
0answers
144 views

Can you explain the solution of this geometric problem

A year ago IBM research posted an interesting geometrical problem: A gardener plants a tree on every integer lattice point, except the origin, inside a circle with a radius of $9801$. The trees ...
2
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0answers
145 views

Ellipse radius interpolation with different radiuses

I am writing a library for graphical LCDs and I want to incorporate a function to draw a circle on the screen. I have already succeeded in drawing simple circles, however, I want to be able to pass a ...
2
votes
0answers
259 views

Drawing a Great Circle between two given points on Earth

I need to draw a great circle arc between two latitude and longitude points. For sake of example we will use the coordinates for LAX and JFK. JFK is 40.64°N / 73.78°W LAX is 33.94°N / 118.41°W ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Intersecting lines in sectors of a circle.

Good day everyone, I'm trying to simulate a Laser Range Finder (LRF for short) in a corridor environment. I'm including a small fast sketch I did of this. I can't upload images yet, so I include just ...
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0answers
37 views

Calculate parametric bounds of a circle in a 2D quadrilateral

Given a 2D quadrilateral defined by the points $(p0, p1, p2, p3)$ and a circle centered at $c$ with a radius of $r$, I want to find a quad in the parametric space of the outer quad that tightly bounds ...
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0answers
28 views

Prove special case of Brianchon's theorem using inversion

Brianchon's theorem says: When a hexagon is circumscribed around a conic section, its principal diagonals (those connecting opposite vertices) meet in a single point. From interactive demo: ...
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0answers
33 views

Truth value of a mathematical statement about circles?

Let $A$ be the set of circles in the plane with center $(0,0)$ and let $B$ be the set of circles in the plane with center $(-2,3)$. Furthermore, let $P(C_1,C_2)\colon C_1$ and $C_2$ have exactly one ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

How are 2D collision forces calculated?

Between 2 circles of the same radii, how can I calculate the collision forces to apply to each of the 2 circles? I have position, mass, and velocity for each of the circles. Here's what I have ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

2015 AMC12A question 25

This is a question from the 2015 AMC12 math competition. I haven't really made much progress at all on it, and I just want to know the right way to solve this equation. A collection of circles in ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Circle Geometry

How do you derive the equation of a circle $(x−a)^2+(y−b)^2=r^2$ if a point on the y-axis is chosen as then you cannot form a triangle and as a result not apply Pythagoras' theorem and derive the ...
1
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0answers
43 views

Help with this coordinate geometry question involving cirlces and parabolas.

Question: A point $P$ in a plane moves such that it remains at a fixed distance $r$ from a fixed point $A\equiv(r,r)$. (i) Find the equation of the locus of point $P$ (in terms of $r$). Another ...
1
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0answers
23 views

Calculate the overall circle enclosing multiple smaller circles

I have multiple smaller circles of a fixed radius that I am using to define a larger enclosing circle. So I'll need to find the x and y and radius of this new circle. I am looking for efficient over ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

How to calculate the height of a segment based on radius and area

I'd like to calculate the height of a segment based on the area. I have the radius of the circle, the area of the segment and need to calculate the height of the segment. I found the following ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

How to calculate the fundamental group of $S^3$ without two linked cirles

I need to find: the fundamental group of the space obtained by cutting out the three-dimensional $S^3$ sphere of two circles, once linked with each other. Can you help me? I have no idea about it, i ...
1
vote
0answers
44 views

Inverse with respect to a given circle

Determine the inverse with respect to a given circle $g:\mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}^{+}, g(x,y)=x^{2}+y^{2}$. I have looked around for non geometric derivations without finding any of value. ...
1
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0answers
60 views

Proof: At most 3 circles of radius 1/2 fit into the interior of a halfcircle of radius 1

It is a well known fact that at most 7 interior disjoint circles of radius 1/2 can be centered in a circle of radius 1; note that they don't need to be fully contained in the radius 1 circle. I am ...
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0answers
125 views

Pre calculus Unit Circle

Suppose that you did not have the Unit Circle on Circle A, but rather a circle of radius $5$. Will the angle measures in degrees and/or radians change? Why or why not? Suppose that you did not have ...
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0answers
47 views

Count balls to put in triangle

Given balls of radius $R$ we need to find how many balls can be put into a triangular container with sides $a,b$ and $c$. Example : Let $R=1$ and $a=3,b=4$ and $c=5$ then answer is $1$, as only one ...
1
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0answers
113 views

Equation for Circle in 3D Space Given Center, Radius, and Point

I'm looking for how to derive the equation of a circle, in 3D space, given the following information: The Center Point The Radius One point on the circle I understand that this is functionally the ...
1
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0answers
34 views

Rotation of point with infinite child objects. (Chain rotation)

More of a thought experiment here, knowledge for knowledges sake. Let's say you can create infinite points that rotate smoothly and at the same speed as each other through a full revolution - let's ...
1
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0answers
43 views

The Biggest Smallest Piece to Smallest Biggest Piece ratio of a circle cut by n chords with maximal number of regions

It is well known that a circle cut by n chords gives at most (n^2 + n + 2 )/2 regions eg. http://mathworld.wolfram.com/CircleDivisionbyLines.html Questions:- How close to equal area regions can we ...
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0answers
25 views

Trilateration question help

Kind of stuck n this question, I just got the circle equation written down for the robot don't know what to do from here. A bicycle robot is travelling on a circle centred at the origin and with a ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

arrange div elements in circle and square

I n number of divs which are arranged in a circle using javascript. Right now i set the dimension of each div to 40*40. Below is what i am able to achieve so far. This is how i find X & Y of each ...
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0answers
171 views

Family of circles touching a line

I found this in a book but I am not able to understand how they got this result. It goes the equation family of circles touching a given line $(y-y_1)=m(x-x_1)$ at $(x_1,y_1)$ for any value of $m$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
90 views

angles subtending arcs at the circumference and centre

$A$ and $B$ are two points on the circumference of a circle center $O$. $C$ is a point on the major arc $AB$. Draw the lines $AC$, $BC$, $AO$, $BO$, and $CO$, extending the last line to a point $D$ ...
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0answers
69 views

Circle geometry problem with overlapping circles

I want to find the length of the red line. The angle between radii is the same for both sectors and radii of both of the circles are known.
1
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0answers
57 views

Grid overlay on an annulus. Move n squares to create a sector that is closest to the area of the original.

I want to create an image in photoshop, and need to break an annulus, pictured below, into smaller segments. I can use other methods to find the solution, but I'm interested to see how mathematicians ...
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0answers
52 views

Is there a relation for when a circle intersects more than half the perimeter/circumference of another circle?

Is there some nice formula or algoritm for determining when a circle "hides"/intersects more than half of the perimeter of another circle, in a circle-circle interaction. Example image: Two example ...