Questions on the circle, a curve composed of points that are at a fixed distance from a fixed point.

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1answer
271 views

Optimisation problem - circle and square

A piece of wire of length $20$cm is cut into $2$ parts. the first part is bent into a circle of radius $r$ in cm, the second into a square of side length $s$ in cm. a) write down an expression for ...
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1answer
28 views

How to bound the great-circle distance of two points on a sphere, only given their euclidean distance?

Suppose I have a great-circle of a sphere in $\mathbb{R}^n$, the chord length (the euclidean distance of any two points) is $L$, how can we upper bound the arc length $C$ (for any radius)? I read ...
2
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2answers
55 views

How does the circumference of the top + bottom sides of a cylinder effect our calculations when working out the surface area?

I was watching a video tutorial on khan academy, (I've included the link at the bottom), and the question states that there is a 8cm cylinder, with a radius of 4. Part of the video shows a worked ...
2
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1answer
50 views

formula to calculate number of arch with certain angel could be fixed in a circle

I'm looking looking for a formula to calculate how many arches with certain angle could be fixed around a circle or in circular formation. I want to use that formula to write a procedure for MSWlogo ...
8
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1answer
89 views

Minimum number of circles with 3 neighbors

It is possible to arrange congruent circles on the plane in such a way that no two circles overlap and each circle adjoins exactly three other circles. The picture shows an example with 16 circles. ...
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0answers
49 views

Exact values on unit circle

Why is it allowed to draw an equilateral triangle on the unit circle to prove the exact values for $\cos(\pi/3)$ or $\sin(\pi/3)$ for example?
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3answers
42 views

The locus of points $z$ which satisfy $|z - k^2c| = k|z - c|$, for $k \neq 1$, is a circle

Use algebra to prove that the locus of points z which satisfy $|z - k^2c| = k|z - c|$, for $k \neq 1$ and $c = a + bi$ any fixed complex number, is a circle centre $O$. Give the radius of the circle ...
2
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1answer
43 views

Circle equation solution

Hi I'm stucked with this equation while transforming it into circle equation: equation is $y+\sqrt{x-x^2} = 0$ Here is my solution: $$y+\sqrt{x-x^2} = 0$$ $$y+\sqrt{-1(x^2-x)} = 0$$ ...
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3answers
207 views

The point of contact of between two circles and common tangent at this point.

A large circle and a small circle have equations $x^2+y^2+2x-4y-27=0 $ and $x^2+y^2-12x+10y+43=0$ respectively. a) Show that the two circles externally touch at a single point and find the point of ...
4
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2answers
120 views

Three circles having centres on the three sides of a triangle

NOTE: I would appreciate it if you provided a hint and not the whole solution. BdMO 2014 Nationals: In acute angled triangle ABC, considering a portion of side BC as diameter a circle is drawn ...
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2answers
36 views

Locus of complex number in complex plane

I have the following complex number: $G = \xi + i\eta$ $\xi = 1-\sigma(1-\cos\phi_m)$ $\eta = -\sigma\sin\phi_m$ how can I find the locus of this complex number? I am told without proof that it is ...
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0answers
32 views

Vector for arcs in path

I have path created from lines and arcs. I want to create next path inside or outside of this given path with given offset. For line I calculate line equation and it gives me simple perpendicular ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Deriving angle from sin or cos

How can I derive the value in degrees of an angle starting from either the cos or sin value? $$ \cos(t) = c_{1} \quad \text{or} \quad \sin(t) = c_{2} $$
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2answers
37 views

Intersections of two parabolas given focii

As part of Voronoi's algorithm, I need to calculate the intersection of two parabolas to compute a breakpoint at run time. I've spent literally 8 hours on this, and I've only gotten my equations to ...
3
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3answers
194 views

3D coordinates of circle center given three point on the circle.

