For questions about characters (homomorphisms from a group into the multiplicative group of a field).

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Exercise 2.8 M.Isaacs' Character theory of finite groups

I'm a starter at character theory. I'm trying to do this exercise: (2.8) Let $\chi$ be a faithful character of a group $G$. Show that $H\subseteq G $ is abelian if and only if every irreducible ...
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253 views

Character theory exercises [closed]

I'm doing the exercises from chapter 2 of M.Isaacs' Character theory of finite groups, and I'm having problems with some of them. In particular, I would need help with these ones. Thank you very much ...
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109 views

Characters of the symmetric group corresponding to partitions into two parts

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ be a natural number and $\lambda=(a,b)\vdash n$ a partition of $n$ into two parts, i.e. $a\ge b$ and $a+b=n$. In this special case, is there a simple description of the character ...
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403 views

Character of a permutation representation

I am self-studying representation theory, and I would like to make sure my proofs are complete. Following Serre's notation, let $X$ be a finite set, and let $G$ be a group that acts on $X$. Let ...
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1answer
87 views

Vantage point of character theory

I am not sure whether I can frame my question properly, or whether at this point my understandings permit me to comprehend the perspectives of the answers to come, but somehow I find it pretty amazing ...
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577 views

Formula for number of solutions to $x^4+y^4=1$, from Ireland and Rosen #8.18.

There is a sequence of three exercise in Ireland and Rosen's Introduction to Modern Number Theory, Chapter 8, page 106. I can do the first two, but can't finish the third. I can include the proofs to ...
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182 views

Irreducible Representations and Maschke's Theorem

$\mathscr L(V,W)^G = \mathscr L(V_1,W)^G \oplus...\oplus\mathscr L(V_k,W)^G$ and for each irreducible represtation of G on a space W, the number of $j\in (1,...,k)$ for which $V_j \cong W$ is ...
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Proving $g(\chi\rho)^6=(-1)^{(p-1)/2}p(\overline{\chi(2)J(\chi,\rho)})^4$, from Ireland and Rosen.

Suppose $p\equiv 1\pmod{3}$, $\chi$ is a cubic character, and $\rho$ is the quadratic character on $F_p$. If $\chi\rho$ is a character of order $6$, why does the Guass sum ...
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167 views

Formula for evaluation of character on a transposition

Let $\lambda\vdash n$ be a partition of $n\in\mathbb N$ and $\chi=\chi_\lambda$ the corresponding irreducible character of the symmetric group $S_n$. Denote by $\lambda^t$ be the transpose of ...
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147 views

Are “FG-module characters” sometimes used, too?

I am only beginning my study of group representations and characters. So far I have already encountered the regular group algebra $FG$. Although in an FG-module the multiplication is only defined for ...
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78 views

Characters of subrepresentation

Given an algebra $A$ with finite dimensional representation $V$ with action $\rho$, I want to prove the following statement: If $W\subset V$ are finite dimensional representations of A, then ...
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136 views

Dirichlet Characters modulo $260$

I want to count the number of Dirichlet characters with given properties: Number of Dirichlet characters modulo $260$ Number of quadratic Dirichlet characters modulo $260$ Number of primitive ...
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256 views

Where does this elliptic curve come from?

In Zeta functions of an infinite family of K3 surfaces, Scott Alhgren, Ken Ono and David Penniston compute the zeta functions (given a good reduction restriction mentioned below) of the K3 surfaces ...
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152 views

Is there some relation between characters in representation theory and multiplicative characters?

A character of a group representation is obtained by taking trace of each matrix in this representation. The word character is often used in the sense that it is a homomorphism from a group to ...
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206 views

Some irreducible characters of the Symmetric group $S_n$

I want to have characters of some irreducible $S_n$-modules corresponding to certain partitions $\lambda$ of $n$, the computations using Frobenius formula get complicated and I am unable to find in ...
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1answer
224 views

Number of permutations given a sequence of 5 letters that are offset from 1-9

If I have a random sequence of letters "AOKNG", and I'd like to find how many permutations of this can be formed given a character offset from 1-9. So, offset the first character "A" 9 times would ...
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235 views

Gauss sum for primitive real Dirichlet character

If $\chi$ is a real non-trivial primitive character modulo $q\ge 1$, then how could one show that $$\sum_{n\in \mathbb Z/q\mathbb Z} \chi(n)e\left(\frac nq\right) = \sum_{n\in \mathbb Z/q\mathbb Z} ...
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132 views

Isomorphism of the annihilator of a subgroup in the context of group characters.

