For questions conserning circles. A circle is a curve composed of points in a plane that are at a fixed distance from a fixed point.

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1answer
49 views

Equation of circle - from chord

Question: If one of the diameters of the circle $x^2 + y^2-2x-6y+6 = 0$ is a chord to the circle with center (2, 1), then the radius of the circle is: $\sqrt3,\sqrt2,3,2$ I have no clue as to where ...
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1answer
103 views

Circles and tangents and circumcircles

Question: Tangents drawn from the point $P(1, 8)$ to the circle $x^2 + y^2 -6x -4y -11=0$ touch the circle at the points $A$ and $B$. What is the equation of the circumcircle of the triangle $PAB$? I ...
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3answers
65 views

Compute the set of points (x,y) for a circle of arbitrary radius, with a 1 degree step, without using any trigonometric function.

Is it possible for a computer program to geometrically construct a approximate circle (pixels have line drawing limitations) without using any trigonometric function? e.g. taking the unit circle as ...
2
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3answers
93 views

How to find the radius of this middle circle arranged as shown.

There is this maths competition geometry problem and my approach. And this is my initial approach. From the picture, the shaded circle looks slightly bigger. What we are looking for is the $x$ ...
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1answer
160 views

Homeomorphism of a Genus-2 Surface

Does there exist a homeomorphism from a genus-2 surface, the connected sum of 2 tori, to two circles, $S^1$, intersecting at a point? Intuitively it seems that the double torus can be squeezed into ...
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2answers
531 views

Midpoint of chord of contact

Question: The locus of the mid-point of the chord of contact of tangents drawn from points lying on the straight line $4x - 5y = 20$ to the circle $x^2 + y^2 = 9$ is: a) $20(x^2 - y^2)- 36x + 45y = 0$...
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1answer
79 views

How is circle closed?

I have this thought that circle in 'real' is not a closed figure. We all know that 'pi' is irrational.And integers are nodes in a 'monstrous' line of real numbers. Irrational numbers are non-...
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0answers
167 views

Find circles that completely cover a polygon minimizing the amount of space covered outside the polygon

I have an arbitrary polygon that I need to roughly represent using circles. Any point inside the polygon must lie inside a circle. There will be points outside the polygon that will fall under a ...
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2answers
56 views

Tangent - point of contact

Question: Tangent to the curve $y = x^2 + 6$ at point P(1, 7) touches the circle $x^2 + y^2 + 16x + 12y + c = 0$ at a point Q. Then the coordinates of Q are: 1) $(-6, -11)$ 2) $(-9, -13)$ 3) $(-10, ...
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2answers
63 views

Circle - finding the equation

Question: A circle touches the lines $2x+3y+1=0$ at the point (1, -1) and is orthogonal to the circle which has the line segment having end points (0, -1) and (-2, 3) as the diameter. What is the ...
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3answers
157 views

Solve the length AB (the dashed line)

Can someone show me how I can solve this? (Step by step example with solution appreciated a lot as I am currently practicing). EDIT: After a closer look, it looks as if this is an Isosceles ...
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3answers
280 views

The “Circle” is a Vector Space?

Consider the set of angles $C = [0, \ 2\pi)$ and, for all $x,y \in C$, define the $sum$ operation as the sum modulo $[0, \ 2\pi)$. The identity element of the addition is the angle $0$. The inverse ...
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2answers
49 views

Radius of a curvature

I have a lens (magnifying glass) and I want to calculate the radius of the curvatures on its sides. The lens in question diameter of the lens = 6 cm thickness at center = 7 mm thickness at edge = ...
0
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1answer
187 views

length of secant line.