Given the three coordinates $(x_1, y_1, z_1)$, $(x_2, y_2, z_2)$, $(x_3, y_3, z_3)$ defining a circle in 3D space, how to find the coordinates of the center of the circle $(x_0, y_0, z_0)$?
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1answer
45 views

Finding the angle value given 1 point and the centre of a circle

I got the coordinates of the center of a circle $(a,b)$ as well as one other point $(x, y)$. From those I can derive the radius by applying square root to the result of following formula. $$ (x-a)^2 ...
1
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1answer
119 views

Finding the points of intersection of a circle and a line

In a test (of math in arabic language) we we're asked to find the points of intersection of a circle and a line. Their equation is given. In the test I solved system of equations made of their ...
3
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0answers
57 views

A question concerning radians and arc length

I was asked by a colleague yesterday about how the formula for the arc length of a circle is derived. I wanted to give them a correct answer, so I said I'd get back to them once I'd thought about it ...
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1answer
40 views

Find part of segment between two circle centers

I drew the following image to help me explaining the question: Having two circles Source and Target, I want to build an arrow like in the image. The Source has coordinates $Source(sx, sy)$ and ...
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0answers
35 views

Coloring a circle

A circular spintop is colored in blue, red and green. Whenever the spintop is rotated 120 degrees, the pattern of colors looks exactly the same, only that blue becomes red, red becomes green and green ...
2
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1answer
56 views

Finding the radius of a third tangent circle

Sorry if this is a foolish question, but I'm having difficulty understanding how to solve for $r_3$ in the following diagram... According to WolframAlpha's page on tangent circles, the radius of ...
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1answer
35 views

The vertical projection of a chord of a circle?

I was wondering if anyone could help me with the problem below (finding x): So we are given t_i (the initial tangent angle to the circle), t_o (the exiting angle of the tangent of the circle), the ...
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1answer
29 views

Truncated geometric progression on the complex unit circle - how to minimize the maximum real value

Let $a = \text{e}^{i 2 \pi k}$, and let $n$ be a natural number. Then I have a set defined as follows: $S = \{ \text{Re} (a), \text{Re} ( a^2 ), \ldots, \text{Re} (a^n) \}$ I want to minimize $T = ...
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1answer
54 views

How do I correctly measure the circumference of a circle

I found How exactly do you measure circumference or diameter? but it was more related to how people measured circumference and diameter in old days. BUT now we have a formula, but the value of PI ...
2
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1answer
58 views

Requiring a Geometrical proof

In the figure, ABCD is a square circumscribing a circle ($\pi_1$) whose center is E, the point of intersection of the diagonals AC and BD. With A as center, AB as radius, sector ABD is drawn cutting ...
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2answers
53 views

Finding whether the quadrilateral is cyclic or not

Is a quadrilateral with sides lengths $3$, $3$, $4$, and $4$ cyclic? Progress I found that sides joining 3 and 4 are of equal length. then I found that other diagonal should also have same length ...
11
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1answer
146 views

Is a line just an infinitely large circle?

A line is infinite, right? Well, if $-\infty = \infty$, then a line is an infinitely large circle. (Does this have something to do with $1/0$?) It seems wrong, is it? Could I disprove it? How ...
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2answers
43 views

Sine on a Circle

I'm walking a quarter mile circular walking track. The width of the track is 8 feet across. If I walk from one side of the track to the other, walking a sine wave that has a 20 foot period, how much ...
0
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1answer
12 views

Simple Angle from X and Y Axes Input

I am trying, given the position along the $X$ and $Y$ axes from a controller, where the positions range from $-1$ to $1$ ($1$ being up on the Y and right on the X) to convert this to the direction of ...
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4answers
46 views

Finding the equation of a circle given one point and radius

What is the equation of the circle which passes through the point $(0,2)$ with radius $4$ and whose center lies on the line $y = x$?
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1answer
44 views

What is the radius of a circle tangent to two lines with a known angle between them

Given angle, $\alpha$, and distance, $d$, what is the radius, $r$, and angle, $\theta$, in the image below in terms of the known quantities?
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1answer
52 views

Drawing lines from tangents from two circles on both sides.

