For questions about characters (homomorphisms from a group into the multiplicative group of a field).

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2
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1answer
136 views

prove on induced and restricted representation

can anybody please help me with this question? I have huge trouble even just start it. Let H, K be subgroups of G and HK=G. If $\psi$ is a character of H, show that $(\psi^G)_K = (\psi_{H \cap ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Proof involving characters

I'm self studying from a Classical Introduction to Modern Number Theory by Ireleand and Rosen. In the exercises for the chapter on Gauss and Jacobi sums I came across this question. Let $\chi$ be a ...
3
votes
2answers
108 views

Induction of characters

This is a very basic question on induction of characters. Let $G$ be a finite group and $H$ a subgroup. Let $\mathcal{C}_G$ and $\mathcal{C}_H$ denote the spaces of class functions for $G$ and $H$ ...
2
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0answers
61 views

Simple components and the irreducible characters of the group ring $K[G]$

Let $K$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$ and $G$ a finite group. I know that the group ring $K[G]$ is a semisimple and so decomposes as a direct sum of $m$ simple components ...
1
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2answers
79 views

linear character of a finite group

I am reviewing my notes of algebra. It's not a long proposition so I tried to prove it by myself but failed. We have a finite group $G$ and a linear character $\chi$ of $G$. I need to show ...
4
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2answers
156 views

Computing bicharacters of (small) finite groups

I'm trying to find some finite groups with certain properites (hopefully of small order; no more than 100, I suspect), and one of the things I need to look at are all of its bilinear bicharacters: ...
1
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1answer
212 views

percentage increase in performance

What is : by how much to how much efficiency of algorithm is increased , if Initially it was executing in 20 seconds, after improvement (Final Time) it is executing only in 5 seconds. My Try: ...
1
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1answer
35 views

Number fields containing the values of a character

This is a basic question- Let $K$ be an algebraic number field, $\Gamma$ a finite group, and $R(\Gamma)$ the ring of virtual characters of $\Gamma$ with values in the algebraic closure $\mathbb{Q}^c$ ...
2
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3answers
241 views

Constructing the character table of a group

I am aware that, given a group, there is no simple general procedure to construct the character table of the group (over complex numbers). However, for specific groups, we could use helpful additional ...
7
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1answer
387 views

Computing Brauer characters of a finite group

I am studying character theory from the book "Character Theory of Finite Groups" by Martin Isaac. (I am not too familiar with valuations and algebraic number theory.) In the last chapter on modular ...
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0answers
37 views

Values of virtual characters

Let $G$ be a finite group. Let $K$ be a number field and $K^c\subset\mathbb{C}$ its algebraic (separable) closure. Denote by $R_G$ the additive group of functions generated by the characters of ...
1
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2answers
194 views

Show that ${\theta}^G \in Irr(G)$ iff $I_G(\theta) = N$, where $N \unlhd G$ and $ \theta \in Irr(N)$.

Let $N \unlhd G$ and $ \theta \in Irr(N)$. Show that ${\theta}^G \in Irr(G)$ iff $I_G(\theta) = N$. Where $I_G(\theta)$ is the stabilizer of $\theta$ in the action of $G$ on $Irr(N)$ defined by ...
1
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1answer
95 views

$\phi \times \theta$ is faithful iff $(|Z(H)| ,|Z(K)|)=1$ for faithful characters $\phi \in Irr(H)$ and $\theta \in Irr(K)$ .

Let $G = H \times K$. Let $\phi \in \operatorname{Irr}(H)$ and $\theta \in \operatorname{Irr}(K)$ be faithful. Show that $\phi \times \theta$ is faithful iff $(|Z(H)| ,|Z(K)|)=1$. Problem 4.3 of ...
4
votes
3answers
102 views

Fourier analysis on finite abelian groups

Can someone help me show if $f$ is a character of a finite abelian group then for all $a\in G$, $$\sum_{[f]}f(a)\stackrel{}{=} \begin{cases} |G| & \text{if $ a$ is the identity} \\ 0 & ...
4
votes
0answers
99 views

On Applications of the Murnagham Nakayama rule

The question is located below. In short, I am looking for an accessible explanation of the Murnagham Nakayama rule in relation to the following problem. Pardon the long setup. Let $Y$ be a standard ...
4
votes
0answers
90 views

Bounds for multi-dimensional Kloosterman Sums

I'm looking for a general bound (in terms of $p$) for the Kloosterman sum, working in $\mathbb{F}_{p}$, $$\sum\limits_{x_{1} \dots \ x_{n} = a} \psi(x_{1} + \dots + x_{n})$$ for $\psi$ a nontrivial ...
2
votes
2answers
92 views

If $\chi\in\operatorname{Irr}(G)$, $N\unlhd G$, and $\langle\chi_{N},1_{N}\rangle\ne 0$, then $N\subset \operatorname{Ker}(\chi)$.

