For questions conserning circles. A circle is a curve composed of points in a plane that are at a fixed distance from a fixed point.

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Circles - tangent from common point

Given the equation of a circle and the points of contact of two tangents, is it possible to find their point of intersection? The obvious method is to find the equation of the two tangents, using the ...
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4answers
286 views

Circles - point of intersection of tangents

Question: Let $A$ be the center of the cricle $x^2 + y^2 - 2x-4y-20=0$. Suppose that the tangents at the points $B(1,7)$ and $D(4,-2)$ on the cricle meet at point $C$. Find the area of the ...
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1answer
99 views

Inscribed Circles in Triangles

This question appeared in this year's UNSW Maths competition. It was question 5b and it was the only question that i couldn't do. Sorry if my explanation is bad as it is complicated to understand ...
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3answers
66 views

Finding the variable of a coordinate point on a circle

This might be a very simple question but I am having trouble figuring it out, so if anyone can explain: A circle is marked with three points A(-3,2),...
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2answers
3k views

Finding the points where a circle intersects an axis

A circle has the equation: x²+y²+4x-2y-11 = 0 What would be the coordinates of the points where the circle intersects with the y-axis and how would you calculate it?
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2answers
2k views

Geometry problem involving infinite number of circles

What is the sum of the areas of the grey circles? I have not made any progress so far.
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2answers
52 views

Solving for $\theta$ in a circle

Let's say you have a pendulum hanging straight down and touching the ground at the lowest point. The pendulum has length $l$. If you pull the pendulum back so that the end is height $h$ above the ...
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1answer
45 views

Rules of Inscribed Angles

https://www.dropbox.com/s/chbs2vilr9wjkvz/20140819_130744.jpg Image of question found above. I don't understand why angle BCD is formed by tangent and chord and is equal to 1/2 of arc BC.
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2answers
149 views

Placing a circle in a square lattice

Two part question. Consider the square lattice $\mathbb{Z}^2$: Imagine you are going to place a circle of radius $r$ somewhere in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Question 1: What is the radius of the largest ...
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1answer
92 views

Enlarge 3 Circles about the same factor to find the Intersect

I currently have 3 circles that not intersect at all. Like this: Now i would like enlarge the circles about the same factor to find the intersection of this three circles. I have tried following ...
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1answer
100 views

Convex optimization approximation

Consider the optimization problem $\mathcal{P}_0$ \begin{equation*} \begin{aligned} & \underset{x\in \mathbb{R}^2}{\text{minimize}} & & \left\| x-p \right\|^2 \\ & \text{subject ...
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0answers
103 views

What is the curve's name for the “reciprocal” equation of a circle?

The equation of a unit circle is $$(x-a)^2+(y-b)^2=r^2$$ When the origin $$(a, b)=(0,0)$$ the equation becomes $$y=(1-x^2)^{1/2}$$ Naturally when this equation is plotted on graph paper we get a ...
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2answers
78 views

Intersection of circle and ellipse

I'm looking for the points of intersection of a circle $x^2 + y^2 = r^2$ ($r$ is known, origin is $(0,0)$) and an ellipse $(x - x_0)^2 / a^2 + (y-y_0)^2 / b^2 = 1$ ($a,b,x_0,y_0$ are known). ...
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1answer
197 views

Distance to the perimeter of a circle with given radius, distance traveled from origin, and direction

I am programmer by trade but am running into some trouble with a geometry problem. I basically want to start at the center of a circle, travel any distance within the radius, turn any direction, and ...
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1answer
568 views

Find area of shaded region in circle

I am working on this SAT question. Progress AD = 3 largest radius =3 second largest = 2
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2answers
1k views

Circle Line segment intersection

I have a circle with radius r and center $(c_x, c_y)$. I have a line segment $(x_1, y_1)$ and $(x_2, y_2)$ given $(x_2, y_2)$ is always a point inside the circle. I am trying to find the ...
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1answer
409 views

How to find the area of intersection of two circles using axiomatic geometry?

