Questions on the circle, a curve composed of points that are at a fixed distance from a fixed point.

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1answer
27 views

Determining intersecting points between square and circle

I unfortunately have spent too much time trying to solve this question, and have turned to you for help. The corner of my square has intersected some circle, and I need to move it out. I only know one ...
1
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2answers
34 views

Geometry : find the points of tangency between two lines and two circles [on hold]

I have a programming problem. I need to find the intersection points between two lines tangent to two circles and the circles! I have the circles' radiuses and centers. So I need points ...
0
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2answers
46 views

Find radius and height

I have the following problem: given the length of the chord AB and the length of the arc AB, find the radius of the circle and the height of the triangle ACB where C is a point on the circle such that ...
3
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2answers
41 views
+100

How to work out miles between Longitude values based on a Latitude value.

We know that when Latitude is 0, the distance between Longitude values is roughly 69 miles. When the Latitude is +/-90, Longitude values are 0 miles. At 0 Latitude, the earths circumference is ...
5
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13answers
9k views

how to find center of an arc given start point, end point, radius, and arc direction?

Given an arbitrary arc, where you know the following values: start point (x0,y0), end point (x1,y1), radius (r) and arc direction (e.g. clockwise or counterclockwise from start to end), how can I ...
1
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2answers
50 views

Furthest distance between two circles in 3D

I have two circles in 3D specified by their centers, $c_1, c_2$, their radii, $r_1, r_2$, and the normals of the plane each circle is embedded in, $n_1, n_2$. Note that $n_1$ is not necessarily ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

How to embed this circle tangent to the other circles?

I want to construct a circle that would be tangent to the $3$ circles and would have its diameter lie somewhere on the segment $BI$. $EF$ includes the diameters of the $3$ given circles. $EB=BF$. ...
0
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3answers
27 views

The sum of the squares of the length of the chord intercepted by the line x+y=n $n$…

Problem : The sum of the squares of the length of the chord intercepted by the line x+y=n $n \in N$ on the circle $x^2+y^2=4$ is (a) 11 (b) 22 (c) 33 (d) 13 I am unable to understand this ...
0
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1answer
10 views

Best fit circular arc to an elliptical arc?

Is there a standard procedure or algorithm for finding the best fit circular arc to an elliptical arc ? Where the ellipse arc is: symmetrical about the minor axis, subtending [+theta, -theta] from ...
1
vote
2answers
16 views

If the circle $x^2+y^2+4x+22y+c=0$ bisects the circmuference of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x+8y-d=0$ the…

Problem : If the circle $x^2+y^2+4x+22y+c=0$ bisects the circmuference of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x+8y-d=0$ then c +d equals (a) 60 (b) 50 (c) 40 (d) 30 Solution : Equation of common chord ...
5
votes
1answer
43 views

Circle with perpendicular chords

A blue circle is divided into $100$ arcs by $100$ red points such that the lengths of the arcs are the positive integers from $1$ to $100$ in an arbitrary order. Prove that there exists two ...
0
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2answers
36 views

Area of a segment

Two circles of radii 5cm and 12cm are drawn, partly overlapping as shown. Their centres are 13cm apart. Find the area common to the circles?
39
votes
17answers
2k views

How to create circles and or sections of a circle when the centre is inaccessible

I am doing landscaping and some times I need to create circles or parts of circles that would put the centre of the circle in the neighbours' garden, or there are other obstructions that stop me from ...
0
votes
2answers
450 views

Derive formula for area of a circle from formula from area of rectangle

I need to explain how to derive the formula for the area of a circle from the formula for the area of a rectangle. The area of a rectangle is length(width) and the formula for the area of a circle is ...
-4
votes
0answers
40 views

Parametric equation of a circle with given radius and starting point

Find the parametric equations of a circle with radius of $5$ where you start at point $(5,0)$ at $v = 0$ and you travel clockwise with a period of $3$. So, I know that I require to have a $x(v)$ ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

Parametric equation of a circle given starting point.

