For questions about characters (homomorphisms from a group into the multiplicative group of a field).

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6
votes
3answers
606 views

Extending a homomorphism $f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$ to $g:G\to \Bbb T$, where $G$ is abelian and $\mathbb{T}$ is the circle group.

Suppose $G$ is an abelian group and $a\in G$ and $$f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$$ is a homomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to a homomorphism on $G$: $$g:G\to \Bbb T$$ ? $\Bbb T$ is the circle ...
7
votes
2answers
344 views

Estimates on conjugacy classes of a finite group.

In Character Theory Of Finite Groups by I Martin Issacs as exercise 2.18, on page 32. Theorem: Let $A$ be a normal subgroup of $G$ such that $A$ is the centralizer of every non-trivial element ...
8
votes
2answers
457 views

What is an irreducible character of a finite group?

Let $S_n$ be the group of permutations of $\{1, 2, \ldots, n\}$. A “character” for $S_n$ is a function $\chi\colon S_n \to \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$ with $\chi(ab) = \chi(a)\chi(b)$ for all $a, b ...
4
votes
2answers
418 views

How to generalise $(\wedge^2 \chi)(g) = \frac{1}{2}(\chi(g)^2-\chi(g^2))$?

One can decompose $\bigotimes^2 V = \bigvee^2 V \oplus \bigwedge^2 V$, getting a corresponding decomposition for representations, say when $V$ is a module for some finite group $G$. One then has the ...
3
votes
1answer
401 views

Why unitary characters for the dual group in Pontryagin duality if $G$ is not compact?

In harmonic analysis, for any locally compact abelian group, one constructs the dual group as the group of homomorphisms into the unit circle with the compact open topology. In other words, unitary ...
5
votes
1answer
804 views

Sum of squares of dimensions of irreducible characters.

For anyone familiar with Artin's Algebra book, I just worked through the proof of the following theorem, which can be seen here: (5.9) Theorem Let $G$ be a group of order $N$, let ...
0
votes
1answer
402 views

Character table of $U_{16}$.

Find the character table of $U_{16}$. Could you give me a hint or a start? Thank you.
21
votes
0answers
609 views

Subgroups as isotropy subgroups and regular orbits on tuples

Is there some natural or character-theoretic description of the minimum value of d such that G has a regular orbit on Ωd, where G is a finite group acting faithfully on a set Ω? Motivation: In ...
8
votes
1answer
833 views

What is the relationship between Mackey's theorem in character theory and Mackey's theorem in transfer theory?

Here are the statements of the two theorems. The first statement I took from a paper I have been reading, but I believe can also be found in Isaacs' Character Theory of Finite Groups as an exercise. ...
4
votes
1answer
233 views

Order of group elements from a character table

Most questions that I can find on here (or anywhere else on the internet) deal with constructing a character table given a description of the group. I'm trying to answer a question which goes the ...
3
votes
2answers
734 views

Why does the tensor product of an irreducible representation with the sign representation yield another irreducible representation?

I was writing this question, and I came up with an answer, so I thought I would answer it myself: In considering representations of $S_n$, among others, we have the "sign representation", that is the ...
8
votes
1answer
132 views

Characters of the symmetric group corresponding to partitions into two parts

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ be a natural number and $\lambda=(a,b)\vdash n$ a partition of $n$ into two parts, i.e. $a\ge b$ and $a+b=n$. In this special case, is there a simple description of the character ...
5
votes
1answer
275 views

Generalizing Artin's theorem on independence of characters

Artin's theorem says that for any field $K$ and any (semi) group $G$, the set of homomorphisms from $G$ into the multiplicative group $K^*$ is linearly independent over $K$. Can this theorem be ...
2
votes
1answer
46 views

Faithful character of degree less than p gives abelian p-Sylow groups.