Let $N \unlhd G$ and $\chi \in \operatorname{Irr}(G)$. Suppose that $\langle\chi_{N},1_{N}\rangle\ne 0$. Show that $N\subset \operatorname{Ker}(\chi)$. Hint: Use that, for any character ...
1
vote
1answer
246 views

Irreducible characters form orthonormal basis of set of class functions

I am reading Serre's book (Linear Representations of Finite Groups). Theorem 6 in chapter 2 says that the irreducible characters $\chi_1,\dotsc,\chi_h$ of a finite group $G$ form an orthonormal basis ...
3
votes
2answers
40 views

Representations of $SO_3(\mathbb{R})$ from $SU_2(\mathbb{C})$

Define $V_n$ as the linear space of all homogeneous polynomials of degree $n$ in two variables $x$ and $y$. Define also the representation $\rho_n$ of $SL_2(\Bbb{C})$ on $V_n$ by: ...
1
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1answer
31 views

$SU_2(\mathbb{C})$ and the characters

i can prove that the irreducible characters $\chi_n$ of $SU_2(\mathbb{C})$ are equal to: $$\chi_n(e^{i\phi})=\frac{\sin((n+1)\phi)}{\sin(\phi)}$$ If i want to give the dimension of the representation ...
0
votes
1answer
142 views

Standard representation of $O_h$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$

I want to give the standard representation of the complete octaedergroup $O_h$ in $\mathbb{R}^3$. To which group is $O_h$ isomorphic, and how to obtain a standard representation of the group? What ...
3
votes
1answer
233 views

Is the quadratic character, unique multiplicative character over $\mathbb Z_{p^n}$, for odd $p$?

Let $p$ be odd and $\mathbb Z_{p^n}$ denote the ring of integers modulo $p^n$. Let the quadratic character, $\eta$, be the function defined on $\mathbb Z_{p^n}^*$ (multiplicative group of $\mathbb ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

Martin Isaacs's exercise 3.7 (character theory of finite groups)

I would need some help with this exercise: Let $\chi\in{Irr(G)}$ be faithful, and suppose $\chi(1)=p^a$ for some prime p. Let $P\in{Syl_{p}(G)}$, and suppose that $C_{G}(P)\nsubseteq{P}$. Show that ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Martin Isaacs's exercise 3.6 (character theory of finite groups)

I'm trying to solve this exercise, can anyone help me? Let $G$ be a p-group, and suppose $\chi\in{Irr(G)}$. Show that $\chi(1)^2$ divides $|G:Z(\chi)|$ Thanks a lot.
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1answer
142 views

Martin Isaacs's exercise 3.5 (character theory of finite groups)

I need some help with this exercise: Suppose $A\subseteq{G}$ is abelian, and $|G:A|$ is a prime power. Show that $G'\lt{G}$ Thank you very much in advance.
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5answers
348 views

Applications of Character Theory

Some of the applications of character theory are the proofs of Burnside $p^aq^b$ theorem, , Frobenius theorem and factorization of the group determinant (the problem which led Frobenius to character ...
4
votes
3answers
456 views

Extending a homomorphism $f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$ to $g:G\to \Bbb T$, where $G$ is abelian and $\mathbb{T}$ is the circle group.

Suppose $G$ is an abelian group and $a\in G$ and $$f:\left<a \right>\to\Bbb T$$ is a homomorphism. Can $f$ be extended to a homomorphism on $G$: $$g:G\to \Bbb T$$ ? $\Bbb T$ is the circle ...
5
votes
1answer
110 views

characters of a $C^*$-algebra

I have read that a state $\rho$ on a unital $C^*$-algebra $A$ is a character (i.e. multiplicative) if and only if, for all unitary $u\in A$, $|\rho(u)| = 1$. Is there an easy proof, or can someone ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Some questions about representation theory in the modular case

I'm working on a paper which uses representation theory in order to compute some characters and deduce arithmetical statements about certain field extensions. Let $\Delta$ be a group of order prime ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Iwaniec Kowalski Notation

On page 532 of the book analytic number theory by Iwaniec and Kowalski, the following notation is used: $C^{~\infty}$ and $\tau(n,\chi)$. Could anyone tell me what these represent? (the former is ...
3
votes
1answer
231 views

Exercise 2.15 M.Isaacs' Character theory of finite groups

I'm beggining to study character theory, and i'm doing some problems from Isaacs' Character theory book. I would need some help with this one: (2.15): Let $\chi\in \operatorname{Irr}(G)$ be ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

Exercise 2.8 M.Isaacs' Character theory of finite groups

I'm a starter at character theory. I'm trying to do this exercise: (2.8) Let $\chi$ be a faithful character of a group $G$. Show that $H\subseteq G $ is abelian if and only if every irreducible ...
5
votes
1answer
259 views