I'm looking for way to find the length of a secant line intersecting another line through the center of a circle with a known radius. The intersection point is on the circle and the angle between 2 ...
2
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2answers
56 views

Circles - tangent from common point

Given the equation of a circle and the points of contact of two tangents, is it possible to find their point of intersection? The obvious method is to find the equation of the two tangents, using the ...
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4answers
323 views

Circles - point of intersection of tangents

Question: Let $A$ be the center of the cricle $x^2 + y^2 - 2x-4y-20=0$. Suppose that the tangents at the points $B(1,7)$ and $D(4,-2)$ on the cricle meet at point $C$. Find the area of the ...
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1answer
106 views

Inscribed Circles in Triangles

This question appeared in this year's UNSW Maths competition. It was question 5b and it was the only question that i couldn't do. Sorry if my explanation is bad as it is complicated to understand ...
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3answers
72 views

Finding the variable of a coordinate point on a circle

This might be a very simple question but I am having trouble figuring it out, so if anyone can explain: A circle is marked with three points A(-3,2),...
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2answers
3k views

Finding the points where a circle intersects an axis

A circle has the equation: x²+y²+4x-2y-11 = 0 What would be the coordinates of the points where the circle intersects with the y-axis and how would you calculate it?
53
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2answers
2k views

Geometry problem involving infinite number of circles

What is the sum of the areas of the grey circles? I have not made any progress so far.
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2answers
52 views

Solving for $\theta$ in a circle

Let's say you have a pendulum hanging straight down and touching the ground at the lowest point. The pendulum has length $l$. If you pull the pendulum back so that the end is height $h$ above the ...
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1answer
46 views

Rules of Inscribed Angles

https://www.dropbox.com/s/chbs2vilr9wjkvz/20140819_130744.jpg Image of question found above. I don't understand why angle BCD is formed by tangent and chord and is equal to 1/2 of arc BC.
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2answers
162 views

Placing a circle in a square lattice

Two part question. Consider the square lattice $\mathbb{Z}^2$: Imagine you are going to place a circle of radius $r$ somewhere in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Question 1: What is the radius of the largest ...
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1answer
95 views

Enlarge 3 Circles about the same factor to find the Intersect

I currently have 3 circles that not intersect at all. Like this: Now i would like enlarge the circles about the same factor to find the intersection of this three circles. I have tried following ...
0
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1answer
103 views

Convex optimization approximation

Consider the optimization problem $\mathcal{P}_0$ \begin{equation*} \begin{aligned} & \underset{x\in \mathbb{R}^2}{\text{minimize}} & & \left\| x-p \right\|^2 \\ & \text{subject ...
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0answers
109 views

What is the curve's name for the “reciprocal” equation of a circle?

The equation of a unit circle is $$(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2=r^2$$ When the origin $$(a, b)=(0,0)$$ the equation becomes $$y=(1-x^2)^{1/2}$$ Naturally when this equation is plotted on graph paper we get a ...
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2answers
80 views

Intersection of circle and ellipse

I'm looking for the points of intersection of a circle $x^2 + y^2 = r^2$ ($r$ is known, origin is $(0,0)$) and an ellipse $(x - x_0)^2 / a^2 + (y-y_0)^2 / b^2 = 1$ ($a,b,x_0,y_0$ are known). ...
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1answer
204 views

Distance to the perimeter of a circle with given radius, distance traveled from origin, and direction

I am programmer by trade but am running into some trouble with a geometry problem. I basically want to start at the center of a circle, travel any distance within the radius, turn any direction, and ...
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1answer
601 views

Find area of shaded region in circle

I am working on this SAT question. Progress AD = 3 largest radius =3 second largest = 2
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2answers
1k views

Circle Line segment intersection

I have a circle with radius r and center $(c_x, c_y)$. I have a line segment $(x_1, y_1)$ and $(x_2, y_2)$ given $(x_2, y_2)$ is always a point inside the circle. I am trying to find the ...
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1answer
436 views

How to find the area of intersection of two circles using axiomatic geometry?

Problem: square(ABCD) is a regular square, and a circle touches internally in the square. Also, arc(BD) divides the square. Then calculate the area of the colored region. This question is easily ...
2
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1answer
287 views

Not understanding arc midpoint computation

I'm trying to find the midpoint of an arc, so I found this page wherein Gregory V. Akulov and Oleksandr G. Akulov describe the midpoint formula. I pasted the formula & description from the site ...
2
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4answers
242 views

Area of a circle sector

I have been given the following proportional relationship to derive the area of a circle's sector: $\large\frac{\text{ Area of the sector}}{\text{Area of the circle}}=\frac{\text{arc length}}{\text{...
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1answer
109 views

Work out center of a partial circle

If I have a small section of a circle, inside a square. I know the height and the width of the square and therefore the width and height of the arc, what would be the quickest (not necessarily the ...
3
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1answer
126 views

Unit circle can't be covered by one chart

I am hoping that someone can give me a proof showing why the unit circle cannot be covered by one coordinate chart, or a reference where I can find a proof.
3
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1answer
81 views

Can we find a point $M$ on the unit circle such that $\prod_{i=1}^n MA_i=1$?

