Questions on the circle, a curve composed of points that are at a fixed distance from a fixed point.

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1answer
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Geometry - prove, that the center of circumscribed circle of a triangle lays on line.

Inside the angle, which vertice is the point $M$, the randomly selected point $A$ is drawn. From this point the ball is released, which at first reflected from one side of the angle at point $B$, ...
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1answer
29 views

Plane-geometry problem with circles and tangents

I have a problem that even my smartest colleagues were able to solve. This is to get the radius of the smallest circle in the drawing below. Using a computer program, I managed to get that lightning ...
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7answers
258 views

area of figure in sector of intersecting circles

I need to find an area of blue part of figure APBC. I draw line segments between B and C, between C and A, and got equilateral triangle. I'm stuck here. Please help. Thanks. |AB| = a, P is midpoint ...
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1answer
35 views

Simple circle question

let AB be diameter of circle and AC be the chord. Let a tangent is drawn from C to meet AB produced at D.If BAC=30,Prove that BC= BD SOLUTION ACB= 90 ABC=60 CBD=120 After that I am confused
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1answer
58 views

How to calculate the range of angles at which a line will intersect a growing circle? Arc length?

I am working on some simulation software in which I have an entity (e) that is spiralling around a particular point (p). As e continues to move around p, the radius of the circle that it is following ...
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1answer
32 views

Is any property of orthocenter related in this question?

While practicing mathematics Olympiad questions , i got the below given question . Though the solution is given , I am not able to bypass certain steps ... Can anyone please explain me why angle KPA ...
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5answers
122 views

What kind of curve is made of half circles?

I have this curve. It's definitely no sine or cosine. It consists of half circles. How do you call it and how do you describe it mathematically?
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2answers
34 views

Equation of circle through three given points.

Yes, there are many methods to find the equation; the easiest being the process of solving the eqn. of circle putting the three points. But what I didn't understand is the another method which my book ...
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1answer
19 views

convex quadrilaterals and circles

Suppose you have an arbitrary convex quadrilateral call it $WXYZ$ and four circles with diameters $WX, XY, YZ, ZW$. How would you prove that the four circles would cover the whole quadrilateral ...
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2answers
35 views

Center of a circle from two chords.

If two chords of a circle intersect and are $\perp$ to each other, is it possible to find the distance from the intersection point of the chords to the center? I was trying to use the power of a ...
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2answers
67 views

Coordinates of the intersection of two tangents to a circle

Let $A = (x_A, y_A)$ and $B = (x_B, y_B)$. Let $\gamma$ be a circumference of radius $r$, centered in $(0, 0)$; $A$ and $B$ lie outside of $\gamma$, and on the same side of some line $L$ through the ...
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1answer
58 views

Place three circles such that they uniquely intersect at each point in the plane

Is it possible to place three circle centers in a plane such that there is a single unique three-way intersection between the three circles for any given set of circle radii? For example, see the ...
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2answers
29 views

How far to move a circle along a ray so that it intersects with another circle only once?

Given two 2d circles that have intersected at two points, how do I find the distance along a ray that passes through the center of one of the circles so that when that circle is translated along that ...
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0answers
9 views

Rotate a point on circle by an angle such that the point attains a new coordinate axis.

I have this circle with known radius and centre w.r.t to both new and old coordinate axes given by NBase and Base respectively. I need to find a point P and Theta such that when vector OP is rotated ...
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1answer
30 views

Finding functions in Inscribed Triangle

If we have a circle of radius $R$ around center $O$ and its inscribed triangle $XYZ$ that is acute as well as scalene. $XY$ is the longest side. $XA,YB, ZC$ are the altitudes of the triangle $XYZ$. ...
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1answer
22 views

Equations for different quadrants of a circle

In the circle $x^2$ + $y^2$ = $a^2$, what's the general equation for the arcs in each of the quadrants?
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1answer
24 views

Distance between center of side of regular polygon inscribed in a circle, and the perimeter of that circle?