Find the parametric equations of a circle with radius of $5$ where you start at point $(5,0)$ at $v=0$ and you travel clockwise with a period of $3$. So, I know that I require to have a $x(v)$ and ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Diameter of inscribed circle

How can i express diameter of inscribed circle in terms of radius of three circles.
3
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2answers
42 views

Do the centroid of a unit n-hemisphere and that of the whole n-sphere coincide when $n \to \infty$?

It is known that the distance between the centroid and the center of a unit semicircle is $\displaystyle\frac{4}{3\pi}$, whereas that of a unit hemisphere is $\displaystyle\frac{3}{8}$. I am ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Inverted Circle?

The equation I have is $$\Large x^{\frac23} + y^{\frac23} = 3^{\frac23} $$ I know what the graph looks like, but I don't know how I would find points other than the intercepts mathematically. How ...
1
vote
1answer
13 views

If the distances from origin of centre of three circles $x^2+y^2+2\lambda_i-c^2=0$ (i=1,2,3) are in G.P…

Problem : If the distances from origin of centre of three circles $x^2+y^2+2\lambda_i-c^2=0$ (i=1,2,3) are in G.P ( Geometric progression). Then lengths of tangents drawn to them from any point on the ...
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2answers
33 views

Find the radius

Consider the parabola $y=x^2$ and a circle which is tangent to the parabola at the points $(1,1)$ and $(-1,1)$.Find the radius of circle. My try:I write the general equation of circle ...
0
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1answer
41 views

The point of contact between a line with a circle

My question is: I have a circle of radius 40 and a line which the circle is tangent to. So, if I take a circle of radius 80, do the two circles have the same point of contact? I mean: do they (my ...
0
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0answers
24 views

Find angle of an arc in the circle using 3 coordinates

I want to find angle of semicircle. I have 3 coordinates (center_a,center_b) , (pivot_a,pivot_b) and (last_point_a, last_point_b). From triangle , i can find angle using equation using cosine ...
1
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1answer
23 views

Line not intersecting circle, maximum value of expression involving radius

If line $y+x=2$ do not intersect any member of circles $x^2 + y^2 -ax = 0$ at two distinct points where a is parameter, then maximum value of $|a + 4|$. My try: Since the line does not intersect ...
4
votes
2answers
640 views

The area of circle

The question is to prove that area of a circle with radius $r$ is $\pi r^2$ using integral. I tried to write $$A=\int\limits_{-r}^{r}2\sqrt{r^2-x^2}\ dx$$ but I don't know what to do next.
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Equation of sine wave around a circle

Consider a sine wave having $4$ cycles wrapped around a circle of radius 1 unit (its center needs not be the origin of a Cartesian coordinate system). Assume that the length of axis of the sine wave ...
1
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2answers
37 views

Proof when the circle map is ergodic

Let $E=[0,1)$ with Lebesgue measure. For $a \in E$ consider the mapping $\theta_a:E \rightarrow E, \ \ \theta_a(x) = (x+a) \mod \ 1$. a) Show that $\theta_a$ is not ergodic when $a$ is rational. ...
2
votes
2answers
26 views

Calculate the closest point to the center of a circle from another circle on its radius.

There are 2 circles, the smaller one has its center on the bigger circles border, from that how can you calculate the coordinates the closest point on the smaller circle to the center of the bigger ...
1
vote
1answer
238 views

Bounding box enclosing circles, that complies with ratio constraints

Given a circle centered at $A$, with radius $R_a$ and another radius $R_b$, I need to find a center for circle $B$ such that both circles are tangential, and the bounding box including both circles ...
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4answers
30 views

Area of a Circle Inscribed in a Square

A circle is inscribed in a square. The diameter of the circle is 12.4 mm. Find the area of the region that is outside of the circle and inside the square. Round the answer to the nearest tenth.
9
votes
5answers
262 views

Tangent and angle bisectors

The tangent to the incircle of a triangle ABC is reflected about the external angle bisectors. Show that the triangle formed by the resulting 3 lines is congruent to ABC .
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Newbie: determine if line *segment* intersects circle

I've read related posts, including: How to tell if a line segment intersects with a circle? where the suggestions are probably relevant, but above my level, and the final solution is actually not ...
0
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0answers
18 views

Rotation of point with infinite child objects. (Chain rotation)