I am trying to learn about characters of finite abelian groups. A character is a homomorphism from a finite abelian group $G$ into the multiplicative group of complex numbers of absolute value 1. In ...
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505 views

Sum of squares of dimensions of irreducible characters.

For anyone familiar with Artin's Algebra book, I just worked through the proof of the following theorem, which can be seen here: (5.9) Theorem Let $G$ be a group of order $N$, let ...
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338 views

Character table of $U_{16}$.

Find the character table of $U_{16}$. Could you give me a hint or a start? Thank you.
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243 views

How does Pontryagin duality fit into the general cohomology theory framework?

Pontryagin duality implies the isomorphic relation of the function space $C(G)$ on a locally compact group $G$ to the function space on it's dual group $\hat G \overset{\sim}{=}\text{Hom}(G,T)$, ...
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232 views

Generalizing Artin's theorem on independence of characters

Artin's theorem says that for any field $K$ and any (semi) group $G$, the set of homomorphisms from $G$ into the multiplicative group $K^*$ is linearly independent over $K$. Can this theorem be ...
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86 views

Character of $\text{Hom}_{\mathbb{C}}(\mathbb{C}G,\mathbb{C})$

I've been given the following two questions, and for both I'm really unsure what to do (I'm a beginner with the theory of characters). Let $G$ be a finite group, $\mathbb{C}G$ its group algebra over ...
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390 views

Character theory of $2$-Frobenius groups.

Edit Summary: I've posted this on MO and received a partial answer there. Can anybody help me expand on this? Definition. Let $G$ be a finite group and $F_1=\text{Fit}\,G$ and ...
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147 views

Proving that a Dirichlet character $\chi$ must be the Kronecker symbol $\chi_D = \left ( \frac{D}{\cdot} \right )$

I'm stuck trying to prove that a particular Dirichlet Character $\chi$ must be the Kronecker symbol $\chi_D = \left ( \frac{D}{\cdot}\right )$. The context is the following. Let $d$ be a square-free ...
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On a sum taken over all irreducible characters: is $\sum\limits_{i=1}^t\chi_{V_i}(g)^2$ nonzero for all $g\in G$?

Suppose $G$ is a finite group and $\mathbb{k}$ an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Denote the irreducible representations of $G$ over $\mathbb{k}$ by $V_1,\ldots, V_t$. Is it ...
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499 views

What is a rational character?

Let $G$ be the group of $F$-points of a connected, reductive group over a $p$-adic field $F$. The unramified character of $G$ are $\chi\circ\psi$ where $\chi$ is an unramified character of ...
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3answers
137 views

Character of $S_3$

I am trying to learn about the characters of a group but I think I am missing something. Consider $S_3$. This has three elements which fix one thing, two elements which fix nothing and one element ...
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583 views

What is the relationship between Mackey's theorem in character theory and Mackey's theorem in transfer theory?

Here are the statements of the two theorems. The first statement I took from a paper I have been reading, but I believe can also be found in Isaacs' Character Theory of Finite Groups as an exercise. ...
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352 views

What is an irrreducible character of a finite group?

Let $S_n$ be the group of permutations of $\{1, 2, \ldots, n\}$. A “character” for $S_n$ is a function $\chi\colon S_n \to \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$ with $\chi(ab) = \chi(a)\chi(b)$ for all $a, b ...
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82 views

Characters of affine algebraic groups and the determinant

Let $G$ be an affine algebraic group (i.e. a $k$-variety which is also a group and the group multiplication and inversion are morphisms of varieties). A character of $G$ is a morphism of algebraic ...
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Weyl Character formula applied to Sp$(4,\mathbb{C})\cap$ U$(4)$.