Problem: square(ABCD) is a regular square, and a circle touches internally in the square. Also, arc(BD) divides the square. Then calculate the area of the colored region. This question is easily ...
2
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1answer
273 views

Not understanding arc midpoint computation

I'm trying to find the midpoint of an arc, so I found this page wherein Gregory V. Akulov and Oleksandr G. Akulov describe the midpoint formula. I pasted the formula & description from the site ...
2
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4answers
237 views

Area of a circle sector

I have been given the following proportional relationship to derive the area of a circle's sector: $\large\frac{\text{ Area of the sector}}{\text{Area of the circle}}=\frac{\text{arc ...
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1answer
107 views

Work out center of a partial circle

If I have a small section of a circle, inside a square. I know the height and the width of the square and therefore the width and height of the arc, what would be the quickest (not necessarily the ...
3
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1answer
119 views

Unit circle can't be covered by one chart

I am hoping that someone can give me a proof showing why the unit circle cannot be covered by one coordinate chart, or a reference where I can find a proof.
3
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1answer
80 views

Can we find a point $M$ on the unit circle such that $\prod_{i=1}^n MA_i=1$?

We are on $\Bbb{R}^2$. Let $A_1,\cdots,A_n$ be $n$ points on the unit circle. Can we find a point $M$ on the unit circle such that $\prod_{i=1}^n MA_i=1$ ? ( of course I mean the distance ...
2
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2answers
286 views

Deformable circle from a cubic Bezier approximation

I plan to draw approximate circles using a piecewise cubic Bezier representation. The representation should use four Beziers and be defined by four interpolating control points (let us call them ...
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4answers
161 views

Circle - finding the equation

Question: Find the equation of a circle whose center is in the first quadrant; touches the x-axis at (4,0) and makes an intercept of length 6 units on the y-axis. I am getting a faint idea where to ...
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1answer
139 views

Can any vertex of an isosceles triangle represent the centre of a circle, and the base vertices represent points on the circumference of that circle?

This question occurred to me doing this circle geometry problem, and I was wondering if anyone could clear it up. Geometrically, it seems it would make sense, provided that 2 sides are equal (equal ...
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1answer
51 views

Outer interval of circle intersection

Is there a consistent way to calculate the outer interval $\left(~\mbox{element of}\ \left[0, 2\pi\right]~\right)$ of a circle created by an intersection ?. I calculated the intersection points and ...
2
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2answers
263 views

Finding the position of a moving point [closed]

A point is moving on a given curve. For example, curve equation is: $$x^2 + y^2 - 10y = 0,$$ which is a circle with $5$ meter radius. If point is on $(0,0)$ at $t = 0$ and is moving on the curve ...
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3answers
2k views

Finding formula for an arc of a circle that fills a rectangle

I'm working on a program where I need to draw an arc in a rectangle fulfills these requirements: 1) The arc must be part of a perfect circle (not the band!), must not be oval 2) The arc intersects ...
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2answers
32 views

Problem of bodies in motion in circles.

Consider two circles of radii $4\;cm$ and $8\;cm$, respectively, both circles have the same center $C$ and is two bodies $A$ and $B$, so that $A$ is smaller circumference of the trajectory at a ...
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1answer
324 views

Coordinate Geometry of circles; Radical Axis question

If one of the diameters of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x-6y+6=0$ is a chord to the circle with center at $(2, 1)$, then the radius of the second circle is? Apparently the solution is $3$, with the ...
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2answers
286 views

calculate circle segment area: determine distance

I have a problem calculating the area of a circle segment. I know how to separate this into smaller tasks (triangle and remaining circle segment) that are basically easily solvable, but one distance ...
0
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1answer
350 views

Minimal number of points to define a rotated ellipse?