Point A : The center of a side of a polygon inscribed in a circle Point B : The point on the perimeter of that circle that is opposite Point A I want to calculate the distance between Point A & ...
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2answers
118 views

circular reasoning in proving $\frac{\sin x}x\to1,x\to0$

The classic proof for $\frac{\sin x}x\to1,x\to0$ is using a squeezing theorem based on arguments about areas of circles. But as far as I know, all deduction of formula of circles' area is based on ...
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1answer
26 views

Graphing Circles, Ellipses, Parabolas, and Hyperbolas

I need help plotting a curve on a graph where the distance from focus1 is always the same ratio to the distance from focus2. For instance, lets assume focus1 is -5 along the x axis, and focus2 is +5 ...
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1answer
51 views

Calculate distance in x,y from center based on distance and degrees.

I'm terribly sorry if this question is written like a 5-year old.. But that's the level I'm on in terms of math and coordinate calculations. (Just realized I don't even know what to tag this question ...
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1answer
75 views

Finding circle with two points on it and a tangent from one of the points

Two points P1(x1,y1) and P2(x2,y2) are known. In addition, a line slope passing through P1 is known. The aim is to construct a circle (or circular arc) that it passes through both P1 and P2 and it is ...
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1answer
74 views

Differentiation of a circle

As a discus thrower is spinning counterclockwise to throw a discus, the discus travels along the path given by the circle $x^2+y^2=4$. If the discus is released at the point $(\sqrt2,\sqrt2)$ and ...
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0answers
29 views

What is the sum of the interior angle of a circle?

There is a convenient formula for deriving the sum of the interior angle of polygons which is $$180^\circ\cdot (n-2)$$. By building the limit it seems that for a circle the value is infinite. But it ...
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1answer
35 views

In every polygon circumscribed about a circle, there exist three sides that can form a triangle.

How can one show that in every polygon circumscribed about a circle, there exist three sides that can form a triangle? (This was posted by another user and then deleted while I was typing my answer.) ...
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2answers
102 views

Number of ways to seat people around a circular table

I got (i) which is $9!$, but there are no answers for the second question. I stated that $$P(\text{none together})=1-P(\text{3 together})-P(\text{2 together})$$ and got the answer $7/12$. Is this ...
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0answers
37 views

find points on circle in 3D pace perpendicular to line

I'm working with 3D image data and have little algebraic knowledge. I have an 3D image whit each pixel divined by its x,y,z position. What I need is to get the values of all pixels on a circle inside ...
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5answers
265 views

How can I find the radius of a circle from a chord and a section of the radius?

Draw a circle with center O. Line AD is a chord that is 8cm long. The arc above is smaller than the one below. B is the center of AD. Line CB is a line that is 2cm long. It meets AD at 90°. ...
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1answer
34 views

Computing overlapping circle positions, equidistant from each other.

Hello, I am a programmer and I wanted to develop an application that would have several overlapping circles in the same location, where each circle can be selectable. Is there a mathematical way of ...
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0answers
29 views

Find the minimum radius of the circle which is orthogonal to two given circles

Problem : Find the minimum radius of the circle which is orthogonal to both the circles $x^2+y^2-12x+35=0$ and $x^2+y^2+4x+3=0$ . Solution : Let the equations : $x^2+y^2-12x+35=0.....(i)$ and ...
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3answers
23 views

Cyclic quadrilaterals - finding the size of an angle

I know this might seem like a really simple question, but I really don't understand where I am going wrong. I am familiar with cyclic quadrilaterals as well as their properties, but this question ...
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3answers
22 views

Find the radii of the two circles which pass through the point $(16,2)$ and touch both axes

How can I find the radii of the two circles which pass through the point $(16,2)$ and touch both the axes? I've only ever seen demonstrations using three normal co-ordinates; or two normal ...
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2answers
63 views

If the length of tangent drawn from an external point P to the circle of radius $r$ is $l$ , then prove that area…

Problem : If the length of tangent drawn from an external point P to the circle of radius $r$ is $l$ , then prove that area of triangle form by pair of tangent and its chord of contact is ...
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1answer
79 views

Areas between intersecting chords

In the circle below let the two chords be called $C_1$ and $C_2$, and their intersection be some point that is not the center. The chord power theorem tell us that $a \cdot b = c \cdot d$. I am ...
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1answer
44 views

How to calculate point on circumference of circle given radius

I am trying to come up with a formula to calculate the y co-ordinate of the point on the circle in the attached picture (i.e. delta y) based on the circumference of the circle and the distance x. ...
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0answers
40 views

Inverse with respect to a given circle

Determine the inverse with respect to a given circle $g:\mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}^{+}, g(x,y)=x^{2}+y^{2}$. I have looked around for non geometric derivations without finding any of value. ...
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1answer
67 views

Find the maximum perpendicular height between a chord and an arc.