I am trying to prove: Suppose $p$ divides $|G|$ and let $\chi \in Irr(G)$ if $\chi$ is faithful and its degree is less than $p$ then any $p$-Sylow subgroup of $G$ is abelian. I have tried to ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Complete the character table of group of order $21$

You are given the incomplete character table of a group $G$ with order $21$ which has $5$ conjugacy classes, $C_1,\dots,C_5$, which have sizes $1,7,7,3,3$. $$ \begin{array}{|c|c|c|c|c|} \hline & ...
1
vote
1answer
422 views

Irreducible characters form orthonormal basis of set of class functions

I am reading Serre's book (Linear Representations of Finite Groups). Theorem 6 in chapter 2 says that the irreducible characters $\chi_1,\dotsc,\chi_h$ of a finite group $G$ form an orthonormal basis ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

Does anyone know the Burnside Matrices?

For $G$ a fine group with conjugacy classes $C_1,\dots C_k$ we introduced the Burnside Matrices $A_r$ where $1<r<k$ with entries: $$A_r := \Big(\sqrt{\frac{|C_t|}{|C_s|}}a_{rst}\Big)_{1\leq ...
4
votes
0answers
442 views

Weyl Character formula applied to Sp$(4,\mathbb{C})\cap$ U$(4)$.

I posted a question a short while ago on this but got no response. I have worked on this more and so now have a more specific question. To start with we work with the $\mathbb{Q}$ version of ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Sum of sum of elements in conjugacy class is a multiple of them if and only if $G=G'$

I have another question on character/group theory. This one seems to be a bit harder. Let $Cl(g_1),...Cl(g_r)$ be the conjugacy classes of a finite group, $G$ and let $C_i \in \mathbb{C}(G)$ (the ...
2
votes
1answer
91 views

why the column sums of character table are integers?

There is a well-known result of Solomon which states that sum of entries of any row in $\mathbb{C}$-character table of a group $G$ is an integer number. It is mentioned in Martin Isaacs Character ...
2
votes
1answer
120 views

$\phi \times \theta$ is faithful iff $(|Z(H)| ,|Z(K)|)=1$ for faithful characters $\phi \in Irr(H)$ and $\theta \in Irr(K)$ .

Let $G = H \times K$. Let $\phi \in \operatorname{Irr}(H)$ and $\theta \in \operatorname{Irr}(K)$ be faithful. Show that $\phi \times \theta$ is faithful iff $(|Z(H)| ,|Z(K)|)=1$. Problem 4.3 of ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Character representation of right regular representation as sum of irreducible characters

Let $G$ be a finite group acting on itself by the action $g \ast x := xg^{-1}$. Then this corresponds to an representation $\rho : G \to GL(L^2(G))$, where $L^2(G)$ denotes the space of function on ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

Fourier inversion formula on finite abelian groups

The following exercise is exercise 2.2.3 from these lecture notes by Daniel Bump. Let $\mathcal F : L^2(G) \to L^2(G^{\ast})$ be the Fourier transform, defined by $\mathcal{F}f = \hat f$, where ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Relation between finite abelian group and its set of linear characters

Let $G$ be a finite abelian group, and denote by $G^{\times}$ its set of linear characters, i.e. homomorphisms $\phi : G \to \mathbb C^{\times}$, where $\mathbb C^{\times}$ denotes the multplicative ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Frobenius Reciprocity and a character theory problem

How Frobenius Reciprocity can help us to solve these two problems: Let $ H $ be a subgroup with index $ m $ in the finite group $ G $. Let $ F $ be an algebraic closed field of characteristic $ 0 $. ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Summation of Legendre symbol

Let $\chi_{2,q}$ be the real Dirichlet character modulo a prime $q>2$, which is not the principal one (the so-called Legendre symbol). Is it true that $$ \sum_{n=0}^{+\infty} ...
1
vote
1answer
142 views

Weyl character formula and finding the trace.

Let $v$ be a positive integer. I have a representation $\rho_v$ of $USp(4) = \{g\in M_2(\mathbb{H})\,|\,g^{T}\bar{g}\}$, where $\mathbb{H}$ is Hamiltons quaternions. The representation $\rho_v$ has ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Standard representation of $S_5$

I am trying to determine the standard representation of $S_5$. I understand that it will be a map from group elements to $\mathbb{C}^4$. The character table is as follows. I understand that the ...