We are on $\Bbb{R}^2$. Let $A_1,\cdots,A_n$ be $n$ points on the unit circle. Can we find a point $M$ on the unit circle such that $\prod_{i=1}^n MA_i=1$ ? ( of course I mean the distance here) ...
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2answers
300 views

Deformable circle from a cubic Bezier approximation

I plan to draw approximate circles using a piecewise cubic Bezier representation. The representation should use four Beziers and be defined by four interpolating control points (let us call them ...
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4answers
184 views

Circle - finding the equation

Question: Find the equation of a circle whose center is in the first quadrant; touches the x-axis at (4,0) and makes an intercept of length 6 units on the y-axis. I am getting a faint idea where to ...
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1answer
147 views

Can any vertex of an isosceles triangle represent the centre of a circle, and the base vertices represent points on the circumference of that circle?

This question occurred to me doing this circle geometry problem, and I was wondering if anyone could clear it up. Geometrically, it seems it would make sense, provided that 2 sides are equal (equal ...
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1answer
54 views

Outer interval of circle intersection

Is there a consistent way to calculate the outer interval $\left(~\mbox{element of}\ \left[0, 2\pi\right]~\right)$ of a circle created by an intersection ?. I calculated the intersection points and ...
2
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2answers
275 views

Finding the position of a moving point [closed]

A point is moving on a given curve. For example, curve equation is: $$x^2 + y^2 - 10y = 0,$$ which is a circle with $5$ meter radius. If point is on $(0,0)$ at $t = 0$ and is moving on the curve ...
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3answers
2k views

Finding formula for an arc of a circle that fills a rectangle

I'm working on a program where I need to draw an arc in a rectangle fulfills these requirements: 1) The arc must be part of a perfect circle (not the band!), must not be oval 2) The arc intersects ...
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2answers
32 views

Problem of bodies in motion in circles.

Consider two circles of radii $4\;cm$ and $8\;cm$, respectively, both circles have the same center $C$ and is two bodies $A$ and $B$, so that $A$ is smaller circumference of the trajectory at a ...
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1answer
381 views

Coordinate Geometry of circles; Radical Axis question

If one of the diameters of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x-6y+6=0$ is a chord to the circle with center at $(2, 1)$, then the radius of the second circle is? Apparently the solution is $3$, with the cryptic ...
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2answers
332 views

calculate circle segment area: determine distance

I have a problem calculating the area of a circle segment. I know how to separate this into smaller tasks (triangle and remaining circle segment) that are basically easily solvable, but one distance ...
0
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1answer
427 views

Minimal number of points to define a rotated ellipse?

What is the minimal number of points $N$ to uniquely define the semi-major axis $a$, the semi-minor axis $b$ and the rotation angle $\omega$ of an ellipse whose the center is known/fixed (this is ...
0
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1answer
304 views

Number of triangles formed by all chords between $n$ points on a circle

We have $n$ point on circumference of a circle. We draw all chords between this points. No three chords are concurrent. How many triangles exist that their apexes could be on circumference of ...
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1answer
81 views

problem about length of perpendicular chords

Question $AB$ is chord of circle $O$,points $D$ and $E$ are chosen on $AB$ in a way that $AD=BE$.prove two chords that are perpendicular to $AB$ and pass $D$ and $E$ points are equal.(prove $LK=MN$) ...
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1answer
141 views

Determining intersecting points between square and circle

I unfortunately have spent too much time trying to solve this question, and have turned to you for help. The corner of my square has intersected some circle, and I need to move it out. I only know one ...
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2answers
242 views

Geometry : find the points of tangency between two lines and two circles [closed]

I have a programming problem. I need to find the intersection points between two lines tangent to two circles and the circles! I have the circles' radiuses and centers. So I need points ...