I am doing a maths modelling project, and I am stuck on a part. I have a (arc length) and L (chord length), but I want to find H, the maximum perpendicular distance between them! Any help would be ...
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0answers
39 views

Area of a circle of Radius “r” in a rectangle

This is a very basic problem but i would like to ask as i am unable to resolve it. I have a rectangle of the following dimensions. $Length = L$ $Width = W$ I picked a point ($x,y$) in this ...
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1answer
26 views

Show that the common tangents to circles $x^2+y^2+2x=0$ and $x^2+y^2-6x=0$ …

Problem : Show that the common tangents to circles $x^2+y^2+2x=0$ and $x^2+y^2-6x=0$ form an equilateral triangle. Solution : Let $C_1 : x^2+y^2+2x=0$ here centre of the circle is $(-1,0) $ and ...
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4answers
101 views

Equation of a line tangent to circumference

Discover the general equation of the tangent line to the circumference $x^2 + y^2 - 2x + 4y + 1 = 0$ by the point $(3,4)$. NO CALCULUS. by the circumference equation i discovered that $C(1, ...
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0answers
43 views

Parametric Equation of a parabola from the derivative of the parametric equation of a circle

Find the velocity and trajectory to throw a ball from a Ferris Wheel to a friend standing below. The Ferris Wheel has a diameter of 16 meters and its highest point is 19 meters above the ground. It ...
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1answer
58 views

intersection of 4 circles

Hi I'm doing some programming challenges for fun and I am trying to work out the maths required to solve this problem. It has been 10 years since I did any maths in anger like this so i'm a bit ...
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1answer
49 views

Circle Equation Surjectivity

Consider the circular function $g:\mathbb{R}^{2} \to \mathbb{R}^{+}$, $g(x,y)=x^{2}+y^{2}$. Show that it is surjective and continuous. Note This post has been amended in accordance with the ...
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3answers
61 views

How to determine family of circles passing through two given points?

The question asks to show that the equation of any circle passing through two given points takes a certain form. I have obtained the points as being $(2,1)$ and $(2,-1)$ but I'm not sure as to how to ...
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1answer
42 views

power of a point (circles) questions.

Lets say we have two circles call them $O_{1}$ and $O_{2}$. Let $a_{1}$ and $a_{2}$ be the arcs of the circles. Then when it comes to two circles, three cases arise. They intersect at two points, they ...
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2answers
113 views

Show that four vertices of a square cannot lie on four concentric circles, radii of which form an arithmetic sequence

My teacher said it's solved using proof through contradiction. I've considered cases of the centre of the circle, but I lose geometry big time so not sure how to do this.
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1answer
137 views

Symmetrical of a triangle's vertexes

I have the following problem : Show that the symmetrical (ie reflection) of a triangle's vertexes by the opposite side are aligned iff the distance between the orthocenter and the circumcenter is ...
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1answer
19 views

Quadrilateral Inscribed angles calculation with one arc angle

I am trying desperately to solve following problem. How can I solve it, the image and question is included in image
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0answers
23 views

Estimating the mean Euclidean distance between two overlapping, not-matching shapes

I’d like to determine the mean distance between two irregular overlapped, not-matching shapes ($X$ and $Y$). In $Figure 1$, $X$ is “visually above” $Y$, and that’s why we can’t see part of the $Y$ ...
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1answer
118 views

A circle touches the parabola $y^2=4ax$ at P. It also passes through the focus S of the parabola and int…

Problem : A circle touches the parabola $y^2=4ax$ at P. It also passes through the focus S of the parabola and intersects its axis at Q. If angle SPQ is $\frac{\pi}{2}$ find the equation of the ...
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1answer
24 views

Using an offset data point with x, y coords to find the true centre of a circle

I have a data point at (0, 0) where measurements of a tank's shell are taken from. I have used this data point to plot the circle in a graph. However, this data point is not the true centre of the ...