What is the minimal number of points $N$ to uniquely define the semi-major axis $a$, the semi-minor axis $b$ and the rotation angle $\omega$ of an ellipse whose the center is known/fixed (this is ...
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1answer
282 views

Number of triangles formed by all chords between $n$ points on a circle

We have $n$ point on circumference of a circle. We draw all chords between this points. No three chords are concurrent. How many triangles exist that their apexes could be on circumference of ...
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1answer
81 views

problem about length of perpendicular chords

Question $AB$ is chord of circle $O$,points $D$ and $E$ are chosen on $AB$ in a way that $AD=BE$.prove two chords that are perpendicular to $AB$ and pass $D$ and $E$ points are equal.(prove $LK=MN$) ...
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1answer
129 views

Determining intersecting points between square and circle

I unfortunately have spent too much time trying to solve this question, and have turned to you for help. The corner of my square has intersected some circle, and I need to move it out. I only know one ...
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2answers
224 views

Geometry : find the points of tangency between two lines and two circles [closed]

I have a programming problem. I need to find the intersection points between two lines tangent to two circles and the circles! I have the circles' radiuses and centers. So I need points ...
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2answers
77 views

Find radius and height

I have the following problem: given the length of the chord AB and the length of the arc AB, find the radius of the circle and the height of the triangle ACB where C is a point on the circle such that ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

How to embed this circle tangent to the other circles?

I want to construct a circle that would be tangent to the $3$ circles and would have its diameter lie somewhere on the segment $BI$. $EF$ includes the diameters of the $3$ given circles. $EB=BF$. ...
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3answers
121 views

The sum of the squares of the length of the chord intercepted by the line x+y=n $n$…

Problem : The sum of the squares of the length of the chord intercepted by the line x+y=n $n \in N$ on the circle $x^2+y^2=4$ is (a) 11 (b) 22 (c) 33 (d) 13 I am unable to understand this ...
0
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1answer
147 views

Best fit circular arc to an elliptical arc?

Is there a standard procedure or algorithm for finding the best fit circular arc to an elliptical arc ? Where the ellipse arc is: symmetrical about the minor axis, subtending $[+\theta, -\theta]$ ...
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2answers
35 views

If the circle $x^2+y^2+4x+22y+c=0$ bisects the circmuference of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x+8y-d=0$ the…

Problem : If the circle $x^2+y^2+4x+22y+c=0$ bisects the circmuference of the circle $x^2+y^2-2x+8y-d=0$ then c +d equals (a) 60 (b) 50 (c) 40 (d) 30 Solution : Equation of common chord ...
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1answer
104 views

Circle with perpendicular chords

A blue circle is divided into $100$ arcs by $100$ red points such that the lengths of the arcs are the positive integers from $1$ to $100$ in an arbitrary order. Prove that there exists two ...
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2answers
214 views

Area of a segment

Two circles of radii 5cm and 12cm are drawn, partly overlapping as shown. Their centres are 13cm apart. Find the area common to the circles?
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1answer
1k views

Parametric equation of a circle given starting point.

Find the parametric equations of a circle with radius of $5$ where you start at point $(5,0)$ at $v=0$ and you travel clockwise with a period of $3$. So, I know that I require to have a $x(v)$ and ...
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1answer
116 views

Diameter of inscribed circle

How can i express diameter of inscribed circle in terms of radius of three circles.
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2answers
105 views

Do the centers of mass of the whole $n$-sphere and its half coincide when $n \to \infty$?

It is known that the distance between the centroid (center of mass) and the center of a unit semicircle is $\displaystyle\frac{4}{3\pi}$, whereas that of a unit hemisphere is ...
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1answer
49 views

If the distances from origin of centre of three circles $x^2+y^2+2\lambda_i-c^2=0$ (i=1,2,3) are in G.P…

Problem : If the distances from origin of centre of three circles $x^2+y^2+2\lambda_i-c^2=0$ (i=1,2,3) are in G.P ( Geometric progression). Then lengths of tangents drawn to them from any point on the ...
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2answers
47 views

Find the radius

Consider the parabola $y=x^2$ and a circle which is tangent to the parabola at the points $(1,1)$ and $(-1,1)$.Find the radius of circle. My try:I write the general equation of circle ...
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1answer
128 views

Inverted Circle?

The equation I have is $$\Large x^{\frac23} + y^{\frac23} = 3^{\frac23} $$ I know what the graph looks like, but I don't know how I would find points other than the intercepts mathematically. How ...
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1answer
218 views

The point of contact between a line with a circle

My question is: I have a circle of radius 40 and a line which the circle is tangent to. So, if I take a circle of radius 80, do the two circles have the same point of contact? I mean: do they (my ...