Character theory exercises [closed]

I'm doing the exercises from chapter 2 of M.Isaacs' Character theory of finite groups, and I'm having problems with some of them. In particular, I would need help with these ones. Thank you very much ...
8
votes
1answer
115 views

Characters of the symmetric group corresponding to partitions into two parts

Let $n\in\mathbb N$ be a natural number and $\lambda=(a,b)\vdash n$ a partition of $n$ into two parts, i.e. $a\ge b$ and $a+b=n$. In this special case, is there a simple description of the character ...
3
votes
1answer
432 views

Character of a permutation representation

I am self-studying representation theory, and I would like to make sure my proofs are complete. Following Serre's notation, let $X$ be a finite set, and let $G$ be a group that acts on $X$. Let ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Vantage point of character theory

I am not sure whether I can frame my question properly, or whether at this point my understandings permit me to comprehend the perspectives of the answers to come, but somehow I find it pretty amazing ...
15
votes
2answers
590 views

Formula for number of solutions to $x^4+y^4=1$, from Ireland and Rosen #8.18.

There is a sequence of three exercise in Ireland and Rosen's Introduction to Modern Number Theory, Chapter 8, page 106. I can do the first two, but can't finish the third. I can include the proofs to ...
2
votes
1answer
186 views

Irreducible Representations and Maschke's Theorem

$\mathscr L(V,W)^G = \mathscr L(V_1,W)^G \oplus...\oplus\mathscr L(V_k,W)^G$ and for each irreducible represtation of G on a space W, the number of $j\in (1,...,k)$ for which $V_j \cong W$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Proving $g(\chi\rho)^6=(-1)^{(p-1)/2}p(\overline{\chi(2)J(\chi,\rho)})^4$, from Ireland and Rosen.

Suppose $p\equiv 1\pmod{3}$, $\chi$ is a cubic character, and $\rho$ is the quadratic character on $F_p$. If $\chi\rho$ is a character of order $6$, why does the Guass sum ...
5
votes
1answer
171 views

Formula for evaluation of character on a transposition

Let $\lambda\vdash n$ be a partition of $n\in\mathbb N$ and $\chi=\chi_\lambda$ the corresponding irreducible character of the symmetric group $S_n$. Denote by $\lambda^t$ be the transpose of ...
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2answers
152 views

Are “FG-module characters” sometimes used, too?

I am only beginning my study of group representations and characters. So far I have already encountered the regular group algebra $FG$. Although in an FG-module the multiplication is only defined for ...
3
votes
1answer
82 views

Characters of subrepresentation

Given an algebra $A$ with finite dimensional representation $V$ with action $\rho$, I want to prove the following statement: If $W\subset V$ are finite dimensional representations of A, then ...
1
vote
1answer
150 views

Dirichlet Characters modulo $260$

I want to count the number of Dirichlet characters with given properties: Number of Dirichlet characters modulo $260$ Number of quadratic Dirichlet characters modulo $260$ Number of primitive ...
9
votes
1answer
299 views

Where does this elliptic curve come from?

In Zeta functions of an infinite family of K3 surfaces, Scott Alhgren, Ken Ono and David Penniston compute the zeta functions (given a good reduction restriction mentioned below) of the K3 surfaces ...
4
votes
1answer
159 views

Is there some relation between characters in representation theory and multiplicative characters?

A character of a group representation is obtained by taking trace of each matrix in this representation. The word character is often used in the sense that it is a homomorphism from a group to ...
6
votes
1answer
217 views

Some irreducible characters of the Symmetric group $S_n$

I want to have characters of some irreducible $S_n$-modules corresponding to certain partitions $\lambda$ of $n$, the computations using Frobenius formula get complicated and I am unable to find in ...
1
vote
1answer
234 views

Number of permutations given a sequence of 5 letters that are offset from 1-9

If I have a random sequence of letters "AOKNG", and I'd like to find how many permutations of this can be formed given a character offset from 1-9. So, offset the first character "A" 9 times would ...
2
votes
1answer
251 views

Gauss sum for primitive real Dirichlet character

If $\chi$ is a real non-trivial primitive character modulo $q\ge 1$, then how could one show that $$\sum_{n\in \mathbb Z/q\mathbb Z} \chi(n)e\left(\frac nq\right) = \sum_{n\in \mathbb Z/q\mathbb Z} ...
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Isomorphism of the annihilator of a subgroup in the context of group characters.

I am trying to learn about characters of finite abelian groups. A character is a homomorphism from a finite abelian group $G$ into the multiplicative group of complex numbers of absolute value 1. In ...
5
votes
1answer
551 views

Sum of squares of dimensions of irreducible characters.

For anyone familiar with Artin's Algebra book, I just worked through the proof of the following theorem, which can be seen here: (5.9) Theorem Let $G$ be a group of order $N$, let ...