I posted a question a short while ago on this but got no response. I have worked on this more and so now have a more specific question. To start with we work with the $\mathbb{Q}$ version of ...
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79 views

Subspace spanned by powers of a faithful character

The following well known theorem can be found in many books on character theory: Let $\chi$ be a faithful character of a finite group $G$ and suppose that $\chi(g)$ takes on exactly $m$ different ...
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Weyl character formula and finding the trace.

Let $v$ be a positive integer. I have a representation $\rho_v$ of $USp(4) = \{g\in M_2(\mathbb{H})\,|\,g^{T}\bar{g}\}$, where $\mathbb{H}$ is Hamiltons quaternions. The representation $\rho_v$ has ...
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107 views

Equality Involving Character Sums

I'm reading through a paper involving character sums, and I have run into an equality that I am unsure how to justify. Here is the set-up: Suppose $\chi$ is a multiplicative character of ...
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561 views

Are two groups isomorphic if they have the same character table and each $|\chi| \leq 1$?

Suppose two groups have the same character table of complex representations. Also, all the entries in this character table have absolute value at most $1$. Does this imply that the two groups are ...
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Estimates on conjugacy classes of a finite group.

In Character Theory Of Finite Groups by I Martin Issacs as exercise 2.18, on page 32. Theorem: Let $A$ be a normal subgroup of $G$ such that $A$ is the centralizer of every non-trivial element ...
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493 views

Convolution of irreducible characters of a finite group

If $\chi^{\lambda}$ and $\chi^{\mu}$ are the characters of two irreducible representations $V^{\lambda}$ and $V^{\mu}$ of a finite group $G$, is there a simple way of proving that : $$ \chi^{\lambda} ...
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102 views

How to bound the order of a finite group under the following hypotheses?

In the book Character Theory Of Finite Groups by I.Martin Issacs as exercise 2.14 Let $G$ be a finite group with commutator subgroup $G'$. Let $H \subset G' \cap Z(G)$ be cyclic of order n and ...
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97 views

Intuition on characters of topological groups

I am coming to the end of a series of lecture notes on representations of $S_n$ and $GL(V)$. Near the end, it attempts to introduce the notion of the "character of a topological group", but doesn't ...
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Character formula for $S_n$ and $GL(V)$

In a set of lecture notes I'm reading, we consider representations of the symmetric group $S_n$ via treatment of Young tableaux, partitions of $n$ etc. (in what I believe is the standard approach) - ...
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627 views

Notation: Character of a Finite Field

This is my first post on StackExchange. I had a quick question about notation (appearing in research literature) that I was unable to find by repeated searches, and I was hoping that someone would be ...
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364 views

Two non-isomorphic groups with the same complex character table

Could you give me an example of two non-isomorphic groups with the same complex character table?
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289 views

Few questions on Character of representation .

a) What does it mean to say that the Character of a representation is irreducible on its own? b) If Char($K$) is $0$ then kernel of character is a normal subgroup of G , why ?? c) Over a field of ...
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307 views

Why unitary characters for the dual group in Pontryagin duality if $G$ is not compact?

In harmonic analysis, for any locally compact abelian group, one constructs the dual group as the group of homomorphisms into the unit circle with the compact open topology. In other words, unitary ...
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Orthogonality relations of Characters

Could somebody please help me understand the jump from Proposition 10 to Proposition 11 in the following http://www.ms.uky.edu/~pkoester/research/charactersums.pdf Note: The orthogonality relations ...
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417 views

How to use a character table to get the centre

I have been given a character table and I need to find from the table the centre of each character. I dont know how to do this. if someone could please explain how i can find the centre by looking at ...
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315 views

Primitive Dirichlet Character

Let $\chi$ be the trivial Dirichlet character mod $N$. What is the primitive Dirichlet character associated to $\chi$? Is it just the character on $\mathbb{Z}$ that sends all integers to 1?
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Subgroups as isotropy subgroups and regular orbits on tuples

Is there some natural or character-theoretic description of the minimum value of d such that G has a regular orbit on Ωd, where G is a finite group acting faithfully on a set Ω? Motivation: In ...
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947 views

Condition for abelian subgroup to be normal

Sorry for any mistakes I make here, this is my first post here. I have a group $G$ which has an abelian subgroup $A<G$. I also know there is a irreducible character $\chi$ with the degree of ...