More of a thought experiment here, knowledge for knowledges sake. Let's say you can create infinite points that rotate smoothly and at the same speed as each other through a full revolution - let's ...
2
votes
2answers
54 views

Primary school math regarding circles [closed]

----------//-----------------------------------__________ Please see the figure below the question is in the ...
2
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0answers
32 views

Packing circles in circle vs semicircle vs quarter of circle

Consider $N$ disjoint circles with radius $1$ packed into a larger circle $C$. Let $R$ be the smallest possible radius of $C$, allowing the best packing density. Now take the $N$ unitary circles ...
2
votes
2answers
46 views

If $ax + by = c$ is tangent to the circle $x^2 + y^2 = 16$

Problem: If $ax + by = c$ is tangent to the circle $x^2 + y^2 = 16$ then which of the following is correct option (A) $16 ( a^2 + b^2) = c ^2 $ (B) $16 ( a^2 - b^2) = c ^2 $ (C) $16 ( a^2 +b^2) = - ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

Radius of a circle

I'm having trouble with a question where I'm given two points, (-5,-2) & (1,0). Find the equation of the circle. I've used the midpoint formula to get the center which is (x+2) & (y+1) If I'm ...
1
vote
2answers
33 views

internal rectangle area intersected by a circle

I need to compute the internal rectangle area intersected by a circle like (the blue area) on these 3 examples: I know every vertex (x,y) coordinate and then their distance from circle center but ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

Computing the coordinates of a point, offset from a rotated point.

Good day. I have a question which should be easy but I have not been able to figure it out. The coordinates of a point on a unit circle, given an angle, is $$\begin{align} x &= \cos(\alpha) \\ y ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

Calculating a specific point on a circle

I am looking for a formula to calculate the point of intersection where the arc crosses the angled line (designated by the letter 'X' in the example below), only from the dimensions given. I am ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Circles and tangents

3 circles of radius 3 cm, 4cm, 5 cm touch each other externally at $A$, $B$, $C$. Tangents drawn at $A$, $B$, $C$ intersect at $P$. Find $ PA + PB + PC$ . Thanks. My thoughts and approach: ...
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votes
1answer
92 views

What proportion of the circle is covered by the square?

Or what is the combined area of the circle segments (chords)? Picture a circle which is covered by a square, where the bottom vertices of the square are inscribed within the circle (so that the ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Find coordinates for points on circle given R, 2 Points, and angle or 2 points and center?

I would like to find coordinates for points on a circle given: Radius of circle Coordinates of 2 points on the circle Angle of point 1, center, and point 2. Ultimately, I would like to write a ...
1
vote
1answer
21 views

Area of an ellipse proportional to integral of cross-ellipse distances?

I am curious if the area of an ellipse can be shown to be proportional to the integral of all cross-ellipse distances. Before I define cross-ellipse distance, I will give a motivating example from a ...
1
vote
2answers
41 views

Locating a point on a circle

I am having trouble getting the $(x,y)$ of a certain point on the circle. Please look at the image: The circles are the identical, the radius is $1000 \text{ units}$, $S$ is the center with ...
1
vote
2answers
34 views

How to find angular distance between points? [duplicate]

I have the following problem. I have several points on the plain, and there is another point somewhere in the middle of them. The goal is to find angular distance between any two points. My only ...
1
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4answers
22 views

Showing that a circle is “tangent” to the $x$-axis if and only if $\left|k\right| = r$.

The problem is this: to show that a circle of radius $r$ and center $(h, k)$ intersects the $x$-axis at exactly one point if and only if $\left|k\right| = r$. Using geometrical intuition, this ...
0
votes
2answers
40 views

How can I find the smallest enclosing circle for a rectangle?

I have the four vertices of a rectangle. I need to find it's smallest enclosing circle. For example: I need to find the radius of the circle.
4
votes
1answer
138 views

Find if a point lies in all given circles

I have a set of n given circles. I want to find that if there exists at least one point that lies in all of the given circles. Is there a method to do so? I can ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

Radius of circle by knowing a cross section.

I have a curve on an ellipse where I know the length of a cross section and need to find out it's radius (vertically and horizontally) and calculate the angle of the curve. In the following diagram ...