I need to draw two red lines connecting the tangents from two circles on both sides. I need an algorithm that would get them based on any angle these circles are in relation to another. I need the ...
0
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1answer
23 views

Trying to figure out coordinates of isoscleles triangle

I'm programming some application, which heavily depends of geometry. Let's say, in 2D coordinates system I have i.e. : Bxy = (5,-2) Cxy = (2,-5) ABlength = 5.5 ...
3
votes
3answers
71 views

Find equation of a circle

Find equation of a circle passing through $(1, 1)$ and touching the circle $$ x^2 + y^2 + 4x - 6y - 3=0 $$ at the point $(2, 3)$. I am stuck as I cannot find more than $2$ equations for $3$ unknowns. ...
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0answers
46 views

How to calculate the height of a segment based on radius and area

I'd like to calculate the height of a segment based on the area. I have the radius of the circle, the area of the segment and need to calculate the height of the segment. I found the following ...
0
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1answer
32 views

How to find circumference origin position?

I need to find origin of circumference which is defined by two points and vertex angle of isosceles triangle: I've got radius of triangle by ...
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0answers
102 views

Dense packing of circles in unit circle, matlab code

I'm having real difficulties with a packing problem: Given M circles with equal radius r, determine the maximum radius such that all the circles can be fitted into the unit circle, without overlap. ...
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2answers
51 views

Surface are of a lightbulb

I have this picture: How could I calculate the area of a "thing" in red square? It is a circle.
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1answer
45 views

Geometry: how to get the radius of a circle with just a chord of the circle

Answer: Able to find area with statement 1) The length of the segment AB is 10 Above are two statements asking whether I can solve for the shaded areas given the information they have provided. ...
3
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0answers
62 views

Problem about cyclic quadrilaterals

In cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, let E, F, G, H be the orthocenters of triangles BCD, CDA, DAB, ABC, respectively. Prove that EFGH is cyclic. Progress So far, found that if E is orthocenter of BCD ...
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3answers
30 views

Express angular position of the Earth as a function of time

Say I have for example the Earth orbiting the Sun (in circular orbit) and I want to express angular position (in radians) as a function of time. Would I be correct in thinking that $2\pi/t$ does the ...
0
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1answer
27 views

Find a point on a cercle in an orthonormed system given an angle.

In this inverted orthonormed system, I need to find a formula that gives the x and y coordinates of a point on a circle in function of an angle A that have its top on the center of the circle. I know ...
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2answers
173 views

Finding Reference Angles in Precalculus?

I'm reviewing for an exam, and having some trouble with reference angles depending on the quadrant they lie in. For example, my book shows the following: I get the part about subtracting 12pi/6, ...
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2answers
87 views

To find two sides of a triangle when it is circumscribed a circle

A triangle ABC is drawn to circumscribe a circle of radius 4 cm such that the segments BD and DC into which BC is divided by the point of contact D are of lengths 8 cm and 6 cm respectively. Find the ...
0
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1answer
18 views

Orbital Motion overlap

What's a possible way of finding time t for an overlap of three objects going around a circular orbit around a common fixed center. So like the solar system in 2D, How can I find the time for when the ...
0
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1answer
37 views

Calculating the length of an arc

I am working on some simulation software, in which I have an entity that is spiralling around a particular point. As the entity starts spiralling around the point, and the radius of the spiral ...
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0answers
28 views

Circles intersecting at A and B [duplicate]

Question: Two given circles intersect at A and B. A straight line through B meets the circles again at C and D. Prove that CD is greatest when it is parallel to the line joining the centres My ...
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1answer
44 views

overlap between orbitting planets

If two objects are orbiting around a common center point with different velocities and at different radius. The point in time in which they are overlapping can be found out using their angular ...
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1answer
70 views

find center of circle from one point,knowing radius

I have a problem that I have to solve. I need to find center of the circle containing the point $(x,y)$. The point is $x=2,y=3$ with radius $r=3$. I need to find the center of circle. Is there ...
0
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1answer
41 views

Find circle for two points, one with given angle.

I have point A and B. I also have a vector v. How can I mathematically find a circle whose tangent at point C has the same angle as v where point C is the same as B and the circle also contains point ...